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Family Law

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 214

Full-Text Articles in Law

The 1996 Hague Convention On The Protection Of Minors: What Changes Would Have To Be Made In United States Law In Order To Ratify The Convention, Robert Spector Dec 2007

The 1996 Hague Convention On The Protection Of Minors: What Changes Would Have To Be Made In United States Law In Order To Ratify The Convention, Robert Spector

Robert G. Spector

No abstract provided.


Estop In The Name Of Love: A Case For Constructive Marriage In Virginia, Andrew W. Scott Dec 2007

Estop In The Name Of Love: A Case For Constructive Marriage In Virginia, Andrew W. Scott

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Child Welfare's Paradox, Dorothy E. Roberts Dec 2007

Child Welfare's Paradox, Dorothy E. Roberts

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


"If Sex Offenders Can Marry, Then Why Not Gays And Lesbians?": An Essay On The Progressive Comparative Argument, Courtney Megan Cahill Dec 2007

"If Sex Offenders Can Marry, Then Why Not Gays And Lesbians?": An Essay On The Progressive Comparative Argument, Courtney Megan Cahill

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Domestic Relations, Barry B. Mcgough, Gregory R. Miller Dec 2007

Domestic Relations, Barry B. Mcgough, Gregory R. Miller

Mercer Law Review

This survey period saw domestic relations law continue to evolve through new legislation and new case law. The 2006 Georgia legislature made dramatic changes to the child support calculations that took effect in 2007. The 2007 Georgia legislature has turned its focus to child custody issues, including passing laws requiring parenting plans in custody, allowing attorney fee awards, and allowing for direct appeals in child custody cases. The Georgia Supreme Court continued to accept nonfrivolous appeals in divorce cases, and as a result, the appellate courts have been able to give guidance to those interested in domestic relations law.


Family Law Federalism: Divorce And The Constitution, Ann Laquer Estin Dec 2007

Family Law Federalism: Divorce And The Constitution, Ann Laquer Estin

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

American divorce law was transformed by the Supreme Court in a series of decisions beginning with Williams v. North Carolina in 1942. These constitutional full faith and credit cases resolved a long-standing federalism problem by redefining the scope of state power over marital status. With these decisions, the Court shifted from an analysis based on the competing interests of different states to an approach that highlighted the individual interests of the parties involved. This change fundamentally altered state power over the family by extending to individuals greater control of their marital status. In the process, the Court cleared a path ...


Friends With Benefits, Laura A. Rosenbury Nov 2007

Friends With Benefits, Laura A. Rosenbury

UF Law Faculty Publications

Family law has long been intensely interested in certain adult intimate relationships, namely marriage and marriage-like relationships, and silent about other adult intimate relationships, namely friendship. This Article examines the effects of that focus, illustrating how it frustrates one of the goals embraced by most family law scholars over the past forty years: the achievement of gender equality, within the family and without.

Part I examines the current scope of family law doctrine and scholarship, highlighting the ways that the home is still the organizing structure for family. Despite calls for increased legal recognition of diverse families, few scholars have ...


Family And Juvenile Law, Lynne Marie Kohn Nov 2007

Family And Juvenile Law, Lynne Marie Kohn

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court Speaks: Judgments On Muslim Law & Women's Rights, Saumya Uma Nov 2007

The Supreme Court Speaks: Judgments On Muslim Law & Women's Rights, Saumya Uma

Saumya Uma

The book contains a compilation of pro-women judgments by the Supreme Court on issues pertaining to Muslim family law. The book is divided into 3 parts – marriage, matrimonial remedies and property / economic rights of women. It explains 18 judgments in a simple language, each a landmark on an issue, and also contains a brief analysis of the impact and usefulness of the judgment for furthering women’s rights.


