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Law Enforcement and Corrections

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 156

Full-Text Articles in Law

Penal Culture And Hyperincarceration: The Revival Of The Prison, Alex Steel, Chris Cunneen, David Brown, Eileen Baldry, Melanie Schwartz, Mark Brown Dec 2015

Penal Culture And Hyperincarceration: The Revival Of The Prison, Alex Steel, Chris Cunneen, David Brown, Eileen Baldry, Melanie Schwartz, Mark Brown

David C. Brown

What are the various forces influencing the role of the prison in late modern societies? What changes have there been in penality and use of the prison over the past 40 years that have led to the re-valorization of the prison? Using penal culture as a conceptual and theoretical vehicle, and Australia as a case study, this book analyses international developments in penality and imprisonment. Authored by some of Australia’s leading penal theorists, the book examines the historical and contemporary influences on the use of the prison, with analyses of colonialism, post colonialism, race, and what they term the ‘penal/colonial …


A Propósito De Un Elemento Esencial De La Defensa De La Competencia En Europa: Las Facultades De Investigación De La Comisión En Materia De Inspección (About An Essential Element Of The European Antitrust: Commission Investigation Faculties Of Inspection), Jesús Alfonso Soto Pineda Dec 2013

A Propósito De Un Elemento Esencial De La Defensa De La Competencia En Europa: Las Facultades De Investigación De La Comisión En Materia De Inspección (About An Essential Element Of The European Antitrust: Commission Investigation Faculties Of Inspection), Jesús Alfonso Soto Pineda

Jesús Alfonso Soto Pineda

En base a la prolongación de las facultades de investigación que le han sido proporcionadas a la Comisión Europea para combatir la existencia de acuerdos colusorios en el ámbito comunitario, el presente artículo expone las condiciones en las cuales el poder percibido con mayor sensibilidad desde el terreno empresarial, la inspección, debe ser puesto en marcha por la máxima autoridad comunitaria de competencia, analizando en detalle la contradicción natural que se presenta entre los objetivos propios de la inspección y dos postulados básicos relacionados con el derecho de defensa, como lo son el secreto profesional y el derecho a guardar …


A Good Name: Applying Regulatory Takings Analysis To Reputation Damage Caused By Criminal History, Jamila Jefferson-Jones Dec 2013

A Good Name: Applying Regulatory Takings Analysis To Reputation Damage Caused By Criminal History, Jamila Jefferson-Jones

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Wrong Kind Of Innocence: Why United States V. Begay Warrants The Extension Of "Actual Innocence" To Exclude Erroneous, Non-Capital Sentences, Greg Siepel Dec 2013

The Wrong Kind Of Innocence: Why United States V. Begay Warrants The Extension Of "Actual Innocence" To Exclude Erroneous, Non-Capital Sentences, Greg Siepel

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


"The Good Mother": Mothering, Feminism, And Incarceration, Deseriee A. Kennedy Nov 2013

"The Good Mother": Mothering, Feminism, And Incarceration, Deseriee A. Kennedy

Deseriee A. Kennedy

As the rates of incarceration continue to rise, women are increasingly subject to draconian criminal justice and child welfare policies that frequently result in the loss of their parental rights. The intersection of an increasingly carceral state and federally imposed time-lines for achieving permanency for children in state care has had a negative effect on women, their children, and their communities. Women, and their ability to parent, are more adversely affected by the intersection of these gender-neutral provisions because they are more likely than men to be the primary caretaker of their children. In addition, incarcerated women have higher rates …


Implementing The Prison Rape Elimination Act: A Toolkit For Jails, Brenda V. Smith, Dr. Gary Dennis, Susan W. Mccampbell, Michael S. Mccampbell, Elizabeth Price Layman, Caleb Asbridge, Rachel Bosley, Andie Moss, Jeff Shorba, Shaina Vanek, Jaime Yarussi, American Jail Association, National Institute Of Corrections' Large Jail Network, Nationa Sheriff's Association, American Correctional Association, Larry Cook, Dr. Robert Decomo, Jim Dennis, Nancy Deferrari, John Delaney, Timothy Fay, Diahann Frazier, David Gaspar, Quandara Grant, Dee Halley, Jamey Kessinger, Calvin King, Shawn Laughlin, Andrew Nunnally, Debra Oliver-Hammons, Steven Pizzala, Lisa Plowman, Gayle Ray, Larry Reynolds, Gwyn Smith-Ingley, Chris Sweney, Wynnie Testamark-Samuels, Janie Vergakis, Gregory Winston, Berry Zeeman Nov 2013

