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Family Law

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1993

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Tension Between Rules And Discretion In Family Law: A Report And Reflection, Carl E. Schneider Jun 1993

The Tension Between Rules And Discretion In Family Law: A Report And Reflection, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

The history of law is many things. But one of them is the story of an unremitting struggle between rules and discretion. The tension between these two approaches to legal problems continues to pervade and perplex the law today. Perhaps nowhere is that tension more pronounced and more troubling than in family law. It is probably impossible to practice family law without wrestling with the imponderable choice between rules and discretion. Consider, for example, how many areas of family law are now being fought over in-just those terms. For decades we have lived with an abundantly discretionary way of resolving …


Constitutional Privacy And The Just Family, Anne Dailey Jan 1993

Constitutional Privacy And The Just Family, Anne Dailey

Faculty Articles and Papers

No abstract provided.


Lawyering For Social Change: The Power Of The Narrative In Domestic Violence Law Reform, Jane C. Murphy Jan 1993

Lawyering For Social Change: The Power Of The Narrative In Domestic Violence Law Reform, Jane C. Murphy

All Faculty Scholarship

The role of the narrative or story in legal discourse has been explored and developed in legal scholarship over the last several years. The goals of the various calls for more storytelling in the legal context vary. They generally relate, however, to a desire to move away from exclusive reliance on abstract legal argumentation to persuade. The goals of ‘storytellers‘ are also linked to furthering an understanding of the dynamics of oppression based on race or gender, or both.

The judicial and legislative processes have always included a narrative component. Clinical legal scholarship has also explored the critical role of …


Spruce Run News (Ca. 1993), Spruce Run Staff Jan 1993

Spruce Run News (Ca. 1993), Spruce Run Staff

Maine Women's Publications - All

No abstract provided.


The Art Of Line Drawing: The Establishment Clause And Public Aid To Religiously Affiliated Child Care, Elizabeth Samuels Jan 1993

The Art Of Line Drawing: The Establishment Clause And Public Aid To Religiously Affiliated Child Care, Elizabeth Samuels

All Faculty Scholarship

The Article analyzes both the meaning and the constitutionality of Child Care Development Block Grant's church-and-state-related provisions in light of existing Supreme Court Establishment Clause jurisprudence. The CCDBG's church-and-state-related provisions represent a legislative effort to perform the type of Establishment Clause line drawing that the Supreme Court has traditionally undertaken and continues to undertake in cases involving aid to religious institutions. The congressional debate and the public controversy it engendered over line drawing between permissible and impermissible aid to religiously affiliated child care, and the resolution reached in the CCDBG, all achieve an important constitutional aim. They reflect and reinforce …


Divorce Obligations And Bankruptcy Discharge: Rethinking The Support/Property Distinction, Jana B. Singer Jan 1993

Divorce Obligations And Bankruptcy Discharge: Rethinking The Support/Property Distinction, Jana B. Singer

Faculty Scholarship

The Bankruptcy Code currently divides divorce-related obligations into two categories: awards or agreements in the nature of support are non-dischargeable; obligations arising from property divisions can be discharged in the same manner as ordinary commercial debts. Because recent developments in family law have undermined the support/property distinction and because privately negotiated divorce agreements often fail to distinguish between payments intended to serve as support and those intended to distribute property, the Code's reliance on this classification often leads to confusion and hardship for divorce obligees. In addition, because of the rise of equitable distribution as the dominant method of allocating …


Domestic Violence, The Family And The Lawyering Process: Lessons From Studies On Gender Bias In The Courts, Karen Czapanskiy Jan 1993

Domestic Violence, The Family And The Lawyering Process: Lessons From Studies On Gender Bias In The Courts, Karen Czapanskiy

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Reproduction And Parenting, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 1993

Reproduction And Parenting, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Babies, Parents, And Grandparents: A Story In Two Cases, Karen Czapanskiy Jan 1993

Babies, Parents, And Grandparents: A Story In Two Cases, Karen Czapanskiy

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Orders Of Protection In Domestic Violence Cases: An Empirical Assessment Of The Impact Of The Reform Statutes, Kit Kinports, Karla Fischer Jan 1993

Orders Of Protection In Domestic Violence Cases: An Empirical Assessment Of The Impact Of The Reform Statutes, Kit Kinports, Karla Fischer

Journal Articles

The authors' concern that domestic violence reform statutes might not be having their intended effect sparked their decision to evaluate the protective order statutes empirically. The authors therefore distributed a lengthy survey to 843 domestic violence organizations nationwide that helped battered women obtain protective orders. The survey focused on three issues. The first issue was access to the courts: Is the protective order remedy accessible to battered women? The second issue related to the procedures for obtaining orders of protection: Are judges granting orders in appropriate cases, and are they awarding the full range of remedies contemplated by the reform …


Family Values And The Supreme Court, 25 Conn. L. Rev. 427 (1993), Linda R. Crane Jan 1993

