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Property Law and Real Estate

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 129

Full-Text Articles in Law

Insuring Takings Claims, Christopher Serkin Dec 2016

Insuring Takings Claims, Christopher Serkin

Northwestern University Law Review

Local governments typically insure themselves against all kinds of losses, from property damage to legal liability. For small- and medium-sized governments, this usually means purchasing insurance from private insurers or participating in municipal risk pools. Insurance for regulatory takings claims, however, is generally unavailable. This previously unnoticed gap in municipal insurance coverage could lead risk averse local governments to underregulate and underenforce existing regulations where property owners threaten to bring takings claims. This seemingly technical observation turns out to have profound implications for theoretical accounts of the Takings Clause that focus on government regulatory incentives. This Article explores the impact …


Real Property, Linda S. Finley Dec 2016

Real Property, Linda S. Finley

Mercer Law Review

This Article looks at notable issues regarding Georgia real property law during the survey period, including legislation enacted by the Georgia General Assembly and case law decided in Georgia courts. The Author is happy to report she no longer feels compelled to begin the Survey by discussing the dire economic conditions of the state of Georgia or, indeed, the United States as a whole. At the time of the writing of this Survey, RealtyTrac, which reports national foreclosure statistics, released its mid-year 2016 foreclosure report showing that foreclosure activity affecting Georgia real property in the month of July 2016 was …


How New York Investors Financed The Looting Of Syria, Ukraine, And Iraq: The Need To Increase Civil Liabilities For "Current Possessors" Of Stolen Antiquities In The 21st Century, Lukas Padegimas Dec 2016

How New York Investors Financed The Looting Of Syria, Ukraine, And Iraq: The Need To Increase Civil Liabilities For "Current Possessors" Of Stolen Antiquities In The 21st Century, Lukas Padegimas

Global Business Law Review

This note argues that the U.S. should pass its own self-policing legislation that will make it less enticing for thieves to try to sell stolen antiquities to the U.S. market. Our world heritage is under threat from undeterred looting, which results in antiquities vanishing from museum storerooms and archeological sites before ending up in the storerooms of investors. Currently, source nations that attempt to have stolen antiquities returned are deterred by the high legal costs involved. As the biggest market for stolen cultural property, states within the U.S. should amend current replevin laws so that the possessors of stolen cultural …


Optimal Property Rights For Emerging Natural Resources: A Case Study On Owning Atmospheric Moisture, Jianlin Chen Nov 2016

Optimal Property Rights For Emerging Natural Resources: A Case Study On Owning Atmospheric Moisture, Jianlin Chen

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article critically examines the design of property rights for emerging natural resources—naturally occurring substances that humans have only recently come to be able to exploit viably—through a case study of how the fifty states allocate ownership in, and regulate the use of, atmospheric moisture, an issue that has emerged in the context of weather modification (particularly cloud seeding). Building on the surprising finding that legislative declarations of state ownership have not resulted in greater regulatory control or other substantial restrictions on private use, this Article highlights a dimension of property rights design that has yet to receive concerted scholarly …


Singled Out, Michael Pappas Nov 2016

Singled Out, Michael Pappas

Maryland Law Review

David has been “singled out.” He is the only one in his neighborhood legally prohibited from building a house. In a town full of residences, his lot alone must remain vacant. This is unequal, but is it unconstitutional?

Courts have continually grappled with this sort of question, vigilantly defending against unfair and unjust singling out. So important is this concern that the Supreme Court has emphasized it as the heart of the Fifth Amendment takings jurisprudence, and an entire Equal Protection doctrine has emerged around it.

