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Violence After Victory: Explaining Variation In State Repression Following Contentious Politics, Christopher Wiley Shay Jan 2021

Violence After Victory: Explaining Variation In State Repression Following Contentious Politics, Christopher Wiley Shay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

If conflict onset leads to increases in human rights abuse, how can these abuses be curbed once conflicts have ended? To answer this question, researchers have traditionally focused on a country’s regime type and leaders’ incentive structures. This is insufficient, I argue, because many regimes with obvious incentives to curb repression (especially democracies) fail to do so. In addition to regime-type, therefore, the answer depends on whether a given regime can count on the cooperation of its military and law enforcement institutions, which I refer to collectively as the security apparatus. This is because security agents’ prior experiences usually create …


Women Who Kill Women, Rashmi Goel Jan 2016

Women Who Kill Women, Rashmi Goel

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

This article focuses on the phenomenon of women who kill women in the context of India’s dowry murders. Killing by females is rare, and killing of other females is rarer still. India’s dowry deaths, where mothers-in-law are, next to husbands, the most accused and convicted, represents a unique opportunity to examine the mechanics around women who kill, especially in the context of a gender violence crime. The article examines both the roots of the dowry system and the current anti-dowry and dowry-violence legislation to demonstrate the implicit and accepted gender inequities within marriage that serve to under gird an overall …


Dignity And The Eighth Amendment: A New Approach To Challenging Solitary Confinement, Laura L. Rovner Jan 2015

Dignity And The Eighth Amendment: A New Approach To Challenging Solitary Confinement, Laura L. Rovner

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

The use of solitary confinement in U.S. prisons and jails has come under increasing scrutiny. Over the past few months, Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy all but invited constitutional challenges to the use of solitary confinement, while President Obama asked, “Do we really think it makes sense to lock so many people alone in tiny cells for 23 hours a day for months, sometime for years at a time?” Even some of the most notorious prisons and jails, including California’s Pelican Bay State Prison and New York’s Rikers Island, are reforming their use of solitary confinement because of successful litigation …


The Relative Universality Of Human Rights (Revised), Jack Donnelly Dec 2006

The Relative Universality Of Human Rights (Revised), Jack Donnelly

Human Rights & Human Welfare

© Jack Donnelly. All rights reserved.

This article is forthcoming in Human Rights Quarterly.

This paper may be freely circulated in electronic or hard copy provided it is not modified in any way, the rights of the author not infringed, and the paper is not quoted or cited without express permission of the author. The editors cannot guarantee a stable URL for any paper posted here, nor will they be responsible for notifying others if the URL is changed or the paper is taken off the site. Electronic copies of this paper may not be posted on any other website …


(Not Yet) Taking Rights Seriously: The House Of Lords In Begum V. Headteacher And Governors Of Denbigh High School, Gareth Davies Nov 2006

(Not Yet) Taking Rights Seriously: The House Of Lords In Begum V. Headteacher And Governors Of Denbigh High School, Gareth Davies

Human Rights & Human Welfare

© Gareth Davies. All rights reserved.

This paper may be freely circulated in electronic or hard copy provided it is not modified in any way, the rights of the author not infringed, and the paper is not quoted or cited without express permission of the author. The editors cannot guarantee a stable URL for any paper posted here, nor will they be responsible for notifying others if the URL is changed or the paper is taken off the site. Electronic copies of this paper may not be posted on any other website without express permission of the author.


