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Torts

1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 64

Full-Text Articles in Law

Torts, Cynthia Trimboli Adams, Charles R. Adams Iii Dec 1994

Torts, Cynthia Trimboli Adams, Charles R. Adams Iii

Mercer Law Review

Who can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious, Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man.
—William Shakespeare, Macbeth, act 2, sc. 3 (Signet Classic ed., Signet Books 1963) (1606).

Macbeth may have feigned this plight as he covered up his foul murder of King Duncan, but it precisely describes the survey writer's dilemma. Some of the legal theories advanced in survey period cases were as arcane as the contents of the witches' cauldron. Some of the holdings were as unsettling as Banquo's ghost at the feast? And, as always, the accumulation of cases was as inexorable as ...


The Revival Of Tort Theory In Canada, Jamie Cassels Oct 1994

The Revival Of Tort Theory In Canada, Jamie Cassels

Dalhousie Law Journal

Tort scholarship in Canada has not traditionally been preoccupied with theory. Apart from several fine (doctrinally oriented) texts, by far the greatest amount of tort writing found in the journals is ad hoc and responsive to current is sues. It consists for the most part of case comments or 'recent development' articles inspired by important decisions from higher courts. Beyond this, a number of substantive topics and problem areas have recently been dealt with in some detail. There is alarge amount of literature, for example, on the liability of public authorities and professionals, sporting injuries, asbestos and environmental liability, and ...


Truth & Beauty, Deception & Disfigurement: A Feminist Analysis Of Breast Implant Litigation, Kerith Cohen Oct 1994

Truth & Beauty, Deception & Disfigurement: A Feminist Analysis Of Breast Implant Litigation, Kerith Cohen

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

In her recent book, The Beauty Myth,' Naomi Wolf discusses the phenomenon in which a woman links her identity to her physical appearance. Wolf presents the beauty myth as a sequel to the feminine mystique2 "discovered" by Betty Friedan.3 The feminine mystique depicts happy womanhood as a "modern" suburban housewife.4 The beauty myth, on the other hand, depicts the modern happy woman as physically perfect. 5 "The beauty myth tells a story: the quality called 'beauty' objectively and universally exists. Women must want to embody it and men must want to possess women who embody it."'

This Note ...


Causation And Injury In Corporate Control Transactions: Cede & Co. V. Technicolor, Inc., Jacqueline M. Veneziani Oct 1994

Causation And Injury In Corporate Control Transactions: Cede & Co. V. Technicolor, Inc., Jacqueline M. Veneziani

Washington Law Review

In Cede & Co. v. Technicolor, Inc., the Delaware Supreme Court held that shareholders are not required to prove injury from corporate directors' failure to exercise due care in approving a merger transaction. Tort principles, the court stated, have no role in a business judgment rule analysis. Therefore, once shareholders prove a violation of the directors' duty of care, the burden is shifted to the directors to prove the entire fairness of the transaction despite the absence of a breach of the duty of loyalty. This Note argues that the entire fairness review of a disinterested board transaction is unworkable. Rather ...


An Index And Table Of Contents To The Ali Reporters' Study On Enterprise Responsibility For Personal Injury, Jeffrey O'Connell, Alexander S. Glovsky Sep 1994

An Index And Table Of Contents To The Ali Reporters' Study On Enterprise Responsibility For Personal Injury, Jeffrey O'Connell, Alexander S. Glovsky

San Diego Law Review

In 1986, the American Law Institute (ALI) published a report to analyze and appraise the state of the tort system and to recommend reform. This study lacked crucial aids that could make it more accessible: it was devoid of any index and the table of contents did not contain any subheadings. The authors of this Article created an index and a comprehensive table of contents, in order to make the report more "user friendly." This Article contains a brief description of the 1986 ALI Reporter's Study, followed by an expanded table of contents and an index.


Review Of: Making Decisions About Liability And Insurance (Colin Camerer & Howard Kunreuther Eds.), Joseph M. Carreiro Jr. Sep 1994

Review Of: Making Decisions About Liability And Insurance (Colin Camerer & Howard Kunreuther Eds.), Joseph M. Carreiro Jr.

