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Full-Text Articles in Law

Factors, Scott Rempell Dec 2022

Factors, Scott Rempell

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Rules Vs. Standards In Private Ordering, Tomer S. Stein Dec 2022

Rules Vs. Standards In Private Ordering, Tomer S. Stein

Buffalo Law Review

The tradeoff between bright-line rules and general standards is one of the bedrocks of law design. This tradeoff determines how legal norms are composed. The tradeoff between rules and standards pervasively affects private ordering as well: it determines how contractual norms are composed. Yet, scholars exploring the rule vs. standard dichotomy have either entirely overlooked the tradeoff taking place in private orderings or equated it with the public tradeoff that dominates lawmaking.

This Article is the first to systematically examine the rule vs. standard tradeoff in private orderings. The Article carries out this task by identifying and analyzing the fundamental …


The Conceptual Problems Arising From Legal Pluralism, Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora Jan 2022

The Conceptual Problems Arising From Legal Pluralism, Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora

Journal Articles

This paper argues that analytical jurisprudence has been insufficiently attentive to three significant puzzles highlighted by the legal pluralist tradition: the existence of commonalities between different types of law, the possibility of a distinction between law and non-law, and the explanatory centrality of the state. I further argue that the resolution of these questions sets the stage for a renewed agenda of analytical jurisprudence and has to be considered in attempts for reconciliation between the academic traditions of analytical jurisprudence and legal pluralism, often called “pluralist jurisprudence.” I also argue that the resolution of these problems affects the empirical, doctrinal, …


Legal Positivism As A Theory Of Law’S Existence: A Comment On Margaret Martin’S "Judging Positivism", Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora Sep 2021

Legal Positivism As A Theory Of Law’S Existence: A Comment On Margaret Martin’S "Judging Positivism", Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora

Journal Articles

This comment critically examines the conception of legal positivism that informs Margaret Martin’s interesting and multilayered challenge against the substance and method of this intellectual tradition. My central claim is that her characterization of the substantive theory of legal positivism sets aside a more fundamental and explanatory prior dimension concerning the positivist’s theory of the existence of legal systems and legal norms. I also argue that her understanding of the positivist’s descriptive methodology as a nonnormative project is too demanding and overlooks both the relationships between law and morality recognized by contemporary legal positivists and the pivotal distinction between internal …


Review Of Philosophical Foundations Of Labour Law, Edited By Hugh Collins, Gillian Lester, And Virginia Mantouvalou, Matthew Dimick Jan 2021

Review Of Philosophical Foundations Of Labour Law, Edited By Hugh Collins, Gillian Lester, And Virginia Mantouvalou, Matthew Dimick

Book Reviews

No abstract provided.


Legal Pluralism And Analytical Jurisprudence: An Inapposite Contrast, Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora Jan 2021

Legal Pluralism And Analytical Jurisprudence: An Inapposite Contrast, Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora

Journal Articles

The intellectual tradition of legal pluralism characterizes itself by way of a contrast to legal centralism or monism. Self-styled pluralists typically attribute centralist and monist views to mainstream theories of law, which I call here analytical jurisprudence. This article argues that the pluralist foundational contrast with analytical jurisprudence suffers from three recurrent defects. First, the pluralist opposition to analytical jurisprudence conflates conceptual questions with empirical, doctrinal, and politico-moral inquiries. Second, pluralists misattribute to analytical jurisprudents an equation between law and state that they do not hold and have the resources to reject. Third, pluralists address the conceptual problems of legal …


Rules, Standards, And Such, Kevin M. Clermont May 2020

Rules, Standards, And Such, Kevin M. Clermont

Buffalo Law Review

This Article aims to create a complete typology of the forms of decisional law. Distinguishing “rules” from “standards” is the most commonly attempted jurisprudential line, roughly drawn between nonvague and vague. But no agreement exists on the dimension along which the rule/standard terminology lies, or on where the dividing line on the continuum lies. Thus, classifying in terms of vagueness is itself vague. Ultimately it does not aid legal actors in formulating or applying the law. The classification works best as an evocative image.

