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Full-Text Articles in Law

Contract Remedies Need Not Undercompensate Aspiring Parents When Cryopreserved Reproductive Material Is Lost Or Destroyed: Recovery Of Consequential Damages For Emotional Disturbance When Breach Of Contract Results In The Lost Opportunity To Become Pregnant With One's Own Biological Child, Joseph M. Hnylka Dec 2021

Contract Remedies Need Not Undercompensate Aspiring Parents When Cryopreserved Reproductive Material Is Lost Or Destroyed: Recovery Of Consequential Damages For Emotional Disturbance When Breach Of Contract Results In The Lost Opportunity To Become Pregnant With One's Own Biological Child, Joseph M. Hnylka

Journal of Law and Health

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has doubled over the past decade. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most prevalent form of ART. During IVF, a woman’s eggs are extracted, fertilized in a laboratory setting, and then implanted in the uterus. Many IVF procedures use eggs or sperm that were stored using a process called cryopreservation. A recent survey reported that cryopreservation consultations increased exponentially during the coronavirus pandemic, rising as much as 60 percent. It is estimated that more than one million embryos are stored in ...


Frivolous Defenses, Thomas D. Russell Jun 2021

Frivolous Defenses, Thomas D. Russell

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article is about civil procedure, torts, insurance, litigation, and professional ethics. The Article is the opening article in a conversation with Stanford Law Professor Nora Freeman Engstrom, who has written about the plaintiffs’ bar and settlement mill attorneys. The empirical center of this piece examines 356 answers to 298 car crash personal injury cases in Colorado’s district courts. The Article situates these cases within dispute pyramid elements, including the total number of miles-traveled within Colorado and the volume of civil litigation. The Article then analyzes the defense attorneys’ departures from the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure, especially Rule ...


Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professors Elizabeth A. Clark, Robert F. Cochran, Jr., Carl H. Esbeck, David F. Forte, Richard W. Garnett, Christopher C. Lund, Michael W. Mcconnell, Michael P. Moreland, Robert J. Pushaw, And David A., Skeel, Supporting Petitioners, David Forte, Elizabeth A. Clark, Robert F. Cochran Jr., Carl H. Esbeck, Richard W. Garnett, Christopher C. Lund, Michael W. Mcconnell, Michael P. Moreland, Robert J. Pushaw, David A. Skeel Apr 2021

Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professors Elizabeth A. Clark, Robert F. Cochran, Jr., Carl H. Esbeck, David F. Forte, Richard W. Garnett, Christopher C. Lund, Michael W. Mcconnell, Michael P. Moreland, Robert J. Pushaw, And David A., Skeel, Supporting Petitioners, David Forte, Elizabeth A. Clark, Robert F. Cochran Jr., Carl H. Esbeck, Richard W. Garnett, Christopher C. Lund, Michael W. Mcconnell, Michael P. Moreland, Robert J. Pushaw, David A. Skeel

Law Faculty Briefs and Court Documents

The case concerns the "church autonomy doctrine" based on the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment, which declares that courts may not inquire into matters of church government or into disputes of faith and doctrine. Will McRaney was fired from a leadership position in the Southern Baptist Convention because of a conflict over policies relating to the expansion of the Baptist faith. He sued the Southern Baptist Convention in tort.

The district court dismissed the suit on the grounds of the church autonomy doctrine. The Fifth Circuit reversed the district court's dismissal as "premature," asserting that there were ...


The Elastics Of Snap Removal: An Empirical Case Study Of Textualism, Thomas O. Main, Jeffrey W. Stempel, David Mcclure Mar 2021

The Elastics Of Snap Removal: An Empirical Case Study Of Textualism, Thomas O. Main, Jeffrey W. Stempel, David Mcclure

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article reports the findings of an empirical study of textualism as applied by federal judges interpreting the statute that permits removal of diversity cases from state to federal court. The “snap removal” provision in the statute is particularly interesting because its application forces judges into one of two interpretive camps—which are fairly extreme versions of textualism and purposivism, respectively. We studied characteristics of cases and judges to find predictors of textualist outcomes. In this Article, we offer a narrative discussion of key variables, and we detail the results of our logistic regression analysis. The most salient predictive variable ...


