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Dispute Resolution and Arbitration

2020

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Libertad For All? Why The Helms-Burton Act Is An Empty Promise Of “Freedom” For The Cuban People., Cristina L. Lang Dec 2020

Libertad For All? Why The Helms-Burton Act Is An Empty Promise Of “Freedom” For The Cuban People., Cristina L. Lang

Brooklyn Law Review

After the Cuban Revolution, the Castro government nationalized the property of many American nationals, which served as a justification for the Kennedy administration’s decision to institute a general economic embargo on Cuba. This embargo was officially codified in the late 1990s in the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act, enacted by President Bill Clinton. Title III of this Act was suspended since its enactment. By creating a private cause of action for American nationals to sue “traffickers” of their improperly nationalized Cuban property, Title III aims to deter foreign investment into Cuba and compensate American citizens whose Cuban ...


Will They Stay Or Will They Go? An Examination Of South Africa’S International Invest Arbitration Policy, Taylor Bates Dec 2020

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? An Examination Of South Africa’S International Invest Arbitration Policy, Taylor Bates

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In 2018, South Africa’s much debated Protection of Investment Act, 2015 went into effect. Designed to replace the state’s bilateral investment treaties, the Act signified a radical shift in South Africa’s attitude towards international investment policy. South Africa’s decision to terminate its bilateral investment treaties is part of a larger, ongoing discussion surrounding investor-state dispute resolution reform. This Note seeks to examine South Africa’s Protection of Investment Act, 2015, its proposal for investor-state dispute settlement reform to Working Group III, and its comments during investor-state dispute settlement reform meetings, through the lens of Albert Hirschman ...


The Singapore Convention On Mediation: A Brave New World For International Commercial Arbitration, Robert Butlien Dec 2020

The Singapore Convention On Mediation: A Brave New World For International Commercial Arbitration, Robert Butlien

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”) where a negotiation is facilitated by a neutral third party. The key feature of mediation is its voluntary nature. Whether it is used to resolve a family law, employment law, or complex international commercial dispute, mediation is always valuable due to its speed, cost, and ability to maintain relationships between parties when compared to conventional litigation. Despite these benefits, international commercial mediation in particular had previously faced one notable weakness: the lack of enforceability of mediation settlement agreements (“MSA”). The United Nation’s Convention on International Mediated Settlement Agreements Resulting from ...


Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Saidilyos Khakimov Dec 2020

Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Saidilyos Khakimov

The Light of Islam

The main reason behind this work is to illustrate the current need for Islamic alternative dispute resolution methods and offer analysis to show the benefts of their applications. There has been a vivid rise in ADRs’ recognition globally as a substitute for litigation and related issues that would be better if addressed with an Islamic perspective. The wide usage of the term has been intensifed uninterruptedly after the second half of the 20th century. This paper intends to introduce a 1,5-centuryyear-old background of legally institutionalized arbitration
(Tahkim) and reconciliation (Sulh), Islamic means or ways of alternative dispute resolution. I ...


The Rise Of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Financial Centre Court, Ilias Bantekas Dec 2020

The Rise Of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Financial Centre Court, Ilias Bantekas

Pace International Law Review

The proliferation of international commercial courts aims to boost income from legal services and serve as a catalyst for newly found rules of law and thus attract investor confidence. The latter is the underlying purpose for the creation of the Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC) and its Court. The Court’s legal framework is set out in the tradition of its competitors in the Gulf and similarly employs an impressive lineup of former senior judges from the United Kingdom. It is a unique experiment because it strives to create a balance between maintaining a judicial institution of the highest caliber ...


Lamps Plus, Inc. V. Varela: Dark Times Ahead For Class Arbitrations, Joanna Niworowski Dec 2020

Lamps Plus, Inc. V. Varela: Dark Times Ahead For Class Arbitrations, Joanna Niworowski

University of Miami Law Review

The Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) was enacted in 1925 to combat judicial hostility towards arbitration. Over the years, the U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted this statute as evidencing a pro-arbitration policy and has upheld the use of arbitration clauses in a variety of contracts. Unfortunately, while the FAA was able to overcome the hostility towards arbitration, it was not able to stop the Court from finding a new target: class arbitrations.