Friends With Benefits?, Laura A. Rosenbury Nov 2007

Friends With Benefits?, Laura A. Rosenbury

Michigan Law Review

Family law has long been intensely interested in certain adult intimate relationships, namely marriage and marriage-like relationships, and silent about other adult intimate relationships, namely friendship. This Article examines the effects of that focus, illustrating how it frustrates one of the goals embraced by most family law scholars over the past forty years: the achievement of gender equality, within the family and without. Part I examines the current scope of family law doctrine and scholarship, highlighting the ways in which the home is still the organizing structure for family. Despite calls for increased legal recognition of diverse families, few scholars ...


What Is Extreme Cruelty? Judicial Review Of Deportation Cancellation Decisions For Victims Of Domestic Abuse, Anna Byrne Nov 2007

What Is Extreme Cruelty? Judicial Review Of Deportation Cancellation Decisions For Victims Of Domestic Abuse, Anna Byrne

Vanderbilt Law Review

In the 1990s, Congress began to devote increased attention to the problem of domestic violence, a rampant national problem with social and economic costs. At the same time, concerns about immigrants draining the social welfare service system and taking jobs away from U.S. citizens gave rise to an interest in more stringently monitoring and eradicating the illegal alien population in the United States. As part of the 1994 Violence Against Women Act ("VAWA"), Congress passed the battered spouse provision, attempting to reconcile its desires to address domestic violence and tighten immigration laws. Illegal immigrants are subject to removal procedures ...


Forced Marriage And The Granting Of Asylum: A Reason To Hope After Gao V. Gonzales, Cara Goeller Oct 2007

Forced Marriage And The Granting Of Asylum: A Reason To Hope After Gao V. Gonzales, Cara Goeller

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This note addresses the significance of Gao v. Gonzales through the analysis of the development of asylum gender laws in the United States. The analysis includes a brief history of asylum law in the United States and the issues the courts have addressed concerning gender and asylum law. The note concludes with an analysis of the Gao decision and the potential consequences of the decision.


Looking Ahead: A Personal Vision Of The Future Of Child Welfare Law, Donald N. Duquette Oct 2007

Looking Ahead: A Personal Vision Of The Future Of Child Welfare Law, Donald N. Duquette

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

The participants in the Thirtieth Anniversary Celebration of the Child Advocacy Law Clinic were all challenged to envision the future of child welfare and to address these questions: What should the law and legal institutions governing children's rights and child and family welfare look like in thirty more years? What steps are necessary to achieve those goals? After setting out the historical and optimistic circumstance in which the Child Advocacy Law Clinic was founded, this Article responds to the organizing questions by presenting the author's vision of the future of child welfare law and practice. When families fail ...


The Multiethnic Placement Act: Threat To Foster Child Safety And Well-Being?, David J. Herring Oct 2007

The Multiethnic Placement Act: Threat To Foster Child Safety And Well-Being?, David J. Herring

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Despite the efforts of public officials to reduce the time children spend in foster care, many children live in foster homes for a substantial portion of their childhoods. In fact, a child placed in a foster home may remain in that home for an extended period, with a significant possibility of remaining there permanently. In light of this situation, the decision to place a child in a particular foster home is extremely important.

The federal Multiethnic Placement Act ("MEPA ") significantly affects foster care placement decisions. This law expressly prohibits public child welfare agencies from delaying or denying a child's ...


Reflections On The Future Of Child Advocacy, Bobbe J. Bridge Oct 2007

Reflections On The Future Of Child Advocacy, Bobbe J. Bridge

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Essay emphasizes the foster child's rights to well-being and permanency, as well as safety. Noting an ongoing parent-centered approach, this Essay advocates a new paradigm, moving away from a focus on adults and toward a focus on the child. This Essay concludes by reviewing recent advances that promote a child-centered approach.


Neither Dyad Nor Triad: Children's Relationship Interests Within Kinship Caregiving Families, Sacha M. Coupet Oct 2007

Neither Dyad Nor Triad: Children's Relationship Interests Within Kinship Caregiving Families, Sacha M. Coupet

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Utilizing a research design lens as a platform for exploring children's relationship rights, this Essay examines first, the limitations of a rights-based framework and second, insufficient participation by children in decision-making regarding their access to and interest in relationships with significant others. This Essay posits that neither the dyadic rights-based framework in domestic relations nor the, ostensibly, triadic one in child welfare serve the interests of children, since children's rights are invariably subordinated to those of adults and the state. In place of a rights-based approach, this Essay endorses an interests-based model more attuned to the holistic aim ...


