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Human Rights Law

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 504

Full-Text Articles in Law

Some Remarks On Self-Defense And Intervention: A Reaction To Reading Law And Civil War In The Modern World, Josef Rohlik Dec 2016

Some Remarks On Self-Defense And Intervention: A Reaction To Reading Law And Civil War In The Modern World, Josef Rohlik

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Fighting Back Against Revenge Porn: A Legislative Solution, Alex Jacobs Dec 2016

Fighting Back Against Revenge Porn: A Legislative Solution, Alex Jacobs

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross Dec 2016

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate that …


Ending Discrimination: Positive Approaches For Government, Florence V. Lucas Dec 2016

Ending Discrimination: Positive Approaches For Government, Florence V. Lucas

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Not On The Menu, Kathryn Casteel, Zameena Mejia Dec 2016

Not On The Menu, Kathryn Casteel, Zameena Mejia

Capstones

The element of “unwelcomeness” and the burden of proof on the plaintiff to prove sexual conduct in the workplace is one of the flaws of Title VII that make it difficult to protect victims of sexual harassment. This is particularly true in restaurants where a sexual environment is often thought of as “part of the job.” Formal complaint systems, if available, in restaurants are often flawed, even though they can pose as an affirmative defense for the defendant if they are available and a victim does not file a complaint. In the cases examined, all involved an accused supervisor or …


Running For Ayotzinapa: A Father's Marathon To Find His Son, Gustavo Martínez Dec 2016

Running For Ayotzinapa: A Father's Marathon To Find His Son, Gustavo Martínez

Capstones

People find a world of reasons to run marathons: to fight cancer, to raise money for a charity, to fulfill a promise. But Antonio Tizapa runs for the reason that has dictated his every waking moment for more than two years: finding his son. The story is presented through a written piece and a video short documentary. It follows Tizapa through events and races in the New York City area.

http://intl-clarke.2016.journalism.cuny.edu/2016/12/30/running-for-ayotzinapa-a-fathers-marathon-to-find-his-missing-son/


Different Names For Bullying, Marco Poggio Dec 2016

Different Names For Bullying, Marco Poggio

Capstones

“There's all different forms of bullying,” says Steven Gray, a Lakota rancher and former law enforcement officer living in South Dakota. In this look into Gray’s life, we learn about two instances of bullying: the psychological and physical harassment that pushed his son, Tanner Thomas Gray, to commit suicide at age 12; And the controversial construction of an oil pipeline in an ancient tribal land that belongs to the Lakota people by rights of a treaty signed in 1851, which Gray sees as an institutional abuse infringing on the sovereignty of his people. Gray is involved in the movement that …


Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez Dec 2016

Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez

Master's Theses

According to US Customs and Border Protection, over 59 thousand unaccompanied minors from the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) have been detained at the US border, of those 59 thousand, 17 thousand are from El Salvador. El Salvador is home to some of the most dangerous and ruthless gangs of the twenty-first century. Their ruthlessness comes from 1980s guerrilla warfare experience. In addition, El Salvador serves as a transshipment point for illicit substances from South America into Mexico. These dynamics fuel the homicide rate of the region as local gang members must protect their territory by any means …


A Further Step Toward Protection Of Migration Family Rights, Dr. T. Stark Dec 2016

A Further Step Toward Protection Of Migration Family Rights, Dr. T. Stark

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim Mccormack Dec 2016

Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim Mccormack

International Law Studies

Why has the use of chemical weapons in Syria engendered such a substantive multilateral response in stark contrast to almost every other egregious international law violation perpetrated against the civilian population? Various theories have been offered but the explanation has little to do with humanitarian concerns for Syrian victims and is more readily explicable by unusual (in the Syrian context) alignment of U.S. and Russian national interests. Bashar al-Assad was convinced to accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention, to surrender his stockpiles of chemical weapons and to co-operate with international investigators deployed under UN Security Council auspices amid a cacophony …


Rethinking The Jurisdiction Of The National Industrial Court In Human Rights Enforcement In Nigeria: Lessons From South Africa, Abdullahi Saliu Ishola, Adekumbi Adeleye, Dauda Momodu Dec 2016

Rethinking The Jurisdiction Of The National Industrial Court In Human Rights Enforcement In Nigeria: Lessons From South Africa, Abdullahi Saliu Ishola, Adekumbi Adeleye, Dauda Momodu

The Transnational Human Rights Review

In 2009, the Fundamental Rights (Enforcement Procedure) Rules, 2009were introduced to improve administration of justice in human rights cases in Nigerian courts. The Rules established that all human rights cases could be filed in any High Court in the State where the violation occurred. Depending on the parties involved and the place of the violation, this gives wide opportunity for victims to file a case either at the Federal, State, or the Federal Capital Territory High Court. However, in 2011, the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria was altered and thereby vested with exclusive jurisdiction over human rights cases arising from …


The International Dimension Of The Right To Development: Where Is The Gapping Crack Of Accountability For Non-State Actors, Maxwel Miyawa Dec 2016

