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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Law

Class V. United States: An Imperfect Application Of The Menna-Blackledge Doctrine To Post-Guilty Plea Constitutional Claims, Nikolaus Albright Apr 2019

Class V. United States: An Imperfect Application Of The Menna-Blackledge Doctrine To Post-Guilty Plea Constitutional Claims, Nikolaus Albright

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Parallel Enforcement And Agency Interdependence, Anthony O'Rourke Jun 2018

Parallel Enforcement And Agency Interdependence, Anthony O'Rourke

Maryland Law Review

Parallel civil and criminal enforcement dominates public enforcement of everything from securities regulation to immigration control. The scholarship, however, lacks any structural analysis of how parallel enforcement differs from other types of inter-agency coordination. Drawing on original interviews with prosecutors, regulators, and white-collar defense attorneys, this Article is the first to provide a realistic presentation of how parallel enforcement works in practice. It builds on this descriptive account to offer an explanatory theory of the pressures and incentives that shape parallel enforcement. The Article shows that, in parallel proceedings, criminal prosecutors lack the gatekeeping monopoly that traditionally defines their relationships ...


You Can't Handle The Truth! Trial Juries And Credibility, Renée M. Hutchins Jan 2014

You Can't Handle The Truth! Trial Juries And Credibility, Renée M. Hutchins

Faculty Scholarship

Every now and again, we get a look, usually no more than a glimpse, at how the justice system really works. What we see—before the sanitizing curtain is drawn abruptly down—is a process full of human fallibility and error, sometimes noble, more often unfair, rarely evil but frequently unequal.

The central question, vital to our adjudicative model, is: How well can we expect a jury to determine credibility through the ordinary adversary processes of live testimony and vigorous impeachment? The answer, from all I have been able to see is: not very well.


More Than A "Quick Glimpse Of The Life": The Relationship Between Victim Impact Evidence And Death Sentencing, Jerome E. Deise, Raymond Paternoster Jan 2013

More Than A "Quick Glimpse Of The Life": The Relationship Between Victim Impact Evidence And Death Sentencing, Jerome E. Deise, Raymond Paternoster

Faculty Scholarship

In striking down the use of victim impact evidence (VIE) during the penalty phase of a capital trial, the Supreme Court in Booth v. Maryland and South Carolina v. Gathers argued that such testimony would appeal to the emotions of jurors with the consequence that death sentences would not be based upon a reasoned consideration of the blameworthiness of the offender. After a change in personnel, the Court overturned both decisions in Payne v. Tennessee, decided just two years after Gathers. The majority in Payne were decidedly less concerned with the emotional appeal of VIE, arguing that it would only ...


Teaching The Carceral Crisis: An Ethical And Pedagogical Imperative, Taja-Nia Y. Henderson Jan 2013

Teaching The Carceral Crisis: An Ethical And Pedagogical Imperative, Taja-Nia Y. Henderson

University of Maryland Law Journal of Race, Religion, Gender and Class

"Teaching the Carceral Crisis: An Ethical and Pedagogical Imperative," demonstrates that although mass incarceration and mass conviction has increased in the United States, law school curricula has continued to lack any substantive discussion on these issues. The article highlights the need for law schools to improve their current curricula in order to prevent further stigmatization of criminal offenders and the continued increase of incarceration rates.


Pain As Fact And Heuristic: How Pain Neuroimaging Illuminates Moral Dimensions Of Law, Amanda C. Pustilnik Jan 2012

Pain As Fact And Heuristic: How Pain Neuroimaging Illuminates Moral Dimensions Of Law, Amanda C. Pustilnik

Faculty Scholarship

Legal statuses, prohibitions, and protections often turn on the presence and degree of physical pain. In legal domains ranging from tort to torture, pain and its degree do important definitional work by delimiting boundaries of lawfulness and of entitlements. The omnipresence of pain in law suggests that the law embodies an intuition about the ontological primacy of pain. Yet, for all the work done by pain as a term in legal texts and practice, it has had a confounding lack of external verifiability. As with other subjective states, we have been able to impute pain’s presence but have not ...


