Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Law

Recent Development: Assategue Coastal Trust, Inc. V. Schwalbach: An Applicant Must Satisfy The "Unwarranted Hardship" Standard To Be Granted A Variance; The Variance Must Have No Adverse Impact On The Environment And Conform To The Purpose Of The Critical Area Program, Michael Louis Brown Jan 2016

Recent Development: Assategue Coastal Trust, Inc. V. Schwalbach: An Applicant Must Satisfy The "Unwarranted Hardship" Standard To Be Granted A Variance; The Variance Must Have No Adverse Impact On The Environment And Conform To The Purpose Of The Critical Area Program, Michael Louis Brown

University of Baltimore Law Forum

The Court of Appeals of Maryland held that the Worchester County Board properly applied the “unwarranted hardship” standard and correctly granted a variance under local critical area law. Assateague Coastal Trust, Inc. v. Schwalbach, 448 Md. 112, 140, 136 A.3d 866, 882 (2016). The court held that the variance would not have an adverse impact on the environment and the development was in conformity with the Critical Area Program’s purpose and intent. Schwalbach, 448 Md. at 143-44, 136 A.3d at 883.


Recent Developments: Are Land Contracts Preying On Low-Income Buyers Or Do They Offer A Different Avenue For Home Ownership?, Christopher Barron Jan 2016

Recent Developments: Are Land Contracts Preying On Low-Income Buyers Or Do They Offer A Different Avenue For Home Ownership?, Christopher Barron

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

As of May 2016, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has announced an investigation into the practice of land contracts and compliance with federal truth and lending laws. The CFPB’s investigation is in response to the increasing number of reports from organizations, such as the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC), condemning land contracts for their predatory nature and disparate impact on low-income buyers, specifically those of color. Furthermore, land contracts have been labeled as “Wall Street’s Toxic Transactions” because of large wall street investment groups utilizing them for their own capital gain. Land contracts have been vilified for luring unsuspecting …


Superiority Of Remediation Liens: A Cure To The Virus Of Blight, Marilyn Uzdavines Jan 2016

Superiority Of Remediation Liens: A Cure To The Virus Of Blight, Marilyn Uzdavines

University of Baltimore Law Review

Blight in a neighborhood is like a virus that spreads throughout the community. If left unchecked, that virus will destroy the community. In cities like Detroit, the spread of blight has ruined the economy and led to a dramatic plunge in population and the underfunding of city services. Blighted communities have transformed into vast swathes of abandoned properties that attract crime and create hazardous conditions to anyone who dares to remain in them. Although cities like Detroit have received exceptional media attention due to their overwhelming problems, blight continues to affect Detroit and communities in many states across the United …


Rights At Risk In Privatized Public Housing, Jaime Alison Lee Apr 2015

Rights At Risk In Privatized Public Housing, Jaime Alison Lee

All Faculty Scholarship

Traditional public housing is dwindling. Federal policy has increasingly encouraged privatization, shifting stewardship of public housing out of the hands of government and into the hands of private, for-profit companies. Privatization in this context has both benefits and risks. A particularly compelling area of study is the attempt by lawmakers to conscript private contractors into serving public policy goals. Private landlords are obligated not merely to provide housing, but to conduct themselves in ways that promote the interests of vulnerable people. The case of public housing suggests that legislative mandates and contractual obligations are not enough to assure this outcome, …


Comments: Private Investment: Trojan-Horse Or Shining Knight For America's Public Housing Stock, Andrew Balashov Jan 2015

Comments: Private Investment: Trojan-Horse Or Shining Knight For America's Public Housing Stock, Andrew Balashov

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

The numbers are staggering. The nation's largest public housing authorities ("HA's") are in a state of crisis as a result of massive budget shortfalls. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) estimates it would take roughly $26 billion to remedy the problem. To put this in perspective, in 2014 the New York City Public Housing Authority had a $77 million deficit and $18 billion worth of "unfunded capital improvements," - a euphemism for basic upgrades to building systems such as water, heat, air conditioning, and elevators. At present, many of these systems are woefully below acceptable livability standards. This …


Alms To The Rich: The Facade Easement Deduction, Wendy G. Gerzog Oct 2014

Alms To The Rich: The Facade Easement Deduction, Wendy G. Gerzog

All Faculty Scholarship

This article presents the case for repeal of the façade easement deduction. Proponents of this benefit argue that the deduction encourages historic preservation by reimbursing property owners for relinquishing their right to alter the façade of their property in a way inconsistent with that conservation goal; however, this article shows that there are many reasons to urge its repeal: the revenue loss, the small number of beneficiaries, the financial demographics of that group of beneficiaries; the dubious industries that are supported by the deduction; and the continual marked overvaluation and abuse despite Congressional, court, and administrative review and expense.

