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Constitutional Law - Courts-Martial - Power Of Congress To Provide For Military Jurisdiction Over Civilian Dependents, Gerald M. Smith Dec 1957

Constitutional Law - Courts-Martial - Power Of Congress To Provide For Military Jurisdiction Over Civilian Dependents, Gerald M. Smith

Michigan Law Review

Defendants, civilian wives of servicemen living overseas, were tried and convicted of murder by military court-martial under article 118 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Their trials took place in the countries where they were living with their husbands. Defendants brought petitions for a writ of habeas corpus challenging the constitutionality of article 2(11) of the Uniform Code authorizing their trials by court-martial. Initially the United States Supreme Court rejected this contention. On rehearing, held, reversed, two justices dissenting. The guarantee of the right to jury trial contained in article 3, section 2, and the guarantees of the ...


Federal Procedure - Mandamus - Power Of Courts Of Appeal, Jerome K. Walsh, Jr. S.Ed. Nov 1957

Federal Procedure - Mandamus - Power Of Courts Of Appeal, Jerome K. Walsh, Jr. S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

In two related antitrust actions instituted in the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, an order was entered under rule 53(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure referring the cases to a master for trial because of the "extremely congested calendar" then facing the court. All parties to the· action moved to vacate the order and these motions were denied by the district judge. After appearing before the master to object to the reference, the defendants petitioned the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit praying that a writ of mandamus issue to compel the district ...


Labor Law - National Labor Relations Board - Effect Of The Nlrb's Refusal To Take Jurisdiction, Joseph O. Sullivan, John C. Dowd S.Ed. Nov 1957

Labor Law - National Labor Relations Board - Effect Of The Nlrb's Refusal To Take Jurisdiction, Joseph O. Sullivan, John C. Dowd S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Appellant corporation was charged by the United Steelworkers of America with unfair labor practices in violation of sections 8(a)(1), (3) and (5) of the National Labor Relations Act. Although appellant's business affected commerce within the meaning of the act, the acting regional director of the NLRB declined to issue a complaint because the company's volume of business did not meet the Board's revised minimum "jurisdictional" standards. The union then filed substantially the same charges with the Utah Labor Relations Board. The Utah Board's determination that it had jurisdiction was affirmed by the Utah Supreme ...


Conflict Of Laws -- 1957 Tennessee Survey, John W. Wade Aug 1957

Conflict Of Laws -- 1957 Tennessee Survey, John W. Wade

Vanderbilt Law Review

Martin v. Martin' involved a bill in equity by a wife to set aside a divorce decree as fraudulently obtained by the husband. The parties had been domiciled in Pennsylvania. While in Tennessee as a member of the armed forces the husband obtained the divorce in the state. He was subsequently transferred outside the United States. Complainant's bill to set the decree aside for fraud was sustained by the chancellor, defendant being served by publication. Defendant then made a special appearance to contest the jurisdiction of the court and appealed from an adverse ruling.

The Supreme Court held that ...


Equity -- 1957 Tennessee Survey, Thomas F. Green Jr. Aug 1957

Equity -- 1957 Tennessee Survey, Thomas F. Green Jr.

Vanderbilt Law Review

JURISDICTION:

Among what is said' to be the largest number of public laws ever passed by a Tennessee Legislature, the General Assembly passed an act which creates a statutory exception to the doctrine that equity will not enjoin the commission of a crime unless the conduct comes within some recognized head of equity jurisdiction.

EQUITABLE REMEDIES:

Hall v. Briton was a suit in the chancery court to enjoin defendants, who were complainant's former employees, from selling a product produced with the aid of complainant's trade secret.

CONTEMPT:

One of the peculiarities of equity is that its decrees frequently ...