Child Well-Being: A Beneficial Advocacy Framework For Improving The Child Welfare System?, Sarah H. Ramsey Oct 2007

Child Well-Being: A Beneficial Advocacy Framework For Improving The Child Welfare System?, Sarah H. Ramsey

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article explores the advantages and disadvantages of child well-being as a child welfare system advocacy framework. It examines the use of the concept of child well-being as a social indicator and the importance of poverty rates to the child welfare system. It also examines the use of child well-being as an outcome measure for the child welfare system, in particular in Child and Family Service Reviews ("CFSRs") and court evaluations. The possible impact of the child wellbeing concept is considered in the context of several programs, including income supports and problem-solving courts. The Article concludes that, overall, well-being provides ...


Advancing The Future Of Family Violence Law Pedagogy: The Founding Of A Law School Clinic, Melissa Breger, Theresa Hughes Oct 2007

Advancing The Future Of Family Violence Law Pedagogy: The Founding Of A Law School Clinic, Melissa Breger, Theresa Hughes

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article advocates for law schools to integrate family violence law further into their curricula and proffers reasons why family violence training is critical in preparing students to practice law. The authors posit that although live-client specialty clinics are the most in-depth way to teach family violence law, the topic should also be offered through doctrinal courses, externships, or general subject matter clinics. The Article then describes the authors' own experiences in cofounding a child advocacy clinic in New York City, outlining the steps taken to transform a vision into the actual formation of a clinic. Finally, the authors conclude ...


Measuring The Next 30 Years, Beth Locker, Andrew Barclay Oct 2007

Measuring The Next 30 Years, Beth Locker, Andrew Barclay

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

The last thirty years have seen many changes in the field of child protection, as child welfare law and policy have been undergoing nearly constant change. Those changes, however, have rarely been supported by data or scientific research; rather, they seem to have been largely driven by individual perception of events and gut instincts resulting in what has become essentially a folklore-based system. By focusing on data and scientific research, we hope for better outcomes, but short of that, we at least hope to know whether, and why, outcomes change. The move towards data collection and analysis has begun, but ...


Testing The Testimonial Concept And Exceptions To Confrontation: "A Little Child Shall Lead Them", Robert P. Mosteller Oct 2007

Testing The Testimonial Concept And Exceptions To Confrontation: "A Little Child Shall Lead Them", Robert P. Mosteller

Indiana Law Journal

The papers in this symposium were originally prepared for the Section on Evidence of the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Law Schools.


To "Bring Down The Flowers": The Cultural Context Of Abortion Law In Early Modern England, Carla Spivack Oct 2007

To "Bring Down The Flowers": The Cultural Context Of Abortion Law In Early Modern England, Carla Spivack

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This article takes issue with claims made by Joseph Dellapenna in his 2006 book, Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History, which claims to correct the "distortions of the history" of abortion law underlying Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973). Dellapenna argues that, contrary to Justice Blackmun's historic analysis in Roe, "abortion was considered a serious crime throughout most of European history" and that "courts did... punish abortions before quickening during the Middle Ages." This article shows that Dellapenna's argument relies on serious misreading of cases and ignorance of the relevant historical, medical, and cultural context, and ...


California's Domestic Partnership Law: Incremental Progress Or Dramatic Social Change?, Carol A. Docan, Richard F. Sperling Oct 2007

California's Domestic Partnership Law: Incremental Progress Or Dramatic Social Change?, Carol A. Docan, Richard F. Sperling

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

Effective January 1, 2005, the California Domestic Partner Rights and Responsibilities Act of 2003 (CDPRRA) replaced the Domestic Partnership Act of 1999, vesting registered domestic partners with new rights and a court termination procedure similar to divorce. Does the new statute legalize gay marriage? Are domestic partners eligible for spousal support? Are the registration and termination procedures voluntary? Does the Unruh Civil Rights Act now require businesses and private organizations to include gay members? The article reviews the new law and analyzes how three recent court decisions resolve these controversial issues.


