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Environmental Law

2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 776

Full-Text Articles in Law

Environmental Law And Policy: Nature, Law And Society, Zygmunt Plater, Robert Abrams, Robert Graham, Lisa Heinzerling, David Wirth, Noah Hall Nov 2011

Environmental Law And Policy: Nature, Law And Society, Zygmunt Plater, Robert Abrams, Robert Graham, Lisa Heinzerling, David Wirth, Noah Hall

David A. Wirth

This user-friendly book - noted for its comprehensive legal process approach to the depth and complexity of modern environmental law - gives students a solid doctrinal footing in the law and helps build their analytical skills. Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law, and Society, Fourth Edition, uses the legal process approach, building on a base of common law and constitutional law and continuing on to statutory and administrative law, to illustrate both the structure of the law and how it works.

Among the attributes that have made this classroom-tested casebook a favorite:

coverage not only of the staples of environmental …


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we will …


From Ship To Shore: Reforming The National Contingency Plan To Improve Protections For Oil Spill Cleanup Workers, Rebecca Bratspies, Alyson Flournoy, Thomas Mcgarity, Sidney A. Shapiro, Rena I. Steinzor, Matthew Shudtz Dec 2010

From Ship To Shore: Reforming The National Contingency Plan To Improve Protections For Oil Spill Cleanup Workers, Rebecca Bratspies, Alyson Flournoy, Thomas Mcgarity, Sidney A. Shapiro, Rena I. Steinzor, Matthew Shudtz

Rena I. Steinzor

Eleven workers died on April 20, 2010, when the Deepwater Horizon oil drilling platform exploded beneath them. Since then, tens of thousands of workers have toiled under difficult conditions to stop the leak and clean up the mess. For these workers, the spill is more than an environmental and economic disaster; it poses straightforward and serious risks to their health and safety. Oil is toxic, as are the dispersants used liberally by BP to contain it. BP’s foul up is not the first significant oil spill in the nation’s history, nor even the first in the Gulf. The oil companies …


Invasive Species And Climate Change, Invasive Species Advisory Committee Dec 2010

Invasive Species And Climate Change, Invasive Species Advisory Committee

National Invasive Species Council

ISSUE

Climate change interacts with and can often amplify the negative impacts of invasive species. These interactions are not fully appreciated or understood. They can result in threats to critical ecosystem functions on which our food system and other essential provisions and services depend as well as increase threats to human health. The Invasive Species Advisory Committee to the National Invasive Species Council recognizes the Administration’s commitment to dealing proactively with global climate change. However, unless we recognize and act on the impact of climate change and its interaction with ecosystems and invasive species, we will fall further behind in …


Wildlife Management And The Forest Preserve, Jeffrey Auger Dec 2010

Wildlife Management And The Forest Preserve, Jeffrey Auger

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The forever wild language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has sparked debate and controversy ever since its enactment. This paper examines how the Forest Preserves affect wildlife contained within the “wild forest lands” protected under Article XIV. Through examining the history of the article’s adoption it becomes clear that wildlife concerns were a chief motivating factor in preserving these forests. The paper then examines how wildlife is managed in New York, and discusses certain practices that may have implications on the “forever wild” designation. The economic and social benefits of hunting, fishing, and hiking for New …


A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch Dec 2010

A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The public trust doctrine was instituted in England as a permanent limitation on the powers of the Crown. The well-established doctrine was brought to America and applied equally in the states even after the states seceded from England. The doctrine has since served as an indestructible check on the government. Article XIV of the New York State Constitution ensures protection of its wilderness in perpetuity, solidifying the forest preserve as part of the public trust. The paper traces the beginnings of the public trust doctrine and its eventual application Article XIV. The author contemplates the indestructibility of the Forest Preserve …


Concerning The Constitutionality Of Hydro-Fracking The Marcellus Shale, Sean Dillon Dec 2010

Concerning The Constitutionality Of Hydro-Fracking The Marcellus Shale, Sean Dillon

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The entire Marcellus Shale, from the Catskills of New York down to the northwestern border of West Virginia, is estimated to contain as little as 168 to as much as 516 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, resulting in major “shale play” in the region. If calculations are accurate, the Marcellus Shale may be one of the largest potential sources of any type of energy in this country. But the prospect of mining the Marcellus Shale is not without its downfalls. The extraction method to be used in these operations - a technique called hydraulic fracturing, also known as “hydro-fracking” …


Two Endangered Species In The Adirondacks In The Context Of Constitutional “Wilderness”, Michael A. Dibrizzi Dec 2010