Beyond Bankovic: Extraterritorial Application Of The European Convention On Human Rights, Federico Sperotto Nov 2006

Beyond Bankovic: Extraterritorial Application Of The European Convention On Human Rights, Federico Sperotto

Human Rights & Human Welfare

The obligations set forth in the international and regional instruments on human rights are considered as having a strictly territorial scope. States parties have the duty to guarantee the rights recognized in the treaties to all individuals within their territories. The territorial reach of these obligations is expanding by way of interpretation. In its decision on Bankovic, the European Court reduced the impact of this international trend toward a progressive enlargement of the protection granted by human rights treaties, affirming those attacks conducted by NATO against Yugoslavia in 1999 fell out of the extraterritorial reach of the European Convention. After …


J. Eric Dibbern On Forbidden Families: Family Unification And Child Registration In East Jerusalem By Yael Stein. Hamoked: Center For The Defense Of The Individual, 2004. 41pp., J. Eric Dibbern Nov 2006

J. Eric Dibbern On Forbidden Families: Family Unification And Child Registration In East Jerusalem By Yael Stein. Hamoked: Center For The Defense Of The Individual, 2004. 41pp., J. Eric Dibbern

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

Forbidden Families: Family Unification and Child Registration in East Jerusalem by Yael Stein. HaMoked: Center for the Defense of the Individual, 2004. 41pp.


Sarah Bania-Dobyns On New Terror, New Wars By Paul Gilbert. Washington, Dc: Georgetown University Press, 2003. 176pp., Sarah Bania-Dobyns Nov 2006

Sarah Bania-Dobyns On New Terror, New Wars By Paul Gilbert. Washington, Dc: Georgetown University Press, 2003. 176pp., Sarah Bania-Dobyns

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

New Terror, New Wars by Paul Gilbert. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2003. 176pp.


Labor’S Human Rights: A Review Of The Nature And Status Of Core Labor Rights As Human Rights, Roy J. Adams Oct 2006

Labor’S Human Rights: A Review Of The Nature And Status Of Core Labor Rights As Human Rights, Roy J. Adams

Human Rights & Human Welfare

© Roy J. Adams. All rights reserved.

This paper may be freely circulated in electronic or hard copy provided it is not modified in any way, the rights of the author not infringed, and the paper is not quoted or cited without express permission of the author. The editors cannot guarantee a stable URL for any paper posted here, nor will they be responsible for notifying others if the URL is changed or the paper is taken off the site. Electronic copies of this paper may not be posted on any other website without express permission of the author.


Kimberly Lanegran On Telling The Truths: Truth Telling And Peace Building In Post-Conflict Societies. Edited By Tristan Anne Borer. Notre Dame, In: University Of Notre Dame Press, 2006. 316 Pp., Kimberly Lanegran Oct 2006

Kimberly Lanegran On Telling The Truths: Truth Telling And Peace Building In Post-Conflict Societies. Edited By Tristan Anne Borer. Notre Dame, In: University Of Notre Dame Press, 2006. 316 Pp., Kimberly Lanegran

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

Telling the Truths: Truth Telling and Peace Building in Post-Conflict Societies. Edited by Tristan Anne Borer. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006. 316 pp.


Sonia Cardenas On Human Rights In The Arab World: Independent Voices. Edited By Anthony Chase And Amr Hamzawy. Philadelphia: University Of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. 336 Pp., Sonia Cardenas Oct 2006

Sonia Cardenas On Human Rights In The Arab World: Independent Voices. Edited By Anthony Chase And Amr Hamzawy. Philadelphia: University Of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. 336 Pp., Sonia Cardenas

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices. Edited by Anthony Chase and Amr Hamzawy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. 336 pp.


Gabriel H. Teninbaum On The Witnesses: War Crimes And The Promise Of Justice In The Hague By Eric Stover. Philadelphia: University Of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. 230 Pp., Gabriel H. Teninbaum Esq. Oct 2006

Gabriel H. Teninbaum On The Witnesses: War Crimes And The Promise Of Justice In The Hague By Eric Stover. Philadelphia: University Of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. 230 Pp., Gabriel H. Teninbaum Esq.

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The Witnesses: War Crimes and the Promise of Justice in The Hague by Eric Stover. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. 230 pp.


