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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 302

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Decline And Fall Of At&T: A Personal Recollection, Richard A. Posner Dec 2008

The Decline And Fall Of At&T: A Personal Recollection, Richard A. Posner

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

In his luncheon talk at the conference, presented here in slightly revised form, Judge Posner discusses his personal involvement with the events that led up the Justice Department's major antitrust suit against AT&T that culminated in the breakup of the telephone monopoly. The stages of his involvement included participation in the work of President Johnson's Task Force on Communications Policy, consulting for AT&T in the lawsuit itself, and his negative ...


An Oligopoly Analysis Of At&T'S Performance In The Wireline Long- Distance Markets After Divestiture, Paul W. Macavoy Dec 2008

An Oligopoly Analysis Of At&T'S Performance In The Wireline Long- Distance Markets After Divestiture, Paul W. Macavoy

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

The antitrust law books promise competition from breaking up the monopoly firm in a Sherman Act case remedy. Not in this case; the question is what "kind" of oligopoly.


The At&T Consent Decree: In Praise Of Interconnection Only, Richard A. Epstein Dec 2008

The At&T Consent Decree: In Praise Of Interconnection Only, Richard A. Epstein

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

This article examines the consequences of the Bell consent decree of 1982. In the short run, the decree sought to end the AT&T's Corporate domination of the telecommunications network. But it did so in an overambitious way that chose to break up the basic system into constituent parts even though the preferred remedy was a more modest initiative that would have opened the network up to interconnection by rival carriers. In charting ...


Leave Me Alone! The Delicate Balance Of Privacy And Commercial Speech In The Evolving Do-Not-Call Registry, Andrew L. Sullivant Dec 2008

Leave Me Alone! The Delicate Balance Of Privacy And Commercial Speech In The Evolving Do-Not-Call Registry, Andrew L. Sullivant

Federal Communications Law Journal

In 2004, the Tenth Circuit held that although the newly enacted do-not-call registry restricted commercial speech, the restriction was narrowly tailored and thus fell within the bounds of the Constitution. Since that decision, the Federal Trade Commission has amended the do-not-call registry to abolish the provision that required individuals to re-register every five years, and in 2008, Congress passed the amendment. This Note argues that the five-year reregistration requirement is a substantial factor in the registry's narrow tailoring. By removing the requirement, questions as to the restriction's constitutionality reemerge.


The Bell System Divestiture: Background, Implementation, And Outcome, Joseph H. Weber Dec 2008

The Bell System Divestiture: Background, Implementation, And Outcome, Joseph H. Weber

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

By 1982, the Bell System had operated an integrated telecommunications network connecting almost everyone in the United States for almost 100 years. That system had been designed and operated as a monopoly, but by the 1960s, new technologies were being developed which led to pressure to allow competitive entry. After many incremental changes, the Bell System divestiture--complete separation of long-distance service and manufacturing fiom local service provision-was finally adopted as a way of implementing ...


Systemic Compliance Complaints: Making Idea's Enforcement Provisions A Reality, Monica Costello Dec 2008

Systemic Compliance Complaints: Making Idea's Enforcement Provisions A Reality, Monica Costello

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Since the passage of what is now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA") in 1975, this country has recognized the importance of providing appropriate educational services to students with disabilities. When a school district fails to provide these services, an organization can file a compliance complaint with the state's designated education agency to investigate the violation. This Note uses California as a case study and argues that state education agencies should be required to investigate systemic violations, even when the names of affected students are not provided. To effectively protect the rights of students with disabilities ...


The Enduring Lessons Of The Breakup Of At&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective, Christopher S. Yoo Dec 2008

The Enduring Lessons Of The Breakup Of At&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective, Christopher S. Yoo

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.


Will Access Regulation Work?, Gerald R. Faulhaber Dec 2008

Will Access Regulation Work?, Gerald R. Faulhaber

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

The FCC is transitioning from a rate regulation regime to an access regime. A rate regulation regime gives all customers full access to network facilities (common carrier) at regulated rates-generally, rate base rate of return regulation. An access regime is one in which all competitors are given full access to incumbents' networks, with little or no retail rate regulation, thereby allowing competition (over incumbents' networks) to discipline the market. Is this a good idea ...


