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Dispute Resolution and Arbitration

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Revisiting The Notion Of Full Protection And Security Of Foreign Direct Investments In Post-Gadhafi Libya: Two Governments, Tribal Violence, Militias, And Plenty More, Nasser A. Alreshaid Apr 2016

Revisiting The Notion Of Full Protection And Security Of Foreign Direct Investments In Post-Gadhafi Libya: Two Governments, Tribal Violence, Militias, And Plenty More, Nasser A. Alreshaid

Nasser A Alreshaid

The escalating violence and deteriorating conditions in today’s Libya have questioned the very likelihood of the survival of foreign investments there. Deemed an oil-producing hub, many oil concessions have been granted to foreign investors in Libya. The challenge that follows is how to legally ensure the full protection and security of investors. This notion is tested in the post-Gadhafi Libya situation in the context of a two-government state, where militias with extremist ideologies in most instances, defy an internationally recognized government and take control over Libyan territories. Such territories contain oil terminals, which leads to a partial or complete disruption …


Standing And Collective Cultural Rights, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak Jan 2016

Standing And Collective Cultural Rights, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

The procedural question of standing has deep implications for the definition and enforcement of cultural rights. Cultural rights have individual and collective elements that can lead to several entities seeking access to justice when these rights are violated. This chapter focuses on the question of standing to explore the contours of existing cultural human rights and possible reparations flowing from their violation. It considers claims by (1) an individual member of the group who has been wronged because of their membership of the group; (2) a collective action brought by the group; and (3) a representative action on behalf of …


Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit Jan 2016

Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of today’s …


From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit Jan 2016

From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known …


Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty Dec 2015

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty

Benjamin C McCarty

The drafters of the 1958 New York Convention intended Article V(2)(b) to be interpreted narrowly, and while most pro-arbitration national courts do maintain narrowly defined areas of public policy that are sufficient for refusal of the recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitral award, this is not always the case. Developing states and jurisdictions that maintain corrupt or inefficient judicial systems have shown a greater willingness to invoke the public policy exception for a broader, amorphous variety of reasons. This phenomenon has created a sense of unpredictability among international investors, arbitrators, and business executives as to the amount of deference …


Designing Emotional And Psychological Support Into Truth And Reconciliation Commissions, Verlyn F. Francis Ms. Sep 2015

Designing Emotional And Psychological Support Into Truth And Reconciliation Commissions, Verlyn F. Francis Ms.

Verlyn F. Francis Ms.

Truth and Reconciliation Commissions are a dispute resolution mechanism used to attempt to reunite countries and states after internal conflicts and civil wars. A large component of this transitional justice process involves truth-telling by perpetrators and victims. The ultimate goal is reconciliation of the parties within the unified state.

Using the example of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, this paper argues that successful reconciliation depends on the design of the process. It is important for the designer to balance individual and institutional interests and to ensure that all stakeholders are at the design table. Since the truth-telling in …


The Quest For A New Generation Of Labor Chapter In The Ttip, Michele Faioli Sep 2015

The Quest For A New Generation Of Labor Chapter In The Ttip, Michele Faioli

Michele Faioli

The TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement) may be key for the EU-US forthcoming vision of labor and industrial relations. More in general, it may be key for idea of a possible common Western labor legal system. The TTIP may be turned into a occasion to ground a new generation of labor chapters in investment/partnership treaties. In line with preliminary outputs, a practical proposal is introduced. This essay is also aimed at analyzing, under a critical legal approach, why, to what extent and how the TTIP labor chapter may be set up. By means of a de-constructive method in …


The 2012 Saudi Arbitration Law: A Comparative Examination Of The Law And Its Effect On Arbitration In Saudi Arabia, Faris K. Nesheiwat, Ali Khasawneh Sep 2015

The 2012 Saudi Arbitration Law: A Comparative Examination Of The Law And Its Effect On Arbitration In Saudi Arabia, Faris K. Nesheiwat, Ali Khasawneh

Ferris K Nesheiwat

A major concern for any outside investor in the Middle East's largest economy is that arbitration in Saudi Arabia is notoriously complicated, time-consuming, and prone to interference by the local courts, while arbitral awards have often faced difficulties in being enforced. A new Saudi Arbitration Law was issued by Royal Decree No. M/34 on April 16th, 20124 (the “New Law”), which came into force on 9 July 2012. The New Law, which is covered in 58 Articles, is intended to alleviate many of the shortcomings of the Saudi Arbitration Law of 1983 (the “Old Law”) and strengthen investors' confidence in …


Reviewing Arbitration Awards For Competition Law Violations: A Playbook For Courts Implementing The New York Convention, William Schubert Aug 2015

Reviewing Arbitration Awards For Competition Law Violations: A Playbook For Courts Implementing The New York Convention, William Schubert

William Schubert

This article discusses the risk that international arbitration awards violating national competition laws will be enforced without having received reasonable scrutiny either during arbitration or in the national courts.