Implementing The Prison Rape Elimination Act: A Toolkit For Jails, Brenda V. Smith, Dr. Gary Dennis, Susan W. Mccampbell, Michael S. Mccampbell, Elizabeth Price Layman, Caleb Asbridge, Rachel Bosley, Andie Moss, Jeff Shorba, Shaina Vanek, Jaime Yarussi, American Jail Association, National Institute Of Corrections' Large Jail Network, Nationa Sheriff's Association, American Correctional Association, Larry Cook, Dr. Robert Decomo, Jim Dennis, Nancy Deferrari, John Delaney, Timothy Fay, Diahann Frazier, David Gaspar, Quandara Grant, Dee Halley, Jamey Kessinger, Calvin King, Shawn Laughlin, Andrew Nunnally, Debra Oliver-Hammons, Steven Pizzala, Lisa Plowman, Gayle Ray, Larry Reynolds, Gwyn Smith-Ingley, Chris Sweney, Wynnie Testamark-Samuels, Janie Vergakis, Gregory Winston, Berry Zeeman

Presentations

Minor edits. “The goal of this Toolkit is to provide jails of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of inmates in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it occurs. Prison rape includes all forms of inmate sexual abuse within a correctional facility, including state and federal prisons, county and municipal jails, police lock-ups, holding facilities, inmate transportation vehicles, juvenile detention facilities, and community corrections facilities. Protecting arrestees, detainees, and inmates from sexual violence is part of a jail’s core mission. This toolkit will help …


Panelist, "A Trauma-Informed Approach To Girls: What It Is, Why Its Needed", Francine Sherman Nov 2013

Panelist, "A Trauma-Informed Approach To Girls: What It Is, Why Its Needed", Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


Retribution And The Secondary Aims Of Punishment, Gerard V. Bradley Nov 2013

Retribution And The Secondary Aims Of Punishment, Gerard V. Bradley

Gerard V. Bradley

Punishing criminals involves more than visiting unwelcome experiences–the rack, the gallows, confinement, sitting in a corner–upon them. Privations such as these constitute the behavioral substratum, the raw material of punishment. But behaviors such as confinement become the acts that they are, including acts of punishment by confinement, according to the justifying aim(s) which suffuse(s) the behavior. For behaviors such as confinement are ambiguous; limiting another's freedom of movement may be constitutive of a number of different human acts, including quarantine, kidnapping, institutionalization, and imprisonment for crime. Same behavior, different acts. Each of the ends of punishment shapes privations imposed upon …


Restoring Lost Connections: Land Use, Policing, And Urban Vitality, Nicole Stelle Garnett Nov 2013

Restoring Lost Connections: Land Use, Policing, And Urban Vitality, Nicole Stelle Garnett

Nicole Stelle Garnett

No abstract provided.


The Order-Maintenance Agenda As Land Use Policy, Nicole Stelle Garnett Nov 2013

The Order-Maintenance Agenda As Land Use Policy, Nicole Stelle Garnett

Nicole Stelle Garnett

Debates about the broken windows hypothesis focus almost exclusively on whether the order-maintenance agenda represents wise criminal law policy — specifically on whether, when, and at what cost, order-maintenance policing techniques reduce serious crime. These questions are important, but incomplete. This Essay, which was solicited for a symposium on urban-development policy, considers potential benefits of order-maintenance policies other than crime-reduction, especially reducing the fear of crime. The Broken Windows essay itself urged that attention to disorder was important not just because disorder was a precursor to more serious crime, but also because disorder undermined residents’ sense of security. The later …


Law Enforcement And The Separation Of Powers, Gerard V. Bradley Oct 2013

Law Enforcement And The Separation Of Powers, Gerard V. Bradley

Gerard V. Bradley

No abstract provided.


