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State and Local Government Law

2010

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Federalizing Public Education, Thomas Kleven Jul 2015

Federalizing Public Education, Thomas Kleven

Thomas Kleven

This article assesses the case for federalizing public education in the United States. The starting point is a conception of democracy I call equitable sharing, meaning that the goods of social life must be equitably distributed among all society’s members. I argue that equitable sharing mandates society to ensure that all children have access to a relatively equal educational opportunity—i.e., a comparable opportunity to advance educationally as far as their abilities, interests and willingness to strive allow—at least through elementary and secondary school. To set the stage for discussing the merits of federalization, I examine various ...


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


One Toke Over The Line: The Proliferation Of State Medical Marijuana Laws, Troy E. Grandel Dec 2010

One Toke Over The Line: The Proliferation Of State Medical Marijuana Laws, Troy E. Grandel

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “Marijuana has been used for medicinal purposes for at least five thousand years. In fact, it was used medicinally in the United States up until the twentieth century when antidrug zealots managed to prohibit it. Prohibition was the status quo until 1996 when California became the first state to adopt a law allowing medicinal marijuana use. Since then, thirteen additional states, along with the District of Columbia, have enacted similar laws. More states are now lining up with their own laws, which are in various stages of adoption. In addition, the Supreme Court has impacted the issue, both with ...


Gaming In Britain And America: Some Historical Comparisons, Nicholas Tosney Ph.D. Dec 2010

Gaming In Britain And America: Some Historical Comparisons, Nicholas Tosney Ph.D.

Occasional Papers

This paper compares the development of gambling in Britain during the late 17th and 18th centuries with the emergence of gambling in Nevada during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Drawing on the existence of similar themes and ideas in different contexts, the author demonstrates several benefits of comparative studies of gambling. Focusing principally on gambling games played with cards and dice, this paper begins by examining approaches to taxing gaming before moving on to consider regulatory strategies.


Concerning The Constitutionality Of Hydro-Fracking The Marcellus Shale, Sean Dillon Dec 2010

Concerning The Constitutionality Of Hydro-Fracking The Marcellus Shale, Sean Dillon

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The entire Marcellus Shale, from the Catskills of New York down to the northwestern border of West Virginia, is estimated to contain as little as 168 to as much as 516 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, resulting in major “shale play” in the region. If calculations are accurate, the Marcellus Shale may be one of the largest potential sources of any type of energy in this country. But the prospect of mining the Marcellus Shale is not without its downfalls. The extraction method to be used in these operations - a technique called hydraulic fracturing, also known as “hydro-fracking” - may ...


Article Xiv, Agriculture, And Keeping New York’S Wilderness Wild, Hilary Atkin Dec 2010

Article Xiv, Agriculture, And Keeping New York’S Wilderness Wild, Hilary Atkin

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

When the constitutional convention question is put on the ballot in 2017 as required by Article XIX, Section two of the New York State Constitution, the voters of New York will again choose whether to have a convention to revise or replace their Constitution. There are many issues related to the Forest Preserves of New York State that may lead delegates to consider whether Article XIV, Section one’s “forever wild” provision should be amended or eliminated. With the increasing popularity of the local farming movement in and around the Adirondack and Catskill Parks, delegates could consider amendments that clarify ...


Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese Dec 2010

Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical look at the legislative history of Article VII (now Article XIV). Specifically, it will discuss the events leading up to the 1894 Constitutional Convention (the convention was Article XIV and the “Forever Wild Provision” was adopted); the events and legislative acts between the 1894 and 1915 constitutional conventions; the 1915 Constitutional Convention; the events and legislative acts between 1915 and 1938; and the 1938 Constitutional Convention. The paper will also address the delegate election process, as well as proposed reforms to the process. It is the intention of this paper ...


Wildlife Management And The Forest Preserve, Jeffrey Auger Dec 2010

Wildlife Management And The Forest Preserve, Jeffrey Auger

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The forever wild language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has sparked debate and controversy ever since its enactment. This paper examines how the Forest Preserves affect wildlife contained within the “wild forest lands” protected under Article XIV. Through examining the history of the article’s adoption it becomes clear that wildlife concerns were a chief motivating factor in preserving these forests. The paper then examines how wildlife is managed in New York, and discusses certain practices that may have implications on the “forever wild” designation. The economic and social benefits of hunting, fishing, and hiking for ...