Family Values And The Supreme Court, 25 Conn. L. Rev. 427 (1993), Linda R. Crane

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Family Surrogate Laws: A Necessary Supplement To Living Wills And Durable Powers Of Attorney, 38 Vill. L. Rev. 103 (1993), Ardath A. Hamann Jan 1993

Family Surrogate Laws: A Necessary Supplement To Living Wills And Durable Powers Of Attorney, 38 Vill. L. Rev. 103 (1993), Ardath A. Hamann

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Access To Legal Remedies. The Crisis In Family Law, Jane C. Murphy Jan 1993

Access To Legal Remedies. The Crisis In Family Law, Jane C. Murphy

All Faculty Scholarship

Lack of access to the courts to resolve domestic disputes is a national problem which deserves the attention of both family law scholars and practitioners. Family law scholars have exhaustively critiqued both the substantive and procedural law governing dissolution proceedings. This analysis of rules and standards, however, is rarely conducted with the explicit goal of maximizing access to the courts for people of low and moderate income. This paper begins by assessing the dimensions of the problem through an explanation of the existing domestic legal needs studies. This paper also presents a case study of a typical multi-issue domestic case …


Rethinking Wrongful Life: Bridging The Boundary Between Tort And Family Law, Philip G. Peters Jr. Jan 1993

Rethinking Wrongful Life: Bridging The Boundary Between Tort And Family Law, Philip G. Peters Jr.

Faculty Publications

Traditional tort law embraces an unduly narrow notion of corrective justice that fails to resolve wrongful life disputes satisfactorily. The unique circumstances associated with the creation of a new life bring into play another, broader paradigm of responsibility: one that resembles family law more than tort. From this perspective, children whose birth can be attributed to tortious conduct have a strong moral claim for supplemental child support whenever a tortfeasor's interference with the pro- creative rights of the parents foreseeably results in the birth of a child and that child's parents cannot provide adequate support. In such an instance, the …


Coordinating Family Violence Cases: A Suggested Approach, Catherine F. Klein Jan 1993

Coordinating Family Violence Cases: A Suggested Approach, Catherine F. Klein

Scholarly Articles

No abstract provided.


Providing Legal Protection For Battered Women: An Analysis Of State Statutes And Case Law, Catherine F. Klein, Leslye E. Orloff Jan 1993

Providing Legal Protection For Battered Women: An Analysis Of State Statutes And Case Law, Catherine F. Klein, Leslye E. Orloff

Scholarly Articles

This Article presents a comprehensive survey of civil protection order statutes and state appellate opinions in all fifty jurisdictions, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. We examine recent developments and trends, and highlight innovations. We include recommendations for further legislative reform and for creative development of case law. We have incorporated available social science research, the published policies and recommendations of judicial authorities, and the legal literature written by domestic violence experts. Moreover, our recommendations are based on our experience as domestic violence advocates. Each of us has represented battered women in court for more than a decade.

In …


In A World Not Their Own: The Adoption Of Black Children, Zanita E. Fenton Jan 1993

In A World Not Their Own: The Adoption Of Black Children, Zanita E. Fenton

Articles

No abstract provided.


Child Protection Law, Suellyn Scarnecchia Jan 1993

Child Protection Law, Suellyn Scarnecchia

Book Chapters

The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution protect a parent's custodial rights. However, such rights are not absolute and may be terminated. There is no substantive due-process right to live together as a family. Doe v Oettle, 97 Mich App 183, 293 NW2d 760 (1980). Parents are not held to ideal standards in the care of their children but to minimum statutory standards. Fritts v Krugh, 354 Mich 97, 92 NW2d 604 (1958).


Evolution And Revolution In Family Law, Victoria M. Mather Jan 1993

Evolution And Revolution In Family Law, Victoria M. Mather

Faculty Articles

Family law has significantly changed over the last twenty-five years, and certain areas will likely continue to change. Family law tends to follow, rather than lead, social upheaval and adjustment in family decisions and structures. The most important legal changes in family law are a result of massive shifts in American social, political, and economic constructs in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.

Family law will continue to evolve because of three critical developments. First is the expansion of the concept of what constitutes a “family” in the modern context. Next is the treatment of children as autonomous individuals, separate and …


Of Diagnoses And Discrimination: Discriminatory Nontreatment Of Infants With Hiv Infection, Mary Crossley Jan 1993

Of Diagnoses And Discrimination: Discriminatory Nontreatment Of Infants With Hiv Infection, Mary Crossley

Articles

Evidence of physician attitudes favoring the withholding of needed medical treatment from infants infected with HIV compels a reassessment of the applicability and adequacy of existing law in dealing with selective nontreatment. Although we can hope to have learned some lessons from the Baby Doe controversy of the mid-1980s, whether the legislation emerging from that controversy, the Child Abuse Amendments of 1984, has ever adequately dealt with the problem of nontreatment remains far from clear. Today, the medical and social characteristics of most infants infected with HIV introduce new variables into our assessment of that legislation. At stake are the …


