Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

State and Local Government Law

Municipal law

Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Law

Facilitating Race-Conscious Targeted Purchasing Programs In The Shadow Of The Trump Judiciary, Daniel Choma Jan 2023

Facilitating Race-Conscious Targeted Purchasing Programs In The Shadow Of The Trump Judiciary, Daniel Choma

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Countermajoritarian Criminal Law, Michael L. Smith Dec 2022

Countermajoritarian Criminal Law, Michael L. Smith

Pace Law Review

Criminal law pervades American society, subjecting millions to criminal enforcement, prosecution, and punishment every year. All too often, culpability is a minimal or nonexistent aspect of this phenomenon. Criminal law prohibits a wide range of common behaviors and practices, especially when one considers the various federal, state, and municipal levels of law restricting people’s actions. Recent scholarship has criticized not only the scope and impact of these laws but has also critiqued these laws out to the extent that they fail to live up to supermajoritarian ideals that underlie criminal justice.

This Article adds to and amplifies this criticism by …


Municipal Optimization Of Short-Term Rental Regulations: The Reality Of Airbnb In South Texas Communities, Kenneth M. Culbreth Iii Nov 2021

Municipal Optimization Of Short-Term Rental Regulations: The Reality Of Airbnb In South Texas Communities, Kenneth M. Culbreth Iii

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming.


Re-Imagining Local Governance: The Landscape Of "Local" In Toronto, Alexandra Elizabeth Flynn Jun 2017

Re-Imagining Local Governance: The Landscape Of "Local" In Toronto, Alexandra Elizabeth Flynn

PhD Dissertations

In 1997, the Province of Ontario formed the City of Toronto, amalgamating one regional and six small municipalities into a single city government. This action altered the formal institutions of local governance, replacing what was once regional with a City Council meant to represent city-wide issues, and without providing a clear model for local or smaller-than-city decision-making. The purpose of this dissertation is to conceptualize the meaning of local governance within the City of Toronto as a result of the overlap of wards (as represented by councillors), community councils, business improvement areas and neighbourhood associations, each of which claim geographical …


Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer Jan 2016

Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer

Articles

Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain, adverse …


Ohio Supreme Court Symposium Jul 2015

Ohio Supreme Court Symposium

Akron Law Review

During the 1981-1982 term the Ohio Supreme Court rendered 250 written opinions on a wide range of topics from wiretapping to the liability of landlords for injuries. In several cases, individuals gained significant legal rights in dealing with business and others. In addition, there were some significant changes in the law governing municipal sovereignty and immunity. This symposium will not attempt to cover all decisions of the Ohio Supreme Court, but rather to highlight some of the major decisions which affect Ohioans.


Power Of Municipal Corporations To Lay Off Employees, Atwood V. Judge, Warren R. Ross Jul 2015

Power Of Municipal Corporations To Lay Off Employees, Atwood V. Judge, Warren R. Ross

Akron Law Review

At a time when the future of the American economy appears bleak, and the necessity to curtail vital urban services becomes commonplace in our cities, the significance of the decision rendered by the Ohio Court of Appeals for Columbiana County in Atwood v. Judge' deserves to be noted. The tension between the public interest in maintaining vital services within the community and the state mandate' that a city operate within its budget is not satisfactorily resolved by the court.


Sovereign Immunity For Political Subdivisions, Kathy Sue Magoline Jul 2015

Sovereign Immunity For Political Subdivisions, Kathy Sue Magoline

Akron Law Review

The Ohio Supreme Court continued in 1983 to expand and define its abrogation of the doctrine of sovereign immunity for municipal corporations and political subdivisions. The court's decisions in this area have resulted in a significant increase in tort liability for local governments and school districts, who may now be found liable for tortious acts in the same manner as private individuals.


Treading Water: Can Municipal Efforts To Condemn Underwater Mortgages Prevail?, Michael S. Moskowitz Apr 2014

Treading Water: Can Municipal Efforts To Condemn Underwater Mortgages Prevail?, Michael S. Moskowitz

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Municipal Attorneys Can Find Answers In The Newly Released Third Edition Of Commercial Litigation In New York State Courts, Patricia E. Salkin Jan 2014

Municipal Attorneys Can Find Answers In The Newly Released Third Edition Of Commercial Litigation In New York State Courts, Patricia E. Salkin

Scholarly Works

This article contains a book review of the newest edition of Commercial Litigation in New York State Courts (West), edited by former New York County Lawyers President Robert Haig of Kelley Drye & Warren LLP. The author of this book review details why this treatise is an invaluable addition, not for the library shelf, but for prime desk space on the busy working lawyer’s desk. The author further notes that while the most recent edition of the treatise has been widely reviewed statewide, prior to this book review there has been little, if any, attention to the value of the …


Federalism And Municipal Innovation: Lessons From The Fight Against Vacant Properties, Benton C. Martin Jan 2014

Federalism And Municipal Innovation: Lessons From The Fight Against Vacant Properties, Benton C. Martin