This Comment analyzes the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Lamps Plus, Inc. v. Varela. In critiquing the Court’s continued erosion of the availability of class arbitrations ...


Evolution Of A Field: Personal Histories In Conflict Resolution, Howard Gadlin, Nancy A. Welsh Dec 2020

Evolution Of A Field: Personal Histories In Conflict Resolution, Howard Gadlin, Nancy A. Welsh

DRI Press

This book features 23 chapters written by founders, thinkers, inventors, reformers, disrupters and transformers in the field of conflict resolution, thus allowing readers to explore the field’s real, on-the-ground reasons for being and evolving. The contributors include mediators, facilitators, arbitrators, ombuds, academics, system designers, entrepreneurs, leaders of conflict resolution organizations, researchers, advocates for conflict resolution, and critics of conflict resolution. They share their personal and professional stories as well as the values, aspirations and characteristics of the field that inspired them to become involved in conflict resolution, develop their careers, and both influence and wrestle with the field’s ...


Mediating Consumer Financial Disputes: Financial Industry Disputes Resolution Centre's Unique House Style, Eunice Chua, Beverly Wee Dec 2020

Mediating Consumer Financial Disputes: Financial Industry Disputes Resolution Centre's Unique House Style, Eunice Chua, Beverly Wee

Research Collection School Of Law

The Financial Industry Disputes Resolution Centre (“FIDReC”) was established in August 2005 with the purpose of providing a low-cost avenue for consumers to resolve their disputes with financial institutions. This article seeks to outline the role of FIDReC and its processes and, at the same time, seeks to define the house style of mediation that has served FIDReC well over the years. This article also highlights some of the different techniques adopted by FIDReC mediators in the course of facilitating the mediation.


Nine Justices And #Metoo: How The Supreme Court Shaped The Future Of Mandatory Arbitration And Sexual Harassment Claims, Tamra J. Wallace Nov 2020

Nine Justices And #Metoo: How The Supreme Court Shaped The Future Of Mandatory Arbitration And Sexual Harassment Claims, Tamra J. Wallace

Maine Law Review

When the Federal Arbitration Act was signed into law in 1925, none would have guessed it would be used to perpetuate a system of silence surround workplace sexual harassment. With the Supreme Court’s continued stance to liberally applying the Act to uphold arbitration agreements contained within employment agreements over the past decades, it is apparent that any change needed to protect vulnerable workers will need to come from federal legislation. The rise of the #MeToo movement across the nation, and throughout various employment sectors, may be the push needed to bring about the necessary change.


Zccm Investment Holdings Plc V Konkola Copper Mines Plc And Vedanta Resources Holdings Ltd 2019/Hp/0761, Sangwani Patrick Ng’Ambi Nov 2020

Zccm Investment Holdings Plc V Konkola Copper Mines Plc And Vedanta Resources Holdings Ltd 2019/Hp/0761, Sangwani Patrick Ng’Ambi

SAIPAR Case Review

No abstract provided.


Vedanta Resources Holdings Limited V Zccm Investment Holdings Plc And Konkola Copper Mines Plc, Caz/08/249/2019, Sangwani Patrick Ng’Ambi, Chanda Chungu Nov 2020

Vedanta Resources Holdings Limited V Zccm Investment Holdings Plc And Konkola Copper Mines Plc, Caz/08/249/2019, Sangwani Patrick Ng’Ambi, Chanda Chungu

SAIPAR Case Review

No abstract provided.