Toward A Unified Theory Of Access To Local Telephone Networks, Daniel F. Spulber, Christopher S. Yoo Dec 2008

Toward A Unified Theory Of Access To Local Telephone Networks, Daniel F. Spulber, Christopher S. Yoo

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

Over the past several decades, regulatory authorities have imposed an increasingly broad array of access requirements on local telephone providers. In so doing, policymakers typically applied previous approaches to access regulation without fully considering whether the regulatory justifications used in favor of those previous access requirements remained valid. They also allowed each access regime to be governed by a different pricing methodology and set access prices in a way that treated each network component ...


Did At&T Die In Vain? An Empirical Comparison Of At&T And Bell Canada, Eli M. Noam Dec 2008

Did At&T Die In Vain? An Empirical Comparison Of At&T And Bell Canada, Eli M. Noam

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

Did the Divestiture of AT&T achieve its purpose? It is helpful to turn to Canada, whose telecommunications industry and regulation were similar but which did not experience a divestiture. Since AT&T was split up in 1982-4, national telecom market concentration in the U.S. has bounced back to a national duopoly structure, with an HHI concentration index of 2,986, higher than for Canada's similar national duopoly with an HHI of ...


Essential Facilities And Trinko: Should Antitrust And Regulation Be Combined?, Timothy J. Brennan Dec 2008

Essential Facilities And Trinko: Should Antitrust And Regulation Be Combined?, Timothy J. Brennan

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

The Supreme Court's 2004 decision in Trinko represented a radical change from prior doctrine ensuring that antitrust laws applied in regulated industries. The change resulted from a failure to appreciate that regulation and antitrust can be complements. Regulation can boost the value of antitrust by creating incentives to refuse to deal in order to reap monopoly profit otherwise proscribed by regulation. Ironically, the essential facilities doctrine rejected by the Trinko court and the ...


Reexamining The Legacy Of Dual Regulation: Reforming Dual Merger Review By The Doj And The Fcc, Philip J. Weiser Dec 2008

Reexamining The Legacy Of Dual Regulation: Reforming Dual Merger Review By The Doj And The Fcc, Philip J. Weiser

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

A central challenge for competition policy merger review is to structure the analysis of merger remedies so that the antitrust agencies play an effective and central role, with regulatory agencies complementing-as opposed to overlapping or contradicting--their judgments. At present, the U.S. system sometimes veers towards a worst-case scenario where federal antitrust authorities-the FTC and DOJ-impose regulatory remedies that overlap with regulatory policy and regulatory agencies perform duplicative merger reviews and impose remedies unrelated ...


Are Regulators Forward-Looking? The Market Price Of Copper Versus The Regulated Price Of Mandatory Access To Unbundled Local Loops In Telecommunications Networks, Jerry A. Hausman, J. Gregory Sidak, Timothy J. Tardiff Dec 2008

Are Regulators Forward-Looking? The Market Price Of Copper Versus The Regulated Price Of Mandatory Access To Unbundled Local Loops In Telecommunications Networks, Jerry A. Hausman, J. Gregory Sidak, Timothy J. Tardiff

Federal Communications Law Journal

"The Enduring Lessons of the Breakup of AT&T: A Twenty-Five Year Retrospective."' Conference held at the University of Pennsylvania Law School on April 18-19, 2008.

Around the world, since 1996, regulators have mandated that incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) offer competitors access to their network at regulated prices that reflect forward-looking cost. Regulated prices for unbundled network elements are based on total element long-run incremental cost (TELRIC), which in turn is calculated using engineering models that estimate the costs of a hypothetical carrier employing the most efficient telecommunications technology currently available and the lowest cost network configuration, given the ...


"Fleeting Expletives" Are The Tip Of The Iceberg: Fallout From Exposing The Arbitrary And Capricious Nature Of Indecency Regulation, Dave E. Hutchinson Dec 2008

"Fleeting Expletives" Are The Tip Of The Iceberg: Fallout From Exposing The Arbitrary And Capricious Nature Of Indecency Regulation, Dave E. Hutchinson

Federal Communications Law Journal

On November 4, 2008, the Supreme Court heard arguments in FCC v. Fox Television Stations, which centers on whether or the FCC's policy allowing fleeting expletives to be found actionably indecent is arbitrary and capricious. The Second Circuit found that the fleeting expletives policy is arbitrary and capricious as a matter of administrative law. The Supreme Court decision will provide much needed guidance for what constitutes a reasoned basis in the indecency regime's contextual approach. This Note argues that--despite the FCC's recognition that time and context changes the meaning of language-the FCC's indecency regime is at ...


