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Human Rights Law

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 617

Full-Text Articles in Law

Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O Tribunal Constitucional terá que muito provavelmente apreciar o OGE para 2013. Será uma prova decisiva para a nossa democracia e a II República. Façamos entretanto um recuo e lembremos, ainda que muito sucintamente, os problemas de legitimação de qualquer tributação, e o contrato social para que remete. Será também que, como se dizia nos tempos da "dama de ferro", "there is no alternative"? Há sempre alternativas. Por isso é que há política e não mera tecnocracia. Há sempre Política. E sempre pode haver outras políticas, desde que haja políticos com coragem, imaginação e competência.


Arizona’S Senate Bill 1070: A Case Study On State-Sponsored Immigration Policy, Ryan Murphy Dec 2012

Arizona’S Senate Bill 1070: A Case Study On State-Sponsored Immigration Policy, Ryan Murphy

Master's Theses

This study assesses the origins of Arizona’s state-sponsored immigration policy. It attempts to identify the social dynamics within Arizona that contributed to the overwhelming public support for SB 1070. Since it has been two years after the law was passed, this analysis determines what impact the law has had thus far within the state. Finally, it postulates the future of Arizona’s immigration policy.


Restricting The Rights Of Poor Mothers: An International Human Rights Critique Of "Workfare", Shruti Rana Dec 2012

Restricting The Rights Of Poor Mothers: An International Human Rights Critique Of "Workfare", Shruti Rana

Shruti Rana

In every society, the work that women do is undervalued and unrecognized. Political and social tensions behind conceptions of work, motherhood, and equality can ignite movements that threaten the human rights of women. One such movement is underway in the United States where recent “Workfare” provisions specifically target and punish the most vulnerable members of society under the guise of reform and morality. This critique of Workfare aims to demonstrate some of the dynamism and power of a human rights framework, and to lay the groundwork for effective action to improve the plight of the single mothers who rely on …


The Kids Before Khadr: Haitian Refugee Children On Guantanamo, Kathryn Jastram Dec 2012

The Kids Before Khadr: Haitian Refugee Children On Guantanamo, Kathryn Jastram

Kate Jastram

No abstract provided.


Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há muitos mitos e preconceitos sobre o elitismo e o seu papel em democracia. Confunde-se elite com oligarquia, por exemplo. Desde a Antiga Grécia que os regimes mais perfeitos eram mistos, em que não havia um único princípio a governar, mas vários. Hoje que as manifestações enchem as ruas e as massas podem ter maior protagonismo (já o estão a ter) é preciso refletir sobre o papel das massas e de como se relacionam com as elites. Um contributo para essa reflexão está já no movimento da Renascença Portuguesa, que se encontra em tempo de comemoração, mas também revisitação crítica. …


The Kids Before Khadr: Haitian Refugee Children On Guantanamo, Kate Jastram Dec 2012

The Kids Before Khadr: Haitian Refugee Children On Guantanamo, Kate Jastram

Kate Jastram

No abstract provided.


Race-Ing And Engendering The Nation-State In Aotearoa/New Zealand , Nan Seuffert Dec 2012

Race-Ing And Engendering The Nation-State In Aotearoa/New Zealand , Nan Seuffert

Professor Nan Seuffert

No abstract provided.


On Diplomatic Assurances, Memoranda Of Understanding, And Refugee Rights, Mariagiulia Giuffré Dec 2012

On Diplomatic Assurances, Memoranda Of Understanding, And Refugee Rights, Mariagiulia Giuffré

Mariagiulia Giuffré

No abstract provided.