Congress Prescribes Preemption Of State Tort-Reform Laws To Remedy Healthcare "Crisis": An Improper Prognosis?, Jason C. Sheffield May 2019

Congress Prescribes Preemption Of State Tort-Reform Laws To Remedy Healthcare "Crisis": An Improper Prognosis?, Jason C. Sheffield

Journal of Law and Health

Say what you want about the tort-reform debate, but it has staying power. Over the last half-century, legislators and commentators have extensively debated every aspect of tort reform and the litigation "crisis" arguably giving rise to it, without resolving much of anything. Despite this ideological stalemate, tort-reform proponents have managed to push measures through every state legislature. With fifty tries come fifty results, and for the most part, fifty failures. But have all these efforts been in vain? As of yet, no. Although the healthcare system does not appear to be improving, the numerous tort-reform measures states have adopted provide ...


Punitive Damages Revisited: A Statistical Analysis Of How Federal Circuit Courts Decide The Constitutionality Of Such Awards, Hironari Momioka Jun 2017

Punitive Damages Revisited: A Statistical Analysis Of How Federal Circuit Courts Decide The Constitutionality Of Such Awards, Hironari Momioka

Cleveland State Law Review

Using data from punitive damages decisions of U.S. federal circuit courts from 2004 to 2012, this paper attempts to establish empirically the following: (1) there is no apparent statistical difference between the levels of jury and judge awards; (2) U.S. Supreme Court decisions such as Philip Morris (2007) or Exxon (2008) do not actually or substantially affect the level of punitive damage awards; (3) with regard to the cases involving remittitur, or reduction of awards, the Exxon decision did not radically affect the decreasing ratio of punitive to compensatory damage awards; (4) as the levels of compensatory awards ...


Sanctions Or Tort? A Review Of Ohio's Treatment Of Independent Causes Of Action For Spoliation Of Evidence, Justin J. Hawal Jan 2014

Sanctions Or Tort? A Review Of Ohio's Treatment Of Independent Causes Of Action For Spoliation Of Evidence, Justin J. Hawal

Cleveland State Law Review

The Note that follows will explore the different variations of independent torts for spoliation as well as various policy arguments used by supporters and critics of the torts. Specifically, Section II of this Note will explore the history behind the recognition of independent torts for spoliation. Section III will explain the traditional remedies courts have used to combat spoliation of evidence, and Section IV will detail the various forms of the spoliation tort. Section V of this paper will examine various policy arguments employed by supporters and detractors of the torts. Section VI will examine Ohio’s treatment of the ...


The Dark Side Of The Boom: The Peculiar Dilemma Of Modern False Claims Act Litigation, David S. Torborg Jan 2013

The Dark Side Of The Boom: The Peculiar Dilemma Of Modern False Claims Act Litigation, David S. Torborg

Journal of Law and Health

Spurred by treble damages, substantial penalties, and lucrative relator awards, litigation under federal and state False Claims Act (“FCA”) statutes has exploded in recent years. Much of that explosion stems from aggressive and creative legal theories that challenge controversial industry practices or even well-known loopholes or waste in government policy. Evidence from governmental entities can be critically important in litigating these FCA claims. Unique aspects of False Claims Act actions, however, can aggravate the risk of losing this important evidence, leaving the parties, judges, and juries without the evidentiary record necessary to equitably adjudicate these disputes. Defendants can face the ...


Plaintiff Control And Domination In Multidistrict Mass Torts, S. Todd Brown Jan 2013

Plaintiff Control And Domination In Multidistrict Mass Torts, S. Todd Brown

Cleveland State Law Review

The Supreme Court’s recent decisions concerning preclusion doctrine stress the “deep-rooted historic tradition that everyone should have his own day in court.” Nonetheless, “properly conducted class actions” are a recognized exception to this general rule because such actions ensure that nonparties are “adequately represented by someone with the same interests who was a party to the suit.” Mass torts, however, frequently involve numerous plaintiffs with diverse legal and factual issues that are not “sufficiently cohesive to warrant adjudication by representation.” Thus, it may be reasonably feared that the Court’s firm insistence on preserving individual autonomy will deny plaintiffs ...