The International Dimension Of The Right To Development: Where Is The Gapping Crack Of Accountability For Non-State Actors, Maxwel Miyawa

The Transnational Human Rights Review

Mainstream legal scholarship has paid much attention to clarifying the meaning of the right to development by placing a great deal of scrutiny primarily on obligations of states to the neglect of non-state actors, as if states are the only integral players in the global economy necessary for realizing the right to development. This entrepreneurship steered clear of assessing viability of the right’s founding vision of redressing institutional imbalances and unfairness of the global economic order. If the discourse took a global order reform trajectory, it would have injected thoughts on how accountability of international economic institutions and transnational corporations …


Who Will Remember The Children? The International Human Rights Movement And Juvenile Justice In Africa, Faisal Bhabha, Cristina Candea Dec 2016

Who Will Remember The Children? The International Human Rights Movement And Juvenile Justice In Africa, Faisal Bhabha, Cristina Candea

The Transnational Human Rights Review

Our goal in this paper is two-fold: we seek to evaluate the development of juvenile justice in Africa by making use of a thorough and ethical method of analysis. We begin with a contextual explanation of the children’s rights movement as it has developed on the continent. We then reframe David Kennedy’s ten-item critique of the international human rights movement into three broad categories. Using these categories, we evaluate the development of juvenile justice in sub-Saharan Africa as it has arisen out of the children’s rights movement.


The Constitutionality Of Prison Privatization: An Analysis Of Prison Privatization In The United States And Israel, Stacey Jacovetti Dec 2016

The Constitutionality Of Prison Privatization: An Analysis Of Prison Privatization In The United States And Israel, Stacey Jacovetti

The Global Business Law Review

This note analyzes the constitutionality of the current state of prison privatization in the United States under the non-delegation doctrine and the due process clause. Furthermore, this note analyzes the Israeli Supreme Court's ruling holding prison privatization as unconstitutional under the Basic Law of the Right to Human Dignity and Liberty. Subsequently, an argument is made that the current authority for the utilization of private prisons in the United States is insufficient to establish the use of private prisons as constitutional. As such, this note argues that the overall scheme of privatization should provide for more detailed contracts--similar to those …


Gender Discrimination And Statelessness In The Gulf Cooperation Council States, Betsy L. Fisher Dec 2016

Gender Discrimination And Statelessness In The Gulf Cooperation Council States, Betsy L. Fisher

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

Using the Gulf Cooperation Council countries as a case study, this Article outlines the ways in which gender and birth status discrimination create new cases of statelessness. These occur when women are legally unable to convey their nationality to their children. This Article studies gender and birth status discrimination in nationality laws and in civil registration, family, and criminal law in each GCC state: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Ending statelessness will require these states to end discrimination against women and non-marital children in all of its forms in law and practice.


Dignity, Vol 1, Issue 1, 2016, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Nov 2016

Dignity, Vol 1, Issue 1, 2016, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Table of Contents, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2016, Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence.


N Dakota Pipeline Protest Is A Harbinger Of Many More, Lauren Carasik Nov 2016

N Dakota Pipeline Protest Is A Harbinger Of Many More, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Arbitrary Withholding Of Consent To Humanitarian Relief Operations In Armed Conflict, Dapo Akande, Emanuela-Chiara Gillard Nov 2016

Arbitrary Withholding Of Consent To Humanitarian Relief Operations In Armed Conflict, Dapo Akande, Emanuela-Chiara Gillard

International Law Studies

This article examines the requirement under international humanitarian law (IHL) that consent to humanitarian relief operations must not be arbitrarily withheld. It begins with a brief outline of the rules of IHL regulating humanitarian assistance in armed conflict. The article then considers the origin of the rule prohibiting arbitrary withholding of consent to humanitarian relief operations before proceeding to set out the circumstances when consent will be considered to have been withheld arbitrarily under international law. It proposes three tests for arbitrariness in this context, and also examines how international human rights regulates humanitarian assistance in armed conflict.


La “Marca Canadiense”: La Violencia Y Las Compañías Mineras Canadienses En América Latina, Shin Imai, Leah Gardner, Sarah Weinberger Nov 2016

La “Marca Canadiense”: La Violencia Y Las Compañías Mineras Canadienses En América Latina, Shin Imai, Leah Gardner, Sarah Weinberger

All Papers

Este informe, elaborado por el Proyecto Justicia y Responsabilidad Corporativa (JCAP, por sus siglas en inglés), es el primero que expone formas específicas de violencia y criminalización asociadas con los proyectos mineros canadienses en América Latina durante un período de quince años. La exposición de cada incidente se complementa con oportunas notas al pie, y todos los vínculos web mencionados se preservan con el uso del servicio Perma.cc de la Escuela de Derecho de Harvard. El informe critica la ausencia de mecanismos en Canadá para la investigación de cualquier presunta violación de los derechos humanos cometida por las compañías mineras …


Nuclear Weapons, Lethal Injection, And American Catholics: Faith Confronting American Civil Religion, Thomas L. Shaffer Nov 2016

Nuclear Weapons, Lethal Injection, And American Catholics: Faith Confronting American Civil Religion, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

