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Human Rights Law

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 674

Full-Text Articles in Law

Intergovernmental Organizations, Andrea Flynn-Schneider Dec 2013

Intergovernmental Organizations, Andrea Flynn-Schneider

Human Rights Brief

No abstract provided.


Mainstreaming Human Rights Under National And International Law: Legal And Epistemic Question, Damilola S. Olawuyi Dec 2013

Mainstreaming Human Rights Under National And International Law: Legal And Epistemic Question, Damilola S. Olawuyi

Indonesia Law Review

Even though the concept of human rights mainstreaming is not new to public international law, it has recently gained increased recognition as a practical approach for recognizing the linkages between human rights and other social justice issues such as environmental protection. A plenitude of literature have been generated on the need to recognize and enforce human rights standards and norms in a wide range of issues including environment, health, gender, poverty, food, water and refugee protection to mention but a few. Despite the rapid ascendancy of the human rights mainstreaming concept, much attention have not been given to the scope …


Human Rights Pragmatism And Human Dignity, David Luban Dec 2013

Human Rights Pragmatism And Human Dignity, David Luban

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Human rights sound a lot like moral rights: rights that we have because we are human. Many philosophers think it follows that the list of international human rights must therefore be founded on some philosophical account of moral rights or of human dignity. More recently, other philosophers have rejected this foundationalist picture of international human rights (“foundationalist” meaning that moral rights are the foundation of international human rights). These critics argue that international human rights need no philosophical foundation; instead, we should look to the actual practices of human rights: the practices of international institutions, tribunals, NGOs, monitors, and activists. …


The Syrian Crisis And The Principle Of Non-Refoulement, Mike Sanderson Dec 2013

The Syrian Crisis And The Principle Of Non-Refoulement, Mike Sanderson

International Law Studies

No abstract provided.


The Seizure Of Abu Anas Al-Libi: An International Law Assessment, Gordon Modarai, David O'Connell, Timothy Kelly, James Farrant Dec 2013

The Seizure Of Abu Anas Al-Libi: An International Law Assessment, Gordon Modarai, David O'Connell, Timothy Kelly, James Farrant

International Law Studies

No abstract provided.


Belligerent Targeting And The Invalidity Of A Least Harmful Means Rule, Geoffrey S. Corn, Laurie R. Blank, Chris Jenks, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2013

Belligerent Targeting And The Invalidity Of A Least Harmful Means Rule, Geoffrey S. Corn, Laurie R. Blank, Chris Jenks, Eric Talbot Jensen

International Law Studies

No abstract provided.


Remarks By Winston Langley, Provost And Vice Chancellor For Academic Affairs At Umass Boston, Winston Langley Dec 2013

Remarks By Winston Langley, Provost And Vice Chancellor For Academic Affairs At Umass Boston, Winston Langley

Winston E. Langley

Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at UMass Boston, Winston Langley, discusses Rita Arditti, human rights, and the Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo.


The United Nations And The Magna Carta For Children, Winston E. Langley Dec 2013

The United Nations And The Magna Carta For Children, Winston E. Langley

Winston E. Langley

The impulse that invited the preparation of this book is one which is linked to the convergence of a number of factors bearing on my interest in human rights. First, the brutality visited on children during World War II has had an abiding negative effect on my sense of what is possible in human conduct. Second, I am persuaded that children are not simply the means by which human societies are continued, but, as well, the potential source of moral revitalization and transformation for those societies. Third, I recognize that the human rights movement, which followed World War II, holds …


Re-Visiting Homosexuality In Cameroon: Effective Advocacy On The Path From Homophobia To Dignity And Equality, Jean Cedric Ndzomo Dec 2013

Re-Visiting Homosexuality In Cameroon: Effective Advocacy On The Path From Homophobia To Dignity And Equality, Jean Cedric Ndzomo

