Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Georgia School of Law

Journal

Juvenile Law

Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Law

The United States And Its Obligations Under The Optional Protocol To The Convention On The Rights Of The Child On The Sale Of Children, Child Prostitution And Child Pornography To Combat Child Exploitation In The Digital World, Audrey Cunningham Jun 2022

The United States And Its Obligations Under The Optional Protocol To The Convention On The Rights Of The Child On The Sale Of Children, Child Prostitution And Child Pornography To Combat Child Exploitation In The Digital World, Audrey Cunningham

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Transfer Of Child Offenders To Adult Criminal Courts In The Usa: An Unnecessary Exercise, Unconstitutional Practice, International Law Violation, Or All Of The Above?, Roger-Claude Liwanga, Patrick Ibe Jun 2021

Transfer Of Child Offenders To Adult Criminal Courts In The Usa: An Unnecessary Exercise, Unconstitutional Practice, International Law Violation, Or All Of The Above?, Roger-Claude Liwanga, Patrick Ibe

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

There is an ongoing debate over the legality and effectiveness of the use of judicial waiver as a tool to fight violent crimes, including those committed by children in the United States. Judicial waiver or transfer of juveniles is a process by which child offenders are transferred from the juvenile court to adult criminal courts to be tried and sentenced as adult offenders. Despite the implicit recognition of the constitutionality of this practice by the United States Supreme Court, this paper contends that the transfer of child offenders to adult criminal courts violates key provisions of the Convention on the …


Juvenile Justice Reform In Georgia: A Collective Decisionmaking Approach To De-Politicize Crime And Punishment, The Honorable Steven Teske Jan 2020

Juvenile Justice Reform In Georgia: A Collective Decisionmaking Approach To De-Politicize Crime And Punishment, The Honorable Steven Teske

Georgia Law Review

Since the creation of the first juvenile court in 1899, juvenile courts have undergone periods of transition in response to legislative enactments prompted by societal events or in response to legal challenges involving due process rights of children. This Article examines politics and the extent in which it played a role in shaping juvenile justice and crime policies and its impact on children and public safety. In this critical review of each period of transition, this Article concludes that the lack of success among juvenile justice agencies, including the courts, is predominately the result of the politicizing of crime and …


Probation And Monetary Sanctions In Georgia: Evidence From A Multi-Method Study, Sarah Shannon Jan 2020

Probation And Monetary Sanctions In Georgia: Evidence From A Multi-Method Study, Sarah Shannon

Georgia Law Review

Georgia leads the nation in probation supervision, which has been the subject of recent legislative reforms. Probation supervision is the primary mechanism for monitoring and collecting legal financial obligations (LFOs) from people sentenced in Georgia courts. This Article analyzes how monetary sanctions and probation supervision intersect in Georgia using quantitative data from the Department of Community Supervision as well as interviews with probationers and probation officers gathered as part of the Multi-State Study of Monetary Sanctions between 2015 and 2018. Several key findings emerge: (1) there is substantial variation between judicial districts in the amount of fines and fees ordered …


Bending The Arc Toward Justice: The Current Era Of Juvenile Justice Reform In Georgia, Melissa D. Carter Jan 2020

Bending The Arc Toward Justice: The Current Era Of Juvenile Justice Reform In Georgia, Melissa D. Carter

Georgia Law Review

America’s juvenile justice system is experiencing another era of reform. The formal juvenile justice system originated from the ideology and methods of social reformers who viewed deviant behavior as a treatable condition and sought redemption of criminal youth. In the first era of reform, that view powered the state’s exercise of its parens patriae authority and produced a paternalistic judiciary and institutions that used custody as a means of achieving social control. Over time, changing political and social views of childhood and a growing recognition in the law of children as rights-holders shifted the system’s focus away from the rehabilitative …


Boots And Bail On The Ground: Assessing The Implementation Of Misdemeanor Bail Reforms In Georgia, Andrea Woods, Sandra G. Mayson, Lauren Sudeall, Guthrie Armstrong, Anthony Potts Jan 2020

Boots And Bail On The Ground: Assessing The Implementation Of Misdemeanor Bail Reforms In Georgia, Andrea Woods, Sandra G. Mayson, Lauren Sudeall, Guthrie Armstrong, Anthony Potts