However, courts and scholars have yet to critically examine the concept of singling-out, and …


The Influence Of Exile, Sara K. Rankin Nov 2016

The Influence Of Exile, Sara K. Rankin

Maryland Law Review

Belonging is a fundamental human need, but human instincts are Janus-faced and equally strong is the drive to exclude. This exclusive impulse, which this Article calls “the influence of exile,” reaches beyond interpersonal dynamics when empowered groups use laws and policies to restrict marginalized groups’ access to public space. Jim Crow, Anti-Okie, and Sundown Town laws are among many notorious examples. But the influence of exile perseveres today: it has found a new incarnation in the stigmatization and spatial regulation of visible poverty, as laws that criminalize and eject visibly poor people from public space proliferate across the nation. These …


Wills, Trusts, And Estates, J. William Gray Jr., Katherine E. Ramsey Nov 2016

Wills, Trusts, And Estates, J. William Gray Jr., Katherine E. Ramsey

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer Oct 2016

Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer

Seattle University Law Review

Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain, adverse …


Contract And Property Law—Fee-Shifting Statutes And Landlord-Tenant Law—A Call For The Repeal Of The English Rule "Loser Pays" System Regarding Contract Disputes And Its Effect On Low-Income Arkansas Tenants, Stephanie Mantell Oct 2016

Contract And Property Law—Fee-Shifting Statutes And Landlord-Tenant Law—A Call For The Repeal Of The English Rule "Loser Pays" System Regarding Contract Disputes And Its Effect On Low-Income Arkansas Tenants, Stephanie Mantell

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Study Of Implicit Takings, James E. Krier, Stewart E. Sterk Oct 2016

An Empirical Study Of Implicit Takings, James E. Krier, Stewart E. Sterk

William & Mary Law Review

Takings scholarship has long focused on the niceties of Supreme Court doctrine, while ignoring the operation of takings law “on the ground”—in the state and lower federal courts, which together decide the vast bulk of all takings cases. This study, based primarily on an empirical analysis of more than 2000 reported decisions over the period 1979 through 2012, attempts to fill that void.

This study establishes that the Supreme Court’s categorical rules govern almost no state takings cases, and that takings claims based on government regulation almost invariably fail. By contrast, when takings claims arise out of government action other …


The Doctrine Of Lost Modern Grant And Prescriptive Easements In Newfoundland, Greg French Oct 2016

The Doctrine Of Lost Modern Grant And Prescriptive Easements In Newfoundland, Greg French

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article examines the history and development of prescriptive easements in Newfoundland and Labrador and the legal standards required to find such an easement to exist. The article concludes that the appropriate inquiry is not merely an examination of the length of use, but also the nature and extent of use, and that rigid application of timelines should not apply.


Fixing A Broken Common Law -- Has The Property Law Of Easements And Covenants Been Reformed By A Restatement?, Ronald H. Rosenberg Oct 2016

Fixing A Broken Common Law -- Has The Property Law Of Easements And Covenants Been Reformed By A Restatement?, Ronald H. Rosenberg

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Anti-Social Behaviour, Expulsion From Condominium, And The Reconstruction Of Ownership, Douglas C. Harris Sep 2016

Anti-Social Behaviour, Expulsion From Condominium, And The Reconstruction Of Ownership, Douglas C. Harris

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

Statutory condominium regimes facilitate massive increases in the density of owners. The courts are responding to this spatial reorganization of ownership by reconstructing what it means to be the owner of an interest in land. This article analyzes the ten cases over eight years (from 2008 to 2015) in which Canadian courts grant eviction and sale orders against owners within condominium for anti-social behaviour. The expulsion orders are new. Until these cases, ownership within condominium in Canadian common law jurisdictions was thought to be as robust as ownership outside condominium such that owners could not be expelled from condominium for …


Shhh: Eighth Circuit Puts Conservationists Intervenor To Bed In Quiet Title Action In North Dakota Ex Rel. Stenehjem V. United States, Matthew K. Arnold Aug 2016

Shhh: Eighth Circuit Puts Conservationists Intervenor To Bed In Quiet Title Action In North Dakota Ex Rel. Stenehjem V. United States, Matthew K. Arnold

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Cartways—An Ancient Relic Disturbing Today's Rural Landscape?, Sarah R. Jewell Jul 2016