The risk that competition law violations may be authorized under the guise of enforceable arbitration awards is real, and it is a major policy problem. It is quite easy, for example, to use the international arbitration framework to enforce agreements that authorize anticompetitive activity among competitors in jurisdictions unrelated to the arbitral award (i.e., without power to review it). The problem is that competition law violations in jurisdictions unrelated to the …


Perceptions And Reality: The Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards In China, Julian Ku, Roger Alford, Bei Xiao Aug 2015

Perceptions And Reality: The Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards In China, Julian Ku, Roger Alford, Bei Xiao

Julian Ku

This Article represents the most recent comprehensive effort to assess China’s record in the enforcement of arbitration awards issued outside of China. This Article fills two gaps in academic literature on China’s treatment of foreign arbitral awards. First, unlike studies that rely mainly on anecdotal evidence, this study reviews and analyzes the reasoning of leading Chinese judicial opinions interpreting and applying China’s obligations under the New York Convention. Second, unlike prior empirical studies of Chinese courts’ enforcement rates, this study also surveys global arbitration practitioners to find out information about their experiences enforcing foreign arbitral awards in China. The Article …


Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra Jul 2015

Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra

Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

With the changes in the paradigm of voluntarism developed under the protection of liberalism, the bases for legal acts have reached an objective dimension, resulting in the birth of a number of mechanisms of control of private autonomy. Among these mechanisms, we can point out the relevance of those reinforced by the Roman Law, whose high ethical value underlines one of its biggest virtues in the control of the exercise of subjective rights. The prohibition of inconsistent behavior, conceived in the brocard venire contra factum proprium, constitutes one of the concepts from the Roman Law renown for the protection …


Sports Scandals From The Top-Down: Comparative Analysis Of Management, Owner, And Athlete Discipline In The Nfl & Nba, Jaimie K. Mcfarlin, Joshua S.E. Lee Jun 2015

Sports Scandals From The Top-Down: Comparative Analysis Of Management, Owner, And Athlete Discipline In The Nfl & Nba, Jaimie K. Mcfarlin, Joshua S.E. Lee

Jaimie K. McFarlin

This article serves to discuss the current landscape of professional sports discipline and commissioner power in the NFL & NBA, specifically understanding the discipline of management and ownership in the major leagues as compared to player discipline when franchise ownership interests and commissioner power conflict. Furthermore, these particular events illuminate the differences between discipline in professional sports and non-sports contexts.


L'Avvocato-Arbitro Nell'art. 61 Del Nuovo Codice Deontologico Forense, Valerio Sangiovanni Apr 2015

L'Avvocato-Arbitro Nell'art. 61 Del Nuovo Codice Deontologico Forense, Valerio Sangiovanni

Valerio Sangiovanni

No abstract provided.


Regulating Mediators, Art Hinshaw Mar 2015

Regulating Mediators, Art Hinshaw

Art Hinshaw

Currently consumers engage mediators on a caveat emptor basis. The regulatory scheme for mediators is, at best, a disjointed patchwork of organizations that make mediation referrals which allows unscrupulous mediators to exploit consumers and hide in the system’s holes. One egregious example of abuse comes from Gary J. Karpin, a disbarred lawyer turned divorce mediator, who is believed to have used the mediation process to con hundreds of people into giving him an estimated $1 million before taking up residence in prison. His con was so successful in part because there was no natural place for his victims to turn …


The Implications Of The Icsid Convention, The Resurrection Of The ‘International Minimum Standard’ And The Theory Of Internationalization Of State Contracts In Investment Treaty Arbitration., Felix O. Okpe Feb 2015

The Implications Of The Icsid Convention, The Resurrection Of The ‘International Minimum Standard’ And The Theory Of Internationalization Of State Contracts In Investment Treaty Arbitration., Felix O. Okpe

Felix O. Okpe

No abstract provided.


Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii Feb 2015

Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii

William Alan Nelson II

The pervasive use of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements in the securities industry is a relatively new phenomenon. However, research reflects that an overwhelming majority of retail brokerage and investment advisory agreements include language requiring that all disputes between the customer and the broker-dealer / investment adviser be resolved through arbitration – most often with Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Dispute Resolution. Thus, only in rare instances can an investor open either a brokerage or investment advisory account without agreeing to submit to mandatory pre-dispute arbitration.