“Forever Wild”: Legal Aspects Of Natural Resource Extraction In And Around The New York State Forest Preserve, Michael D. Henderson Dec 2010

“Forever Wild”: Legal Aspects Of Natural Resource Extraction In And Around The New York State Forest Preserve, Michael D. Henderson

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Since its inception in 1894, Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has served as a baseline for environmental protection of the New York Forest Preserve. Yet today it has become apparent to those who study or simply enjoy the Adirondack and Catskill regions that our goal in preservation is much more. We preserve wilderness so we can hold on to a piece of the past, a piece of America’s history. That said the issue is what constitutes wilderness – a legally designated wilderness area, wilderness as a common term or land that embraces the “Forever Wild” aesthetic. This ...


Two Endangered Species In The Adirondacks In The Context Of Constitutional “Wilderness”, Michael A. Dibrizzi Dec 2010

Two Endangered Species In The Adirondacks In The Context Of Constitutional “Wilderness”, Michael A. Dibrizzi

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Our society has developed with a distinct homocentric view toward the natural world and all of its inhabitants. Wildlife has mostly been regarded as the exclusive chattel of man to dispense with at his discretion. This attitude has led to the extinction of some species and near extinction of many others. Through legislation, lawmakers have attempted to regulate management and exploitation of different species, with varying success. The goal of good environmental regulations is to break from traditional views; regulations in recognizing man’s superiority and control over the natural world will impose a responsibility on man to protect and ...


Interpreting Article Xiv Of The New York Constitution: The Legal Measures That Mandate Sustainable Economic Development And Maintenance Of Forever-Wild Forest In The Adirondacks, Chih-Yao Sun Dec 2010

Interpreting Article Xiv Of The New York Constitution: The Legal Measures That Mandate Sustainable Economic Development And Maintenance Of Forever-Wild Forest In The Adirondacks, Chih-Yao Sun

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The Forever Wild clause enacted by the legislature aimed at protecting drinking water and commerce. The language of the Forever Wild clause has offered a strong and perpetual protection that serves the purpose of people of New York State. Any amendments will only weaken the article. To support the position that the Forever Wild clause should remain as is, the paper examines the long-ignored economic value provided by the Adirondacks Forest Preserve. The paper also proposes plausible sustainable developments and illustrates why state government has the duty to promote economic well-being in local communities.


History Of New York State’S “Forever Wild” Forest Preserve And The Agencies Charged With Carrying Out Article Xiv’S Mandate, Jessica B. Silver Dec 2010

History Of New York State’S “Forever Wild” Forest Preserve And The Agencies Charged With Carrying Out Article Xiv’S Mandate, Jessica B. Silver

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Article XIV is probably the most controversial provision of the New York State Constitution adopted in 1894. The provision declares that State-owned land in the Adirondack and Catskill State Parks shall remain “forever wild.” Yet, implementation of this mandate by the State has varied since its inception; actions are dependent on the views and policies of regulating agency. The paper traces the history of Article XIV through judicial interpretation, Attorney General’s opinions, and implementation activities by the agency charged with its enforcement. The purpose of this paper is to prepare the policy-makers who will have a voice at the ...


A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch Dec 2010

A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The public trust doctrine was instituted in England as a permanent limitation on the powers of the Crown. The well-established doctrine was brought to America and applied equally in the states even after the states seceded from England. The doctrine has since served as an indestructible check on the government. Article XIV of the New York State Constitution ensures protection of its wilderness in perpetuity, solidifying the forest preserve as part of the public trust. The paper traces the beginnings of the public trust doctrine and its eventual application Article XIV. The author contemplates the indestructibility of the Forest Preserve ...


Historic Preservation And The Wilderness, Seth Kagan Dec 2010

Historic Preservation And The Wilderness, Seth Kagan

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has been the focus of a contentious debate over the years: What can be done with the lands within the Forest Preserve without violating the provision to keep the lands “forever wild”? In particular, how does Article XIV treat preservation of historic sites and archaeological resources within the Forest Preserves? The paper discusses competing interests between the “forever wild” provision and that of historic preservation through examination of the legislative history, administrative and judicial action. The paper also contemplates a constitutional convention for the purposes of amending Article XIV ...