Cartways—An Ancient Relic Disturbing Today's Rural Landscape?, Sarah R. Jewell

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


This Land Is Not For Sale, Derrick Braaten Jul 2016

This Land Is Not For Sale, Derrick Braaten

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Big Fish, Small Sea: Big Companies In Small Towns, Christyne J. Vachon Jul 2016

Big Fish, Small Sea: Big Companies In Small Towns, Christyne J. Vachon

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Convention Providing A Uniform Law On The Form Of An International Will: Problems With State Probate Law, Jack N. Sibley Jun 2016

Convention Providing A Uniform Law On The Form Of An International Will: Problems With State Probate Law, Jack N. Sibley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Zoning Ordinances On Churches; Examination Of Jurors As To Religious Prejudice Jun 2016

The Effect Of Zoning Ordinances On Churches; Examination Of Jurors As To Religious Prejudice

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Emulsified Property, Jessica A. Shoemaker Jun 2016

Emulsified Property, Jessica A. Shoemaker

Pepperdine Law Review

The typical American Indian reservation is often described as a “checkerboard” of different real property ownership forms. Individual parcels of reservation land may be held in either a special federal Indian trust status or in fee, by either Indian or non-Indian owners. The general jurisdictional framework provides that federal and sometimes tribal law sets the rights and responsibilities of trust owners, while fee owners are subject to a peculiar mix of state and tribal law. Many scholars have analyzed the challenges created by this checkerboard pattern of property and jurisdiction. This Article, however, reveals an even more complicated issue that …


Proactive Natural Disaster Recovery And Resilience In The Northeast: Should Governments Exercise Buyout Programs And, If Necessary, Eminent Domain, To Prevent Disaster?, Stellina Napolitano Jun 2016

Proactive Natural Disaster Recovery And Resilience In The Northeast: Should Governments Exercise Buyout Programs And, If Necessary, Eminent Domain, To Prevent Disaster?, Stellina Napolitano

Pace Environmental Law Review

In light of the devastation left behind by the three most recent natural disasters in the northeast region—Hurricane Irene, Tropical Storm Lee, and Superstorm Sandy—local and state governments are now implementing “buyout programs” in order to protect the future of beachfront and flood-prone communities. These programs may not be a perfect solution, so, while positions differ on whether to pursue taking private properties by use of eminent domain, it may be a favorable option in order to attain the ultimate goal of safety and resilience against future disaster. Section II of this paper will analyze the background and impacts that …


Breaking Up Is Hard To Do: Developments In Partitioning Real And Personal Property In Marital, Business, And Personal Relationships In Florida Jurisprudence, Harry M. Hipler Jun 2016

Breaking Up Is Hard To Do: Developments In Partitioning Real And Personal Property In Marital, Business, And Personal Relationships In Florida Jurisprudence, Harry M. Hipler

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article focuses on partition of real and personal property in Florida in the 21st century. It discusses questions and issues about partitioning real and personal property, so that private lawyers who practice in a variety of areas can familiarize themselves with how partition proceedings work. Partition of real and personal property is not restricted to one area of the law. Instead, it relates to and bleeds over into a multitude of areas of the law making it necessary for all practitioners to be familiar with the area of partition. Partition is now provided in all 50 states, and Florida’s …


Brigham-Kanner Property Rights Conference Journal, Volume 5, William & Mary Law School Jun 2016

Brigham-Kanner Property Rights Conference Journal, Volume 5, William & Mary Law School

Brigham-Kanner Property Rights Journal

Property as a Form of Governance

October 1-2, 2015

Panel 1: Property as a Form of Governance

Panel 3: Of Pipelines, Drilling, & the Use of Eminent Domain

Panel 4: Property Rights in the Digital Age


Foiled By The Banks? How A Lender's Decision May Support Or Undermine A Jurisdiction's Environmental Policies That Promote Green Buildings, Darren A. Prum May 2016

Foiled By The Banks? How A Lender's Decision May Support Or Undermine A Jurisdiction's Environmental Policies That Promote Green Buildings, Darren A. Prum

