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University of Kentucky

State and Local Government Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Landmarks And City Hall: How Historic Preservation Contributes To Municipal Government, Frank B. Gilbert Mar 2021

Landmarks And City Hall: How Historic Preservation Contributes To Municipal Government, Frank B. Gilbert

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Municipal Incinerator Ash: City Of Chicago V. Environmental Defense Fund, Inc., Tiffany D. Gabehart Mar 2021

Regulation Of Municipal Incinerator Ash: City Of Chicago V. Environmental Defense Fund, Inc., Tiffany D. Gabehart

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Judicial Elections, Public Opinion, And Their Impact On State Criminal Justice Policy, Travis N. Taylor Jan 2020

Judicial Elections, Public Opinion, And Their Impact On State Criminal Justice Policy, Travis N. Taylor

Theses and Dissertations--Political Science

This dissertation explores whether and how the re-election prospects faced by trial court judges in many American states influence criminal justice policy, specifically, state levels of incarceration, as well as the disparity in rates of incarceration for Whites and Blacks. Do states where trial court judges must worry about facing reelection tend to encourage judicial behavior that results in higher incarceration rates? And are levels of incarceration and racial disparities in the states influenced by the proportion of the state publics who want more punitive policies? These are clearly important questions because they speak directly to several normative and empirical ...


The Effect Of State-Level Constitutional Debt Limitations On The Costs Of Capital, Micah Johnson Jan 2019

The Effect Of State-Level Constitutional Debt Limitations On The Costs Of Capital, Micah Johnson

MPA/MPP/MPFM Capstone Projects

Forty-five states have adopted some form of constitutional limitation on their own legislature’s ability to issue debt and raise capital. Eleven states have more than one such limitation. It seems intuitive to assume that constitutional strictures on a state’s ability to manage its fiscal policy would affect that state’s standing in the market, and it seems equally safe to assume that different combinations of the various forms of debt limitation would lead to varying effects in the market from state to state. However, the specific effects arising from the various constitutional provisions have proven to be difficult ...


The Effect Of Occupational Licensing On Wages And Employment: Evidence From Electricians And Massage Therapists, Matt Shafer Jan 2018

The Effect Of Occupational Licensing On Wages And Employment: Evidence From Electricians And Massage Therapists, Matt Shafer

MPA/MPP/MPFM Capstone Projects

No executive summary.


Predictors Of Municipal Bankruptcies And State Intervention Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura N. Coordes, Thom Reilly Jan 2017

Predictors Of Municipal Bankruptcies And State Intervention Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura N. Coordes, Thom Reilly

Kentucky Law Journal

Why do some struggling cities file for bankruptcy while others, facing simiar circumstances, do not? This Article builds on the literature examining the causes and consequences ofmunicipal fiscal distress by exploring specific factors that lead municipalities to seek help from the state and federal government. Viewing municipal opportunities and constraints through political, economic, and legal lenses, this Article helps to explain the nuances ofmunicival decision making.

After identifiing eight factors that may serve as predctors of municipal insolvency, the authors studied cities in Fiscal distress with an eye toward uncovering the circumstances that led each of these cities into and ...


Removing Recalcitrant County Clerks In Kentucky, Shawn D. Chapman Jan 2017

Removing Recalcitrant County Clerks In Kentucky, Shawn D. Chapman

Kentucky Law Journal

Events in 2015 surrounding Rowan County Clerk Kim Davis showed how removing county clerks from office is not a simple task in Kentucky. At present, removal can be accomplished only by the same dfficult means required to remove a state-wide executive offlcer, meaning the county clerk has the same tenure as the governor and attorney general. Historically, however, the county clerk was removable by other, lesser means, as were all other county officers. Today, the other county offcers are still removable by those lesser means, but the county clerk is not, resulting in a removal gap. That gap first appeared ...