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Efficient, Fair, And Incomprehensible: How The State 'Sells' Its Judiciary, Keith Bybee, Heather Pincock Nov 2010

Efficient, Fair, And Incomprehensible: How The State 'Sells' Its Judiciary, Keith Bybee, Heather Pincock

Keith J. Bybee

Sociolegal scholars often approach dispute resolution from the perspective of the disputants, emphasizing how the resources on each side shape the course of conflict. We suggest a different, “supply-side” perspective. Focusing on the state’s efforts to establish centralized courts in place of local justice systems, we consider the strategies that a supplier of dispute resolving services uses to attract disputes for resolution. We argue that state actors often attempt to “sell” centralized courts to potential litigants by insisting that the state’s services are more efficient and fair than local courts operating outside direct state control. Moreover, we argue ...


Independent Correctional Oversight Mechanisms Across The United States: A 50-State Inventory, Michele Deitch Nov 2010

Independent Correctional Oversight Mechanisms Across The United States: A 50-State Inventory, Michele Deitch

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Role Of The Correctional Association Of New York In A New Paradigm Of Prison Monitoring, Jack Beck Nov 2010

Role Of The Correctional Association Of New York In A New Paradigm Of Prison Monitoring, Jack Beck

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Recent Statute Of Limitations Developments In The New York Court Of Appeals, Jay C. Carlisle Ii Nov 2010

Recent Statute Of Limitations Developments In The New York Court Of Appeals, Jay C. Carlisle Ii

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Agenda: Shale Plays In The Intermountain West: Legal And Policy Issues, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Nov 2010

Agenda: Shale Plays In The Intermountain West: Legal And Policy Issues, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

This one-day symposium to be held at the Grand Hyatt hotel in Denver will address the technology, economics, environmental impacts, and regulatory issues associated with shale gas development in the Rocky Mountain region. The purpose of this event is to facilitate productive dialogue among a wide range of stakeholders and interested parties to guide policy decisions.


Pooling For Horizontal Wells: Can They Teach An Old Dog New Tricks?, Bruce M. Kramer Nov 2010

Pooling For Horizontal Wells: Can They Teach An Old Dog New Tricks?, Bruce M. Kramer

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

74 pages.

This paper was originally published as:

Bruce M. Kramer, “Pooling for Horizontal Wells: Can They Teach an Old Dog New Tricks?,” 55 Rocky Mt. Min. L. Inst. 8-1, § 8.05 (2009).


Slides: U.S. Shale Gas: Resources, Reserves And $$$, John B. Curtis Nov 2010

Slides: U.S. Shale Gas: Resources, Reserves And $$$, John B. Curtis

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: John B. Curtis, Professor of Geology and Geological Engineering and Director of the Potential Gas Agency, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

17 slides


Slides: Development Of Shale: Water Resource Concerns And Policy Considerations, Katy Dunlap Nov 2010

Slides: Development Of Shale: Water Resource Concerns And Policy Considerations, Katy Dunlap

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Katy Dunlap, Eastern Water Project Director, Trout Unlimited, Inc., Burdett, NY

24 slides


Slides: Shale Drilling And Completions, William Fleckenstein Nov 2010

Slides: Shale Drilling And Completions, William Fleckenstein

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: William Fleckenstein, BP Adjunct Professor in the Petroleum Department and Director of PERFORM Research, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, and Managing Partner of Fleckenstein, Eustes & Associates

20 slides


Slides: The Here And Now Of U.S. Nat Gas, Michelle Michot Foss Nov 2010

Slides: The Here And Now Of U.S. Nat Gas, Michelle Michot Foss

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Michelle Michot Foss, Chief Energy Economist, Center for Energy Economics, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin, TX

12 slides


Slides: Water And Development Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Resources, Judy Jordan Nov 2010

Slides: Water And Development Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Resources, Judy Jordan

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Judy Jordan, Oil & Gas Liaison, Garfield County, Rifle, CO

21 slides


Slides: Transforming And Disrupting: Shale Gas And Oil In U.S. Energy Supply, Richard Nehring Nov 2010

Slides: Transforming And Disrupting: Shale Gas And Oil In U.S. Energy Supply, Richard Nehring

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Richard Nehring, Nehring Associates, Colorado Springs, CO

15 slides


Slides: Evolving Policy On Shale Plays, John Martin Nov 2010

Slides: Evolving Policy On Shale Plays, John Martin

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: John Martin, Crowell & Moring, LLP, Washington, DC

17 slides


Slides: Shale And Air Quality: The View From The Other Side, Jeremy Nichols Nov 2010

Slides: Shale And Air Quality: The View From The Other Side, Jeremy Nichols

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Jeremy Nichols, Climate & Energy Program Director, WildEarth Guardians, Denver, CO

18 slides