Two Endangered Species In The Adirondacks In The Context Of Constitutional “Wilderness”, Michael A. Dibrizzi

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Our society has developed with a distinct homocentric view toward the natural world and all of its inhabitants. Wildlife has mostly been regarded as the exclusive chattel of man to dispense with at his discretion. This attitude has led to the extinction of some species and near extinction of many others. Through legislation, lawmakers have attempted to regulate management and exploitation of different species, with varying success. The goal of good environmental regulations is to break from traditional views; regulations in recognizing man’s superiority and control over the natural world will impose a responsibility on man to protect and preserve …


“Forever Wild”: Legal Aspects Of Natural Resource Extraction In And Around The New York State Forest Preserve, Michael D. Henderson Dec 2010

“Forever Wild”: Legal Aspects Of Natural Resource Extraction In And Around The New York State Forest Preserve, Michael D. Henderson

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Since its inception in 1894, Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has served as a baseline for environmental protection of the New York Forest Preserve. Yet today it has become apparent to those who study or simply enjoy the Adirondack and Catskill regions that our goal in preservation is much more. We preserve wilderness so we can hold on to a piece of the past, a piece of America’s history. That said the issue is what constitutes wilderness – a legally designated wilderness area, wilderness as a common term or land that embraces the “Forever Wild” aesthetic. This …


Interpreting Article Xiv Of The New York Constitution: The Legal Measures That Mandate Sustainable Economic Development And Maintenance Of Forever-Wild Forest In The Adirondacks, Chih-Yao Sun Dec 2010

Interpreting Article Xiv Of The New York Constitution: The Legal Measures That Mandate Sustainable Economic Development And Maintenance Of Forever-Wild Forest In The Adirondacks, Chih-Yao Sun

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The Forever Wild clause enacted by the legislature aimed at protecting drinking water and commerce. The language of the Forever Wild clause has offered a strong and perpetual protection that serves the purpose of people of New York State. Any amendments will only weaken the article. To support the position that the Forever Wild clause should remain as is, the paper examines the long-ignored economic value provided by the Adirondacks Forest Preserve. The paper also proposes plausible sustainable developments and illustrates why state government has the duty to promote economic well-being in local communities.


History Of New York State’S “Forever Wild” Forest Preserve And The Agencies Charged With Carrying Out Article Xiv’S Mandate, Jessica B. Silver Dec 2010

History Of New York State’S “Forever Wild” Forest Preserve And The Agencies Charged With Carrying Out Article Xiv’S Mandate, Jessica B. Silver

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

Article XIV is probably the most controversial provision of the New York State Constitution adopted in 1894. The provision declares that State-owned land in the Adirondack and Catskill State Parks shall remain “forever wild.” Yet, implementation of this mandate by the State has varied since its inception; actions are dependent on the views and policies of regulating agency. The paper traces the history of Article XIV through judicial interpretation, Attorney General’s opinions, and implementation activities by the agency charged with its enforcement. The purpose of this paper is to prepare the policy-makers who will have a voice at the next …


Article Xiv, Agriculture, And Keeping New York’S Wilderness Wild, Hilary Atkin Dec 2010

Article Xiv, Agriculture, And Keeping New York’S Wilderness Wild, Hilary Atkin

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

When the constitutional convention question is put on the ballot in 2017 as required by Article XIX, Section two of the New York State Constitution, the voters of New York will again choose whether to have a convention to revise or replace their Constitution. There are many issues related to the Forest Preserves of New York State that may lead delegates to consider whether Article XIV, Section one’s “forever wild” provision should be amended or eliminated. With the increasing popularity of the local farming movement in and around the Adirondack and Catskill Parks, delegates could consider amendments that clarify the …


Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese Dec 2010

Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical look at the legislative history of Article VII (now Article XIV). Specifically, it will discuss the events leading up to the 1894 Constitutional Convention (the convention was Article XIV and the “Forever Wild Provision” was adopted); the events and legislative acts between the 1894 and 1915 constitutional conventions; the 1915 Constitutional Convention; the events and legislative acts between 1915 and 1938; and the 1938 Constitutional Convention. The paper will also address the delegate election process, as well as proposed reforms to the process. It is the intention of this paper …


