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Articles 1 - 30 of 918

Full-Text Articles in Law

Exploring The Relationship Between Drug And Alcohol Treatment Facilities And Violent And Property Crime: A Socioeconomic Contingent Relationship, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi Oct 2019

Exploring The Relationship Between Drug And Alcohol Treatment Facilities And Violent And Property Crime: A Socioeconomic Contingent Relationship, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi

Christopher Salvatore

Siting of drug and alcohol treatment facilities is often met with negative reactions because of the assumption that these facilities increase crime by attracting drug users (and possibly dealers) to an area. This assumption, however, rests on weak empirical footings that have not been subjected to strong empirical analyses. Using census block groups from Philadelphia, PA, it was found that the criminogenic impact of treatment facilities in and near a neighborhood on its violent and property crime rates may be contingent on the socioeconomic status (SES) of the neighborhood. Paying attention to both the density and proximity of facilities in …


Free Trade In Patented Goods: International Exhaustion For Patents, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec Sep 2019

Free Trade In Patented Goods: International Exhaustion For Patents, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Modern international trade law seeks to increase global welfare by lowering barriers to trade and encouraging international competition. This “free trade” approach, while originally applied to reduce tariffs on trade, has been extended to challenge non-tariff barriers, with modern trade agreements targeting telecommunication regulations, industrial and product safety standards, and intellectual property rules. Patent law, however, remains inconsistent with free-trade principles by allowing patent holders to subdivide the world market along national borders and to forbid trade in patented goods from one nation to another. This Article demonstrates that the doctrines thwarting free trade in patented goods are protectionist remnants …


The Hidden Cost Of Auto Bailouts, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

The Hidden Cost Of Auto Bailouts, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Non-Compete Legislation Is Getting Worse With Latest Revisions, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Non-Compete Legislation Is Getting Worse With Latest Revisions, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Markets As A Moral Foundation For Contract Law, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Markets As A Moral Foundation For Contract Law, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Doux Commerce, Religion, And The Limits Of Antidiscrimination Law, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Doux Commerce, Religion, And The Limits Of Antidiscrimination Law, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

Recent cases involving religious businesses owners who object to providing services for same-sex weddings and resulting lawsuits have generated a vigorous academic and popular debate. That debate centers in part on the proper role of religion in the market. This article develops three theories of the proper relationship between commerce and religion and applies them to these conflicts. The first approach would apply the norms of liberal democratic governments to market actors. The second approach posits that any market outcome is legitimate so long as it results from voluntary contracts. These approaches yield contradictory and indeterminate advice on the conflicts …


The Team Production Theory Of Corporate Law: A Critical Assessment, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

The Team Production Theory Of Corporate Law: A Critical Assessment, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Section 2 Enforcement And The Great Recession: Why Less (Enforcement) Might Mean More (Gdp), Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Section 2 Enforcement And The Great Recession: Why Less (Enforcement) Might Mean More (Gdp), Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

The Great Recession has provoked calls for more vigorous regulation in all sectors, including antitrust enforcement. After President Obama took office, the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice abandoned the Bush Administration’s standard of liability under section 2 of the Sherman Act, which forbids unlawful monopolization, as insufficiently interventionist. Based on the premise that similarly lax antitrust enforcement caused and deepened the Great Depression, the Obama Administration outlined a more intrusive and consumer-focused approach to section 2 enforcement as part of a larger national strategy to combat the “extreme” economic crisis the nation was then facing.

This Essay draws …


Reframing Antitrust In Light Of Scientific Revolution: Accounting For Transaction Costs In Rule Of Reason Analysis, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Reframing Antitrust In Light Of Scientific Revolution: Accounting For Transaction Costs In Rule Of Reason Analysis, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

This Article contends that modern rule of reason analysis, informed by workable competition’s partial equilibrium trade-off paradigm, is suitable for evaluating only a subset of agreements that may reduce transaction costs. The Article distinguishes between “technological” and “non-technological” transaction costs. Technological transaction costs entail the bargaining and information costs first emphasized by Ronald Coase, while non-technological transaction costs result from more fundamental departures from perfect competition, departures creating a risk of opportunism that accompanies relationship-specific investments. Modern law does accurately assess restraints that may reduce technological transaction costs—costs that are analogous to the sort of production costs recognized by the …