License To Kill? Corporate Liability Under The Alien Tort Claims Act?, Kevin Golden Jul 2012

License To Kill? Corporate Liability Under The Alien Tort Claims Act?, Kevin Golden

In the Balance

Because Kiobel removed corporate defendants from the scope of civil liability under the ATS, and because a corporation is not a person who can be charged, convicted and imprisoned for a crime, it effectively placed large multinational corporations above the law. Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., 621 F.3d 111, 145 (2d Cir. 2010). In Part II of this article, I will provide a necessary overview of the history of the ATS and its evolution into modern-day relevance. I will discuss the state of ATS law as it pertains to corporations in Part III. Lastly, I will discuss the ...


Bullies In A Wired World: The Impact Of Cyberspace Victimization On Adolescent Mental Health And The Need For Cyberbullying Legislation In Ohio, Kelly A. Albin Jan 2012

Bullies In A Wired World: The Impact Of Cyberspace Victimization On Adolescent Mental Health And The Need For Cyberbullying Legislation In Ohio, Kelly A. Albin

Journal of Law and Health

This Note examines cyberbullying's impact on adolescents' mental health and psychological development and explores an Ohio-specific legislative response to the problem. Part II addresses the urgent need for cyberbullying legislation, the inadequacy of Ohio law, and the detrimental effects that may result when juveniles are targeted by cyberbullies. Part III demonstrates how other states have reacted to the cyberbullying problem by amending already enacted bullying statutes or by creating new and specific cyberbullying laws. Part IV proposes a new cyberbullying statute that criminalizes the more extreme cases of cyberbullying, incorporates age as a sentencing factor, and introduces school-employee liability ...


The Distorted Reality Of Civil Recourse Theory , Alan Calnan Jan 2012

The Distorted Reality Of Civil Recourse Theory , Alan Calnan

Cleveland State Law Review

In their recent article Torts as Wrongs, Professors John C.P. Goldberg and Benjamin C. Zipursky offer their most complete and accessible explanation of the civil recourse theory (CRT) of tort law. A purely descriptive account, CRT holds that tort law is exclusively a scheme of private rights for the redress of legal wrongs and is not a pragmatic mechanism for imposing strict liability or implementing public policy. The present paper challenges this view by revealing critical errors in its perspective, methodology, and analysis. It shows that Goldberg and Zipursky do not objectively observe tort law and uncritically report what ...


The Civil False Claims Act And Its Unreasonably Broad Scope Of Liability: The Need For Real "Clarifications" Following The Fraud Enforcement And Recovery Act Of 2009, Ryan Winkler Jan 2012

The Civil False Claims Act And Its Unreasonably Broad Scope Of Liability: The Need For Real "Clarifications" Following The Fraud Enforcement And Recovery Act Of 2009, Ryan Winkler

Cleveland State Law Review

This Note analyzes Congress's most recent attempts to recover fraudulently secured government funds through its modifications of the False Claims Act ("FCA"), and concludes that an amendment to the Act is necessary. To begin, Part II.A. presents a brief historical tracking of the FCA, including the original FCA of 1863, and the critical amendments through 1986. Part II.B. explores relevant interpretations by the courts that established the landscape of false claims litigation prior to the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009 ("FERA"), including Allison Engine v. United States ex. rel. Sanders, in which the United States ...


Tort, Moral Luck, And Blame, Christopher Jackson Jan 2012

Tort, Moral Luck, And Blame, Christopher Jackson

Cleveland State Law Review

For the last several decades, academics have been fighting over what we might think of as the soul of tort law. Law & economic theorists contend that tort is about the efficient allocation of the costs of accidents; traditionalists view tort as a law of wrongs and redress. A common criticism wielded against the traditionalists is the problem of moral luck: It is a bedrock principle of morality that you can only be responsible for that which is under your control. But in many cases, whether and how much a plaintiff recovers against a defendant will turn entirely on factors outside of either party's control. And if tort law is fundamentally at odds with a ...