Motorcycle Helmet Effectiveness In Reducing Head, Face And Brain Injuries By State And Helmet Law, Cody S. Olsen, Andrea M. Thomas, Michael Singleton, Anna M. Gaichas, Tracy J. Smith, Gary A. Smith, Justin Peng, Michael J. Bauer, Ming Qu, Denise Yeager, Timothy Kerns, Cynthia Burch, Lawrence J. Cook Mar 2016

Motorcycle Helmet Effectiveness In Reducing Head, Face And Brain Injuries By State And Helmet Law, Cody S. Olsen, Andrea M. Thomas, Michael Singleton, Anna M. Gaichas, Tracy J. Smith, Gary A. Smith, Justin Peng, Michael J. Bauer, Ming Qu, Denise Yeager, Timothy Kerns, Cynthia Burch, Lawrence J. Cook

Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Background: Despite evidence that motorcycle helmets reduce morbidity and mortality, helmet laws and rates of helmet use vary by state in the U.S.

Methods: We pooled data from eleven states: five with universal laws requiring all motorcyclists to wear a helmet, and six with partial laws requiring only a subset of motorcyclists to wear a helmet. Data were combined in the Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System's General Use Model and included motorcycle crash records probabilistically linked to emergency department and inpatient discharges for years 2005-2008. Medical outcomes were compared between partial and universal helmet law settings. We estimated ...


From Bail Bondsmen To Risk Assessments: Assessing Kentucky's Pretrial Release Approaches, Ismaila Ceesay Jan 2016

From Bail Bondsmen To Risk Assessments: Assessing Kentucky's Pretrial Release Approaches, Ismaila Ceesay

MPA/MPP/MPFM Capstone Projects

As one of only four states that ban bail bond companies, Kentucky is an experiment in the “laboratory of democracy,” which is made even more interesting because the state has tried three different approaches to pretrial release—the Pre-1976 approach, the 1976 to 2011 approach, and the 2011 to present approach. An assessment of these approaches show s how state actions and inaction can affect the right to pretrial release and underscores the importance of adopting appropriate state pretrial release policies.


A Review Of University Responses To Informal Queries And Open Records Requests For Aggregate Hiring-Related Data, Sheila Brothers Jan 2016

A Review Of University Responses To Informal Queries And Open Records Requests For Aggregate Hiring-Related Data, Sheila Brothers

MPA/MPP/MPFM Capstone Projects

Open records (OR) laws ensure that members of the public, including public managers, directors of nonprofit organizations, and individual citizens, have access to the records created by public agencies. Local government and state government agencies are generally recognized to be subject to OR laws, but so are Kentucky’s public universities. The author created a survey to review the responses to both an informal query and a formal open records request made of Kentucky’s eight public, four-year universities (Eastern Kentucky University; Kentucky State University; Morehead State University; Murray State University; Northern Kentucky University; University of Kentucky; University of Louisville ...


A Common Law Constitutionalism For The Right To Education, Scott R. Bauries Jul 2014

A Common Law Constitutionalism For The Right To Education, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

This Article makes two claims, one descriptive and the other normative. The descriptive claim is that individual rights to education have not been realized under state constitutions because the currently dominant structure of education reform litigation prevents such realization. In state constitutional education clause claims, both pleadings and adjudication generally focus on the equality or adequacy of the system as a whole, rather than on any particular student's educational resources or attainment. The Article traces the roots of the currently dominant systemic approach, and finds these roots in federal institutional reform litigation. This systemic focus leads to a systemic ...


Shaping Interstate Water Compacts To Meet The Realities Of The Twenty-First Century, Connor B. Egan Jan 2014

Shaping Interstate Water Compacts To Meet The Realities Of The Twenty-First Century, Connor B. Egan

Kentucky Journal of Equine, Agriculture, & Natural Resources Law

No abstract provided.


Milk And Other Intoxicating Choices: Official State Symbol Adoption, Ryan A. Valentin Jan 2014

Milk And Other Intoxicating Choices: Official State Symbol Adoption, Ryan A. Valentin

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Although the practice of adopting official state symbols is widespread, little has been written on what legislators, when tasked with choosing a state symbol, should take into consideration. An examination of select official state symbols of the Commonwealth of Kentucky will contribute to an understanding of what official state symbols are, the purpose they serve, the qualities they should reflect, and how the value of symbols adopted may be improved through the application of standard best practices.