Property Rights And Intrabrand Restraints, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Property Rights And Intrabrand Restraints, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

Intrabrand restraints limit the discretion of one or more sellers-usually dealers-with respect to the disposition of a product sold under a single brand. While most scholars believe that such contracts can help assure optimal promotion of a manufacturer's products, there is disagreement about the exact manner in which such restraints accomplish this objective. Many scholars believe that such restraints themselves induce dealers to engage in promotional activities desired by the manufacturer. Others believe that such restraints merely serve as "performance bonds," which dealers will forfeit if they fail to follow the manufacturer's precise promotional instructions. Some scholars reject both approaches, …


Monopolization, Exclusion, And The Theory Of The Firm, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Monopolization, Exclusion, And The Theory Of The Firm, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Price Theory And Vertical Restraints: A Misunderstood Relation, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Price Theory And Vertical Restraints: A Misunderstood Relation, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

The Chicago School of antitrust analysis has exerted a strong influence over the law of vertical restraints in the past two decades, leading the Supreme Court to abandon much of its traditional hostility toward such agreements. Chicago's success has provoked a vigorous response from Populists, who support the traditional approach. Chicago, Populists claim, has improperly relied upon neoclassical price theory to inform the normative and descriptive assumptions that drive its analysis of trade restraints generally and of vertical restraints in particular. This reliance is misplaced, Populists assert, because the real world departs from that portrayed by price-theoretic models and, at …


Market Failure And Non-Standard Contracting: How The Ghost Of Perfect Competition Still Haunts Antitrust, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Market Failure And Non-Standard Contracting: How The Ghost Of Perfect Competition Still Haunts Antitrust, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Exclusive Dealing, The Theory Of The Firm, And Raising Rivals' Costs: Toward A New Synthesis, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Exclusive Dealing, The Theory Of The Firm, And Raising Rivals' Costs: Toward A New Synthesis, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Economic Theory, Trader Freedom And Consumer Welfare: State Oil Co. V. Khan And The Continuing Incoherence Of Antitrust Doctrine, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Economic Theory, Trader Freedom And Consumer Welfare: State Oil Co. V. Khan And The Continuing Incoherence Of Antitrust Doctrine, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Up Close And Personal With Delaware, Darian M. Ibrahim, Brian J. Broughman Sep 2019

Up Close And Personal With Delaware, Darian M. Ibrahim, Brian J. Broughman

Darian M. Ibrahim

No abstract provided.


Public Or Private Venture Capital?, Darian M. Ibrahim Sep 2019

Public Or Private Venture Capital?, Darian M. Ibrahim

Darian M. Ibrahim

No abstract provided.


Delaware’S Familiarity, Brian J. Broughman, Darian M. Ibrahim Sep 2019

Delaware’S Familiarity, Brian J. Broughman, Darian M. Ibrahim

Darian M. Ibrahim

No abstract provided.


The Economic Ambiguity (And Possible Irrelevance) Of Tax Transition Rules, Eric D. Chason Sep 2019

The Economic Ambiguity (And Possible Irrelevance) Of Tax Transition Rules, Eric D. Chason

Eric D. Chason

No abstract provided.


When Y2k Causes "Economic Loss" To "Other Property", Peter A. Alces, Aaron S. Book Sep 2019

When Y2k Causes "Economic Loss" To "Other Property", Peter A. Alces, Aaron S. Book

Peter A. Alces

No abstract provided.


Windfalls, Eric Kades Sep 2019

Windfalls, Eric Kades

Eric A. Kades

No abstract provided.


Foreword: Property Rights And Economic Development, Eric Kades Sep 2019

Foreword: Property Rights And Economic Development, Eric Kades

Eric A. Kades

No abstract provided.


