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Full-Text Articles in Law

Reconciliation In Tax Crimes: A Study Under Egyptian And Emirati Laws, Ahmed Aldalgawy Nov 2023

Reconciliation In Tax Crimes: A Study Under Egyptian And Emirati Laws, Ahmed Aldalgawy

UAEU Law Journal

This study seeks, through the descriptive, analytical and comparative method, to reveal the role of reconciliation in tax crimes in achieving a balance between considerations of criminal law intervention and taking into account the special nature of the tax crime, as well as revealing the extent to which the reconciliation system can be introduced in the United Arab Emirates tax system, especially since this system is applied In many comparative legislations, including the Egyptian legislation, and to achieve these goals, the study was presented to determine the nature of criminal tax reconciliation, then the study presented the tax interests worthy …


Constitutional Law And Tax Expenditures: A Prelude, Johnny Rex Buckles Apr 2023

Constitutional Law And Tax Expenditures: A Prelude, Johnny Rex Buckles

Arkansas Law Review

“A little learning is a dang’rous thing,” admonished Pope. Judges who pen legal opinions drawing on tax expenditure theory should heed the neoclassical bard. Armed with the modest yet obligatory exposure to the concept of tax expenditures presented in the basic federal income tax course in law school, many judges indeed possess enough learning to be dangerous. The thesis of this Article is that tax expenditure theory must be applied with a skillful, critical, and cautious appreciation for nuance in constitutional cases. This conclusion holds even under the assumption that tax expenditure budgeting is a useful tool of fiscal analysis. …


Brief Of Amici Curiae Tax Law Professors, Young Ran (Christine) Kim Mar 2023

Brief Of Amici Curiae Tax Law Professors, Young Ran (Christine) Kim

Faculty Amicus Briefs

Professors Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, David Gamage, Orly Mazur, Young Ran (Christine) Kim, and Darien Shanske (collectively, “Tax Law Professors”) write this amici curiae brief in support of the Appellant in COMPTROLLER OF MARYLAND v. COMCAST — the Maryland Digital Advertising Case.

Many digital transactions currently evade sales taxation in Maryland, even though the closest non-digital analogues are subject to tax. Specifically, digital advertising platforms like Respondents obtain vast quantities of individualized data from and on Marylanders in currently untaxed transactions. The scope and value of these transactions is vast and growing, as they allow advertising platforms the lucrative opportunity to …


A Response To Professor Choi’S Beyond Purposivism In Tax Law, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Mar 2023

A Response To Professor Choi’S Beyond Purposivism In Tax Law, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

This response to Professor Choi’s excellent article questions whether the proposals made by the article can solve the tax shelter problem, and argues that a better response is to bolster purposivism with a statutory general anti-abuse rule (GAAR).


Shifting The Scope Towards Students: An Analysis Of Tax Code Treatment Of The Higher Education Loan Interest Deduction, Brianna C. Frontuto Mar 2023

Shifting The Scope Towards Students: An Analysis Of Tax Code Treatment Of The Higher Education Loan Interest Deduction, Brianna C. Frontuto

West Virginia Law Review

In a nation where education is held in the highest regard but given the lowest priority, the United States continues to enlarge a gaping hole in the education system: student loan debt, a crisis sweeping across the nation and affecting nearly every individual in the United States. Higher education costs have sky-rocketed, and the expanding administrations and complex projects do not provide assurance that this will change any time soon.

Congress has placed tax incentives in the Internal Revenue Code (“the Code”) to encourage the pursuit of higher education while providing a benefit for doing so. Specifically, § 221 of …


Tax Events In The Life Cycle Of Digital Tokens, Vincent Ooi Mar 2023

Tax Events In The Life Cycle Of Digital Tokens, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Digital tokens, or crypto assets, are digital financial assets based on distributed ledger technology. They come in a considerable variety of forms and have been used in a large number of different ways. Yet, relatively few tax laws of any jurisdiction mention digital tokens specifically. It is therefore necessary to consider how orthodox tax rules can be applied to transactions involving digital tokens. Given the broad range of forms which digital tokens and transactions involving them can take, this may appear to be a daunting task. A framework providing a rough guide on how to navigate this somewhat new area …


Report On The Challenges Which Digital Assets Pose For Tax Systems With A Special Focus On Developing Countries, Vincent Ooi Mar 2023

Report On The Challenges Which Digital Assets Pose For Tax Systems With A Special Focus On Developing Countries, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

The paper highlights the need for governments to carefully consider the implications which the rise of crypto assets can have on tax systems, noting that the absence of a deliberate policy position would be a policy decision in itself, with consequences for the tax base. It discusses four main classes of tax risks which crypto assets pose.Firstly, crypto assets and crypto transactions can act as ‘functional substitutes’ for traditional assets and transactions. As existing tax laws are drafted without crypto assets in mind, this can produce a host of unintended tax consequences and produce opportunities for tax arbitrage.Secondly, the values …


Virtual Worlds, Real Money: Tax Issues In The Metaverse, Vincent Ooi, Daryl Loy Jan 2023

Virtual Worlds, Real Money: Tax Issues In The Metaverse, Vincent Ooi, Daryl Loy

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

When it comes to the tax world, the starting point is that international tax law does not currently give any special status to a meta realm as a distinct jurisdiction. The metaverse is not a term of art recognised by tax law. However, what we are likely to see is a change in business models and behavioural patterns, leading to different kinds of taxable events becoming either more or less prominent. Tax law may not inevitably change but the tax issues of the day will.In this article, we highlight three broad business models that are likely to feature prominently in …


Tax Benefits And Fairness In K–12 Education, Linda Sugin Jan 2023

Tax Benefits And Fairness In K–12 Education, Linda Sugin

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the tax law’s subsidies for inequality and segregation in primary and secondary education, analyzing the federal charitable deduction and education savings plans, and state tax credits for education. It argues that the tax system diverts funds from traditional public education into private education, fostering economic, racial, religious, and political separation. The tax law also operates to increase resource inequality within public education by subsidizing schools that affluent children attend. In a novel analysis, the Article contends that the jurisprudence around the charitable deduction for education—though longstanding—is legally incoherent, and argues that no deduction should ever be allowed …