Persecution Based On Persecution: How Gao V. Gonzales Broadens The Interpretation Of Asylum, David Baxter Oct 2007

Persecution Based On Persecution: How Gao V. Gonzales Broadens The Interpretation Of Asylum, David Baxter

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Children As Witnesses: A Symposium On Child Competence And The Accused's Right To Confront Child Witnesses, Aviva A. Orenstein Oct 2007

Children As Witnesses: A Symposium On Child Competence And The Accused's Right To Confront Child Witnesses, Aviva A. Orenstein

Indiana Law Journal

The papers in this symposium were originally prepared for the Section on Evidence of the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Law Schools.


Will Marriage Promotion Work?, Vivian E. Hamilton Oct 2007

Will Marriage Promotion Work?, Vivian E. Hamilton

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Children Of Men: Balancing The Inheritance Rights Of Marital And Non-Marital Children, Browne C. Lewis Oct 2007

Children Of Men: Balancing The Inheritance Rights Of Marital And Non-Marital Children, Browne C. Lewis

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Average U.S. citizens are routinely having children out of wedlock. In America, at least one out of every three babies born is a non-marital child. As more and more children continue to be born out of wedlock, society must enact laws to protect the interests of those children. They are the children of men and they are entitled to financial support both during the lives and after the deaths of their parents.

Part II of this article briefly discusses the historical treatment of non-marital children. Part Ill explores the modem legal treatment of non-marital children, which consists of three ...


Access To Community Healthcare For Youth In The Juvenile Justice System: Initial Lessons From The Massachusetts Health Passport Project, Francine Sherman Sep 2007

Access To Community Healthcare For Youth In The Juvenile Justice System: Initial Lessons From The Massachusetts Health Passport Project, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

From 2004-2010, the author directed the Massachusetts Health Passport Project (MHPP), aimed at facilitating continuous access to healthcare for girls and boys in the juvenile justice system in two Massachusetts counties. This article describes the health challenges facing youth, and particularly girls in the juvenile justice system including the significant barriers to health care access that these youth face. It goes on to describe the Massachusetts Health Passport Project, designed to: 1. Improve access to healthcare; 2) Change relevant systems; 3) Improve youth’s social supports; and 4) Improve youth’s health status. The article draws on an evaluation of ...


Investigating The Justice System Response To Domestic Violence In Missouri, Mary M. Beck, Brandi L. Byrd, M. Meghan Davidson, Niels C. Beck, Gregory F. Petroski Sep 2007

Investigating The Justice System Response To Domestic Violence In Missouri, Mary M. Beck, Brandi L. Byrd, M. Meghan Davidson, Niels C. Beck, Gregory F. Petroski

Faculty Publications

One in four women will experience domestic violence in their lifetimes. Each year, 5.3 million domestic violence assaults occur in the United States alone and domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women. Yet, despite the prevalence of domestic violence, little empirical research on the justice system's response to it exists. This paper seeks to describe a state funded project that was created to assess and compare responses to domestic violence throughout the state of Missouri. The project lasted for three years and was conducted by an interdisciplinary team of University of Missouri-Columbia (MU) professors and ...


Why Judy Norman Acted In Reasonable Self-Defense: An Abused Woman And A Sleeping Man, Marina Angel Sep 2007

Why Judy Norman Acted In Reasonable Self-Defense: An Abused Woman And A Sleeping Man, Marina Angel

Buffalo Women's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy: Treatment In The Courts, Kimberly L. Sweet Sep 2007

Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy: Treatment In The Courts, Kimberly L. Sweet

Buffalo Women's Law Journal

No abstract provided.