Reflections On The Manifold Means Of Enforcing The Antitrust Laws: Too Much, Too Little, Or Just Right?, Joseph P. Bauer Oct 2013

Reflections On The Manifold Means Of Enforcing The Antitrust Laws: Too Much, Too Little, Or Just Right?, Joseph P. Bauer

Joseph P. Bauer

Lately, much attention has been given to the scope of the antitrust laws. This discussion has two overlapping components: (1) consideration of the substantive doctrines specifying the behavioral or structural changes that are or are not unlawful and the appropriate methodology; and (2) analysis for making those determinations with attention given to the appropriate vehicles for enforcing the antitrust laws. Some argue that the antitrust laws proscribe activities that are either pro-competitive or at worst benign. Further, they assert that the multiplicity of antitrust enforcers and enforcement devices has resulted in undue burdens, including excessive cost, time delay, and forestalling …


New Paths For The Court: Protections Afforded Juveniles Under Miranda; Effective Assistance Of Counsel; And Habeas Corpus Decisions Of The Supreme Court’S 2010/2011 Term, Richard Klein Oct 2013

New Paths For The Court: Protections Afforded Juveniles Under Miranda; Effective Assistance Of Counsel; And Habeas Corpus Decisions Of The Supreme Court’S 2010/2011 Term, Richard Klein

Richard Daniel Klein

No abstract provided.


A Plausible Future: Some State Courts Embrace Heightened Pleading After Twombly And Iqbal, Joseph W. Owen Oct 2013

A Plausible Future: Some State Courts Embrace Heightened Pleading After Twombly And Iqbal, Joseph W. Owen

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Blurred Lines: State V. Griffin And The Resulting Uncertainty In North Carolina Courts Regarding The Constitutional Analysis Of Traffic Checkpoints, Michelle M. Weiner Oct 2013

Blurred Lines: State V. Griffin And The Resulting Uncertainty In North Carolina Courts Regarding The Constitutional Analysis Of Traffic Checkpoints, Michelle M. Weiner

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


S.H.O.T. Db (Statistics Help Officer Tactics) – Officer-Involved Shootings Database, Hasan Arslan Oct 2013

S.H.O.T. Db (Statistics Help Officer Tactics) – Officer-Involved Shootings Database, Hasan Arslan

Cornerstone 3 Reports : Interdisciplinary Informatics

No abstract provided.


Beyond Finality: How Making Criminal Judgments Less Final Can Further The Interests Of Finality, Andrew Chongseh Kim Oct 2013

Beyond Finality: How Making Criminal Judgments Less Final Can Further The Interests Of Finality, Andrew Chongseh Kim

Andrew Chongseh Kim

Courts and scholars commonly assume that granting convicted defendants more liberal rights to challenge their judgments would harm society’s interests in “finality.” According to conventional wisdom, finality in criminal judgments is necessary to conserve resources, encourage efficient behavior by defense counsel, and deter crime. Thus, under the common analysis, the extent to which convicted defendants should be allowed to challenge their judgments depends on how much society is willing to sacrifice to validate defendants’ rights. This Article argues that expanding defendants’ rights on post-conviction review does not always harm these interests. Rather, more liberal review can often conserve state resources, …


Informal Collateral Consequences, Wayne A. Logan Oct 2013

Informal Collateral Consequences, Wayne A. Logan

Washington Law Review

After a thirty-year punitive binge, the nation is in the process of awakening to the vast array of negative effects flowing from its draconian crime control policies. The shift is perhaps most evident in the realm of corrections, which since the early 1980s has experienced unprecedented population growth. Driven by a number of factors, not the least of which is the enormous human and financial cost of mass incarceration, policy makers are now shrinking prison and jail populations and pursuing cheaper non-brick-and-mortar social control options. This Essay examines another facet of the shift: increasing concern over collateral consequences, the many …


Conflicting Federal And State Medical Marijuana Policies: A Threat To Cooperative Federalism, Todd Grabarsky Sep 2013

Conflicting Federal And State Medical Marijuana Policies: A Threat To Cooperative Federalism, Todd Grabarsky

West Virginia Law Review

The legal status of medical marijuana in the United States is something of a paradox. On one hand, the federal government has placed a ban on the drug with no exceptions. On the other hand, forty percent of states have legal- ized its cultivation, distribution, and consumption for medical purposes. As such, medical marijuana activity is at the same time proscribed (by the federal government) and encouraged (by state governments through their systems of regulation and taxation). This Article seeks to shed light on this unprecedented, nebulous zone of legality in which an activity is both legal and illegal, what …