My Brother's Keeper: An Empirical Study Of Attorney Facilitation Of Money-Laundering Through Commercial Transactions, Lawton P. Cummings, Paul T. Stepnowsky Feb 2011

My Brother's Keeper: An Empirical Study Of Attorney Facilitation Of Money-Laundering Through Commercial Transactions, Lawton P. Cummings, Paul T. Stepnowsky

Faculty Scholarship

In recent years, various “gatekeeping initiatives” have been introduced through inter-governmental standard-setting organizations, such as the Financial Action Task Force, as well as through federal legislation in the United States, which seek to apply the mandatory customer due diligence, record keeping, and suspicious activity reporting obligations contained in the existing anti-money laundering regime to lawyers when they conduct certain commercial transactions on behalf of their clients. The organized bar has argued against such attempts to regulate it, in part, due to the lack of empirical data showing that, as a threshold matter, lawyers unwittingly aid money laundering in a significant ...


Beyond Experience: Getting Retributive Justice Right, Dan Markel, Chad Flanders, David C. Gray Jan 2011

Beyond Experience: Getting Retributive Justice Right, Dan Markel, Chad Flanders, David C. Gray

Faculty Scholarship

How central should hedonic adaptation be to the establishment of sentencing policy? In earlier work, Professors Bronsteen, Buccafusco, and Masur (BBM) drew some normative significance from the psychological studies of adaptability for punishment policy. In particular, they argued that retributivists and utilitarians alike are obliged on pain of inconsistency to take account of the fact that most prisoners, most of the time, adapt to imprisonment in fairly short order, and therefore suffer much less than most of us would expect. They also argued that ex-prisoners don't adapt well upon re-entry to society and that social planners should consider their ...


Punishment As Suffering, David C. Gray Jan 2010

Punishment As Suffering, David C. Gray

Faculty Scholarship

In a series of recent high-profile articles, a group of contemporary scholars argue that the criminal law is a grand machine for the administration of suffering. The machine requires calibration, of course. The main standard we use for ours is objective proportionality. We generally punish more serious crimes more severely and aim to inflict the same punishment on similarly situated offenders who commit similar crimes. In the views of these authors, this focus on objective proportionality makes ours a rather crude machine. In particular, it ignores the fact that 1) different offenders may suffer to a different degree when subjected ...


Death Ineligibility And Habeas Corpus, Lee B. Kovarsky Jan 2010

Death Ineligibility And Habeas Corpus, Lee B. Kovarsky

Faculty Scholarship

I examine the interaction between what I call 'death ineligibility' challenges and the habeas writ. A death ineligibility claim alleges that a criminally-confined capital prisoner belongs to a category of offenders for which the Eighth Amendment forbids execution. By contrast, a 'crime innocence' claim alleges that, colloquially speaking, a capital prisoner 'wasn’t there, and didn’t do it.' In the last eight years, the Supreme Court has identified several new ineligibility categories, including mentally retarded offenders. Configured primarily to address crime innocence and procedural challenges, however, modern habeas law is poorly equipped to accommodate ineligibility claims. Death Ineligibility traces ...


Criminal Alternative Dispute Resolution: Restoring Justice, Respecting Responsibility, And Renewing Public Norms, Maggie T. Grace Jan 2010

Criminal Alternative Dispute Resolution: Restoring Justice, Respecting Responsibility, And Renewing Public Norms, Maggie T. Grace

Student Articles and Papers

This Article explores theoretical concerns underlying contemporary appeals to Alternative Dispute Resolution ("ADR") in the criminal justice system. Analyzing literature on free will and responsibility and leading work on transitional justice, I argue that a restorative justice approach to criminal ADR better accommodates the realities of social conditions that correlate with criminality while respecting deeply-held concepts of responsibility. I further argue that this approach provides a useful response to critics, such as Owen Fiss, who argue that ADR privatizes disputes, thereby failing to produce and reinforce essential public norms.


Violence On The Brain: A Critique Of Neuroscience In Criminal Law, Amanda C. Pustilnik Jan 2009

Violence On The Brain: A Critique Of Neuroscience In Criminal Law, Amanda C. Pustilnik

Faculty Scholarship

Is there such a thing as a criminally "violent brain"? Does it make sense to speak of "the neurobiology of violence" or the "psychopathology of crime"? Is it possible to answer on a physiological level what makes one person engage in criminal violence and another not, under similar circumstances?

This Article first demonstrates parallels between certain current claims about the neurobiology of criminal violence and past movements that were concerned with the law and neuroscience of violence: phrenology, Lombrosian biological criminology, and lobotomy. It then engages in a substantive review and critique of several current claims about the neurological bases ...