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


Helping Families Save Their Homes: The Role Of Bankruptcy Law: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 110th Cong., Nov. 19, 2008 (Statement Of Professor Adam Levitin, Geo. U. L. Center), Adam J. Levitin Nov 2008

Helping Families Save Their Homes: The Role Of Bankruptcy Law: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 110th Cong., Nov. 19, 2008 (Statement Of Professor Adam Levitin, Geo. U. L. Center), Adam J. Levitin

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Amici Curiae Members Of Congress In Support Of Respondents, Coeur Alaska, Inc. V. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council, Nos. 07-984 & 07-990 (U.S. Nov. 14, 2008), Kathryn A. Sabbeth, David C. Vladeck Nov 2008

Brief Of Amici Curiae Members Of Congress In Support Of Respondents, Coeur Alaska, Inc. V. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council, Nos. 07-984 & 07-990 (U.S. Nov. 14, 2008), Kathryn A. Sabbeth, David C. Vladeck

U.S. Supreme Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


2008 Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Public Safety Nov 2008

2008 Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Public Safety

California Assembly

MEMBERS:
Jose Solorio, Chair
Greg Aghazarian, Vice Chair
Joel Anderson
Hector De La Torre
Fiona Ma
Anthony Portantino

COMMITTEE STAFF:
Gregory Pagan, Chief Counsel
Kathleen Ragan, Counsel
Kimberly Horiuchi, Counsel
Nicole Hansen, Counsel
Gabriel Caswell, Counsel

Sue Highland, Committee Secretary
Toni J. Nakashima, Committee Secretary


2007-2008 Legislative Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Natural Resources Nov 2008

2007-2008 Legislative Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Natural Resources

California Assembly

Committee Members:
Loni Hancock, Chairman
Jean Fuller, Vice Chair
Greg Aghazarian
Julia Brownley
Felipe Fuentes
Rick Keene
John Laird
Lori Saldana
Lois Wolk

Committee Staff:
Lawrence Lingbloom, Chief Consultant
Dan Chia, Senior Consultant
Elizabeth MacMillan, Senior Consultant
Aurora Wallin, Committee Secretary


Administrative Law, John Paul Jones, Molly T. Geissenhainer Nov 2008

Administrative Law, John Paul Jones, Molly T. Geissenhainer

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Marshall V. Northern Virginia Transportation Authority: The Supreme Court Of Virginia Rules That Taxes Can Be Imposed By Elected Bodies Only, Patrick M. Mcsweeney, Wesley G. Russell Jr. Nov 2008

Marshall V. Northern Virginia Transportation Authority: The Supreme Court Of Virginia Rules That Taxes Can Be Imposed By Elected Bodies Only, Patrick M. Mcsweeney, Wesley G. Russell Jr.

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Labor And Employment Law, Anne Richardson Smith Nov 2008

Labor And Employment Law, Anne Richardson Smith

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Construction Law, D. Stan Barnhill Nov 2008

Construction Law, D. Stan Barnhill

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Wills, Trusts, And Estates, J. Rodney Johnson Nov 2008

Wills, Trusts, And Estates, J. Rodney Johnson

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Medical Malpractice Law, Kathleen M. Mccauley, William F. Demarest Iii Nov 2008

Medical Malpractice Law, Kathleen M. Mccauley, William F. Demarest Iii

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Real Estate Law, Richard W. Gregory, Lindsey Dobbs Chase Nov 2008

Real Estate Law, Richard W. Gregory, Lindsey Dobbs Chase

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taxation, Craig D. Bell Nov 2008

Taxation, Craig D. Bell

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Public Utility Law, Brian R. Greene, Katharine A. Hart Nov 2008

Public Utility Law, Brian R. Greene, Katharine A. Hart

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Railroad Law, Brent M. Timberlake Nov 2008

Railroad Law, Brent M. Timberlake

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Proposition 1a: Safe, Reliable High-Speed Passenger Train Bond Act., Christine Anne Elliott Nov 2008

Proposition 1a: Safe, Reliable High-Speed Passenger Train Bond Act., Christine Anne Elliott

California Initiative Review (CIR)

No abstract provided.