Huntington, New York's Sex Offender Policy And The Intrastate Right To Travel, James Tierney Dec 2012

Huntington, New York's Sex Offender Policy And The Intrastate Right To Travel, James Tierney

Touro Law Review

Sex offenders are among the most loathed and detested members of our society. Over the past fifteen years, communities have zealously passed laws restricting the rights of sex offenders. These laws mandate that sex offenders register with authorities and severely limit where sex offenders may reside. This legislation is designed to foster an important goal: to protect the health and safety of children from possible recidivism from sex offenders. In 2007, the Town Board of Huntington, New York, passed a law barring sex offenders from renting or leasing accessory apartments within the Town. The health and safety of the town's …


Global Feminism: Feminist Theory’S Cul-De-Sac, Elora Halim Chowdhury Dec 2012

Global Feminism: Feminist Theory’S Cul-De-Sac, Elora Halim Chowdhury

Elora Halim Chowdhury

Global feminism has been critical of the earlier notion of "global sisterhood" and its uncritical attachment to commonalities of women's oppression around the world. However, in this article I argue that global feminism curiously remains inadequately accountable for its differential attitude toward issues of difference and inequality among communities within the U.S. versus those alleged differences and inequalities across the U.S. borders. Consequently, global feminism, using a universal human rights paradigm, constructs for itself the role of the heroic savior, reminiscent of colonialist civilizing mission (Abu-Lughod 2002) and in line with current U.S. imperialist interventions. Strategies for countering this newly …


Jurisprudential Analysis Of The African Court On Human And Peoples Rights: From 2004 To 2010, Lucky Michael Mgimba Mr., Stephen J. Waters Mr. Dec 2012

Jurisprudential Analysis Of The African Court On Human And Peoples Rights: From 2004 To 2010, Lucky Michael Mgimba Mr., Stephen J. Waters Mr.

Lucky Michael Mgimba

The paper is divided into four sections: (1) the paper begins with this introduction, consisting of a synopsis of the history and structure of the African human rights system; (2) section two of the paper analyses the establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights, and other substantial matters regarding the court; (3) the third section provides a critical analysis of the jurisprudential developments from 2004 to 2010, guided by a case study on the Michelot Yogombaye case; (4) the fourth and final section of the paper concludes with a brief summary of the material covered and concluding …


Fair Trial Guarantees Before The Court Of Arbitration For Sport, Jernej Letnar Cernic Dec 2012

Fair Trial Guarantees Before The Court Of Arbitration For Sport, Jernej Letnar Cernic

Jernej Letnar Černič

The right to a fair trial is one of the backbones of the rule of law and a conditio sine qua non for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. This article examines whether fair trial guarantees also exist before the Court of Arbitration for Sport. It attempts to identify whether the Court of Arbitration for Sport follows the fair trial guarantees developed in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. This article thereafter tries to draw out an understanding of fair trial guarantees in sports arbitration.


The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw Dec 2012

The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw

Scott Titshaw

Much has been written about the possible effects on different-sex marriage of legally recognizing same-sex marriage. This article looks at the defense of marriage from a different angle: It shows how rejecting same-sex marriage results in political compromise and the proliferation of “marriage light” alternatives (e.g., civil unions, domestic partnerships, or reciprocal beneficiaries) that undermine the unique status of marriage for everyone. In the process, it examines several aspects of the marriage debate in detail. After describing the flexibility of marriage as it has evolved over time, the article focuses on recent state constitutional amendments attempting to stop further development. …


After Privacy: The Rise Of Facebook, The Fall Of Wikileaks, And Singapore’S Personal Data Protection Act 2012, Simon Chesterman Dec 2012

After Privacy: The Rise Of Facebook, The Fall Of Wikileaks, And Singapore’S Personal Data Protection Act 2012, Simon Chesterman

Simon Chesterman

This article discusses the changing ways in which information is produced, stored, and shared — exemplified by the rise of social-networking sites like Facebook and controversies over the activities of WikiLeaks — and the implications for privacy and data protection. Legal protections of privacy have always been reactive, but the coherence of any legal regime has also been undermined by the lack of a strong theory of what privacy is. There is more promise in the narrower field of data protection. Singapore, which does not recognise a right to privacy, has positioned itself as an e-commerce hub but had no …


Indigenous Peoples And Epistemic Injustice: Science, Ethics, And Human Rights, Rebecca Tsosie Dec 2012