Georgia Law Review

This Article presents a mixed-methods study of misdemeanor bail practice across Georgia in the wake of reform. We observed bail hearings and interviewed system actors in a representative sample of fifty-five counties to assess the extent to which pretrial practice conforms to legal standards clarified in Senate Bill 407 and Walker v. Calhoun. We also analyzed jail population data published by county jails and by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs. We found that a handful of counties have made promising headway in adhering to law and best practices, but that the majority have some distance to go. Most counties …


Towards A Parent-Inclusive Attorney-Client Privilege, Sande L. Buhai Jan 2019

Towards A Parent-Inclusive Attorney-Client Privilege, Sande L. Buhai

Georgia Law Review

Few state or federal courts recognize a parent-child
testimonial or communication privilege. Yet, courts
recognize privileges between spouses, clergy-penitent,
and therapist-patient. Supported by the Wigmore test
that legitimized these privileges, this paper argues that
the attorney-client privilege should still exist even if (1)
a client’s parent is included in an attorney-client
meeting in an advisory capacity; (2) the child discloses
contents of the attorney-client communications to the
child’s parent; or (3) the child discusses the contents of
the attorney-client communications with the child’s
parent.


Unregulated Custody Transfers: Why The Practice Of Rehoming Should Be Considered A Form Of Illegal Adoption And Human Trafficking, Michael D. Aune May 2018

Unregulated Custody Transfers: Why The Practice Of Rehoming Should Be Considered A Form Of Illegal Adoption And Human Trafficking, Michael D. Aune

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Syrian Crisis: Violations Of Basic Human Rights And Particularly Children's Rights, Ranee K.L. Panjabi May 2018

The Syrian Crisis: Violations Of Basic Human Rights And Particularly Children's Rights, Ranee K.L. Panjabi

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


An Aggravating Adolescence: An Analysis Of Juvenile Convictions As Statutory Aggravators In Capital Cases, Lesley A. O'Neill Jan 2017

An Aggravating Adolescence: An Analysis Of Juvenile Convictions As Statutory Aggravators In Capital Cases, Lesley A. O'Neill

Georgia Law Review

In death penalty cases there is a requirement that
certain statutory aggravators must be present in order to
reach a death verdict. One such statutory aggravator in
most states is the defendant having previously committed
a felony, which can include crimes committed as a
juvenile. While the Supreme Court ruled in 2005 that
sentencing a defendant to death for crimes they committed
as a juvenile is unconstitutional, many states' death
penalty statutes allow for the possibility that the sole
aggravator relied on for a verdict of death is a previous
juvenile conviction. This Note argues that based on the
Court's …


Recent Developments; Immigration And Naturalization -- Effect Of State Conviction Of Minor Drug Offense By Youthful Offenders -- Availability Of Relief From Mandatory Deportation Based On State Certificate Of Relief From Disabilities Granted As A Result Of The Conviction (Rehman V. Immigration And Naturalization Service, 2d Cir 1976), Donna R. Christie Nov 2016

Recent Developments; Immigration And Naturalization -- Effect Of State Conviction Of Minor Drug Offense By Youthful Offenders -- Availability Of Relief From Mandatory Deportation Based On State Certificate Of Relief From Disabilities Granted As A Result Of The Conviction (Rehman V. Immigration And Naturalization Service, 2d Cir 1976), Donna R. Christie

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner Jul 2016

Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Expert Workshop Session: The Global Child, Haley Chafin, Jena Emory, Meredith Head, Elizabeth Verner Jul 2016

Expert Workshop Session: The Global Child, Haley Chafin, Jena Emory, Meredith Head, Elizabeth Verner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Expert Workshop Session: Regulatory Framework, Ashley Ferrelli, Eric Heath, Eulen Jang, Cory Takeuchi Jul 2016

Expert Workshop Session: Regulatory Framework, Ashley Ferrelli, Eric Heath, Eulen Jang, Cory Takeuchi

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


“Criminal Records” - A Comparative Approach, Sigmund A. Cohn Jun 2016

“Criminal Records” - A Comparative Approach, Sigmund A. Cohn

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Books Received, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law Sep 2015

Books Received, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court And The Rehabilitative Ideal, Chad Flanders Jan 2015