Criminal Jurisdiction Of A State Over Fugitives Brought From A Foreign Country By Force Or Fraud: A Comparative Study, Manuel R. Garcia-Mora Jul 1957

Criminal Jurisdiction Of A State Over Fugitives Brought From A Foreign Country By Force Or Fraud: A Comparative Study, Manuel R. Garcia-Mora

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law - Due Process - Jurisdiction Of A State Court Over A Foreign Corporation, Robert L. Knauss S.Ed. Jun 1957

Constitutional Law - Due Process - Jurisdiction Of A State Court Over A Foreign Corporation, Robert L. Knauss S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Peninsular Gas Company, a Michigan corporation, brought an action in Missouri against the plaintiff for breach of contract. A judgment was returned for plaintiff, and plaintiff immediately filed suit for malicious prosecution and served process on the president of the corporation who was in Missouri for the prior trial. On a motion to quash, held, sustained. Under the due process clause of the United States Constitution, the court had no right to assume jurisdiction. Defendant corporation was not doing business in Missouri, for bringing a prior lawsuit was a single isolated act and was not a part of its usual ...


Federal Procedure - Jurisdiction - Minimal Diversity Permitted By The Federal Interpleader Act Satisfies Constitutional Requirements, Robert J. Hoerner Jun 1957

Federal Procedure - Jurisdiction - Minimal Diversity Permitted By The Federal Interpleader Act Satisfies Constitutional Requirements, Robert J. Hoerner

Michigan Law Review

A disinterested Texas bank brought a federal interpleader action under 28 U.S.C. (1952) §1335 against a Texas widow and four joint claimants, three of whom were Texas citizens and the other a Tennessee citizen. On appeal from a summary judgment for the joint claimants, the widow argued that the court lacked jurisdiction. Held, affirmed. Congress intended that section 1335 should cover these "minimal" facts. The "complete diversity'' requirement of Strawbridge v. Curtiss is only a rule of statutory construction and not a constitutional requirement. Haynes v. Felder, (5th Cir. 1957) 239 F. (2d) 868.


Federal Jurisdiction - Securities And Exchange Commission - Application Of Rule X - 10b-5 To Transactions Involving Non-Securities, Richard Singer May 1957

Federal Jurisdiction - Securities And Exchange Commission - Application Of Rule X - 10b-5 To Transactions Involving Non-Securities, Richard Singer

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought an action for damages and the cancellation of certain instruments under section 10 (b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and rule X-10B-5 promulgated thereunder by the Securities and Exchange Commission. She proved a series of interrelated acts which took place over a period of months by which the defendants fraudulently deprived her of both securities and other property. The defendants objected to the jurisdiction of the district court on the ground that rule X-10B-5 was not applicable to transactions involving non-securities. The district court retained jurisdiction on the theory that all of the acts complained of ...


Administrative Law - Primary Administrative Jurisdiction - Construction And Reasonableness Of Tariff Classification, Michael Scott Apr 1957

Administrative Law - Primary Administrative Jurisdiction - Construction And Reasonableness Of Tariff Classification, Michael Scott

Michigan Law Review

Respondent railroads sued in the Court of Claims to recover from petitioner United States, as shipper, the difference between actual tariff payments and those allegedly due on shipments of aerial bomb cases containing napalm gel. Petitioner alternatively asserted that (1) since the bombs as shipped were non-explosive, respondent's advocated classification as "incendiary bombs" was inapplicable, or (2) if such classification were held to apply, then the rate was unreasonable, and preliminary resort to the Interstate Commerce Commission must be had for a determination of reasonableness. On certiorari from summary judgment for respondent, held, reversed. The commission has exclusive primary ...


Admirality - Jurisdiction - Action For Wrongful Death On The High Seas Limited To Admiralty, Robert Knauss S.Ed. Mar 1957

Admirality - Jurisdiction - Action For Wrongful Death On The High Seas Limited To Admiralty, Robert Knauss S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff as widow and administratrix seeks damages from the United States for the alleged wrongful death of her husband on the high seas. Action was brought at law under the Federal Tort Claims Act. Government's motion to dismiss was sustained. There is no common law cause of action for wrongful death on the high seas. The federal Death on the High Seas Act gives a remedy to the representative only "in Admiralty," and thus jurisdiction is lacking at law in the district court. Kunkel v. United States, (S.D. Cal. 1956) 140 F. Supp. 591.


Compulsory Joinder Of Parties In Civil Actions, John W. Reed Feb 1957

Compulsory Joinder Of Parties In Civil Actions, John W. Reed

Michigan Law Review

Compulsory joinder cases involving interests in land display one peculiar and important characteristic: there is almost never any need in the state courts to wrestle with the question of whether a person is indispensable as distinguished from necessary. One hastens to add that this attribute of land cases appears to have gone largely unnoticed, but it exists none the less. It arises out of the fact that in a suit involving real property it is never impossible for the court to obtain jurisdiction over all persons interested therein to an extent which will enable the court to adjudicate controversies over ...