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of: Making Decisions about Liability and Insurance (Colin Camerer & Howard Kunreuther eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993). Figures, index, notes, tables. ISBN 0-7923-9393-7 [139 pp. Cloth $89.95. 101 Phillip Drive, Assinippi Park, Norwell MA 02061.1


Your Money Or Your Life?: Thinking About The Use Of Willingness-To-Pay Studies To Calculate Hedonic Damages, Dennis C. Taylor Sep 1994

Your Money Or Your Life?: Thinking About The Use Of Willingness-To-Pay Studies To Calculate Hedonic Damages, Dennis C. Taylor

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Guns For Hire, Commercial Speech And Tort Liability: Making A Case For Preserving First Amendment Free Speech Rights, Stephen T. Raptis Sep 1994

Guns For Hire, Commercial Speech And Tort Liability: Making A Case For Preserving First Amendment Free Speech Rights, Stephen T. Raptis

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Universal Health Care And The Continued Reliance On Custom In Determining Medical Malpractice, James A. Henderson Jr., John A. Siliciano Sep 1994

Universal Health Care And The Continued Reliance On Custom In Determining Medical Malpractice, James A. Henderson Jr., John A. Siliciano

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Process Theory Of Torts, Jay Tidmarsh Sep 1994

A Process Theory Of Torts, Jay Tidmarsh

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Common Law Remedies And The Ust Regulations, Allison Rittenhouse Hayward Aug 1994

Common Law Remedies And The Ust Regulations, Allison Rittenhouse Hayward

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

No abstract provided.


Public Health Funds: The Next Step In The Evolution Of Tort Law, Ann Taylor Aug 1994

Public Health Funds: The Next Step In The Evolution Of Tort Law, Ann Taylor

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sexual Harassment In The Legal Profession: Workplace Education And Reform, Civil Remedies, And Professional Discipline, Lisa Pfenninger Jul 1994

Sexual Harassment In The Legal Profession: Workplace Education And Reform, Civil Remedies, And Professional Discipline, Lisa Pfenninger

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Graying Of Products Liability Law: Paths Taken And Untaken In The New Restatement, David G. Owen Jul 1994

The Graying Of Products Liability Law: Paths Taken And Untaken In The New Restatement, David G. Owen

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Grin Without The Cat: Claims For Damages From Toxic Exposure Without Present Injury, Bill Charles Wells Apr 1994

The Grin Without The Cat: Claims For Damages From Toxic Exposure Without Present Injury, Bill Charles Wells

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Civil Justice: The Litigation Crisis Attitudes Of Civil Jurors, Valerie P. Hans, William S. Lofquist Apr 1994

Perceptions Of Civil Justice: The Litigation Crisis Attitudes Of Civil Jurors, Valerie P. Hans, William S. Lofquist

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Public perceptions that the civil justice system is in crisis are apparently widespread, but little is known about the causes or correlates of such views. This article analyzes the litigation crisis attitudes of a sample of civil jurors. Like the public, jurors endorsed a number of statements suggesting that there is a litigation crisis. Factor analysis identified two independent components: general concern over excessive litigation, and criticism of the civil jury. Litigation crisis views were found in all demographic and attitudinal subgroups. However, attitudes about the civil justice system were related to the respondent's political efficacy, claims consciousness, belief ...


Simple Calculations To Reduce Litigation Costs In Personal Injury Cases: Additional Empirical Support For The Offset Rule, R. A. L. Carter, John P. Palmer Apr 1994

Simple Calculations To Reduce Litigation Costs In Personal Injury Cases: Additional Empirical Support For The Offset Rule, R. A. L. Carter, John P. Palmer

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

This article demonstrates that if the nominal rate of interest equals the growth rate of nominal earnings, then a strong case can be made for calculating lump-sum damage awards by using the offset rule, i.e., by simply multiplying the annual loss by the number of years the loss is expected to continue. An examination of the Canadian data not only supports the offset rule, but also suggests that plaintiffs are being systematically undercompensated by rules currently in use.


Recovery Of Emotional Distress Damages In Aids-Phobia Cases: A Suggested Approach For Virginia, Edward Benedict Lumpkin Mar 1994

Recovery Of Emotional Distress Damages In Aids-Phobia Cases: A Suggested Approach For Virginia, Edward Benedict Lumpkin

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Foundations Of The Duty To Rescue, Steven J. Heyman Feb 1994

Foundations Of The Duty To Rescue, Steven J. Heyman

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Helling V. Mckinney And Smoking In The Cell Block: Cruel And Unusual Punishment?, Lisa Gizzi Jan 1994

Helling V. Mckinney And Smoking In The Cell Block: Cruel And Unusual Punishment?, Lisa Gizzi

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Liability For 'Knowing' Transmission Of Hiv: The Evolution Of A Duty To Disclose, Jody B. Gabel Jan 1994

Liability For 'Knowing' Transmission Of Hiv: The Evolution Of A Duty To Disclose, Jody B. Gabel

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sharing Accountability For Breast Implants: Strict Products Liability And Medical Professionals Engaged In Hybrid Sales/Service Cosmetic Products Transactions, Richard L. Cupp, Jr. Jan 1994

Sharing Accountability For Breast Implants: Strict Products Liability And Medical Professionals Engaged In Hybrid Sales/Service Cosmetic Products Transactions, Richard L. Cupp, Jr.