Indigenous Peoples And Epistemic Injustice: Science, Ethics, And Human Rights, Rebecca Tsosie

Washington Law Review

This Article explores the use of science as a tool of public policy and examines how science policy impacts indigenous peoples in the areas of environmental protection, public health, and repatriation. Professor Tsosie draws on Miranda Fricker’s account of “epistemic injustice” to show how indigenous peoples have been harmed by the domestic legal system and the policies that guide the implementation of the law in those three arenas. Professor Tsosie argues that the theme of “discovery,” which is pivotal to scientific inquiry, has governed the violation of indigenous peoples’ human rights since the colonial era. Today, science policy is overtly …


Reconstituting Constitutions—Institutions And Culture: The Mexican Constitution And Nafta: Human Rights Vis-À-Vis Commerce, Imer Flores Dec 2012

Reconstituting Constitutions—Institutions And Culture: The Mexican Constitution And Nafta: Human Rights Vis-À-Vis Commerce, Imer Flores

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The aim of this Essay is threefold. First, this Essay will focus on the main characteristics of both the great transformation, experienced in the Mexican institutional economic framework during the last thirty-five years, in general, and within the past twenty years, in particular, that were made through constitutional reforms. In addition, the greater expectation that such structural reforms generated in the process of re-enacting the constitution in the political context, should be along the lines of human rights and separation of powers. Second, this Essay will attempt to bring into play the role of treaties in this transformational process, by …


Polley V. Ratcliff: A New Way To Address An Original Sin?, Atiba R. Ellis Dec 2012

Polley V. Ratcliff: A New Way To Address An Original Sin?, Atiba R. Ellis

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Shall The Twain Never Meet? Competing Narratives And Discourses Of The Rule Of Law In Singapore, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee Dec 2012

Shall The Twain Never Meet? Competing Narratives And Discourses Of The Rule Of Law In Singapore, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

This article aims to assess the role played by the rule of law in discourse by critics of the Singapore Government’s policies and in the Government’s responses to such criticisms. It argues that in the past the two narratives clashed over conceptions of the rule of law, but there is now evidence of convergence of thinking as regards the need to protect human rights, though not necessarily as to how the balance between rights and other public interests should be struck. The article also examines why the rule of law must be regarded as a constitutional doctrine in Singapore, the …


Methods Of Compensating Victims Of War: Combating The Problems Of An Enduring System, Bryan S. Hance Nov 2012

Methods Of Compensating Victims Of War: Combating The Problems Of An Enduring System, Bryan S. Hance

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


State Responsibility Beyond Borders: What Legal Basis For Italy's Push-Backs To Libya?, Mariagiulia Giuffré Nov 2012

State Responsibility Beyond Borders: What Legal Basis For Italy's Push-Backs To Libya?, Mariagiulia Giuffré

Mariagiulia Giuffré

This article takes Italy’s widely-debated 2009 push-backs to Libya campaign as a point of reference to address whether bilateral agreements for technical and police cooperation provide the legal foundation for the forced return of intercepted refugees to countries of embarkation. Through a detailed analysis of both the facts and the texts of the published and unpublished bilateral accords, it concludes that, although push-backs do not have a clear legal basis, the agreements between Italy and Libya constitute a fundamental component of the multifaceted legal and political framework underpinning Italy’s practice of interdiction and return. Moreover, by entrusting a non-EU third …


The Constitutional Right To Education In India: Horizontal Dimensions, Shubhankar Dam Nov 2012

The Constitutional Right To Education In India: Horizontal Dimensions, Shubhankar Dam

Shubhankar Dam

No abstract provided.