Continuing Jurisdiction In Divorce Cases, Otto Miller Iii Jan 1957

Continuing Jurisdiction In Divorce Cases, Otto Miller Iii

Cleveland State Law Review

This paper discusses whether or not a divorce court, by granting a continuing order for support and/or alimony, thereby retains such jurisdiction over the person that it need only give notice by mail or publication before reducing an arrearage to a lump sum judgment which, under "due process" is entitled to full faith and credit in the courts of sister States. It is assumed that the court had jurisdiction over the person of the defendant at the time the order for support and/or alimony was originally granted.


Constitutional History Of Ohio Appellate Courts, Lee E. Skeel Jan 1957

Constitutional History Of Ohio Appellate Courts, Lee E. Skeel

Cleveland State Law Review

The right of appeal, using the word appeal in the broad sense now given it in the Appellate Procedure Act of Ohio, contemplates the removal of a case after judgment or final order, from a court of inferior jurisdiction to a court of higher jurisdiction, in the judicial process for retrial or review. Appeal, particularly on questions of law, is not the procedure intended to be depended on in the first instance to win a lawsuit. Appellate courts were provided in order to protect against trial court mistakes which result in substantial prejudice, or in the denial of justice to ...


Federal Civil Jurisdiction Of Military Justice, Chester B. Gynn Jr. Jan 1957

Federal Civil Jurisdiction Of Military Justice, Chester B. Gynn Jr.

Cleveland State Law Review

Control exercised by the federal civil courts over courts-martial differs from that found in other types of cases involving the relation of federal and state courts. The federal civil courts are constitutional courts; the military courts are administrative courts established by Congress and empowered by the Constitution; while state courts receive their power from entirely different sovereigns. Thus, to determine the powers of review which federal civil courts have over courts-martial, reference must be made almost exclusively to cases involving courts-martial.


Compulsory Joinder Of Parties In Civil Actions, John W. Reed Jan 1957

Compulsory Joinder Of Parties In Civil Actions, John W. Reed

Articles

The plaintiff in a civil cause ordinarily is permitted to select the persons with whom he will litigate. The initial designation of parties to an action is made by the plaintiff, and if he chooses to sue B and not A,' that is ordinarily of no concern to B or to A or to the court. So also where the plaintiff without A as co-plaintiff sues B. Not always, however, is the plaintiff permitted unfettered choice in naming the parties to his lawsuit. On the one hand there are persons whose relationship to the situation in litigation is outside the ...


Admiralty - Jurisdiction - Quasi -Contractual Remedy, Ross Kipka S.Ed. Jan 1957

Admiralty - Jurisdiction - Quasi -Contractual Remedy, Ross Kipka S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Petitioners paid money to respondent for prospective passage to Europe on his passenger vessel held out as a common carrier. When respondent failed to make the voyage or return the passage money, petitioners sued in admiralty for breach of contract. The libel was in the nature of indebitatus assumpsit for moneys had and received and wrongfully withheld by respondent. The district court held this an action based upon the breach of a maritime contract and therefore within the admiralty jurisdiction. The court of appeals reversed, on the ground that the action was in the nature of the common law indebitatus ...


Trusts - Jurisdiction - Trustee And Trust Assets Outside Jurisdiction Of Forum, Richard J. Riordan Jan 1957

Trusts - Jurisdiction - Trustee And Trust Assets Outside Jurisdiction Of Forum, Richard J. Riordan

Michigan Law Review

The purpose of this comment is to examine these rationales and determine their validity--first as to testamentary trusts and then as to inter vivos trusts.


Due Process Objection To Jurisdiction Over Foreign Corporations Not "Doing Business" Within The State - Erlanger Mills, Inc. V. Cohoes Fiber Mills, Inc., Gilbert Rosenthal Jan 1957

Due Process Objection To Jurisdiction Over Foreign Corporations Not "Doing Business" Within The State - Erlanger Mills, Inc. V. Cohoes Fiber Mills, Inc., Gilbert Rosenthal

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.