Historic Preservation And The Wilderness, Seth Kagan Dec 2010

Historic Preservation And The Wilderness, Seth Kagan

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Student Publications

The language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has been the focus of a contentious debate over the years: What can be done with the lands within the Forest Preserve without violating the provision to keep the lands “forever wild”? In particular, how does Article XIV treat preservation of historic sites and archaeological resources within the Forest Preserves? The paper discusses competing interests between the “forever wild” provision and that of historic preservation through examination of the legislative history, administrative and judicial action. The paper also contemplates a constitutional convention for the purposes of amending Article XIV …


Biotech Biofuels: How Patents May Save Biofuels And Create Empires, Adam Wolek Dec 2010

Biotech Biofuels: How Patents May Save Biofuels And Create Empires, Adam Wolek

Chicago-Kent Law Review

The United States' primary transportation energy sources are fossil fuels, namely, gasoline and diesel. These products have high environmental, security, and financial costs. A strong emphasis has been placed on biofuels, especially ethanol and biodiesel, to lessen reliance on fossil fuels. Historically, high production costs, lack of infrastructure, return on investment anxieties, and concerns about scaling-up production have slowed the development of these alternative technologies. Today, biotechnological solutions are lowering productions costs and making large scale production more economically feasible. Patents can lessen anxieties about investment as they can provide longer-term protection and market exclusivity for patented technologies. As biofuels …


Mercurial But Not Swift—U.S. Epa's Initiative To Regulate Coal Plant Mercury Emissions Changes Course Again As It Enters A Third Decade, Keith Harley Dec 2010

Mercurial But Not Swift—U.S. Epa's Initiative To Regulate Coal Plant Mercury Emissions Changes Course Again As It Enters A Third Decade, Keith Harley

Chicago-Kent Law Review

The effort to establish national standards to control mercury air pollution from coal-fired power plants now spans twenty years, four presidential administrations, and remains undone. This note will briefly describe the failed twenty-year effort to regulate mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. It will show how United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) efforts during the (first) Bush and Clinton Administrations to construct mercury regulations were dismantled during the Administration of George W. Bush. During the second Bush Administration, U.S. EPA substituted a new regulatory approach that was ultimately repudiated by the federal judiciary as plainly inconsistent with the Clean …


Recovery Of An Endangered Provision: Untangling And Revising Critical Habitat Under The Endangered Species Act, Kalyani Robbins Dec 2010

Recovery Of An Endangered Provision: Untangling And Revising Critical Habitat Under The Endangered Species Act, Kalyani Robbins

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Agriculture's Fate Under Climate Change: Economic And Environmental Imperatives For Action, John N. Moore, Van Bruggen Dec 2010

Agriculture's Fate Under Climate Change: Economic And Environmental Imperatives For Action, John N. Moore, Van Bruggen

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Farming, ranching, and other agricultural activities are in a relatively unique position amongst all human-caused sources of global warming. Unlike fossil fueled power plants and vehicles, for example, agriculture will suffer direct economic losses from the impacts of global warming on its products, such as through reduced crop yields. Also unlike other causes of global warming, agriculture can both mitigate global warming and increase revenue through a range of different practices, such as carbon sequestration and investments in carbon-friendly renewable energy. This article explains how global warming affects agriculture, especially in the Midwest and Great Plains, and how agriculture contributes …


Smart-Grid: Technology And The Psychology Of Environmental Behavior Change, Stephanie M. Stern Dec 2010

Smart-Grid: Technology And The Psychology Of Environmental Behavior Change, Stephanie M. Stern

Chicago-Kent Law Review

There is a schism in the legal scholarship between scholars who argue that value, norm, and information campaigns can induce pro-environmental behavior and those who contend that structural, psychological, and social forces sharply constrain behavior change. Both sides of this debate have neglected the critical and ever-increasing role of technology in addressing residential pollution. The example of electricity "smart grids" illustrates how technology engineered to override cognitive and behavioral limitations can comprehensively reduce household consumption and emissions. Electricity conservation suffers from multiple barriers to collective action, including large numbers of geographically dispersed polluters, low financial payoffs, and, the contribution of …


Of Nesting Dolls And Trojan Horses: A Survey Of Legal And Policy Issues Attendant To Vehicle-To-Grid Battery Electric Vehicles, Bryan Lamble Dec 2010

Of Nesting Dolls And Trojan Horses: A Survey Of Legal And Policy Issues Attendant To Vehicle-To-Grid Battery Electric Vehicles, Bryan Lamble