Commentary: Hospital Tax-Exempt Policy: A Comparison Of Schedule H And State Community Benefit Reporting Systems, Laura L. Hitchcock Jan 2013

Commentary: Hospital Tax-Exempt Policy: A Comparison Of Schedule H And State Community Benefit Reporting Systems, Laura L. Hitchcock

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In Hospital Tax-Exempt Policy: A Comparison of Schedule H and State Community Benefit Reporting Systems, Rosenbaum et aldescribe the numerous variations between current state law in 24 states and federal requirements regarding nonprofit hospitals’ community benefit activities. The potential for nonprofit hospitals to help shape community health is great, and how states choose to address requirements regarding community benefit, and potentially reinforce the new federal requirements to incentivize hospital participation in addressing root causes of poor health, should be of significant interest to the public, policy makers and public and population health experts, given the large percentage of hospitals ...


State Treason: The History And Validity Of Treason Against Individual States, J. Taylor Mcconkie Jan 2013

State Treason: The History And Validity Of Treason Against Individual States, J. Taylor Mcconkie

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore Jan 2012

The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore Jan 2012

The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Fifty years ago, Jesse Dukeminier, Jr. and Clyde Stapleton published a case study of the practice of law before the Lexington-Fayette Urban County (LFUC) Board of Adjustment. This Article presents a new empirical study of the LFUC Board of Adjustment. Specifically, the study covers the eighteen month period from the Board’s July 2007 meeting through its December 2008 meeting. This Article discusses how the practice has changed and improved in the years since the Dukeminier-Stapleton study and the problems and difficulties that still remain.

The Article begins by describing the current procedure before the LFUC Board of Adjustment and ...


Property In Law: Government Rights In Legal Innovations, Stephen Clowney Jan 2011

Property In Law: Government Rights In Legal Innovations, Stephen Clowney

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

One of the most enduring themes in American political thought is that competition between states encourages legal innovation. Despite the prominence of this story in the national ideology, there is growing anxiety that state and local governments innovate at a socially suboptimal rate. Academics have recently expressed alarm that the pace of legal experimentation has become "extraordinarily slow," "inefficient," and "less than ideal." Ordinary citizens, too, seem concerned that government has been leeched of imagination and the dynamic spirit of experimentation; both talk radio programs and newspapers remain jammed with complaints about legislative gridlock and do-nothing politicians who cannot, or ...


State Constitutions And Individual Rights: Conceptual Convergence In School Finance Litigation, Scott R. Bauries Jan 2011

State Constitutions And Individual Rights: Conceptual Convergence In School Finance Litigation, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

This Article begins by reviewing Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld's “fundamental conceptions” and expanding his theory to the arena of state constitutional rights, building on recent work by other scholars. From this foundation, it moves to a discussion of the sources of rights to education. The Article then examines the text of relevant state constitutional provisions, as well as the ever-changing landscape of school finance litigation, the principal vehicle through which litigants assert constitutional claims based on ostensible education rights. Next, it systematically analyzes the population of reported cases from the highest state courts to identify Hohfeldian conceptions of education rights ...


State Constitutional Design And Education Reform: Process Specification In Louisiana, Scott R. Bauries Jan 2011

State Constitutional Design And Education Reform: Process Specification In Louisiana, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

As to education, the Louisiana Constitution contains the familiar general mandate for the establishment of a public school system, now ubiquitous among state constitutions. But unlike the founding documents of any of the other states, Louisiana's constitution also provides for a very specific process-based allocation of the responsibilities for determining appropriations levels in education from year to year.

It is well-known that state constitutions often treat numerous—sometimes trivial—subjects, or contain provisions that seem hyper-specific and statutory, rather than foundational and constitutional, and state constitutions have been roundly criticized (and sometimes defended) for these features. In this Article ...