Vedanta Resources Holding Limited V Zccm Investment Holdings Plc And Konkola Copper Mines Plc Caz 08/249/2019, Muna B. Ndulo Nov 2020

Vedanta Resources Holding Limited V Zccm Investment Holdings Plc And Konkola Copper Mines Plc Caz 08/249/2019, Muna B. Ndulo

SAIPAR Case Review

No abstract provided.


Arbitration Waiver And Prejudice, Timothy Leake Nov 2020

Arbitration Waiver And Prejudice, Timothy Leake

Michigan Law Review

Arbitration agreements are common in commercial and consumer contracts. But two parties can litigate an arbitrable dispute in court if neither party seeks arbitration. That presents a problem if one party changes its mind and invokes its arbitration rights months or years after the lawsuit was filed and substantial litigation activity has taken place. Federal and state courts agree that a party can waive its arbitration rights by engaging in sufficient litigation activity without seeking arbitration, but they take different approaches to deciding how much litigation is too much. Two basic methods exist. Some courts say waiver requires the party ...


Dispute Settlement Under The African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement: A Preliminary Assessment, Olabisi D. Akinkugbe Nov 2020

Dispute Settlement Under The African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement: A Preliminary Assessment, Olabisi D. Akinkugbe

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

The African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA) will add a new dispute settlement system to the plethora of judicial mechanisms designed to resolve trade disputes in Africa. Against the discontent of Member States and limited impact the existing highly legalized trade dispute settlement mechanisms have had on regional economic integration in Africa, this paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of the AfCFTA Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM). In particular, the paper situates the AfCFTA-DSM in the overall discontent and unsupportive practices of African States with highly legalized dispute settlement systems and similar WTO-Styled DSMs among other shortcomings. Notwithstanding the transplantation of ...


Briefing Note: Aligning International Investment Agreements With The Sustainable Development Goals, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs, Nathan Lobel Nov 2020

Briefing Note: Aligning International Investment Agreements With The Sustainable Development Goals, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs, Nathan Lobel

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

Policy makers and other stakeholders are currently asking fundamental questions about whether and to what extent international investment agreements (IIAs) are consistent with and are helping to advance sustainable development objectives at home and abroad.

A 2019 paper from CCSI examines the alignment of IIAs with the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, arguing that while FDI will play an important role in advancing development outcomes, existing treaties must be reformed and future IIAs reimagined in order to achieve deep alignment with the sustainable development goals.

The paper proposes that IIAs should be designed and evaluated with respect to their ability to ...


Table Of Contents, Antonio Medina-Rivera, Lee F. Wilberschied Ph.D. Oct 2020

Table Of Contents, Antonio Medina-Rivera, Lee F. Wilberschied Ph.D.

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

No abstract provided.


Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal Contents & Masthead, Savannah Billingham-Hemminger Oct 2020

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal Contents & Masthead, Savannah Billingham-Hemminger

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Interpretation Of Pathological Arbitration Agreements: Non-Existing And Inaccessible Elements, Morten Frank Oct 2020

Interpretation Of Pathological Arbitration Agreements: Non-Existing And Inaccessible Elements, Morten Frank

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

In the following, I will initially present the terminological and analytical framework for handling pathological arbitration agreements (Part II). Against this background, I will analyze case law from USA (Part III), Singapore and Hong Kong (Part IV), and England (Part V) in order to establish under which circumstances Solution 1, Solution 2 and Solution 3 apply in respect of arbitration agreements containing non-existing and inaccessible elements. Finally, Part VI considers an adjoining—although fundamentally different—interpretation situation across jurisdictions. Part VII provides a summary as well as concluding remarks on the drafting of arbitration agreements.


The Use Of Alternative Dispute Resolution To Reduce The Perception Of Partiality In The Courts, In Order To Encourage International Entrepreneurship In Countries With National Ownership Requirements, Daniela Romagnoli Oct 2020

The Use Of Alternative Dispute Resolution To Reduce The Perception Of Partiality In The Courts, In Order To Encourage International Entrepreneurship In Countries With National Ownership Requirements, Daniela Romagnoli

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Countries that require international entrepreneurs to have a national partner (national ownership requirements (NOR)) in order to open up a new venture within their borders, run the risk of becoming less desirable to do business in. One reason for this is that some investors and international entrepreneurs may be wary of possible conflict being solved in a court system that shows a positive bias towards its citizens. This paper looks at the experiences of five international entrepreneurs involved in small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in Kenya and explores how their experiences have become a warning to others who see potential ...