Chicago-Kent Law Review

2010 will not be remembered as the year when the domestic energy landscape changed, dominated as it was by environmental catastrophe and human calamity and tragedy caused by the search for and extraction of traditional fossil fuels. In fact, clean(er) energy and greater efficiency seem, in some ways, to be less of a reality at the beginning of the second decade of the twenty-first century than many would have predicted (and hoped). Furthermore, a contentious mid-term election season (stoked by fears of massive deficits, rising national debt and ballooning government) dominated the headlines at the expense of what could prove …


The Legal-Political Barriers To Ramping Up To Hydro, Dan Tarlock Dec 2010

The Legal-Political Barriers To Ramping Up To Hydro, Dan Tarlock

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Hydroelectric energy is the oldest major source of non-carbon, renewable energy and is the only conventional renewable resource in the current energy mix. Increased hydro capacity would seem to be a key element of any United States energy policy designed to promote the greater use of renewable resources. However, for several decades hydro has been perceived as a mature, fully developed technology. This article argues that any effort to stimulate substantial new hydro capacity will face a series of environmental legal and policy constraints. Efforts to adapt to global climate change will further complicate efforts to increase hydro electric generation. …


Green Diesel: Finding A Place For Algae Oil, Fred Bosselman Dec 2010

Green Diesel: Finding A Place For Algae Oil, Fred Bosselman

Chicago-Kent Law Review

The prospect of obtaining domestically-produced biodiesel from algae has attracted wide investor interest. Although many analysts predict that economic production is five to ten years away, the production process involves such a wide range of environmental and land use issues that it is not premature to begin thinking about the kinds of places in which "green biodiesel" could be efficiently made in the United States. Our land use and environmental laws were all drafted by people who never imagined the possibility that huge volumes of algae would be an important energy resource; nor could they have known that the location …


Cap-And-Trade Spells Economic Disaster For America's Poor., Jay B. Wiley Dec 2010

Cap-And-Trade Spells Economic Disaster For America's Poor., Jay B. Wiley

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

Abstract Forthcoming.


Extended Producer Responsibility (Epr): An Alternative Solution To Regulate The International Electronic Waste Trade, Tiptira Rammaniya Nov 2010

Extended Producer Responsibility (Epr): An Alternative Solution To Regulate The International Electronic Waste Trade, Tiptira Rammaniya

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the problems associated with the transboundary movement of electronic waste (e-waste), a term that refers to end-of-life or discarded electrical and electronic equipment. These problems occur mostly in developing countries where proper facilities and technology for environmentally sound management of e-waste are not sufficiently available. The Basel Convention on the Control of the Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal is the only existing international treaty governing the electronic waste trade. However, the Basel Convention, which employs the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure as a control system, exempts electronic assemblies destined for direct reuse, repair, refurbishment, …


Superwomen Professionalism - Jeopardy, Beau James Brock Nov 2010

Superwomen Professionalism - Jeopardy, Beau James Brock

Beau James Brock

Powerpoint "Jeopardy" presentation made as a part of a professionalism CLE at the LSBA/BRAWA "Superwomen" Conference. This portion was presented after the panel opened the discussion on issues of community involvement, duties to the bar and others, client development opportunities, professional responsibility, and mentoring.


The Law Of Sustainable Development: Keeping Pace, John R. Nolon Nov 2010

The Law Of Sustainable Development: Keeping Pace, John R. Nolon

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Slides: Development Of Shale: Water Resource Concerns And Policy Considerations, Katy Dunlap Nov 2010

Slides: Development Of Shale: Water Resource Concerns And Policy Considerations, Katy Dunlap

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Katy Dunlap, Eastern Water Project Director, Trout Unlimited, Inc., Burdett, NY

24 slides


Slides: Water And Development Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Resources, Judy Jordan Nov 2010

Slides: Water And Development Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Resources, Judy Jordan

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: Judy Jordan, Oil & Gas Liaison, Garfield County, Rifle, CO

21 slides


Slides: Shale Drilling And Completions, William Fleckenstein Nov 2010

Slides: Shale Drilling And Completions, William Fleckenstein

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: William Fleckenstein, BP Adjunct Professor in the Petroleum Department and Director of PERFORM Research, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, and Managing Partner of Fleckenstein, Eustes & Associates

20 slides


Slides: U.S. Shale Gas: Resources, Reserves And $$$, John B. Curtis Nov 2010

Slides: U.S. Shale Gas: Resources, Reserves And $$$, John B. Curtis

Shale Plays in the Intermountain West: Legal and Policy Issues (November 12)

Presenter: John B. Curtis, Professor of Geology and Geological Engineering and Director of the Potential Gas Agency, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

17 slides