Cyberbullying Resource Guide, Laura E. Ray Sep 2011

Cyberbullying Resource Guide, Laura E. Ray

Law Library Research Guides - Archived

On Friday, September 23rd, 2011, the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Journal of Law and Health sponsored the symposium Bullies in a Wired World: Cyberspace Victimization's Impact on Adolescent Mental Health and the Need for Cyberbullying Legislation in Ohio.

This guide provides informational resources to complement the symposium. The reader may also be interested in the Law Library's Cyber Law Research Guide.


Qualified Immunity Dissonance In The Sixth Circuit: Why We Must Return To Reasonableness, Matt Chiricosta Jan 2011

Qualified Immunity Dissonance In The Sixth Circuit: Why We Must Return To Reasonableness, Matt Chiricosta

Cleveland State Law Review

The Sixth Circuit's inconsistent jurisprudence threatens the delicate balance that the defense aims to strike between protecting citizens from having their constitutional rights violated on the one hand and protecting government officials from undue interference with their official duties on the other. This Note critiques the medical emergency-law enforcement response capacity the Sixth Circuit has set forth to help adjudicate qualified immunity claims and suggests improvements the court can make to its qualified immunity jurisprudence.In Part II, I briefly trace the Supreme Court's development of the doctrine and outline the doctrine's policy goals. In Part III ...


What's All The Headache: Reform Needed To Cope With The Effects Of Concussions In Football, Erika A. Diehl Jan 2010

What's All The Headache: Reform Needed To Cope With The Effects Of Concussions In Football, Erika A. Diehl

Journal of Law and Health

In order to effectively manage this public health concern, it is imperative to gain an understanding of the issues surrounding head injuries in sporting events. This Note will discuss the increasing frequency and dangers of concussions in amateur and professional football. It will suggest that athletes, schools, coaches, and doctors must become more educated on the causes and dangers of concussions in order to ensure the safety of participants. In order to do so, this Note introduces a medical overview of concussions, while briefly outlining the diagnosis, long-term effects, and management of concussions. Part III discusses the legal theories athletes ...


Standard Of Care For Students With Disabilities: The Intersection Of Liability Under The Idea And Tort Theories, Ralph D. Mawdsley Jan 2010

Standard Of Care For Students With Disabilities: The Intersection Of Liability Under The Idea And Tort Theories, Ralph D. Mawdsley

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This article explores issues of legal liability for school personnel where students with disabilities are injured in school settings or cause injuries to employees and other students in schools. While questions related to legal liability are varied, they tend to fall within two broad areas: standard of care relating to injuries to or by students; and, standard of care for employees working with students with or training others to work with students with disabilities. In both areas, the legal issue revolves around the concept of heightened standard of care, especially where framed by the language of students' IEPs (Individualized Education ...


Discretion To Follow The Law: The Collision Of Ohio's Nursing Home Bill Of Rights With Ohio's Political Subdivision Tort Liability Act, Peter Traska Elk & Elk Co., Ltd., Katherine Knouff Jan 2009

Discretion To Follow The Law: The Collision Of Ohio's Nursing Home Bill Of Rights With Ohio's Political Subdivision Tort Liability Act, Peter Traska Elk & Elk Co., Ltd., Katherine Knouff

Journal of Law and Health

The Ohio Political Subdivision Tort Liability Act confers general immunity on political subdivisions. Therefore, government owned homes seek to avoid liability by raising the defenses provided by the Ohio Political Subdivision Tort Liability Act, despite the resident's rights under the Nursing Home Bill of Rights. The result is that residents of government owned nursing homes have inferior remedies for the tortious acts of a county home's employees. The disparate treatment meted out to residents of county owned homes opens the Political Subdivision Act to another challenge: equal protection. The law formerly recognized that government actors taking part in ...