The enclosed article is the first to focus on the fairness of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration …


Stiffing The Arbitrators: The Problem Of Nonpayment In Commercial Arbitration, Brian Farkas, Neal M. Eiseman Jan 2015

Stiffing The Arbitrators: The Problem Of Nonpayment In Commercial Arbitration, Brian Farkas, Neal M. Eiseman

Brian Farkas

Commercial arbitration is a creature of contract; the parties are there because they choose to be, either including an arbitration clause in their written agreement or, after a dispute developed, electing to avoid litigation all together. Arbitration also comes with an up-front cost non-existent in litigation: the arbitrators. Taxpayers pay for their state and federal judges, but the parties themselves pay for their arbitrators. But what happens if one party refuses (or is otherwise unable) to pay the arbitrator? If the arbitrator then refuses to proceed, as is likely, should the dispute revert to court, in derogation of the prior …


Arbitraje De Construcción: Aspectos Principales De Las Distintas Modalidades De Contratos De Construcción, Eric Franco Regjo Jan 2015

Arbitraje De Construcción: Aspectos Principales De Las Distintas Modalidades De Contratos De Construcción, Eric Franco Regjo

Eric Franco

No abstract provided.


A Gateway Question Of Arbitrability: The Ambiguity Of Article Ii Of The New York Convention On The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards Of 1958, John Ja Burke Jan 2015

A Gateway Question Of Arbitrability: The Ambiguity Of Article Ii Of The New York Convention On The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards Of 1958, John Ja Burke

John JA Burke

This article addresses, a well established but unsettled, gateway question of International Commercial Arbitration: who, national courts or arbitral tribunals, has primary competence to decide whether parties have entered into an internationally cognizable arbitration agreement. The flip side of this question implicates the doctrine of Kompetenz/Kompetenz. The uncertainty, for both issues, stems from the legal status accorded to Article (2)(3) of the New York Convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards of 1958 [1958 NYC or Convention]. Article (2)(3) obliges Courts of a Contracting State to refer parties to arbitration provided two conditions precedent are met thereby …


Enforcing Global Law: International Arbitration And Informal Regulatory Instruments, Katia Fach Gómez Jan 2015

Enforcing Global Law: International Arbitration And Informal Regulatory Instruments, Katia Fach Gómez

katia fach gómez

This paper starts from the assumption that international arbitration easily fits in with a pluralist conception of global law. Globalization has created new informal instruments of regulation, and arbitration is an efficient tool for enforcing them. First, the paper presents a brief analysis of the most noteworthy international initiatives in the area of transnational legal indicators. It will become clear how these indirect regulatory instruments are contributing to the creation of a new regulatory profile in the area of arbitration. Second, a number of examples will show that both commercial and investment arbitration are receptive to the multiple appearances of …


Wto Case Law In 2013, Sacerdoti Giorgio, Emily Lydgate, Guendalina C. De Gaspari, Regis Y. Simo, Carlo De Stefano Nov 2014

Wto Case Law In 2013, Sacerdoti Giorgio, Emily Lydgate, Guendalina C. De Gaspari, Regis Y. Simo, Carlo De Stefano

Regis Y. Simo

This is an analytical survey of the WTO case law for 2013.It was a slow year for WTO case law in the sense that the only Appellate Body decisions to appear were the “twin reports” Canada – Renewable Energy and Canada – Feed-In Tariffs, which focus on the same renewable energy measures in the Canadian province of Ontario. In addition, two unappealed Panel Reports on antidumping measures, China – X-Ray Equipment and China – Broiler Products were adopted by the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) in 2013.


Preserving Negotiation Whilst Promoting Global Order: Should We Bargain With Salt-Water Devils?, Lucas Bento Jul 2014

Preserving Negotiation Whilst Promoting Global Order: Should We Bargain With Salt-Water Devils?, Lucas Bento

Lucas Bento

This Article utilizes theories of negotiation to assess whether negotiating with pirates is sound policy, and argues for a solution that maximizes the interests of all stakeholders without compromising important policy-based considerations.


Private Conciliation Of Discrimination Disputes: Confidentiality, Informalism And Power, Katherine L. Lynch Ms. Jul 2014

Private Conciliation Of Discrimination Disputes: Confidentiality, Informalism And Power, Katherine L. Lynch Ms.

Katherine L. Lynch Ms.