An Empirical Study Of Reforming Commercial Arbitration In China, Mimi Zou Oct 2020

An Empirical Study Of Reforming Commercial Arbitration In China, Mimi Zou

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper examines recent reforms to the regulatory and institutional framework of commercial arbitration in China, based on an empirical study conducted between 2018 and 2019 of semi-structured interviews with over 80 actors, including Chinese lawmakers and policymakers, judges, arbitration institutions, legal practitioners, academic researchers, and companies and users of arbitration. The author has also consulted a variety of primary materials including publicized laws, regulations and policies, official reports, data and statistics, and internal guidelines and policy documents of the various actors that were interviewed for this study.


Statements Of The Arbitration Decision According To Jordanian Law And French Law “A Comparative Study”, Noor Issa Al-Hendi Oct 2020

Statements Of The Arbitration Decision According To Jordanian Law And French Law “A Comparative Study”, Noor Issa Al-Hendi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This study deals with the statements of the arbitration decision in a comparative study between the Jordanian arbitration law and the French Procedures law, by revising the legal texts related to specific statements required in the arbitration decision, according to each of them. This study also clarifies the implications of the omissions of these statements n in the arbitration decision.


Global Dispute Resolution Conference: Reflections, Trends, And Continued Development, Alexine Carr, Sukhsimranjit Singh Oct 2020

Global Dispute Resolution Conference: Reflections, Trends, And Continued Development, Alexine Carr, Sukhsimranjit Singh

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The Global Dispute Resolution Conference brought together scholars, students, attorneys, and professionals from across the country. Co-hosted by Pepperdine’s Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution and Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, the event drew perspectives from a wide range of cultures, areas of ADR, and career experiences. Grouped into two full days with distinct focuses, the conference covered topics from commercial ADR to the significance of history, culture, and faith. To open the discussion, Professor Muamar Salameh of PMU spoke to the audience on the importance of accepting the global differences in legal systems within international dispute resolution. His remarks ...


Confessions And Redemption—And Politics—For An Un-Neutral Person Who Mediates, Marjorie Corman Aaron Oct 2020

Confessions And Redemption—And Politics—For An Un-Neutral Person Who Mediates, Marjorie Corman Aaron

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Within ADR’s house, and now in our arbitration and mediation rooms, we mediators, court ADR administrators, process designers,and arbitrators can construct and conduct processes that reflect moral values our law makers seem to have abandoned.


Mediation, The Rule Of Law, And Dialogue, Nayha Acharya Oct 2020

Mediation, The Rule Of Law, And Dialogue, Nayha Acharya

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In this paper the author urges discussion on the legitimacy of mediation processes, a discussion that is not prevalent in legal scholarship. The author argues that mediation outcomes can be inconsistent with the rule of law given that the same case can have a different outcome depending on whether it is litigated or mediated. On the other hand, crucial and valuable aspects of mediation can result in a presumption of legitimacy. With the rule of law critique in mind, the author discusses how dialogue theory can be used to improve upon the mediation process.

The author begins by exploring the ...


Ascertaining The Proper Law Of An Arbitration Agreement: The Artificiality Of Inferring Intention When There Is None, Darius Chan, Jim Yang Teo Oct 2020

Ascertaining The Proper Law Of An Arbitration Agreement: The Artificiality Of Inferring Intention When There Is None, Darius Chan, Jim Yang Teo

Research Collection School Of Law

The common law choice of law principles for determining the proper law of an arbitration agreement previously thought to be settled by the English Court of Appeal’s decision in Sulamérica v. Enesa [2013] 1 W.L.R. 102 have now been thrown into disarray after a recent string of three judgments: starting with the Singapore Court of Appeal’s decision in BNA v. BNB [2019] S.G.C.A. 84, followed by two decisions from the English Court of Appeal in Kabab-Ji v. Kout Food Group [2020] EWCA Civ 6 and Enka Insaat Ve Sanayi A.S. v ...