A clearer distinction would be useful in formulating and applying the law. For the law-applier, it …


The Puzzle Of Inciting Suicide, Guyora Binder, Luis E. Chiesa Jan 2019

The Puzzle Of Inciting Suicide, Guyora Binder, Luis E. Chiesa

Journal Articles

In 2017, a Massachusetts court convicted Michelle Carter of manslaughter for encouraging the suicide of Conrad Roy by text message, but imposed a sentence of only 15 months. The conviction was unprecedented in imposing homicide liability for verbal encouragement of apparently voluntary suicide. Yet if Carter killed, her purpose that Roy die arguably merited liability for murder and a much longer sentence. This Article argues that our ambivalence about whether and how much to punish Carter reflects suicide’s dual character as both a harm to be prevented and a choice to be respected. As such, the Carter case requires us …


The Theory And Practice Of Contestatory Federalism, James A. Gardner Dec 2018

The Theory And Practice Of Contestatory Federalism, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

Madisonian theory holds that a federal division of power is necessary to the protection of liberty, but that federalism is a naturally unstable form of government organization that is in constant danger of collapsing into either unitarism or fragmentation. Despite its inherent instability, this condition may be permanently maintained, according to Madison, through a constitutional design that keeps the system in equipoise by institutionalizing a form of perpetual contestation between national and subnational governments. The theory, however, does not specify how that contestation actually occurs, and by what means.

This paper investigates Madison’s hypothesis by documenting the methods actually deployed …


Mens Rea In Comparative Perspective, Luis E. Chiesa Dec 2018

Mens Rea In Comparative Perspective, Luis E. Chiesa

Journal Articles

This Essay compares and contrasts the American and civilian approaches to mens rea. The comparative analysis generates two important insights. First, it is preferable to have multiple forms of culpability than to have only two. Common law bipartite distinctions such as general and specific intent fail to fully make sense of our moral intuitions. The same goes for the civilian distinction between dolus (intent) and culpa (negligence). Second, attitudinal mental states should matter for criminalization and grading decisions. Nevertheless, adding attitudinal mental states to our already complicated mens rea framework may end up confusing juries instead of helping them. …


Wilfrid J. Waluchow: El Positivismo Incluyente Y El Constitucionalismo Del “Árbol Vivo” [Wilfrid J. Waluchow: Inclusive Legal Positivism And The Understanding Of Constitutionalism In The Living Three], Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora Oct 2018

Wilfrid J. Waluchow: El Positivismo Incluyente Y El Constitucionalismo Del “Árbol Vivo” [Wilfrid J. Waluchow: Inclusive Legal Positivism And The Understanding Of Constitutionalism In The Living Three], Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora

Journal Articles

Este artículo presenta los dos temas centrales de la filosofía del derecho de Wilfrid J. Waluchow –el positivismo incluyente y el constitucionalismo del “árbol vivo”– con una exposición crítica de sus principales tesis, los contextos en los que surgen y las principales objeciones y desaf íos a los que aún deben responder.

[This paper addresses the two main Wilfred J. Waluchow’s research interests on philosophy of law, namely Inclusive Legal Positivism and the Constitutionalism presented in The Living Tree. The author provides us with a critical exposition of Waluchow’s main theses and a proper background where Waluchow’s philosophy is set, …


Sez Who? Critical Legal History Without A Privileged Position, John Henry Schlegel Oct 2018

Sez Who? Critical Legal History Without A Privileged Position, John Henry Schlegel

Contributions to Books

Published as Chapter 30 in Oxford Handbook of Historical Legal Research, Markus D. Dubber & Christopher Tomlins, eds.

Scholars active in the Critical Legal Studies movement of the 1980s regularly attacked the scholarship of liberal legalist scholars by using a variety of then contemporary epistemological theories that argued for the impossibility of any observer attaining a neutral position from which to observe social activities. Somewhat surprisingly, liberal legalist scholars seldom turned this criticism back at the work of CLS scholars who themselves never criticized their own work as they did that of other scholars. The examination of several pieces of …


How To Think Constitutionally About Prerogative: A Study Of Early American Usage, Matthew J. Steilen May 2018

How To Think Constitutionally About Prerogative: A Study Of Early American Usage, Matthew J. Steilen

Journal Articles

This Article challenges the view of “prerogative” as a discretionary authority to act outside the law. For seventy years, political scientists, lawyers and judges have drawn on John Locke’s account of prerogative in the Second Treatise, using it to read foundational texts in American constitutional law. American writings on prerogative produced between 1760 and 1788 are rarely discussed (excepting The Federalist), though these materials exist in abundance. Based on a study of over 700 of these texts, including pamphlets, broadsides, letters, essays, newspaper items, state papers, and legislative debates, this Article argues that early Americans almost never used “prerogative” as …