Christian V. State: An Unnecessary Overcorrection Threatens The Law Of Criminal Assault, Christopher Dahl Jan 2009

Christian V. State: An Unnecessary Overcorrection Threatens The Law Of Criminal Assault, Christopher Dahl

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judging Genes: Implications Of The Second Generation Of Genetic Tests In The Courtroom, Diane E. Hoffmann, Karen H. Rothenberg Oct 2007

Judging Genes: Implications Of The Second Generation Of Genetic Tests In The Courtroom, Diane E. Hoffmann, Karen H. Rothenberg

Faculty Scholarship

The use of DNA tests for identification has revolutionized court proceedings in criminal and paternity cases. Now, requests by litigants to admit or compel a second generation of genetic tests – tests to confirm or predict genetic diseases and conditions – threaten to affect judicial decision-making in many more contexts. Unlike DNA tests for identification, these second generation tests may provide highly personal health and behavioral information about individuals and their relatives and will pose new challenges for trial court judges. This article reports on an original empirical study of how judges analyze these requests and uses the study results to inform ...


Extraordinary Crimes At Ordinary Times: International Justice Beyond Crisis Situations, Sonja Starr Jan 2007

Extraordinary Crimes At Ordinary Times: International Justice Beyond Crisis Situations, Sonja Starr

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Prisons Of The Mind: Social Value And Economic Inefficiency In The Criminal Justice Response To Mental Illness, Amanda C. Pustilnik Jan 2006

Prisons Of The Mind: Social Value And Economic Inefficiency In The Criminal Justice Response To Mental Illness, Amanda C. Pustilnik

Faculty Scholarship

Can constructs of social meaning lead to actual criminal confinement? Can the intangible value ascribed to the maintenance of certain social norms lead to radically inefficient choices about resource allocation? The disproportionate criminal confinement of people with severe mental illnesses relative to non-mentally ill individuals suggests that social meanings related to mental illness can create legal and physical walls around this disfavored group. Responding to the non-violent mentally ill principally through the criminal system imposes at least 6 billion dollars in costs annually on the public, above any offsetting public safety and deterrence benefits, and imposes terrible human costs on ...


The French Experience With Duty To Rescue: A Dubious Case For Criminal Enforcement, Edward A. Tomlinson Jan 2000

The French Experience With Duty To Rescue: A Dubious Case For Criminal Enforcement, Edward A. Tomlinson

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Right To A Criminal Appeal In The People's Republic Of China, Margaret Y.K. Woo Jan 1989

The Right To A Criminal Appeal In The People's Republic Of China, Margaret Y.K. Woo

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Note: Probation Revocation In Maryland: The Effect Of Nonfinal And Reversed Criminal Convictions Jan 1983

Note: Probation Revocation In Maryland: The Effect Of Nonfinal And Reversed Criminal Convictions

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nonadversarial Justice: The French Experience, Edward A. Tomlinson Jan 1983

Nonadversarial Justice: The French Experience, Edward A. Tomlinson

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Socialist Legalism: Reform And Continuity In Post-Mao People's Republic Of China, Hungdah Chiu Jan 1982

Socialist Legalism: Reform And Continuity In Post-Mao People's Republic Of China, Hungdah Chiu

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Superior Orders As A Defense To Violations Of International Criminal Law, Alan M. Wilner Jan 1966

Superior Orders As A Defense To Violations Of International Criminal Law, Alan M. Wilner

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


A New Criminal Code For Maryland?, John M. Brumbaugh Jan 1963

A New Criminal Code For Maryland?, John M. Brumbaugh

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Maryland Version Of The Uniform Post Conviction Procedure Act, With Special Reference To The Writ Of Habeas Corpus, John D. Alexander Jr. Jan 1959

The Maryland Version Of The Uniform Post Conviction Procedure Act, With Special Reference To The Writ Of Habeas Corpus, John D. Alexander Jr.

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Self-Incrimination - By Trying On Hat - Allen V. State Jan 1953

Self-Incrimination - By Trying On Hat - Allen V. State

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Criminal Liability Of Participants In Suicide - State V. Williams Jan 1941

Criminal Liability Of Participants In Suicide - State V. Williams

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Maryland Speedy Judgment Acts, M. Luther Pittman Jan 1938

The Maryland Speedy Judgment Acts, M. Luther Pittman

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.