The Legitimacy Of Crimmigration Law, Juliet P. Stumpf Aug 2013

The Legitimacy Of Crimmigration Law, Juliet P. Stumpf

Juliet P Stumpf

Crimmigration law—the intersection of immigration and criminal law—with its emphasis on immigration enforcement, has been hailed as the lynchpin for successful political compromise on immigration reform. Yet crimmigration law’s unprecedented approach to interior immigration and criminal law enforcement threatens to undermine public belief in the fairness of immigration law. This Article uses pioneering social science research to explore people’s perceptions of the legitimacy of crimmigration law. According to Tom Tyler and other compliance scholars, perceptions about procedural justice—whether people perceive authorities as acting fairly—are often more important than a favorable outcome such as winning the case or avoiding arrest. Legal …


An Anachronism Too Discordant To Be Suffered: A Comparative Study Of Parliamentary And Presidential Approaches To Regulation Of The Death Penalty, Derek R. Verhagen Aug 2013

An Anachronism Too Discordant To Be Suffered: A Comparative Study Of Parliamentary And Presidential Approaches To Regulation Of The Death Penalty, Derek R. Verhagen

Derek R VerHagen

It is well-documented that the United States remains the only western democracy to retain the death penalty and finds itself ranked among the world's leading human rights violators in executions per year. However, prior to the Gregg v. Georgia decision in 1976, ending America's first and only moratorium on capital punishment, the U.S. was well in line with the rest of the civilized world in its approach to the death penalty. This Note argues that America's return to the death penalty is based primarily on the differences between classic parliamentary approaches to regulation and that of the American presidential system. …


Marginal Deterrence In The Enforcement Of Law: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attack, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung-Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang Aug 2013

Marginal Deterrence In The Enforcement Of Law: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attack, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung-Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

By studying a panel dataset of distributed denial of service attack across 240 countriesover 5 years, we find that enforcing the Convention on Cybercrime had increasedthe intensity of attack by 43 to 52 percent. It did not significantly reducethe chance for a country to be selected for the attack. We conducted a batteryof identification and falsification tests to show that such increased attack intensityarose because of failure in marginal deterrence, instead of other theories such asbrutalization, stigmatization, or defiance, or general forms of endogeneity. We showthat raising the standard of proof of conviction is one way to facilitate marginaldeterrence, but …


Testing Orthodox Utilitarian And Extrajudical Determinants Of Incarceration In The U.S. At The State-Level, 1980-2005, Pavel V. Vasiliev Aug 2013

Testing Orthodox Utilitarian And Extrajudical Determinants Of Incarceration In The U.S. At The State-Level, 1980-2005, Pavel V. Vasiliev

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This project is a theory-driven secondary data analysis of state-level incarceration trends in the U.S. between 1980 and 2005. I replicate and advance Smith's (2004) study of the relationship between the socioeconomic, demographic, political, electoral, and criminal justice factors and incarceration rates at the state level. The purpose of this project is to determine the empirical validity of the major explanations of the incarceration trends in the U.S. I advance Smith's (2004) study using important novel elements. First, I extend the scrutinized historic period by a decade by compiling time-series data for 1980-2005. Second, I employ a more sophisticated analytic …


First Amendment Rights For Publishers And The Distribution Of Unsolicited Magazines To Inmates, Samantha Halpern Jul 2013

First Amendment Rights For Publishers And The Distribution Of Unsolicited Magazines To Inmates, Samantha Halpern

Pace Law Review

This Article discusses whether inmates have a First Amendment interest in receiving unsolicited publications, and whether a publisher has a First Amendment interest in distributing unsolicited publications. Part II will discuss the history of prisoners’ First Amendment rights, specifically in relation to publications and communications, and how the standard for First Amendment violations of prisoner rights has evolved over time. Part III will focus on the Supreme Court case Turner v. Safley and how the test articulated in Turner applied to cases that followed. Part IV will address whether the Turner standard was the appropriate test to apply to whether …


Learning From Our Mistakes: Practical Solutions For Reducing The Rate Of Incarceration In Louisiana, Kara Larson Jul 2013

Learning From Our Mistakes: Practical Solutions For Reducing The Rate Of Incarceration In Louisiana, Kara Larson

Kara Larson

This article examines the causes of the high rate of incarceration in Louisiana and focuses on the societal and economic effects of such a rate. It then analyzes recent steps taken by the Louisiana legislature to address the rate of incarceration. Finally, the article concludes by offering suggestions to reduce the rate further while combating recidivism.