A "Preposterous Anomaly": Sovereign Immunity In Kentucky Following The Crash Of Comair Flight 5191, Nathaniel R. Kissel Jan 2010

A "Preposterous Anomaly": Sovereign Immunity In Kentucky Following The Crash Of Comair Flight 5191, Nathaniel R. Kissel

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Loss Of Parental Consortium: Why Kentucky Should Re-Recognize The Claim Outside The Wrongful Death Context, Collin D. Schueler Jan 2010

Loss Of Parental Consortium: Why Kentucky Should Re-Recognize The Claim Outside The Wrongful Death Context, Collin D. Schueler

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Is There An Elephant In The Room?: Judicial Review Of Educational Adequacy And The Separation Of Powers In State Constitutions, Scott R. Bauries Jan 2010

Is There An Elephant In The Room?: Judicial Review Of Educational Adequacy And The Separation Of Powers In State Constitutions, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Scholarship of education finance adequacy litigation has nearly universally acknowledged the thorny separation of powers problem that this form of litigation presents for state courts. This scholarship tacitly assumes a uniform approach to separation of powers among the states – one that defaults to the federal approach. Proposals for adjudicatory reforms purport either to respect separation of powers principles as we know them from federal case law or to reject the notion that such principles should have real operation in any state courts. However, this scholarship has not addressed, or even acknowledged, what would seem to be a very large elephant ...


Thou Shall Not Hunt: A Historical Introduction To And Discussion Of The Modern Debate Over Sunday Hunting Laws, Mike Balestra Jan 2008

Thou Shall Not Hunt: A Historical Introduction To And Discussion Of The Modern Debate Over Sunday Hunting Laws, Mike Balestra

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Mansion Or Fortress? The Legal Merits Of Temporary Immunity From Criminal Prosecution For Kentucky's Chief Executive, Nick Jones Jan 2008

Mansion Or Fortress? The Legal Merits Of Temporary Immunity From Criminal Prosecution For Kentucky's Chief Executive, Nick Jones

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The 2007 Amendments To The Kentucky Business Entity Statutes, Thomas E. Rutledge Jan 2008

The 2007 Amendments To The Kentucky Business Entity Statutes, Thomas E. Rutledge

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


"Face To Face" With The Right Of Confrontation: A Critique Of The Supreme Court Of Kentucky's Approach To The Confrontation Clause Of The Kentucky Constitution, Sarah M. Dunn Jan 2007

"Face To Face" With The Right Of Confrontation: A Critique Of The Supreme Court Of Kentucky's Approach To The Confrontation Clause Of The Kentucky Constitution, Sarah M. Dunn

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Modern Partnership Law Comes To Kentucky: Comparing The Kentucky Revised Uniform Partnership Act And The Uniform Act From Which It Was Derived, Allan W. Vestal, Thomas E. Rutledge Jr. Jan 2007

Modern Partnership Law Comes To Kentucky: Comparing The Kentucky Revised Uniform Partnership Act And The Uniform Act From Which It Was Derived, Allan W. Vestal, Thomas E. Rutledge Jr.

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Florida’S Past And Future Roles In Education Finance Reform Litigation, Scott R. Bauries Jul 2006

Florida’S Past And Future Roles In Education Finance Reform Litigation, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In federalist parlance, the states often are called laboratories of democracy. Nowhere is this truer than in the field of education, and almost no subset of the education field lends itself to this label more than education finance. Since 1973, with very few notable exceptions, the entire development of the practice of education finance has proceeded through state-specific reforms. These reforms have occurred mostly through legislative policymaking, but the courts have played an important role in directing that policy development.

If one were to seek to observe one of these laboratories in action—to witness the interaction of the courts ...


The Legislative Privilege To Judge The Qualifications, Elections, And Returns Of Members, Paul E. Salamanca, James E. Keller Jan 2006

The Legislative Privilege To Judge The Qualifications, Elections, And Returns Of Members, Paul E. Salamanca, James E. Keller

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.