But, still, honor is important among us. "He was an honorable man" is still a moving thing to say, at a (man's) funeral. The notion, and the liturgy that invokes the notion, show us believers that civil religion has a hold on us, and that we need a place where we can sit down together and think things out.2 6 This argument of mine needs to get beneath simple contrasts between biblical faith and civil religion. We believers need to reason together, plopped down as we are in the middle of the present. We believers include naval officers and lawyers …


Sex Workers And Human Rights: A Critical Analysis Of Laws Regarding Sex Work, Rachel Marshall Nov 2016

Sex Workers And Human Rights: A Critical Analysis Of Laws Regarding Sex Work, Rachel Marshall

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Technology Bias: What Google Teaches Us About Child Rights, Yvonne Vissing Ph.D, Sarah Burris M.A., Quixada Moore-Vissing Ph.D Nov 2016

The Technology Bias: What Google Teaches Us About Child Rights, Yvonne Vissing Ph.D, Sarah Burris M.A., Quixada Moore-Vissing Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

Technology both helps and hinders what we know about human rights. Use of Google is of central importance to both the Sociology of Knowledge and the creation of internet literacy. In this study, different search engines are compared regarding content of “child rights” in the fifty United States. Findings include: importance of algorithmic loading of sites; number of hits may not reflect the importance or accuracy of a topic; different search engines produce different findings; and personalized searches result in different results. Personalization of searches in accordance to one’s previous search history may result in people being given information that …


The Male Anti-Circumcision Movement: Ideology, Privilege, And Equity In Social Media, Amanda Kennedy Ph.D, Lauren M. Sardi Ph.D Nov 2016

The Male Anti-Circumcision Movement: Ideology, Privilege, And Equity In Social Media, Amanda Kennedy Ph.D, Lauren M. Sardi Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

Social media has become a primary way in which various social movements may attempt to gain traction within larger frames of cultural discourse (Obar, Zube, and Lampe 2012). However, not all movements that profess human rights and equality goals are truly egalitarian in their orientation. Many men’s movements are ostensibly about gender equality but fall short of their claims because they fail to come to terms with issues of privilege (Messner 1997, 1998). While the male anti-circumcision movement (sometimes referred to as the Intactivist movement) is less radically anti-feminist and has utilized social media to develop and maintain connections with …


Democracy, Education, And Free Speech: The Importance Of #Feesmustfall For Transnational Activism, Lindsey Peterson Ph.D, Kentse Radebe, Somya Mohanty Ph.D Nov 2016

Democracy, Education, And Free Speech: The Importance Of #Feesmustfall For Transnational Activism, Lindsey Peterson Ph.D, Kentse Radebe, Somya Mohanty Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

South African students across numerous university campuses joined together in the second half of 2015 to protest the rising cost of higher education. In addition to on-campus protesting, activists utilized Twitter to mobilize and communicate with each other, and, as the protests drew national attention, the hashtag #FeesMustFall began trending on Twitter. Then, what began as a localized movement against tuition increases became a global issue when a court interdict was granted by a South African court against the use of the #FeesMustFall hashtag. This paper traces that global spread of the #FeesMustFall hashtag on Twitter as a response to …


The Impact Of Rural Poverty On Women’S Health Outcomes In Ethiopia: A Review Of A Walk To Beautiful, Christine A. Wernet Ph.D Nov 2016

The Impact Of Rural Poverty On Women’S Health Outcomes In Ethiopia: A Review Of A Walk To Beautiful, Christine A. Wernet Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

No abstract provided.


‘These People Have No Clue About Us, The Land, Or How We Live!’: Second Generation Human Rights Along The Texas–Mexico Border, Jennifer G. Correa Ph.D, Tola Olu Pearce Ph.D Nov 2016

‘These People Have No Clue About Us, The Land, Or How We Live!’: Second Generation Human Rights Along The Texas–Mexico Border, Jennifer G. Correa Ph.D, Tola Olu Pearce Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

In this study, we wish to turn attention to how the international human rights framework, developed under the auspices of the United Nations in 1948, is being used by different communities, in particular, the Texas-Mexico border. We emphasize that while the articles contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights have, at times, served as a protective platform upon which activists have been able to build, these articles cannot responsibly be imposed without attending to and incorporating the voices of those on the ground. Using both qualitative and ethnographic methods, our objective is to amplify specific voices by analyzing how …


Human Rights And The Media, Brian K. Gran Ph.D Nov 2016

Human Rights And The Media, Brian K. Gran Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

No abstract provided.


A Dismal Day For Human Rights In The Us, Lauren Carasik Nov 2016

A Dismal Day For Human Rights In The Us, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner Nov 2016

Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner

International Law Studies

Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their …


Reflections On The Judgment Of The International Court Of Justice In Bosnia’S Genocide Case Against Serbia And Montenegro, Susana Sácouto Nov 2016

Reflections On The Judgment Of The International Court Of Justice In Bosnia’S Genocide Case Against Serbia And Montenegro, Susana Sácouto

Susana L. SáCouto

No abstract provided.