Survey Of Washington Search And Seizure Law: 2013 Update, Justice Charles W. Johnson, Justice Debra L. Stephens Jul 2013

Survey Of Washington Search And Seizure Law: 2013 Update, Justice Charles W. Johnson, Justice Debra L. Stephens

Seattle University Law Review

This survey is intended to serve as a resource to which Washington lawyers, judges, law enforcement officers, and others can turn as an authoritative starting point for researching Washington search and seizure law. In order to be useful as a research tool, this Survey requires periodic updates to address new cases interpreting the Washington constitution and the U.S. Constitution and to reflect the current state of the law. Many of these cases involve the Washington State Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Washington constitution. Also, as the U.S. Supreme Court has continued to examine Fourth Amendment search and seizure jurisprudence, its …


La Doctrina Y La Evaluación De Tendencias En La Aplicación De La Normativa "Antitrust" (Doctrine And Evaluation Of Trends In Antitrust Law Enforcement), Jesús A. Soto Jul 2013

La Doctrina Y La Evaluación De Tendencias En La Aplicación De La Normativa "Antitrust" (Doctrine And Evaluation Of Trends In Antitrust Law Enforcement), Jesús A. Soto

Jesús Alfonso Soto Pineda

El presente texto expone de forma unificada, los argumentos recurrentes que han sido elegidos por parte de la doctrina interesada en estructurar un enforcement efectivo de las normas antitrust comunitarias, para delimitar las bondades e inconvenientes que perciben en las dos vías de aplicación de las normas de libre competencia en la Unión Europea. Delimitando igualmente la defensa de un enforcement colectivo que compenetre el nivel de disuasión de ambos prototipos, favorezca la unificación de las determinaciones que les ponen en marcha y acople correctamente las diversas vicisitudes a las que se deben hacer frente en el tránsito de cada …


What Are The Key Competencies, Qualities, And Attributes Of The African American Municipal Police Chief?, Patrick Oliver Jul 2013

What Are The Key Competencies, Qualities, And Attributes Of The African American Municipal Police Chief?, Patrick Oliver

Faculty Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to identify and understand the dimensions of leadership of those African Americans, who are effective as the chief executive officer (CEO) of a municipal law enforcement agency, and thereby to educate and inform both those aspiring to be police chiefs and those presently serving as police chiefs, particularly African Americans. Four content areas were examined to gain a better understanding of the research question: (1) Police executive leadership literature; (2) African American leadership; (3) The trait theory of leadership; (4) emotional intelligence. Study participants were all African American police chiefs with the expertise and …


Taking Mistakes Seriously, Paul J. Larkin Jr. Jul 2013

Taking Mistakes Seriously, Paul J. Larkin Jr.

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law

Part I of this article discusses the principle that mistake or ignorance of the law is no excuse. It is settled law that no one can defend against a criminal charge on the grounds that he did not intend to flout the law and, at worst, made only a reasonable, honest mistake as to what he was free to do. Part II examines several areas in which the law does precisely the opposite by repeatedly manifesting a willingness to forgive reasonable mistakes by one or more actors in the criminal justice system. Part III then asks whether the developments discussed …


Justice For Girls: Are We Making Progress?, Francine Sherman Jun 2013

Justice For Girls: Are We Making Progress?, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

Social expectations that girls behave obediently, modestly, and cautiously result in the detention and incarceration of girls who fight back at home or in intimate relationships and who are victims of sexual exploitation. The structural discrimination that supports detaining and incarcerating girls for violating these norms is both hard to see and hard to challenge. It is often hidden behind outward good will toward girls and legitimate expressions of concern for their vulnerability and possible victimization; and it is facilitated by the many opportunities for multifactored, "best interests" -based discretionary decisions built into the juvenile justice and child welfare systems. …