Richard Burchill On International Human Rights And Humanitarian Law: Treaties, Cases And Analysis By Francisco Forrest Martin, Stephen J. Schnably, Richard J. Wilson, Jonathan S. Simon, And Mark V. Tushnet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 1022 Pp., Richard Burchill Sep 2006

Richard Burchill On International Human Rights And Humanitarian Law: Treaties, Cases And Analysis By Francisco Forrest Martin, Stephen J. Schnably, Richard J. Wilson, Jonathan S. Simon, And Mark V. Tushnet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 1022 Pp., Richard Burchill

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Treaties, Cases and Analysis by Francisco Forrest Martin, Stephen J. Schnably, Richard J. Wilson, Jonathan S. Simon, and Mark V. Tushnet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 1022 pp.


Kurt Mills On The Dark Sides Of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism By David Kennedy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. 400 Pp., Kurt Mills Sep 2006

Kurt Mills On The Dark Sides Of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism By David Kennedy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. 400 Pp., Kurt Mills

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism by David Kennedy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. 400 pp.


Richard Burchill On The Practice And Procedure Of The Inter-American Court Of Human Rights By Jo M. Pasqualucci. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 488pp., Richard Burchill Jun 2006

Richard Burchill On The Practice And Procedure Of The Inter-American Court Of Human Rights By Jo M. Pasqualucci. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 488pp., Richard Burchill

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The Practice and Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights by Jo M. Pasqualucci. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 488pp.


Is Humanity Enough? The Secular Theology Of Human Rights, Peter Fitzpatrick May 2006

Is Humanity Enough? The Secular Theology Of Human Rights, Peter Fitzpatrick

Human Rights & Human Welfare

© Peter Fitzpatrick. All rights reserved.

This paper may be freely circulated in electronic or hard copy provided it is not modified in any way, the rights of the author not infringed, and the paper is not quoted or cited without express permission of the author. The editors cannot guarantee a stable URL for any paper posted here, nor will they be responsible for notifying others if the URL is changed or the paper is taken off the site. Electronic copies of this paper may not be posted on any other website without express permission of the author.


Christiane Wilke On Global Justice Or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice At The Crossroads By Hans Köchler. New York: Springer, 2003., Christiane Wilke May 2006

Christiane Wilke On Global Justice Or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice At The Crossroads By Hans Köchler. New York: Springer, 2003., Christiane Wilke

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice at the Crossroads by Hans Köchler. New York: Springer, 2003.


Christina M. Cerna On The Torture Papers: The Road To Abu Ghraib. Edited By Karen J. Greenberg And Joshua L. Dratel. Cambridge, Ma: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 1249 Pp., Christina M. Cerna Feb 2006

Christina M. Cerna On The Torture Papers: The Road To Abu Ghraib. Edited By Karen J. Greenberg And Joshua L. Dratel. Cambridge, Ma: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 1249 Pp., Christina M. Cerna

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib. Edited by Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 1249 pp.


Are Workers Rights Human Rights And Would It Matter If They Were?, Richard Mcintyre Jan 2006

Are Workers Rights Human Rights And Would It Matter If They Were?, Richard Mcintyre

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

Slaves to Fashion: Poverty and Abuse in the New Sweatshops by J.S. Ross. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004. 396pp.

and

Can Labor Standards Improve Under Globalization? by Kimberly Ann Elliott and Richard B. Freeman. Washington: Institute for International Economics, 2003. 175pp.


Human Rights In Latin America: Introduction, Regina Nockerts Jan 2006

Human Rights In Latin America: Introduction, Regina Nockerts

Human Rights & Human Welfare

As with many regions of the world, human rights are an issue of enduring concern for Latin America. The essays and bibliographies in this digest chart the recent history of human rights issues in this region, beginning, in most cases, with the wave of military coups that began in the 1970s, highlighting their lasting effects on the governments, civil societies, and economies of the region today. The cases of Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Peru are given here; the Organization of American States (OAS) is also covered.


Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Honduras, Andrea Degaetani Jan 2006

Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Honduras, Andrea Degaetani

Human Rights & Human Welfare

Honduras’ history of human rights violations is rooted in a political culture of militarization. Following a military coup in 1963, Honduras faced strengthened military authority and a decade of harsh military rule. It was also during this time that the United States used the country as a base for Contras fighting leftist Sandinistas in Nicaragua. In 1981 Honduras returned to a parliamentary democracy, electing Roberto Suazo Cordova as president. However, by then the process of militarization had been so heavily funded by the U.S and had made such a significant impact on public policy that little changed for the better. …


Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Guatemala, Jennifer Archibald Jan 2006

Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Guatemala, Jennifer Archibald

Human Rights & Human Welfare

Thirty six years of civil war affected human rights negatively in Guatemala. Many actors that violated human rights were also victims of human rights violations; a complex series of events that has still not been fully resolved today.


Rights-Based Approaches To Development: World Health Organization, Wendy Braun Jan 2006

Rights-Based Approaches To Development: World Health Organization, Wendy Braun

Human Rights & Human Welfare

Over the past 60 years the World Health Organization (WHO) has succeeded in improving the general standard of health around the world. The WHO is an international agency within the United Nations and is comprised of 192 countries. The World Health Assembly, a 34 member elected board, meets annually to determine new regulations and budgetary needs for the organization. Rights-based policy is integrated throughout the World Health Organization’s programs. The WHO works with several entities, including non-governmental organizations, U.N. agencies and private organizations to achieve goals and implement new programs. Key topics for the WHO include gender rights, policy, and …


Aaron Peron Ogletree On A Brief History Of Neoliberalism By David Harvey. Oxford, Uk: Oxford University Press, 2005. 256 Pp., Aaron Peron Ogletree Jan 2006

Aaron Peron Ogletree On A Brief History Of Neoliberalism By David Harvey. Oxford, Uk: Oxford University Press, 2005. 256 Pp., Aaron Peron Ogletree

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

A Brief History of Neoliberalism by David Harvey. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2005. 256 pp.


Addressing The Gaps—Promise And Performance, Synthesis And Purity, Large-N And Small-N: A Response To Moore, Todd Landman Jan 2006

Addressing The Gaps—Promise And Performance, Synthesis And Purity, Large-N And Small-N: A Response To Moore, Todd Landman

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A response to:

Moore, W. (2006). Synthesis v. purity and large-N studies: How might we assess the gap between promise and performance? Human Rights, Human Welfare, 6(1).


Polemics In The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Jerome Slater Jan 2006

Polemics In The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Jerome Slater

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The Case for Israel by Alan Dershowitz. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2003. 264pp.

and

Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History by Norman G. Finkelstein. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. 332pp.


Examining The Declining Utility Of Military Force, Ali Wyne Jan 2006

Examining The Declining Utility Of Military Force, Ali Wyne

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War by Andrew J. Bacevich. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. 270pp.


Globalization And The Construction Of Universal Human Rights, Eric K. Leonard Jan 2006

Globalization And The Construction Of Universal Human Rights, Eric K. Leonard

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era by Micheline R. Ishay. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

and

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization edited by Mahmood Monshipouri, Neil Englehart, Andrew J. Nathan and Kavita Philip. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2003.


Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Colombia, Mariko Frame Jan 2006

Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In Colombia, Mariko Frame

Human Rights & Human Welfare

With its notoriously vicious paramilitary death squads, rampant drug trade and collusive government, Colombia remains a complex and tumultuous nation. Needless to say, the human rights history of this country has been marked by political violence, absence of due process, and at times a general lawlessness that has made it perpetually unstable. Coupled with Colombia's domestic problems, U.S. involvement in its 'war on drugs' has exacerbated the situations that already were at a boiling point. With an ongoing power struggle between the government, the military and the drug lords, it is no exaggeration to describe Colombia as in a constant …


Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In El Salvador, Tait Robinson Jan 2006

Human Rights In Latin America: Human Rights In El Salvador, Tait Robinson

Human Rights & Human Welfare

Between 1979 and 1991 El Salvador was embroiled in a civil war that claimed over 70,000 lives. Longstanding socio-economic inequality between the rich and poor led to government-backed human rights abuses dispensed by the military. These ranged from denials of freedom and civil liberties to village massacres.