Appropriations Redux: A Critical Look At The Fiscal Year 1988 Continuing Resolution, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Appropriations Redux: A Critical Look At The Fiscal Year 1988 Continuing Resolution, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Nonprofit Executive Compensation, Terri Lynn Helge, David M. Rosenberg Sep 2019

Nonprofit Executive Compensation, Terri Lynn Helge, David M. Rosenberg

Terri L. Helge

Excessive compensation paid to nonprofit executives and board members is one of the key issues concerning charitable organizations that garner the attention of the general public and Congress. Charitable organizations may pay reasonable compensation to their directors, executive officers and employees for their services without violating applicable federal tax law or state law. The determination of reasonable compensation depends on several factors – the budget of the organization being the most significant factor. Other factors include the number of employees of the organization, the particular sector of the charitable community served by the organization, the geographic location of the organization, …


The Effectiveness Of Measures To Increase Appellate Court Efficiency And Decision Output, Thomas B. Marvell, Carlisle E. Moody Sep 2019

The Effectiveness Of Measures To Increase Appellate Court Efficiency And Decision Output, Thomas B. Marvell, Carlisle E. Moody

Carlisle Moody

This Article will examine the effectiveness of measures commonly employed to increase appellate court productivity. Part I of the Article sets forth some common design problems and explains how the research technique employed in the present study avoids these problems by using a multiple time-series research design. Part II applies this design to state court data. Part II also describes the dependent variable, the number of appeals decided per judge, used in the regression analysis. Part III discusses the results of that analysis-the impact of each change listed above on judicial productivity. The Article, although not advocating the adoption of …


The Jekyll And Hyde Story Of International Trade: The Supreme Court In Phrma V. Walsh And The Trips Agreement, Srividhya Ragavan Sep 2019

The Jekyll And Hyde Story Of International Trade: The Supreme Court In Phrma V. Walsh And The Trips Agreement, Srividhya Ragavan

Srividhya Ragavan

No abstract provided.


What (If Anything) Can Economics Say About Equity?, Daniel A. Farber Aug 2019

What (If Anything) Can Economics Say About Equity?, Daniel A. Farber

Daniel A Farber

Does economics have anything to teach us about the meaning of fairness? The leading practitioners of law and economics disagree. Judge Richard Posner argues that economics is largely irrelevant to distributive issues. Posner maintains that the most useful economic measure of social welfare is cost-benefit analysis (which he calls wealth maximization). But, he observes, this economic measure "ratifies and perfects an essentially arbitrary distribution of wealth." Given an ethically acceptable initial assignment of wealth, rules based on economic efficiency may have some claim to be considered fair. On the critical issue of distributional equity, however, Posner apparently believes that economics …


Public Choice Revisited, Daniel A. Farber, Philip P. Frickey Aug 2019

Public Choice Revisited, Daniel A. Farber, Philip P. Frickey

Daniel A Farber

Although not the first book on public choice_ for a legal audience, Max Stearns's Public Choice and Public Law is the first full-scale textbook for law school use. An ambitious undertaking by a rising young scholar, the book provides law students with a comprehensive introduction to public choice. Public choice - essentially, the application of economic reasoning to political institutions - has become a significant aspect of public law scholarship. Indeed, in his Foreword, Saul Levmore hails public choice as "[t]he most exciting intellectual development in law schools in the last decade" (p. xi). Be that as it may, the …


Regulatory Review In Anti-Regulatory Times, Daniel A. Farber Aug 2019

Regulatory Review In Anti-Regulatory Times, Daniel A. Farber

Daniel A Farber

This article investigates the role of cost-benefit analysis during an antiregulatory period. The period since 2016 has seen several new developments, including the first vigorous use by Congress of its power to overturn recently issued regulations and the creation of novel deregulatory mechanisms layered on top of cost-benefit analysis. This period also contains important examples of sharply reversed CBAs, in which regulations that were said to have large net benefits under Obama are instead said to have net costs under Trump. The Trump Administration’s regulatory review initiatives focus heavily on costs, with limited attention to benefits. Case studies of three …


Money Norms, Julia Y. Lee Jul 2019

Money Norms, Julia Y. Lee

Julia Lee

Money norms present a fundamental contradiction. Norms embody the social sphere, a system of internalized values, unwritten rules, and shared expectations that informally govern human behavior. Money, on the other hand, evokes the economic sphere of markets, prices, and incentives. Existing legal scholarship keeps the two spheres distinct. Money is assumed to operate as a medium of exchange or as a tool for altering the payoffs of different actions. When used to make good behavior less costly and undesirable behavior more costly, money functions to incentivize, sanction, and deter. Although a rich literature on the expressive function of law exists, …