Master's Theses

Cameroon, one of the countries in the world that continues to criminalize homosexuality, has been on the news recently due to the torture and murder of young journalist and gay activist, Eric Ohena. This paper examines the discrimination faced by the LGBTI community in Cameroon by exploring the origins of homophobic violence, the role played by Cameroon's legal system, and the struggles of LGBTI Cameroonians in their fight for a better life. The analysis includes a review of the work by scholars on colonialism and sexuality in Africa, and questions the roots of violence and abuse against the LGBTI community …


The Plight Of Kenyan Domestic Workers In Gulf Countries, Caroline Muthoni Gikuru Dec 2013

The Plight Of Kenyan Domestic Workers In Gulf Countries, Caroline Muthoni Gikuru

Master's Theses

Kenya’s economy remains the regional leader within the East African Community (EAC) and among East African countries at large. However, political instability such as the 2007 post-election violence and the region’s social and political instability trickling into Kenya, have negatively affected the country’s economic growth. To bridge the economic gap, Kenyan women are seeking employment in the domestic service sector in the Gulf Countries, with Saudi Arabia being the most popular destination. At their destination countries, some domestic workers are subjected to various forms of abuse by their employers, leaving the worker without recourse due to the lack of legal …


A Reply To Jamal Greene, Katharine G. Young Dec 2013

A Reply To Jamal Greene, Katharine G. Young

Katharine G. Young

No abstract provided.


El Estado Y Los Derechos Fundamentales. Una Guía Mínima Para El Alumno De Derecho, Teresa M. G. Da Cunha Lopes Dec 2013

El Estado Y Los Derechos Fundamentales. Una Guía Mínima Para El Alumno De Derecho, Teresa M. G. Da Cunha Lopes

Teresa M. G. Da Cunha Lopes

Antes de abordar la construcción y la evolución histórico-­doctrinal de los Derechos Fundamentales, nos parece obligatorio hacer una breve delimitación de los conceptos de Estado y de Soberanía, ya que el desarrollo del campo de los Derechos Humanos se hace de forma exterior al Ius propiam civitatis, y por veces contra él, contexto que la Globalización económica y la emergencia de la Sociedad de la Información han agudizado, ya que estas nuevas variables colocan problemas de transcendencia jurídica, funcional y transforman, radicalmente, las visiones tradicionalistas sobre jurisdicciones y competencias.


Marginal Workers: How Legal Fault Lines Divide Workers And Leave Them Without Protection, Sameer M. Ashar Dec 2013

Marginal Workers: How Legal Fault Lines Divide Workers And Leave Them Without Protection, Sameer M. Ashar

Faculty Scholarship

American scholars, litigators, and activists are obliged to innovate and unearth new tactics and strategies in the effort to counterbalance the power of transnational capital. However, Ruben Garcia’s call for the elevation of human rights rhetoric in worker struggles in his book Marginal Workers invites caution. It may well be that Garcia’s emphatic statements in support of a human rights approach to U.S. workers’ rights are meant to disrupt the inertia of movement advocacy strategy. However, for any reader who might take these statements at face value, a zero-sum approach creates two dangers: First, it may lead one to overestimate …


An Insurmountable Obstacle: Denying Deference To The Bia’S Social Visibility Requirement, Kathleen Kersh Dec 2013

An Insurmountable Obstacle: Denying Deference To The Bia’S Social Visibility Requirement, Kathleen Kersh

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

In the last fifteen years, the Board of Immigration Appeals has imposed a requirement that persons seeking asylum based on membership in a particular social group must establish that the social group is “socially visible” throughout society. This Comment argues that the social visibility requirement should be denied administrative deference on several grounds. The requirement should be denied Chevron deference because Congress’s intent behind the Refugee Act of 1980 is clear and unambiguous and, alternatively, the requirement is an impermissible interpretation of the statute. The requirement is also arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedures Act. This Comment argues that …


Women In The Criminal Justice System In Irleand, Mary Rogan Dec 2013

Women In The Criminal Justice System In Irleand, Mary Rogan

Conference Papers

This paper examines the use of imprisonment for women in Ireland.