Shifting And Seizing: A Call To Reform Ohio's Outdated Restrictions On Drivers With Epilepsy, Kathryn Kramer Jan 2009

Shifting And Seizing: A Call To Reform Ohio's Outdated Restrictions On Drivers With Epilepsy, Kathryn Kramer

Journal of Law and Health

Presented herein is an analysis of the equity of epilepsy-related driving restrictions and the role that the state of Ohio may assume in the restructuring of such laws. Part two of this paper discusses the medical aspects of seizures and epilepsy, including basic etiology, treatments, and prognoses. Part three of this paper examines the different types of disabilities and the stigma that impacts individuals with epilepsy. Part four reviews the history of licensing and the Ohio Revised Code provisions that govern driving, licensing, and restrictions imposed upon individuals who have experienced seizures. Part five examines the Ohio case law that ...


Harnessing The Hired Guns: The Substantive Nature Of Ohio Revised Code 2743.43 Under Article Iv, Section 5(B) Of The Ohio Constitution, Patrick Vrobel Jan 2008

Harnessing The Hired Guns: The Substantive Nature Of Ohio Revised Code 2743.43 Under Article Iv, Section 5(B) Of The Ohio Constitution, Patrick Vrobel

Journal of Law and Health

Under Article IV, Section 5(B), rules of procedure that impact the substantive rights of Ohio citizens are considered far too important to be encroached upon by the judiciary. Rules affecting substantive rights, therefore, have been expressly delegated to the legislature. Because rules that regulate the competency of medical experts inevitably encroach upon the ability of a tort victim to seek redress in a court of law, such rules impact substantive rights in very real and tangible ways. As a result, the medical expert statute must control. To find otherwise would permit the judiciary to encroach upon the substantive rights ...


Mixing Oil And Water: Reconciling The Substantial Factor And Result-Within-The-Risk Approaches To Proximate Cause, Peter Zablotsky Jan 2008

Mixing Oil And Water: Reconciling The Substantial Factor And Result-Within-The-Risk Approaches To Proximate Cause, Peter Zablotsky

Cleveland State Law Review

Most recently, however, the courts—the entities mandated to apply proximate cause during the course of the analysis of liability for negligence—appear to have brokered a peace between the dueling conceptualizations of proximate cause. As applied, the proximate cause analysis grounded in substantial factor appears to be yielding the same results with respect to liability as the proximate cause analysis grounded in foreseeability. It is the thesis of this Article that such a peace has, in fact, been brokered; whether approached from the means of substantial factor or result-within-the-risk, the end is the finding of common ground for the ...


Alternative Liability And Deprivation Of Remedy: Teaching Old Tort Law New Tricks, Adam L. Fletcher Jan 2008

Alternative Liability And Deprivation Of Remedy: Teaching Old Tort Law New Tricks, Adam L. Fletcher

Cleveland State Law Review

The problems presented by “tortfeasor indeterminacy” are perhaps the greatest remaining point of contention in the otherwise generally overlooked requirement of cause-in-fact. The issue is deceptively simple; several defendants have breached a duty to the plaintiff and one of their breaches is the cause-in-fact of plaintiff's injury, but it is impossible to tell which one. As a result, the plaintiff cannot meet his evidentiary burden on the element of cause-in-fact and is unable to recover. In response to the plaintiff's dilemma, courts have developed the doctrines of “alternative liability” and “market-share liability.” Yet many courts and commentators have ...


Driving Through The Dense Fog: Analysis Of And Proposed Changes To Ohio Tortious Interference Law, Eric P. Voigt Jan 2007

Driving Through The Dense Fog: Analysis Of And Proposed Changes To Ohio Tortious Interference Law, Eric P. Voigt

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article summarizes and analyzes each element of a claim for tortious interference with a contract or a business relationship under Ohio law. It argues that certain conduct should constitute tortious interference and that other conduct should not. Although my Article focuses on Ohio law, it has a national application. The Article argues that the law of tortious interference should be developed to further competition, to protect the contractual rights of parties, and to encourage freedom of action for the alleged interferer. This Article (1) discusses when businesses and competitors may lawfully interfere with the contracts or business relationships of ...


Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices: The State Of The Debate, Brian E. Ray, Mark Hermann May 2006

Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices: The State Of The Debate, Brian E. Ray, Mark Hermann

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Reprocessing single-use medical devices is a growing but controversial industry subject to an increasingly complex and fast-developing set of regulations and a wide range of unresolved legal issues.