Child Care Enterprise, Community Development, And Work, Peter R. Pitegoff Jan 1993

Child Care Enterprise, Community Development, And Work, Peter R. Pitegoff

Faculty Publications

Child care enterprise can be a vehicle for community-based economic development. Beyond the critical goal of child care service, day care as an enterprise can help build capacity for job creation and entrepreneurship in the inner city and in disadvantaged communities. Stable child care institutions with quality jobs can sound a counterpoint to the feminization of poverty. The demand for child care services is substantial and growing. In single parent families and in households with two working parents, day care is essential to enable parents to work or go to school. Further, high quality early childhood programs can have a …


Starting Down The Road To Reform: Kentucky's New Long-Arm Statute For Family Obligations, Louise Everett Graham Jan 1993

Starting Down The Road To Reform: Kentucky's New Long-Arm Statute For Family Obligations, Louise Everett Graham

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Kentucky has long needed a comprehensive family law provision for its long-arm statute. Before the general long-arm statute was amended by the 1992 General Assembly, it addressed only a narrow class of paternity cases among its specific jurisdictional provisions, ignoring the need for long-arm jurisdiction in other domestic relations cases. A second long-arm statute provided jurisdiction over some nonresidents to establish or enforce child support obligations. In the contexts of divorce and child support, Kentucky's failure to claim constitutionally available jurisdiction deprived Kentucky residents of important protection.

Recent amendments to Kentucky statutes fill previous gaps and expand Kentucky's jurisdiction in …


Implementing Custody Mediation In Family Court: Some Comments On The Jefferson County Family Court Experience, Louise Everett Graham Jan 1993

Implementing Custody Mediation In Family Court: Some Comments On The Jefferson County Family Court Experience, Louise Everett Graham

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

The Jefferson Family Court's custody mediation service was developed as part of a larger program creating the first family court system in Kentucky. The mediation service's connection with the Family Court has influenced both practical and policy aspects of its development. Any description of the mediation project necessarily entails some description of the court system that created it.

This Article describes the structure of the Jefferson Family Court and the custody mediation process as it has developed in Jefferson County. A review of one community's approach to custody mediation may be useful not only as a blueprint for a system's …


Income From Separate Property: Towards A Theoretical Foundation, Thomas R. Andrews Jan 1993

Income From Separate Property: Towards A Theoretical Foundation, Thomas R. Andrews

Articles

This article addresses an important area of historical disagreement among the community property states: the characterization of the rents, issues, and profits ("income") from separate property brought into or acquired during marriage. Of the nine community property states, five characterize the income derived from separate property as separate property. The other four states characterize such income as community property. Although there have been scattered discussions of this issue throughout the community property case law and literature over the years, I have searched the literature in vain for a comprehensive treatment of the question. Certainly there has not been one in …


State Interest Analysis And The Channeling Function, Carl E. Scheider Jan 1993

State Interest Analysis And The Channeling Function, Carl E. Scheider

Book Chapters

In this article, I wish to criticize the narrowness of the Supreme Court's conception of the interests states may advance to justify statutes challenged on constitutional privacy grounds. I also wish to identify and describe one of the several state interests that not infrequently undergirds such legislation but that the Court has failed to understand.


The Failure To Notify Putative Fathers Of Adoption Proceedings: Balancing The Adoption Equation, Alexandra Dapolito Dunn Jan 1993

The Failure To Notify Putative Fathers Of Adoption Proceedings: Balancing The Adoption Equation, Alexandra Dapolito Dunn

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Center For Legal And Social Justice, Original Prospectus (C. 1993), St. Mary's University School Of Law Jan 1993

Center For Legal And Social Justice, Original Prospectus (C. 1993), St. Mary's University School Of Law

Prospectus for the Center for Legal and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Trading At Divorce: Preferences, Legal Rules And Transactions Costs, Margaret F. Brinig, Michael V. Alexeev Jan 1993

Trading At Divorce: Preferences, Legal Rules And Transactions Costs, Margaret F. Brinig, Michael V. Alexeev

Journal Articles

For almost ten years, legal commentators have been aware of the possibility of applying economic bargaining principles to the problems of negotiations at the time of divorce. Although some cases and journal articles have mentioned the Mnookin and Komhauser article suggesting that custodial time and financial assets might be exchanged, attempts to apply the analysis have been confined to description. No one has attempted an empirical study to see if there really are trade-offs between custodial time and marital assets at the time of divorce, and there has been no formal model describing the process.

Furthermore, there has been no …


The Pressure Of Precedent: A Critique Of The Conservative Approaches To Stare Decisis In Abortion Cases, Michael J. Gerhardt Jan 1993

The Pressure Of Precedent: A Critique Of The Conservative Approaches To Stare Decisis In Abortion Cases, Michael J. Gerhardt

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Prosecutorial Immunity: The Response To Prenatal Drug Use, Margaret P. Spencer Jan 1993

Prosecutorial Immunity: The Response To Prenatal Drug Use, Margaret P. Spencer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.