The New Economic And Social Rights, Katharine G. Young Dec 2013

The New Economic And Social Rights, Katharine G. Young

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This short paper, delivered at the American Society of International Law’s 107th Annual Meeting in 2013, summarizes for the international lawyer the recent legal repositioning of economic and social rights. Three trends – of the new wave of constitutionalism, new models of adjudication, and innovations from the Global South – are described, as precursors to the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The conceptual map concludes with the difficult prognosis of measuring the success of experiments in economic and social rights advocacy and reform.


Introduction: A Global Approach To Reproductive Justice—Psychosocial And Legal Aspects And Implications, Joan C. Chrisler Dec 2013

Introduction: A Global Approach To Reproductive Justice—Psychosocial And Legal Aspects And Implications, Joan C. Chrisler

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Case Notes: Dealing With Divergences In Fundamental Rights Standards: Case C-399/11 Stefano Melloni V. Ministerio Fiscal, Maartje De Visser Dec 2013

Case Notes: Dealing With Divergences In Fundamental Rights Standards: Case C-399/11 Stefano Melloni V. Ministerio Fiscal, Maartje De Visser

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

No abstract provided.


Determinants Of Child And Forced Marriage In Morocco: Stakeholder Perspectives On Health, Policies And Human Rights, Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman, Els Leye Dec 2013

Determinants Of Child And Forced Marriage In Morocco: Stakeholder Perspectives On Health, Policies And Human Rights, Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman, Els Leye

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: In Morocco, the social and legal framework surrounding sexual and reproductive health has transformed greatly in the past decade, especially with the introduction of the new Family Law or Moudawana. Yet, despite raising the minimum age of marriage for girls and stipulating equal rights in the family, child and forced marriage is widespread. The objective of this research study was to explore perspectives of a broad range of professionals on factors that contribute to the occurrence of child and forced marriage in Morocco.

Methods: A qualitative approach was used to generate both primary and secondary data for the analysis. …


Rios Montt Edges Closer To Escaping Accountability For Genocide, Lauren Carasik Nov 2013

Rios Montt Edges Closer To Escaping Accountability For Genocide, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Climate Change, Natural Disasters And Non-Refoulement: What Scope For Resisting Expulsion Under Articles 3 & 8 Echr?, Matthew Scott Nov 2013

Climate Change, Natural Disasters And Non-Refoulement: What Scope For Resisting Expulsion Under Articles 3 & 8 Echr?, Matthew Scott

Matthew Scott

This presentation sets out in brief the concepts of environmentally-related harm and climate change-related harm, and considers the extent to which individuals fearing such harm can resist expulsion by relying on Articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Recognising the limited scope of protection, the presentation summarises some potential arguments for extending the scope of protection by incorporating consideration of the role of anthropogenic climate change in the harm feared.


Abortion, The Law And Human Life, Thomas L. Shaffer Nov 2013

Abortion, The Law And Human Life, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

No abstract provided.


Foreword, Charles E. Rice, Robert E. Rodes Nov 2013

Foreword, Charles E. Rice, Robert E. Rodes

Robert Rodes

No abstract provided.


When Is A War Not A War? The Myth Of The Global War On Terror, Mary Ellen O'Connell Nov 2013

When Is A War Not A War? The Myth Of The Global War On Terror, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Mary Ellen O'Connell

It is essential to correctly classify situations in the world as ones of war or peace: human lives depend on the distinction, but so do liberty, property, and the integrity of the natural environment. President Bush's war on terror finds war where suspected members of al Qaeda are found. By contrast, war under international law exists where hostilities are on-going. To the extent there is ambiguity, the United States should err on the side of pursuing terrorists within the peacetime criminal law enforcement paradigm, not a wartime one. Not only does the criminal law better protect important human rights and …


The Voice Of Reason—Why Recent Judicial Interpretations Of The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act’S Restrictions On Habeas Corpus Are Wrong, Judith L. Ritter Nov 2013

The Voice Of Reason—Why Recent Judicial Interpretations Of The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act’S Restrictions On Habeas Corpus Are Wrong, Judith L. Ritter