Agency And Insanity, Stephen P. Garvey Jan 2018

Agency And Insanity, Stephen P. Garvey

Buffalo Law Review

This Article offers an unorthodox theory of insanity. According to the traditional theory, insanity is a cognitive or volitional incapacity arising from a mental disease or defect. As an alternative to the traditional theory, some commentators have proposed that insanity is an especially debilitating form of irrationality. Each of these theories faces fair-minded objections. In contrast to these theories, this Article proposes that a person is insane if and because he lacks a sense of agency. The theory of insanity it defends might therefore be called the lost-agency theory.According to the lost-agency theory, a person lacks a sense of agency …


. . . And Law?, John Henry Schlegel Dec 2017

. . . And Law?, John Henry Schlegel

Contributions to Books

Published as Chapter 18 in Searching for Contemporary Legal Thought, Justin Desautels-Stein & Christopher Tomlins, eds.

The locution “law and . . . (some other discipline)” implicitly asserts the primacy of legal doctrine and institutions narrowly conceived for coming to understand phenomena in which law takes a part. The ordinary story of American legal theory – formalism then realism then contemporary legal thought – can be understood to repeat the triumphalism implicit in “law and . . .” Of course, the story of American legal theory could possibly be read differently -- as a series of responses to the inability …


Re-Reading Legal Realism And Tracing A Genealogy Of Balancing, Curtis Nyquist Aug 2017

Re-Reading Legal Realism And Tracing A Genealogy Of Balancing, Curtis Nyquist

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Causation, Legal History, And Legal Doctrine, Charles Barzun Jan 2016

Causation, Legal History, And Legal Doctrine, Charles Barzun

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Opportunities For Law's Intellectual History, Mark Fenster, John Henry Schlegel Jan 2016

Opportunities For Law's Intellectual History, Mark Fenster, John Henry Schlegel

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Bridge Between: Law And The New Intellectual Histories Of Capitalism, Ajay K. Mehrotra Jan 2016

A Bridge Between: Law And The New Intellectual Histories Of Capitalism, Ajay K. Mehrotra

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Writing The Social History Of Legal Doctrine, Cynthia Nicoletti Jan 2016

Writing The Social History Of Legal Doctrine, Cynthia Nicoletti

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


On Absences As Material For Intellectual Historical Study, John Henry Schlegel Jan 2016

On Absences As Material For Intellectual Historical Study, John Henry Schlegel

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Humbug: Toward A Legal History, Susanna Blumenthal Jan 2016

Humbug: Toward A Legal History, Susanna Blumenthal

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Textiles: Popular Culture And The Law, Laura F. Edwards Jan 2016

Textiles: Popular Culture And The Law, Laura F. Edwards

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mr. Peabody's Improbable Legal Intellectual History, Mark Fenster Jan 2016

Mr. Peabody's Improbable Legal Intellectual History, Mark Fenster

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Organic Poise: Capitalism As Law, Christopher Tomlins Jan 2016

Organic Poise: Capitalism As Law, Christopher Tomlins

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Capitalism And Risk: Concepts, Consequences, And Ideologies, Edward A. Purcell Jr. Jan 2016

Capitalism And Risk: Concepts, Consequences, And Ideologies, Edward A. Purcell Jr.

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Some Final Observations On Legal Intellectual History, Robert W. Gordon Jan 2016

Some Final Observations On Legal Intellectual History, Robert W. Gordon

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Interactive Dynamics Of Transnational Business Governance: A Challenge For Transnational Legal Theory, Stepan Wood, Kenneth W. Abbott, Julia Black, Burkard Eberlein, Errol E. Meidinger Dec 2015

The Interactive Dynamics Of Transnational Business Governance: A Challenge For Transnational Legal Theory, Stepan Wood, Kenneth W. Abbott, Julia Black, Burkard Eberlein, Errol E. Meidinger

Journal Articles

Conflict, convergence, cooperation, competition and other interactions among governance actors and institutions have long fascinated scholars of transnational law, yet transnational legal theorists’ accounts of such interactions are for the most part tentative, incomplete and unsystematic. Having elsewhere proposed an overarching conceptual framework for the study of transnational business governance interactions (TBGI), in this article we propose criteria for middle-range theory-building. We argue that a portfolio of theoretical perspectives on transnational governance interactions should account for the multiplicity of interacting entities and scales of interaction; the co-evolution of social agency and structure; the multiple components of regulatory governance; the role …


Philosophical Inquiry And Social Practice, John Henry Schlegel Jun 2015

Philosophical Inquiry And Social Practice, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Three Globalizations: An Essay In Inquiry, John Henry Schlegel Jan 2015

Three Globalizations: An Essay In Inquiry, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.