After …


Recent Development: Hamilton V. Kirson: The Court Of Appeals Of Maryland Held That Circumstantial Evidence Offered To Satisfy The Causation Element Of A Prima Facie Claim Of Negligence In Lead Paint Cases Must Demonstrate A Reasonable Probability, Not Mere Possibility, That The Subject Property Was The Cause Of The Lead Exposure, Matthew Stegman Jan 2014

Recent Development: Hamilton V. Kirson: The Court Of Appeals Of Maryland Held That Circumstantial Evidence Offered To Satisfy The Causation Element Of A Prima Facie Claim Of Negligence In Lead Paint Cases Must Demonstrate A Reasonable Probability, Not Mere Possibility, That The Subject Property Was The Cause Of The Lead Exposure, Matthew Stegman

University of Baltimore Law Forum

The Court of Appeals of Maryland held, in two consolidated cases, that circumstantial evidence presented to prove injuries from lead paint exposure was insufficient to survive a motion for summary judgment on the issue of causation.


Settlement Equals Another Missed Opportunity For The Supreme Court To Define Disparate Impact Claims Under The Fair Housing Act, Erika Flaschner Jan 2014

Settlement Equals Another Missed Opportunity For The Supreme Court To Define Disparate Impact Claims Under The Fair Housing Act, Erika Flaschner

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

In 2003, the New Jersey Township of Mount Holly designated a neighborhood known as the Gardens as a blighted, high crime area, and called for its redevelopment. The Township adopted a plan to demolish the Gardens and replace it with new residential units, of which only a fraction were designated for affordable housing. However, the predominately minority population of the Gardens filed suit to overturn the blight designation and stop the redevelopment plan on the grounds that the plan violated the Fair Housing Act (FHA) on a disparate impact theory.


Taking On Water: Local Government, Eminent Domain, And The Foreclosure Crisis, Brian Cullin Jan 2014

Taking On Water: Local Government, Eminent Domain, And The Foreclosure Crisis, Brian Cullin

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

The 2008 Financial Crisis and the ensuing Great Recession sent shockwaves throughout the U.S. and global economy, wreaking havoc from Wall Street to Main Street. The Crisis harkened economic contraction, high unemployment, and elevated rates of home foreclosure. While the financial industry recovered, spelling an end to one crisis, another continues - the Foreclosure Crisis. The rate of home foreclosure, already ominously on the rise before 2008 and growing in intensity and breadth in the aftermath of the Financial Crisis, provides the foundation for this paper. This article examines an innovative public-private partnership between a private firm, Mortgage Resolution Partners …


Thank You Sir, May I Have Another: The Issue Of The Unsustainablity Of Low Income Housing Tax Credits And Proposed Solutions, John Baber Jan 2014

Thank You Sir, May I Have Another: The Issue Of The Unsustainablity Of Low Income Housing Tax Credits And Proposed Solutions, John Baber

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

The Federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program is currently the nation's largest federal subsidy for the development and rehabilitation of affordable housing, having created or preserved over 2.5 million housing units and distributed over $7.5 billion in federal tax credits to developers of and investors in affordable housing from the program's inception in 1986 through 2007. However, despite its monumental size and impact, the program has some potentially fatal flaws that threaten the long-term financial and physical viability of the very affordable housing that it creates, and threatens the health of the neighborhoods that it is created in. Affordable …


Comments: An Unnecessary "Solution": High-Performance Market-Rate Rental Housing, David Hornstein Jan 2014

Comments: An Unnecessary "Solution": High-Performance Market-Rate Rental Housing, David Hornstein

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

On April 11, 2013, new rules and regulations regarding Baltimore City's property tax credits became effective. Similar to the payments in lieu of taxes program (PILOT), Baltimore City has enacted rules and regulations that afford property owners a major tax credit for developing and, or converting current buildings into high-performance market-rate rental housing. Baltimore City Mayor, Stephanie Rawlings- Blake, is optimistic about the tax credit, believing the credit will spur development within Baltimore City. The city believes that development projects will attract new residents to Baltimore City, as well as deter current residents from leaving the city for areas that …


Promise Vs. Performance: Why Public Subsidies Of Private Development Are Not Likely To Produce Fair Returns To The Taxpaying Public, Marc Knapp Jan 2014

