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In Search Of The Final Head Ball: The Case For Eliminating Heading From Soccer,, N. Jeremi Duru Dec 2017

In Search Of The Final Head Ball: The Case For Eliminating Heading From Soccer,, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Soccer is unquestionably the world's most popular sport. Two hundred and eleven countries have national soccer associations,  hundreds of millions of people across the globe play recreationally,  and Federation Internationale de Football Association's ("FIFA") quadrennial World Cup soccer tournament is unchallenged as the highest profileand highest grossing sporting competition on Earth. Notwithstanding its popularity, however, soccer sits at a troubling crossroads as the sport's governing bodies grapple with the impact that the risk of brain injury is having on the game. Soccer is, of course, not alone in this regard. The risk of brain injury exists  …


Only 5 Percent Of Senate Staffers Are Black. Congress Needs The ‘Rooney Rule.’ Apr 2017

Only 5 Percent Of Senate Staffers Are Black. Congress Needs The ‘Rooney Rule.’

N. Jeremi Duru

"American University law professor Jeremi Duru — author of “Advancing the Ball: Race, Reformation, and the Quest for Equal Coaching Opportunity in the NFL” — explained, “the whole idea of it is to prompt kind of a culture change” and further the idea that “in order to succeed and be competitive, you have to look at a deep pool of candidates.”"


Hoop Dreams Deferred: The Wnba, The Nba, And The Long-Standing Gender Inequity At The Game’S Highest Level, N. Jeremi Duru Dec 2014

Hoop Dreams Deferred: The Wnba, The Nba, And The Long-Standing Gender Inequity At The Game’S Highest Level, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Introduction: The top three picks in the 2013 Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) draft were perhaps the most talented top three picks in league history, and they were certainly the most celebrated.' Brittney Griner, Elena Delle Donne, and Skylar Diggins were phenomenal youth players, attracting attention from collegiate coaches shortly after they began playing competitively. Delle Donne received her first major university scholarship offer when she was in the seventh grade, and Diggins received her first in the eighth. Griner did not start playing competitive basketball until her freshman year of high school, but before long, she too was receiving …


Call In The Feds: Title Vi As A Diversifying Force In The Collegiate Head Football Coaching Ranks, N. Jeremi Duru Apr 2012

Call In The Feds: Title Vi As A Diversifying Force In The Collegiate Head Football Coaching Ranks, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Over the course of the past decade, the racial complexion of the National Football League's ("NFL's") head coaching ranks has dramatically changed. For the bulk of the NFL's existence, it was virtually impossible for an African American to land a head coaching position. Whether as a result of "old boy" networking or stereotypical suppositions that African Americans lacked the intellectual capacity required to lead, manage, and teach a team of professional football players, African Americans toiled in assistant coaching positions for their entire careers with virtually no hope of ascending to the top spot.' Beginning in December of 2002, however, …


The Field Is Our Field: Foreign Players, Domestic Leagues, And The Unlawful Racial Manipulation Of American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru Jan 2010

The Field Is Our Field: Foreign Players, Domestic Leagues, And The Unlawful Racial Manipulation Of American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Introduction: During the last several decades, international athletes' presence in professional American sports has reached unprecedented levels. Not all premier professional American sports leagues, however, accommodate internationalization to the same extent. While the National Football League (NFL), the National Hockey League (NHL), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and Major League Baseball (MLB) do not impose limits on international entrants into their leagues, Major League Soccer (MLS) does. Under a policy established at the league's founding in 1996 (the MILS Policy or the Policy), no MLS team may stock its twenty-person senior roster with any more than eight international players.


This Field Is Our Field: Foreign Players, Domestic Leagues, And The Unlawful Racial Manipulation Of American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru Feb 2009

This Field Is Our Field: Foreign Players, Domestic Leagues, And The Unlawful Racial Manipulation Of American Sport, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Sport is a potent unifying force and a potentially powerful tool in bridging societal divides. As such, the increasing frequency of professional athletes leaving their home nations and continents to access employment opportunities abroad portends positively for greater cultural understanding in our global community. This paper argues, however, that in America’s professional sporting context, internationalization of sport plays an additional, unsavory, role – it serves as a means of manipulating leagues’ racial compositions.

Studies conducted during the past twenty years reveal that spectators at professional American sporting contests – a substantial majority of whom are Caucasian – exhibit preferences for …


The Fritz Pollard Alliance, The Rooney Rule, And The Quest To "Level The Playing Field" In The National Football League, In Reversing Field: Examining Commercialization, Labor, Gender And Race In 21st Century Sports Law, N. Jeremi Duru Dec 2007

The Fritz Pollard Alliance, The Rooney Rule, And The Quest To "Level The Playing Field" In The National Football League, In Reversing Field: Examining Commercialization, Labor, Gender And Race In 21st Century Sports Law, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

The National Football League (the "NFL" or the "League"), like the National Basketball Association (the "NBA") and Major League Baseball ("MLB"), has a long history of racial exclusion.' And like these other long standing American professional sports leagues, desegregation among players preceded desegregation among coaches. As slowly increasing numbers of minorities assumed NBA head coaching positions and MLB managing positions toward the end of the twentieth century, however, minority NFL coaches were less likely to receive head coaching opportunities than their basketball and baseball counterparts. Indeed, as of 2002, only two of the NFL's thirty-two head coaches were minorities, and …


Exploring Jethroe’S Injustice: The Impact Of An Ex-Ballplayer’S Legal Quest For A Pension On The Movement For Restorative Racial Justice, N. Jeremi Duru Dec 2007

Exploring Jethroe’S Injustice: The Impact Of An Ex-Ballplayer’S Legal Quest For A Pension On The Movement For Restorative Racial Justice, N. Jeremi Duru

N. Jeremi Duru

Introduction: In 1950, at the end of a triumphant season with the Boston Braves, outfielder Sam Jethroe earned Major League Baseball's National League Rookie of the Year award.' Forty years later, Jethroe found himself destitute with no home and without his Rookie of the Year trophy, which he sold in desperation for money. A variety of factors conspired to pull Jethroe into poverty, and one such factor was racially motivated employment discrimination. As an African-American, Jethroe was barred from playing Major League Baseball (MLB) for the majority of what would otherwise have been his most productive playing years. Limited, as …