The Supreme Court And The Rehabilitative Ideal, Chad Flanders

Georgia Law Review

Graham v. Florida was a watershed decision, not least because of the centrality of the "rehabilitative ideal" to its holding that life in prison for juveniles convicted of nonhomicide crimes was cruel and unusual. The Court's emphasis on rehabilitation was surprising both because rehabilitation was barely included as a 'purpose of punishment" in prior decisions of the Court, but also in terms of the history of academic and legislative skepticism toward rehabilitation. Courts and commentators have struggled to make sense of both the meaning and the scope of Graham's rehabilitative holding. This Article places Graham in the context of the …


Child Obesity As A Child Protection Concern In The United States And The United Kingdom: A Proposed Framework, Victoria Elissa Garel Nov 2014

Child Obesity As A Child Protection Concern In The United States And The United Kingdom: A Proposed Framework, Victoria Elissa Garel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Sex Tourism Industry Spreads To Costa Rica And Honduras: Are These Countries Doing Enough To Protect Their Children From Sexual Exploitation?, Nancy Beyer Oct 2014

The Sex Tourism Industry Spreads To Costa Rica And Honduras: Are These Countries Doing Enough To Protect Their Children From Sexual Exploitation?, Nancy Beyer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


There's No Place Like Home. Determining Habitual Residence: Feder V. Evans-Feder, Katherine V. Hung Oct 2014

There's No Place Like Home. Determining Habitual Residence: Feder V. Evans-Feder, Katherine V. Hung

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Innocence Snatched: A Call For A Multinational Response To Child Abduction That Facilitates Sexual Exploitation, Shawronda Higgins-Thornton Sep 2014

Innocence Snatched: A Call For A Multinational Response To Child Abduction That Facilitates Sexual Exploitation, Shawronda Higgins-Thornton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Balancing The First Amendment And Child Protection Goals In Legal Approaches To Restricting Children's Access To Violent Video Games: A Comparison Of Germany And The United States, Laura Tate Kagel Sep 2014

Balancing The First Amendment And Child Protection Goals In Legal Approaches To Restricting Children's Access To Violent Video Games: A Comparison Of Germany And The United States, Laura Tate Kagel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


"Where You Stand Depends On Where You Sit": Should The United States' Fda Have Followed The Lead Of Great Britain's Mhra In Banning Antidepressant Drug Use In Children And Adolescents?, Jennifer Dorminey Sep 2014

"Where You Stand Depends On Where You Sit": Should The United States' Fda Have Followed The Lead Of Great Britain's Mhra In Banning Antidepressant Drug Use In Children And Adolescents?, Jennifer Dorminey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Difficult Situation Made Harder: A Parent's Choice Between Civil Remedies And Criminal Charges In International Child Abduction, Donyale N. Leslie Sep 2014

A Difficult Situation Made Harder: A Parent's Choice Between Civil Remedies And Criminal Charges In International Child Abduction, Donyale N. Leslie

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sad Stories: Trafficking In Children - Unique Situations Requiring New Solutions, Virginia Garrard Sep 2014

Sad Stories: Trafficking In Children - Unique Situations Requiring New Solutions, Virginia Garrard

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera Sep 2014

Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Judiciary In The European Union's (De)Segregation Of Roma Students, Lindsey M. Green Sep 2014

The Role Of The Judiciary In The European Union's (De)Segregation Of Roma Students, Lindsey M. Green

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Balancing Act? The Rights Of Donor-Conceived Children To Know Their Biological Origins, Brigitte Clark Oct 2013

A Balancing Act? The Rights Of Donor-Conceived Children To Know Their Biological Origins, Brigitte Clark

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Amy And Vicky's Cause: Perils Of The Federal Restitution Framework For Child Pornography Victims, Robert W. Jacques Jan 2011

Amy And Vicky's Cause: Perils Of The Federal Restitution Framework For Child Pornography Victims, Robert W. Jacques

Georgia Law Review

Child pornography is unique among violent crimes in at
least one aspect: victims are harmed not only from their

initial abuse but also from knowing that people on the
Internet continue to view the images. In recent years, a
split has arisen among federal courts on whether victims
of child pornography are entitled to restitution from non-
production offenders, i.e., offenders that were not involved
in the initial abuse of victims. The controversy has
surrounded 18 U.S.C. § 2259-the mandatory restitution
statute for sex offenses. While some courts find victim
harm not sufficiently traceable to the crimes at issue to …