Promise Vs. Performance: Why Public Subsidies Of Private Development Are Not Likely To Produce Fair Returns To The Taxpaying Public, Marc Knapp

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

On September 10, 2013, the Baltimore City Council gave final approval to Harbor Point, a $1 billion multi-use project to be built on a vacant, remediated brownfield that juts into Baltimore's Inner Harbor. Like many urban development or redevelopment projects, Harbor Point will be supported by significant taxpayer subsidies. Between a $107 million direct investment in project-related infrastructure largely parks that will surround the to-be-built offices, shops and residences, and a waterfront promenade - along with a mixed bag of real estate and income tax incentives, the visible public support to Harbor Point will exceed $200 million, 20% of projected …


Comments: Baltimore City's Green Building Standards, Building Towards An Uncertain Future, Gregory Franklin Jan 2014

Comments: Baltimore City's Green Building Standards, Building Towards An Uncertain Future, Gregory Franklin

University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development

In August 2007 the Baltimore City Council passed Council Bill 07-0602 mandating that newly built and "extensively modified" buildings over 10,000 square feet comply with "Green Building Standards." This law is considered among the first and most extensive green building codes to be passed so far in the United States. This law has not surprisingly sparked praise and criticism. While the law has been praised for its potential environmental benefits, it has also been criticized on the grounds that it is stricter than the laws of surrounding jurisdictions and has made building in Baltimore excessively expensive. Moreover, the law has …


Comments: Equitable Subrogation In Maryland Mortgages And The Restatement Of Property: A Historical Analysis For Contemporary Solutions, Gregg H. Mosson Jan 2012

Comments: Equitable Subrogation In Maryland Mortgages And The Restatement Of Property: A Historical Analysis For Contemporary Solutions, Gregg H. Mosson

University of Baltimore Law Review

No abstract provided.


"On The Take": The Black Box Of Credit Scoring And Mortgage Discrimination, Cassandra Jones Havard Apr 2011

"On The Take": The Black Box Of Credit Scoring And Mortgage Discrimination, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

Subprime credit, a relatively new method of risk-based pricing, has been hailed as a way to open up markets and provide access to credit to those who would otherwise be excluded. Evidence suggests that subprime mortgage segmentation increases rather than reduces exclusionary practices in lending. Furthermore, what is unclear is how lenders determine who qualifies as a subprime borrower. This concern became manifested when studies demonstrated that minority borrowers, regardless of creditworthiness, are more likely to receive expensive, sub-prime loans. The disparity is properly attributed to lenders’ credit pricing policies which included discretionary increases despite the objectively-determined risk-based interest rate …


The Properties Of Instability: Markets, Predation, Racialized Geography, And Property Law, Audrey Mcfarlane Jan 2011

The Properties Of Instability: Markets, Predation, Racialized Geography, And Property Law, Audrey Mcfarlane

All Faculty Scholarship

A central, symbolic image supporting property ownership is the image of stability. This symbol motivates most because it allows for settled expectations, promotes investment, and fulfills a psychological need for predictability. Despite the symbolic image, property is home to principles that promote instability, albeit a stable instability. This Article considers an overlooked but fundamental issue: the recurring instability experienced by minority property owners in ownership of their homes. This is not an instability one might attribute solely to insufficient financial resources to retain ownership, but instead reflects an ongoing pattern, exemplified throughout the twentieth century, of purposeful involuntary divestment of …


"Goin' 'Round In Circles" ... And Letting The Bad Loans Win: When Subprime Lending Fails Borrowers: The Need For Uniform Broker Regulation, Cassandra Jones Havard Jan 2008

"Goin' 'Round In Circles" ... And Letting The Bad Loans Win: When Subprime Lending Fails Borrowers: The Need For Uniform Broker Regulation, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

This Article provides a framework for regulating mortgage brokers. After introductory comments about the prevalence of this industry and its functional importance in today's consumer mortgage finance market, the article briefly explores the underlying structural framework of the mortgage broker industry. Explaining the market in which mortgage brokers make sub-prime loans as a largely unregulated one, it examines the economics of the mortgage loan transaction from the perspective of the borrower and concludes that lenders are comfortable with the reckless nature of sub-prime home lending. Next, the article examines the dual banking system and its attendant concern of federalism. It …


"Property And Law Are Born And Must Die Together"': The Honorable Dale R. Cathell's Philosophy Of Individual Property Rights And The Government In The Court Of Appeals And The Court Of Special Appeals, 1989-2007, Lynne A. Battaglia Jan 2007

"Property And Law Are Born And Must Die Together"': The Honorable Dale R. Cathell's Philosophy Of Individual Property Rights And The Government In The Court Of Appeals And The Court Of Special Appeals, 1989-2007, Lynne A. Battaglia

University of Baltimore Law Review

No abstract provided.