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

A United Nations Environmental Programme report addressing climate change states that the built environment in both emerging and developed countries accounts for more than forty percent of global energy usage and at least one third of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. The report further asserts that the built environment offers an unsurpassed opportunity to supply cost effective, lasting, and meaningful reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In response to this call to action, state and local governments in the U.S. have turned to a variety of policies to ensure that real estate developments within their jurisdictions further green building objectives. However, …


Banks, Break-Ins, And Bad Actors In Mortgage Foreclosure, Christopher K. Odinet May 2016

Banks, Break-Ins, And Bad Actors In Mortgage Foreclosure, Christopher K. Odinet

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Micro-Housing In Seattle: A Case For Community Participation In Novel Land Use Decisions, Patrick Carter May 2016

Micro-Housing In Seattle: A Case For Community Participation In Novel Land Use Decisions, Patrick Carter

Seattle University Law Review

Rather than relying solely on the formal interpretations of government regulators invited by the structure of local zoning ordinances, the City of Seattle should adopt a process that invites community-based mediation and problem-solving when a significant shift in housing density is contemplated in a developer’s proposal. Greater resident participation in development projects allows the City of Seattle to better support those residents in their reliance interests arising from zoning ordinances while simultaneously furthering the policies that underpin urban zoning. This is especially true when such development projects raise the possibility of substantial impacts on the character of a community or …


Marx At The Gold Coast: Reflections On Teaching And The Confrontation With Ideology, Allan Ardill May 2016

Marx At The Gold Coast: Reflections On Teaching And The Confrontation With Ideology, Allan Ardill

Class, Race and Corporate Power

This article engages with Marx in Miami and the strategies and pedagogical experiences of teaching Marx and Marxism. It relates the experience of teaching Marxism in a compulsory law course at the Gold Coast, Australia. Marx rarely makes an appearance in law schools and this poses particular challenges when it is taught to politically conservative students. Therefore the article supplies a case for teaching Marx arguing why it is not just appropriate for lawyers but irresponsible to exclude it.


The Non-Uniform Commercial Code: The Creeping, Problematic Application Of Article 9 To Determine Outcomes In Foreclosure Cases, Morgan L. Weinstein May 2016

The Non-Uniform Commercial Code: The Creeping, Problematic Application Of Article 9 To Determine Outcomes In Foreclosure Cases, Morgan L. Weinstein

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “This article will discuss the operation of two portions of the Uniform Commercial Code (“U.C.C.”) on mortgage foreclosure law. Article 3 of the U.C.C. governs negotiable instruments, whereas Article 9 governs secured transactions. For decades, courts have utilized Article 3 to determine the rights of lenders and their assigns to enforce mortgage promissory notes and to foreclose mortgages thereon. However, certain jurisdictions do not utilize the U.C.C. in foreclosure cases, whereas other jurisdictions have recently begun to look to Article 9 instead. This article argues that the Uniform Commercial Code should receive more uniform application, with Article 3 as …


Reform Virginia's Civil Asset Forfeiture Laws To Remove The Profit Incentive And Curtail The Abuse Of Power, Rob Poggenklass May 2016

Reform Virginia's Civil Asset Forfeiture Laws To Remove The Profit Incentive And Curtail The Abuse Of Power, Rob Poggenklass

University of Richmond Law Review

Part I of this article will review the historical roots of civil asset

forfeiture law. Part II will provide a more modern history of these

laws and an overview of Virginia's current asset forfeiture

scheme. Part III will examine the criticism of Virginia's drugrelated

civil asset forfeiture laws and highlight due process concerns,

risk of abuse of power, and misallocation of priorities due

to the structure of these laws in Virginia. Finally, Part IV will

provide recommendations to reform Virginia's civil asset forfeiture

laws.


Prostitution Policy: Legalization, Decriminalization And The Nordic Model, Ane Mathieson, Easton Branam, Anya Noble Apr 2016

Prostitution Policy: Legalization, Decriminalization And The Nordic Model, Ane Mathieson, Easton Branam, Anya Noble

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.