Advocating Socio-Economic Justice: Some Experiences Of The Icc-India Campaign And The Potential For A Law Clinic, Saumya Uma Nov 2012

Advocating Socio-Economic Justice: Some Experiences Of The Icc-India Campaign And The Potential For A Law Clinic, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

The purpose of clinical legal education is not merely to equip the law student with lawyering skills to further the interests of his / her client; lawyers are also campaigners of socio-economic justice, policy makers, architects and influencers of law and policy, educators, counsellors and a voice for those whose human rights are trampled upon. The Indian campaign on the International Criminal Court (ICC-India campaign) is an anti-impunity campaign that worked in collaboration with various human rights groups, lawyers, law universities, academics, media persons and other like-minded individuals and groups to further socio-economic justice for marginalized sections of the society …


Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2012

Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há princípios constitucionais para as Universidades. É bom que tal não se esqueça num tempo em que a Constituição está, mais que metida na gaveta, apedrejada todos os dias. E há princípios de bom senso, também. A Universidade não pode ser desvirtuada nem por asfixia financeira, nem por burocracia antidemocrática, nem por modismos que distraiam os professores (e até os estudantes) dos fins naturais e primaciais que tem: aprender e ensinar.


Shall The Twain Never Meet? Competing Narratives And Discourses Of The Rule Of Law In Singapore, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee Nov 2012

Shall The Twain Never Meet? Competing Narratives And Discourses Of The Rule Of Law In Singapore, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

This article aims to assess the role played by the rule of law in discourse by critics of the Singapore Government’s policies and in the Government’s responses to such criticisms. It argues that in the past the two narratives clashed over conceptions of the rule of law, but there is now evidence of convergence of thinking as regards the need to protect human rights, though not necessarily as to how the balance between rights and other public interests should be struck. The article also examines why the rule of law must be regarded as a constitutional doctrine in Singapore, the …


Author Meets Critics Session On Aftermath: Deportation Law And The New American Diaspora, Daniel Kanstroom Nov 2012

Author Meets Critics Session On Aftermath: Deportation Law And The New American Diaspora, Daniel Kanstroom

Daniel Kanstroom

No abstract provided.


The Child's Right To Be Heard And Represented In Judicial Proceedings , Howard A. Davidson Nov 2012

The Child's Right To Be Heard And Represented In Judicial Proceedings , Howard A. Davidson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Intellectual Property And Human Rights, Peter Yu Nov 2012

Intellectual Property And Human Rights, Peter Yu

Peter K. Yu

No abstract provided.


Gay Parenthood And The Revolution Of The Modern Family: An Examination Of The Unique Barriers Confronting Gay Adoptive Parents, Nicholas Arntsen Nov 2012

Gay Parenthood And The Revolution Of The Modern Family: An Examination Of The Unique Barriers Confronting Gay Adoptive Parents, Nicholas Arntsen

Nicholas Benedict Arntsen

Abstract: In recent decades, the structure of the American family has been revolutionized to incorporate families of diverse and unconventional compositions. Gay and lesbian couples have undoubtedly played a crucial role in this revolution by establishing families through the tool of adoption. Eleven adoptive parents from the state of Connecticut were interviewed to better conceptualize the unique barriers gay couples encounter in the process adoption. Both the scholarly research and the interview data illustrate that although gay couples face enormous legal barriers, the majority of their hardship comes through social interactions. As a result, the cultural myths and legal restrictions …


The United Nations' Role In Haiti Cholera Outbreak, Lauren Carasik Nov 2012

The United Nations' Role In Haiti Cholera Outbreak, Lauren Carasik

Media Presence

No abstract provided.


Impediments To Human Rights Protection In Nigeria, Jacob Abiodun Dada Nov 2012

Impediments To Human Rights Protection In Nigeria, Jacob Abiodun Dada

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

The promotion and protection of human rights have engaged the attention of the world community, and though the African country of Nigeria has subscribed to major international human rights instruments, violations continue to occur with disturbing frequency and regularity in that nation. Why is this so? This article examines the multifarious and multidimensional impediments which have hamstrung meaningful enjoyment of human rights in Nigeria. It points out the shortcomings of the dualist model under the Nigerian Constitution and stresses the objectionable wide amplitude of the derogation clauses. It also makes suggestions for reform.

Cite as: 18 Annl. Survey Int'l. Comp. …