To Boycott Proceedings Or Not? Recourse Against Arbitral Awards On Jurisdictional Grounds By Different Categories Of Respondents Under The Model Law, Darius Chan, Claire Neoh Oct 2020

To Boycott Proceedings Or Not? Recourse Against Arbitral Awards On Jurisdictional Grounds By Different Categories Of Respondents Under The Model Law, Darius Chan, Claire Neoh

Research Collection School Of Law

The remedies that award debtors have under Articles 16(3), 34 and 36 of the Model Law, and more critically the inter-relationship between those remedies, has attracted much debate. Yet there is a dearth of analysis on how the availability of each remedy may differ according to the award debtor’s degree of participation in the arbitral pro- cess. Such analysis carries significant practical value for parties in considering whether and to what extent they should participate in any arbitral process when they harbour jurisdictional objections. This article distils Singapore’s experience, describing how Singapore has implemented the ‘choice of ...


Choice Of Law Governing A Contract Where Its Existence Is In Dispute: Clarifications From The Singapore International Commercial Court In Lew, Solomon V Kaikhushru Shiavax Nargolwala, Shou Yu Chong Oct 2020

Choice Of Law Governing A Contract Where Its Existence Is In Dispute: Clarifications From The Singapore International Commercial Court In Lew, Solomon V Kaikhushru Shiavax Nargolwala, Shou Yu Chong

Research Collection School Of Law

The Singapore International Commercial Court’s judgment in Lew, Solomon v Kaikhushru Shiavax Nargolwala [2020] 3 SLR 61 is noteworthy as it heralds a modest development in Singapore private international law, especially in respect to the not uncommon issue of disputes over cross-border contracts where its existence is challenged. This case represents one of the handful of Singapore precedents which directly addresses the difficult conundrum where both the governing law and the existence of the underlying contract are in dispute. Under this context, it articulates a default choice of law position – the lex fori – where it is impossible to objectively ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review Sep 2020

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

Table of Contents


Circuit Split Deepened By Second Circuit's 'Functional' Test Application In Recent Section 1782 Ruling, Peter B. Rutledge, Emina Sadic Herzberger Sep 2020

Circuit Split Deepened By Second Circuit's 'Functional' Test Application In Recent Section 1782 Ruling, Peter B. Rutledge, Emina Sadic Herzberger

Popular Media

Federal law authorizes district courts to order discovery for use in a proceeding before a "foreign or international tribunal." While that law, 28 U.S.C. § 1782, permits interested persons to request such discovery, neither the statutory language nor Supreme Court jurisprudence definitively resolves whether private arbitral tribunals fall within its scope. Unsurprisingly, the lack of clear guidance on this matter has triggered a circuit split, with the Second and Fifth Circuits generally declining to extend § 1782 to private arbitral tribunals while the Fourth and Sixth Circuits broadly interpret the statutory language to apply § 1782 to private arbitral tribunals. In ...


Reflections On Untethered Philosophy, Settlements, And Nondisclosure Agreements, Marjorie Corman Aaron Sep 2020

Reflections On Untethered Philosophy, Settlements, And Nondisclosure Agreements, Marjorie Corman Aaron

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

The potentially harmful consequences of nondisclosure agreements in private settlements are troubling. They are a legal system problem, however, for which ADR is not to blame. Unless NDAs were prohibited for all legal claims, prohibiting them in mediated settlements would create greater incentives for pre-litigation direct settlements. The result would be less, not more, public awareness of (alleged) misdeeds.