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Avoiding Takings "Accidents": A Tort Perspective On Takings Law, Eric Kades Jan 1994

Avoiding Takings "Accidents": A Tort Perspective On Takings Law, Eric Kades

University of Richmond Law Review

Viewing the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment as a form of insurance appeals to our intuition. The government, like fire, does not often "take" property, but when faced with extraordinary risk property owners naturally desire compensation. Recent scholarship, however, has dissolved the attractiveness of this perspective. This literature, through economic analysis, claims that the Takings Clause should be repealed and replaced with private takings insurance. This is the "no-compensation" result.


Ashley V. Abbott Laboratories: Reconfiguring The Personal Jurisdiction Analysis In Mass Tort Litigation, Julia C. Bunting Jan 1994

Ashley V. Abbott Laboratories: Reconfiguring The Personal Jurisdiction Analysis In Mass Tort Litigation, Julia C. Bunting

Vanderbilt Law Review

The Supreme Court has struggled for over one hundred years to articulate a workable standard for determining whether a court may exercise personal jurisdiction, over a defendant without violating the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Despite a substantial body of precedent, the Court has been unable to enunciate a consistent, intelligible test to govern personal jurisdiction. The Court's pronouncements swing between two bases: the territoriality, sovereignty, and power concerns established by Pennoyer v. Neff, and the defendant-centered fairness analysis announced in International Shoe Co. v. Washington. As a result of this inconsistency, lower courts adhere to vastly ...


The Recycling, Dismantling, And Destruction Of Goods As A Foreseeable Use Under Section 402a Of The Restatement (Second) Of Torts, Charles E. Cantú Jan 1994

The Recycling, Dismantling, And Destruction Of Goods As A Foreseeable Use Under Section 402a Of The Restatement (Second) Of Torts, Charles E. Cantú

Faculty Articles

The past thirty years have witnessed the significant expansion and transformation of products liability law. While much of the initial confusion regarding the application and interpretation of Section 402A of the Restatement (Second) of Torts has been settled, some problems remain.

One of these problem areas involves the allocation of liability for injuries resulting from the destruction, dismantling, and recycling of products whose useful lives have come to an end. In this situation, the law has evolved to provide a rule that imposes no liability upon the manufacturer. The courts have reasoned that individuals engaged in reclamation procedures are not ...


A New Predicament For Physicians: The Concept Of Medical Futility, The Physician's Obligation To Render Inappropriate Treatment, And The Interplay Of The Medical Standard Of Care, Eric M. Levine Jan 1994

A New Predicament For Physicians: The Concept Of Medical Futility, The Physician's Obligation To Render Inappropriate Treatment, And The Interplay Of The Medical Standard Of Care, Eric M. Levine

Journal of Law and Health

Part II of this article discusses the concept of futility and reviews various proposed approaches to defining "futility". This article then shows how personal value judgments play an integral part in determining futility under virtually all of these approaches. Part II concludes that a decision that treatment is futile should not be based on the individual values of only the patient or physician under the shared decisionmaking model of the physician-patient relationship. Part III tackles the issue whether a physician must offer or continue treatment deemed "medically and ethically inappropriate." Part III first reviews common law doctrines governing the physician-patient ...


Keeping The Pierringer Promise: Fair Settlements And Fair Trials, Peter B. Knapp Jan 1994

Keeping The Pierringer Promise: Fair Settlements And Fair Trials, Peter B. Knapp

Faculty Scholarship

This article explores why Perringer releases have failed to promise fairness to the nonsettling defendant. For over thirty years, Pierringer releases have been part of the ebb and flow of civil litigation. In 1978, the Minnesota Supreme Court officially approved the use of Pierringer releases in Minnesota. When first adopted, the release seemed to promise something for everyone. The Pierringer release even offered a promise of fairness to the nonsettling defendant: Be assured that, no matter what the outcome of trial, you will pay no more than your “fair share” of the verdict. Unfortunately, however, largely because of the impact ...


Comments To The Reporters And Selected Members Of The Consultative Group, Restatement Of Torts (Third): Products Liability, Howard C. Klemme Jan 1994

Comments To The Reporters And Selected Members Of The Consultative Group, Restatement Of Torts (Third): Products Liability, Howard C. Klemme

Articles

No abstract provided.


A Punitive Damages Overview: Functions, Problems And Reform, David G. Owen Jan 1994

A Punitive Damages Overview: Functions, Problems And Reform, David G. Owen

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of: National Research Council, Issues In Risk Assessment, Diane M. Albert Jan 1994

Review Of: National Research Council, Issues In Risk Assessment, Diane M. Albert

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of: National Research Council, Issues in Risk Assessment (National Academy Press). Appendices, executive summary, figures, preface, references, tables. LC 92-61838; ISBN 0-309-04786-2. [374 pp. Paper $37.50 - S&H, $4 for first and $0.50 for each additional copy. 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20418.]