Theobald V. University Of Cincinnati - Reforming Medical Malpractice In Ohio: A Survey Of State Laws And Policy Impacts , Brian Dunne Jan 2006

Theobald V. University Of Cincinnati - Reforming Medical Malpractice In Ohio: A Survey Of State Laws And Policy Impacts , Brian Dunne

Journal of Law and Health

In its recent decision of Theobald v. University of Cincinnati, Ohio's Tenth District Court of Appeals declared that medical practitioners shall have state employee immunity, based on section 9.86 of the Ohio Revised Code, anytime they treat a patient as long as they act in a dual role to "teach" an "involved" student or resident. This immunity takes away the patient's right to sue the practitioner personally for his medical malpractice. As required by this holding, the doctor must have an employment relationship with state medical college. However, the employment relationship could encompass anything from a faculty ...


Taking A Bite Out Of The Harmful Effects Of Mercury In Dental Fillings: Advocating For National Legislation For Mercury Amalgams, Kimberly M. Baga Jan 2006

Taking A Bite Out Of The Harmful Effects Of Mercury In Dental Fillings: Advocating For National Legislation For Mercury Amalgams, Kimberly M. Baga

Journal of Law and Health

Mary Stephenson, a fifty-nine-year-old grandmother, visited dozens of counselors and experienced with an array of antidepressants but nothing worked to curb her suicidal feelings. Janie McDowell, a fifty-six-year-old housewife, suffered from hand tremors, leg-muscle spasms, recurring nausea, chronic bladder and kidney infections, severe depression, short-term memory loss, and slurred speech. Freya Koss, a former event planner, experienced dizziness and double vision. Physicians misdiagnosed Koss with lupus, multiple sclerosis, and, finally myasthenia gravis. The common theme among these medical tragedies is that the above victims all returned to being healthy, active adults after the removal of their mercury amalgam dental fillings ...


God V. The Mitigation Of Damages Doctrine: Why Religion Should Be Considered A Pre-Existing Condition, Jennifer Parobek Jan 2006

God V. The Mitigation Of Damages Doctrine: Why Religion Should Be Considered A Pre-Existing Condition, Jennifer Parobek

Journal of Law and Health

According to the 2004-2005 United States Census Bureau Statistical Abstract of the United States, Americans identify with at least thirty-five different self-described Christian religious groups. Of those Christian groups, there are at least four that have special tenets regarding medical treatment that are central to their religious beliefs. Together, members of the Jehovah's Witnesses, Church of God, Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, and Christian Science Church constitute slightly more than four-and-a-half percent of the United State's total population. . . Unfortunately, even though the First Amendment of the United States Constitution was designed on our founders' beliefs that religious freedom ...


The Current State Of Advance Directive Law In Ohio: More Protective Of Provider Liability Than Patients Rights, Marie Ortman Tyminski Jan 2005

The Current State Of Advance Directive Law In Ohio: More Protective Of Provider Liability Than Patients Rights, Marie Ortman Tyminski

Journal of Law and Health

Ohio has adopted the Modified Uniform Rights of the Terminally Ill Act which governs the use and execution of written advance directives as expressions of a patient's desire to consent to or refuse future medical treatment. However, the Act also includes a provision that grants both civil and criminal immunity to health care providers who do not comply with a person's written advance directive. Unfortunately, because of the grant of civil and criminal immunity encompassed within the adopted written advance directive statutes, Ohio law today does not afford any greater protection of a patient's right to refuse ...


Use Of Colossus To Measure The General Damages Of A Personal Injury Claim Demonstrates Good Faith Claims Handling, Dawn R. Bonnett Jan 2005

Use Of Colossus To Measure The General Damages Of A Personal Injury Claim Demonstrates Good Faith Claims Handling, Dawn R. Bonnett

Cleveland State Law Review

Because the law of bad faith is the most volatile of the causes of action, this Note will discuss how using Colossus demonstrates good faith claims handling by insurance companies. Initially, this Note will discuss how Colossus works so readers have an understanding of the product. Following the Colossus section, the Note will discuss the history of bad faith. Finally, this Note will analyze how Colossus assists insurers in meeting the different good faith standards across the nation.