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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Law

Ip And Antitrust Policy: A Brief Historical Overview, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2005

Ip And Antitrust Policy: A Brief Historical Overview, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The history of IP/antitrust litigation is filled with exaggerated notions of the power conferred by IP rights and imagined threats to competition. The result is that antitrust litigation involving IP practices has seen problems where none existed. To be sure, finding the right balance between maintaining competition and creating incentives to innovate is no easy task. However, the judge in an IP/antitrust case almost never needs to do the balancing, most of which is done in the language of the IP provisions. The role of antitrust tribunals is the much more limited one of ensuring that any alleged ...


Authorized Generics: Careful Balance Undone, Beth Understahl Oct 2005

Authorized Generics: Careful Balance Undone, Beth Understahl

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Unilateral Refusals To License In The U.S., Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Mark D. Janis, Mark A. Lemley Jun 2005

Unilateral Refusals To License In The U.S., Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Mark D. Janis, Mark A. Lemley

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Most antitrust claims relating to intellectual property involve challenges to agreements, licensing practices or affirmative conduct involving the use or disposition of the intellectual property rights or the products they cover. But sometimes an antitrust claim centers on an intellectual property owner's refusal to use or license an intellectual property right, perhaps coupled with efforts to enforce the intellectual property right against infringers. The allegation may be that the intellectual property right is so essential to competition that it must be licensed across the board, or that a refusal to license it to one particular party was discriminatory, or ...


Patent Fences And Constitutional Fence Posts: Property Barriers To Pharmaceutical Importation, Daniel R. Cahoy Mar 2005

Patent Fences And Constitutional Fence Posts: Property Barriers To Pharmaceutical Importation, Daniel R. Cahoy

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Patent Fences And Constitutional Fence Posts: Property Barriers To Pharmaceutical Importation, Daniel R. Cahoy Mar 2005

Patent Fences And Constitutional Fence Posts: Property Barriers To Pharmaceutical Importation, Daniel R. Cahoy

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Patents, Essential Medicines, And The Innovation Game, David W. Opderbeck Mar 2005

Patents, Essential Medicines, And The Innovation Game, David W. Opderbeck

Vanderbilt Law Review

The once dusty arena of international patent law now hosts a life and death contest. Human rights activists claim patents restrict access to essential technologies in the developing world and skew research and development away from global health and welfare problems. Industrialized countries argue that innovation and development require strong patent protection. Both sides agree that much of the world lacks meaningful access to technologies that are basic to a healthy standard of living.

Current international patent rules strike an uneasy balance between these conflicting views about patents. The precarious nature of this balancing act is illustrated by the recent ...


Dispute Over The Meaning Of ‘Invention’ In Article 52(2) Epc: The Patentability Of Computer-Implemented Inventions In Europe, Justine Pila Jan 2005

Dispute Over The Meaning Of ‘Invention’ In Article 52(2) Epc: The Patentability Of Computer-Implemented Inventions In Europe, Justine Pila

Justine Pila

In 2002, the European Economic and Social Committee (ESC) described the doctrinal premise of the European Patent Office´s interpretation of Art. 52(2) of the European Patent Convention as "the product of legal casuistry". The purpose of the current article is to consider that description, and ask whether it is fair, or whether the EPO´s approach to Art. 52 is better ascribed to problems inherent in the EPC itself. Three issues are addressed to that end. The first is the object of the ESC´s criticism: Art. 52(2) and its interpretation by the EPO´s Boards of ...


Trademarks Or Copyrights: Which Intellectual Property Right Affords Its Owner The Greatest Protection Of Architectural Ingenuity?, Rashida Y.V. Macmurray Jan 2005

Trademarks Or Copyrights: Which Intellectual Property Right Affords Its Owner The Greatest Protection Of Architectural Ingenuity?, Rashida Y.V. Macmurray

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


The End Of Federalism In Telecommunication Regulations?, Douglas C. Sicker Jan 2005

The End Of Federalism In Telecommunication Regulations?, Douglas C. Sicker

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Defining The Limits Of The Eu Essential Facilities Doctrine On Intellectual Property Rights: The Primacy Of Securing Optimal Innovation, James Turney Jan 2005

Defining The Limits Of The Eu Essential Facilities Doctrine On Intellectual Property Rights: The Primacy Of Securing Optimal Innovation, James Turney

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Intellectual Property And Genetically Modified Seeds: The United States, Trade, And The Developing World, Haley Stein Jan 2005

Intellectual Property And Genetically Modified Seeds: The United States, Trade, And The Developing World, Haley Stein

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Ambush Marketing: The Off-Field Competition At The Olympic Games, Jason K. Schmitz Jan 2005

Ambush Marketing: The Off-Field Competition At The Olympic Games, Jason K. Schmitz

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Planting A Standard: Proposing A Broad Reading Of In Re Elsner, Alicia L. Frostick Jan 2005

Planting A Standard: Proposing A Broad Reading Of In Re Elsner, Alicia L. Frostick

Michigan Law Review

This Note will show that one can read Elsner broadly to encompass both plant-type and widget-type inventions, and that applying Elsner to both plants and widgets is within the current statutory framework and case law. Such a reading would change the § 102 bar for inventions patentable under § 10i29 (hereinafter referred to as "widgets") as well as for plants. Part I of this Note argues that congressional sources require a flexible test-one that does not prejudice any objects under the Patent Act. Part II discusses the judicial interpretation of the Patent Act prior to Elsner in order to argue first, that ...


Patents, Venture Capital, And Software Start-Ups, Ronald J. Mann, Thomas W. Sager Jan 2005

Patents, Venture Capital, And Software Start-Ups, Ronald J. Mann, Thomas W. Sager

Faculty Scholarship

This paper analyzes the relation between the patenting behavior of startup firms and the progress of those firms through the venture capital cycle. Linking data relating to venture capital financing of software startup firms with data concerning the patents obtained by those firms, we find significant and robust positive correlations between patenting and several variables measuring the firm's performance (including number of rounds, total investment, exit status, receipt of late stage financing, and longevity). The data also show that (1) only about one in four venture-backed software firms acquired even one patent during the period of the study; (2 ...


Do Patents Facilitate Financing In The Software Industry?, Ronald J. Mann Jan 2005

Do Patents Facilitate Financing In The Software Industry?, Ronald J. Mann

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is the first part of a wide-ranging study of the role of intellectual property in the software industry. Unlike previous papers that focus primarily on software patents – which generally are held by firms that are not software firms – this Article provides a thorough and contextually grounded description of the role that patents play in the software industry itself.

The bulk of the Article considers the pros and cons of patents in the software industry. The Article starts by emphasizing the difficulties that prerevenue startups face in obtaining any value from patents. Litigation to enforce patents is impractical for ...


The Commercialization Of Open Source Software: Do Property Rights Still Matter?, Ronald J. Mann Jan 2005

The Commercialization Of Open Source Software: Do Property Rights Still Matter?, Ronald J. Mann

Faculty Scholarship

A major shift toward open source software is underway as companies are more critically evaluating the cost effectiveness of their IT investments, seeing the benefits of collaborative development, and looking for ways to avoid vendor lock-in. At the same time, academics and industry visionaries are criticizing the use of a traditional appropriation mechanism for innovation – the patent – by bemoaning the decisions of U.S. and foreign governments to permit software patents, the rising numbers of patents on software-related innovations (the so-called arms race build-up), and the cost and frequency of patent litigation in the software industry. The critics generally have ...