Benton C. Martin

Cities possess a far greater ability to be trailblazers on a national scale than local officials may imagine. Realizing this, city advocates continue to call for renewed recognition by state and federal officials of the benefits of creative local problem-solving. The goal is admirable but warrants caution. The key to successful local initiatives lies not in woolgathering about cooperation with other levels of government but in identifying potential conflicts and using hard work and political savvy to build constituencies and head off objections. To demonstrate that point, this Article examines the legal status of local governments and recent efforts to …


Municipal And State Sanctuary Declarations: Innocuous Symbolism Or Improper Dictates?, Jorge L. Carro Jan 2013

Municipal And State Sanctuary Declarations: Innocuous Symbolism Or Improper Dictates?, Jorge L. Carro

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore Jan 2012

The Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board Of Adjustment: Fifty Years Later, Kathryn L. Moore

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Fifty years ago, Jesse Dukeminier, Jr. and Clyde Stapleton published a case study of the practice of law before the Lexington-Fayette Urban County (LFUC) Board of Adjustment. This Article presents a new empirical study of the LFUC Board of Adjustment. Specifically, the study covers the eighteen month period from the Board’s July 2007 meeting through its December 2008 meeting. This Article discusses how the practice has changed and improved in the years since the Dukeminier-Stapleton study and the problems and difficulties that still remain.

The Article begins by describing the current procedure before the LFUC Board of Adjustment and how …


Slides: Introduction To Large-Scale Planning And The Intermountain Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz May 2011

Slides: Introduction To Large-Scale Planning And The Intermountain Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz

Best Management Practices (BMPs): What? How? And Why? (May 26)

Presenter: Kathryn Mutz, Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado School of Law

18 slides


Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz Oct 2010

Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz

Opportunities and Obstacles to Reducing the Environmental Footprint of Natural Gas Development in Uintah Basin (October 14)

Presenter: Kathryn Mutz, Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado at Boulder

21 slides


Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz Oct 2009

Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz

Best Practices for Community and Environmental Protection (October 14)

Presenter: Kathryn Mutz, Natural Resources Law Center

19 slides


Researching Colorado Local Government Law, Robert M. Linz Jan 2009

Researching Colorado Local Government Law, Robert M. Linz

Publications

No abstract provided.


Municipal Home Rule In New York: Tobacco Control At The Local Level,, Laura Hermer Jan 1999

Municipal Home Rule In New York: Tobacco Control At The Local Level,, Laura Hermer

Faculty Scholarship

This paper will examine the nature and scope of the ability of both municipalities and local public health departments to govern the local sale, use, availability and advertising of tobacco products in the context of New York state law and the recent Multistate Settlement Agreement.

Part I will begin with a description of municipalities in New York and a summary of the provisions of article 9 of the New York Constitution and section 10 of the state Municipal Home Rule Law, which delimit spheres in which municipalities may act without state interference and others in which the state may act …


Municipal Issues And The Charter Of Rights: The Impact At The Grass Roots, A. Wayne Mackay, Kathryn Heckaman Jan 1990

Municipal Issues And The Charter Of Rights: The Impact At The Grass Roots, A. Wayne Mackay, Kathryn Heckaman

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Municipal institutions are the forgotten partners in the Canadian confederation. This is true in both political and legal terms. In political terms the agencies of local government are often under-valued. With respect to the law, the municipal level of government has too often been ignored. Both municipal councils and their related boards and tribunals have an important impact on the lives of citizens at the grass roots level. In carrying out their duties, municipal authorities exercise a wide range of discretionary powers and it is becoming increasingly important that they recognize the legal limits on their powers. The first and …


Book Review. The Zoning Dilemma By D. R. Mandelker, A. Dan Tarlock Jan 1972

Book Review. The Zoning Dilemma By D. R. Mandelker, A. Dan Tarlock

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Book Review. The Zoning Game By R. F. Babcock, A. Dan Tarlock Jan 1967

Book Review. The Zoning Game By R. F. Babcock, A. Dan Tarlock

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Sanctions Against Governmental Violations Of Planning And Zoning Ordinances, Frank Edward Horack Jr. Jan 1957

Sanctions Against Governmental Violations Of Planning And Zoning Ordinances, Frank Edward Horack Jr.

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The City's Liability On Street Improvement Bonds In Iowa, Frank Horack Jr. Jan 1928

The City's Liability On Street Improvement Bonds In Iowa, Frank Horack Jr.

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Constitutional And Legislative Limitations Of The Home Rule Charter In Minnesota, Charles P. Hall Nov 1906

Constitutional And Legislative Limitations Of The Home Rule Charter In Minnesota, Charles P. Hall

Michigan Law Review

I regret exceedingly that I am not able, in the scope of these observations, to include all the states of the American Union, where the home-rule charters have been permitted as a method of city government; but unfortunately my vision has not passed beyond the horizon of my own state, and the workings of the home­rule system in other states must be left as a subject for future study and comparison. With pardonable pride, however, it may be said that the State of Minnesota, while she has erred with her sister commonwealths in experimental over-legislation, has nevertheless recently placed upon …