Democratizing Credit: Examining The Structural Inequities Of Subprime Lending, Cassandra Jones Havard Jan 2006

Democratizing Credit: Examining The Structural Inequities Of Subprime Lending, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

This Article critiques the current regime of mortgage lending, which favors economic subordination. Minorities and low-and moderate income persons, regardless of their creditworthiness, are receiving higher loan rates. This is due to three market phenomena- the dominance of sub-prime lenders in the market in which prime lenders are more restricted to lend, the segmentation of the market so that certain products are offered to certain consumers, and the liquidity of the secondary market, which encourages lenders to make loans that are easily sold, but which may be inappropriately and impermissibly priced. Only by incorporating some transparency into the process will …


Notes: When A Contract For The Purchase Of Land Is Executed Prior To The Initiation Of A Suit Involving The Propertys Title, Lis Pendens May Be Precluded From Affecting The Purchaser's Interest Under The Doctrine Of Equitable Conversion. Deshields V. Broadwater, 338 Md. 422, 659 A.2d 300 (1995), Christopher J. Marchand Jan 1996

Notes: When A Contract For The Purchase Of Land Is Executed Prior To The Initiation Of A Suit Involving The Propertys Title, Lis Pendens May Be Precluded From Affecting The Purchaser's Interest Under The Doctrine Of Equitable Conversion. Deshields V. Broadwater, 338 Md. 422, 659 A.2d 300 (1995), Christopher J. Marchand

University of Baltimore Law Review

No abstract provided.


Stories Out Of School: Teaching The Case Of Brown V. Voss, Elizabeth Samuels Mar 1995

Stories Out Of School: Teaching The Case Of Brown V. Voss, Elizabeth Samuels

All Faculty Scholarship

As a law teacher, I have observed these benefits of the case method, particularly with conducive appellate opinions and a skillfully assembled text. But I have also experienced, as I suspect most law teachers have, instances in which a case that lacks a sufficiently revealing narrative seems to mystify more than elucidate. One example is the case of Brown v. Voss, which appears in a number of property law casebooks, including the widely used Property by Jesse Dukeminier and James E. Krier. In Brown v. Voss the State of Washington Supreme Court departs, in a somewhat disingenuous way, from an …


Notes: Commercial Law — Consumer Protection Act — Landlord-Tenant — Remedies — Private Action By Tenant Under Maryland's Consumer Protection Act Requires Demonstration Of Actual Loss Or Injury, I.E., Diminution In Rental Value, In Order To Justify Restitutionary Award Of Rents Paid For The Lease Of Unlicensed Residential Property. Citaramanis V. Hallowell, 328 Md. 142, 613 A.2d 964 (1992), Michael B. Macwilliams Jan 1993

Notes: Commercial Law — Consumer Protection Act — Landlord-Tenant — Remedies — Private Action By Tenant Under Maryland's Consumer Protection Act Requires Demonstration Of Actual Loss Or Injury, I.E., Diminution In Rental Value, In Order To Justify Restitutionary Award Of Rents Paid For The Lease Of Unlicensed Residential Property. Citaramanis V. Hallowell, 328 Md. 142, 613 A.2d 964 (1992), Michael B. Macwilliams

University of Baltimore Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Field Of Dreams Needs A History, Kenneth Lasson Mar 1992

A Field Of Dreams Needs A History, Kenneth Lasson

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Comments: The Continued Expansion Of The Public Use Requirement In Eminent Domain, Jonathan Neal Portner Jan 1988

Comments: The Continued Expansion Of The Public Use Requirement In Eminent Domain, Jonathan Neal Portner

University of Baltimore Law Review

No abstract provided.


Public Land Banking And Mount Laurel Ii — Can There Be A Symbiotic Relationship?, Cassandra Jones Havard Apr 1984

Public Land Banking And Mount Laurel Ii — Can There Be A Symbiotic Relationship?, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

The story behind the litigation that produced two decisions in Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel may accurately be told in terms of plans having gone awry. The New Jersey Supreme Court invalidated the two attempts by Mount Laurel to regulate land through the implementation of fiscal zoning ordinances. In its most recent decision, Mount Laurel II, the court imposed upon communities a state constitutional obligation to provide adequate housing opportunities for low- and moderate-income families. Mount Laurel II thus defines the constitutional limitations on a municipality's power to regulate land. It also establishes a supporting corollary: …