Judith L Ritter

By filing a petition for a federal writ of habeas corpus, a prisoner initiates a legal proceeding collateral to the direct appeals process. Federal statutes set forth the procedure and parameters of habeas corpus review. The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) first signed into law by President Clinton in 1996, included significant cut-backs in the availability of federal writs of habeas corpus. This was by congressional design. Yet, despite the dire predictions, for most of the first decade of AEDPA’s reign, the door to habeas relief remained open. More recently, however, the Supreme Court reinterpreted a key portion …


The American Dream: Daca, Dreamers, And Comprehensive Immigration Reform, Heather Fathali Nov 2013

The American Dream: Daca, Dreamers, And Comprehensive Immigration Reform, Heather Fathali

Seattle University Law Review

On June 15, 2012, President Obama made an announcement that changed the lives of millions. Effective immediately, the Obama administration would implement a new program—what would come to be known as Deferred Action for Child-hood Arrivals (DACA)—offering eligible undocumented young people both a two-year respite from the haunting possibility of deportation as well as the eligibility to apply for employment authorization. While millions were elated by the President’s announcement, he also faced harsh criticism. Many claimed that his action exceeded federal statutory limits, exceeded his Executive powers, and usurped congressional authority. Still others, anxious to see comprehensive immigration reform implemented, …


The Voice Of Reason—Why Recent Judicial Interpretations Of The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act’S Restrictions On Habeas Corpus Are Wrong, Judith L. Ritter Nov 2013

The Voice Of Reason—Why Recent Judicial Interpretations Of The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act’S Restrictions On Habeas Corpus Are Wrong, Judith L. Ritter

Seattle University Law Review

By filing a petition for a federal writ of habeas corpus, a prisoner initiates a legal proceeding collateral to the direct appeals process. Federal statutes set forth the procedure and parameters of habeas corpus review. The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) first signed into law by President Clinton in 1996, included significant cut-backs in the availability of federal writs of habeas corpus. This was by congressional design. Yet, despite the dire predictions, for most of the first decade of AEDPA’s reign, the door to habeas relief remained open. More recently, however, the Supreme Court reinterpreted a key portion …


The Tragedy Of Hong Kong, Richard Klein Nov 2013

The Tragedy Of Hong Kong, Richard Klein

Richard Daniel Klein

While the world watched the fireworks and celebrations occurring in Hong Kong on July 1, 1997, a far sadder event was, in fact, unfolding. The people of Hong Kong, most of whom had originally fled from China -- the country which was now taking over -- have simply never experienced the basic human right of self-determination. Rule was shifting from a colonial power which had denied the people of Hong Kong their basic human rights for virtually all of its 155-year administration, to a country which, immediately upon assuming sovereignty, made it clear that democracy would remain but a dream.


The World’S Youngest Political Prisoner, Richard Klein Nov 2013

The World’S Youngest Political Prisoner, Richard Klein

Richard Daniel Klein

Every participant at an international human rights conference in June 1998 received a small pamphlet published by Tibetan supporters of Tibetan Buddhism's highest-ranking figure, the Dalai Lama. Entitled "The World's Youngest Political Prisoner," the pamphlet makes a plea for support for a young boy, now nine years old, who the Chinese government has allegedly kidnapped and detained. The Dalai Lama, who has been living in exile for forty years, claims the boy is the eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, the second holiest individual in Tibetan Buddhism. This battle over the identification of the reincarnation of a holy man is …


Kosovo's War Victims: Civil Compensation Or Criminal Justice For Indentity Elimination?, Irene Scharf Nov 2013

Kosovo's War Victims: Civil Compensation Or Criminal Justice For Indentity Elimination?, Irene Scharf

Irene Scharf

This Article is presented in three Parts. The first Part examines the likelihood that the displaced war victims could receive some type of civil compensation for their losses through the local courts in Yugoslavia. Part II scrutinizes the basic international human rights doctrines and systems of enforcement to determine whether they may offer remedies for the victims of identity elimination. Part III explores the likelihood that, through the Yugoslav Tribunal, those responsible for identity elimination may be held criminally responsible for their actions in Kosovo.