This paper examines the use of private conciliation to resolve discrimination disputes in Hong Kong under the auspices of the Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC). The unique nature of discrimination disputes are analyzed, along with various policy issues arising out of the use of a private informal process of conciliation by the EOC to enforce and ensure compliance with public anti-discrimination legislation. A range of public policy issues are discussed with proposals made for potential reform of the EOC conciliation model for dispute resolution.


The Contribution Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea To The Development Of The Current International Law Of The Sea, With Special Reference To The Polar Regions, Gabriela A. Oanta Associate Professor Of Public International Law Jun 2014

The Contribution Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea To The Development Of The Current International Law Of The Sea, With Special Reference To The Polar Regions, Gabriela A. Oanta Associate Professor Of Public International Law

Gabriela A. Oanta Associate professor of public international law

This article analyzes the contribution of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) to the development of the international law of the sea. On the hand, the mechanism of dispute settlement provided by UNCLOS and other international agreements adopted in the last thirty years approximately over the oceans and seas will be studied. And on the other hand, this article presents an analysis of the past, present and future activity of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea with regard to the two polar regions, the Arctic and the Antarctica. Antarctica lato sensu has received …


Designing A Court-Annexed Mediation Program For Civil Cases In Brazil: Challenges And Opportunities, Fernando V. Luiz May 2014

Designing A Court-Annexed Mediation Program For Civil Cases In Brazil: Challenges And Opportunities, Fernando V. Luiz

Fernando V Luiz

In this article, I demonstrate that mediation is an important form of dispute resolution, displaying benefits when compared with adjudication. I try to refine what mediation is by contrasting it with judicial settlement conferences and conciliation. Regarding the ongoing process in Brazil, I state that every society should adapt a mediation program that is attainable for its social-economic and cultural reality. Criticizing the current Brazilian policies, I present the positive and negative aspects of the Resolution n. 125 of the National Council of Justice (CNJ), analyzing a possible program design feasible for the country, focusing on the issues of funding, …


An Impossible Reconciliation? Understanding Class-Action Waivers And Arbitration After American Express V. Italian Colors, Kristine A. Bergman Jan 2014

An Impossible Reconciliation? Understanding Class-Action Waivers And Arbitration After American Express V. Italian Colors, Kristine A. Bergman

Kristine A Bergman

No abstract provided.


"What Did You Say?": Semantic Polysemy In California Juvenile Dependency Dispute Resolution, Kelly X. Ranasinghe Jan 2014

"What Did You Say?": Semantic Polysemy In California Juvenile Dependency Dispute Resolution, Kelly X. Ranasinghe

Kelly X Ranasinghe

Non-adversarial resolution of dependency cases is a statutorily mandated practice in California. Practitioners in California Juvenile Dependency courts attempt to settle cases without litigation, relying instead on negotiation between the various parties using informal discourse. This discourse utilizes polysemous dependency terms affecting the contextual understanding of statements by creating underlying ambiguity. The ambiguity of these terms creates communicative interference by engendering misunderstanding, lack of specificity and other communication problems. By recognizing polysemous qualities of core terms used in dependency discourse, practitioners can communicate more effectively and efficiently when resolving cases.


The Evolution Of The Digital Millennium Copyright Act; Changing Interpretations Of The Dmca And Future Implications For Copyright Holders, Hillary A. Henderson Jan 2014

The Evolution Of The Digital Millennium Copyright Act; Changing Interpretations Of The Dmca And Future Implications For Copyright Holders, Hillary A. Henderson

Hillary A Henderson

Copyright law rewards an artificial monopoly to individual authors for their creations. This reward is based on the belief that, by granting authors the exclusive right to reproduce their works, they receive an incentive and means to create, which in turn advances the welfare of the general public by “promoting the progress of science and useful arts.” Copyright protection subsists . . . in original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or …


Nullità Di Clausole Compromissorie Negli Arbitrati Sportivi Per Squilibrio Strutturale Tra I Contraenti, Valerio Cosimo Romano Jan 2014

Nullità Di Clausole Compromissorie Negli Arbitrati Sportivi Per Squilibrio Strutturale Tra I Contraenti, Valerio Cosimo Romano

Valerio Cosimo Romano

No abstract provided.


Choosing The Law Of An Arbitration Agreement, Mohamed Raffa Jan 2014

Choosing The Law Of An Arbitration Agreement, Mohamed Raffa

Mohamed Raffa Dr.

The importance of choosing the law governing an arbitration agreement regardless of the choice of the seat. Parties to a contract may not be aware that an arbitration agreement is separable and distinct from the main contract between the parties.