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Dispute Resolution and Arbitration

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Dispute resolution

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Managing Multiplicity: Consolidating Parallel Arbitration Proceedings For Renewal Energy Disputes, Francesca Pinto Jun 2023

Managing Multiplicity: Consolidating Parallel Arbitration Proceedings For Renewal Energy Disputes, Francesca Pinto

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Arbitration Rules, considered the most widely used set of ad hoc rules in international arbitration, do not contain any provisions on consolidating parallel proceedings. Considering the complex, multiparty, and multiple-contract nature of renewable energy investment and development, the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules should implement consolidation provisions that explicitly address consolidation for related arbitration proceedings and—in some circumstances—enforce consolidation regardless of whether all parties consent. Part II of this article provides an overview of transactions related to the investment, development, and operation of renewable energy projects. Part III identifies the risks of parallel …


Pass The Salt: Problem-Resolution Lawyering Across The Twenty-First Century Law Curriculum, Kris Franklin, F. Peter Phillips Apr 2023

Pass The Salt: Problem-Resolution Lawyering Across The Twenty-First Century Law Curriculum, Kris Franklin, F. Peter Phillips

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Attorneys work with clients to resolve problems. Legal education can help prepare law graduates to do that work. As an added bonus, doing so would in turn help law students understand and retain the subjects they study. Law professors who teach alternative dispute resolution, lawyering skills, clinics, and sometimes traditional doctrinal courses, have all called for greater inclusion of dispute resolution in the law school curriculum. Some have urged the introduction of specific courses to prepare contemporary law students to work as problem resolvers. This Article builds on these and other calls for reform, but urges a genuine reconceptualization of …


Shifting Into “Neutral”: Evaluating Mediation As A Peaceful Alternative To The Forceful Resolution Of The 2022 Canada–Freedom Convoy Dispute, Teresa (Tessa) Griego Apr 2023

Shifting Into “Neutral”: Evaluating Mediation As A Peaceful Alternative To The Forceful Resolution Of The 2022 Canada–Freedom Convoy Dispute, Teresa (Tessa) Griego

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

In early 2022, the Canadian government found itself confronted by a group of truck drivers—in what came to be known as the “Freedom Convoy”—protesting government-imposed restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This article evaluates how mediation could—and should—have been used as an effective means for the government and protestors to resolve their dispute. It begins by defining the government health and safety measures that prompted the protests and describing the ensuing protest movement by the Freedom Convoy. The article then discusses the protest’s implications on commerce and on the communities where it was located. Next, the article describes the unilateral …


Micro-Mediation: A New First Step On The Mixed-Mode Alternative Dispute Resolution Ladder In Higher Education, Joseph C. Alfe May 2022

Micro-Mediation: A New First Step On The Mixed-Mode Alternative Dispute Resolution Ladder In Higher Education, Joseph C. Alfe

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Higher education is fraught with disputes on both a macro and micro level. In a broad sense, institutions of higher education serve as a focal point for many disparate cultures, economic strata, ages, genders, races, ideologies, and other societal influences, and concentrates them within an insular community. Such an amalgamation of humanity is bound to produce conflicts of all kinds. These disputes can range from the elementary to the criminal. Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 governs disputes rising to the level of sexual harassment or discrimination and are updated by periodic agency updates disseminated through “dear colleague” …


Global Dispute Resolution Conference: Reflections, Trends, And Continued Development, Alexine Carr, Sukhsimranjit Singh Oct 2020

Global Dispute Resolution Conference: Reflections, Trends, And Continued Development, Alexine Carr, Sukhsimranjit Singh

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The Global Dispute Resolution Conference brought together scholars, students, attorneys, and professionals from across the country. Co-hosted by Pepperdine’s Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution and Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, the event drew perspectives from a wide range of cultures, areas of ADR, and career experiences. Grouped into two full days with distinct focuses, the conference covered topics from commercial ADR to the significance of history, culture, and faith. To open the discussion, Professor Muamar Salameh of PMU spoke to the audience on the importance of accepting the global differences in legal systems within international dispute resolution. His remarks were …


Blending Scripture And The Law: The Lack Of Christian Law And The Dangers It Presents In Christian Arbitration, Emily Holland Jul 2020

Blending Scripture And The Law: The Lack Of Christian Law And The Dangers It Presents In Christian Arbitration, Emily Holland

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper will examine the ways in which a lack of an established substantive law within the Christian faith tradition affects the Christian arbitration process and explore the possible means to address these issues. It will outline the history and functions of Christian tribunals, highlighting the unique space within the justice system that these special tribunals fill. Next, it will discuss the differences between the application of law in tribunals of other religious faith traditions and the application of law in Christian arbitration. This paper will demonstrate how a lack of concrete and applicable law creates issues in the enforceability …


In God We Trust (Unless We Change Our Mind): How State Of Mind Relates To Religious Arbitration, Skylar Reese Croy Apr 2020

In God We Trust (Unless We Change Our Mind): How State Of Mind Relates To Religious Arbitration, Skylar Reese Croy

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Arguably, binding religious arbitration agreements are constitutionally problematic because they hinder freedom of religion: They inhibit parties’ ability to change their beliefs. However, religious arbitration agreements also offer an outlet for the religiously inclined to further practice their beliefs. This Article offers a middle ground: If a party to a religious arbitration agreement changes religion, he or she can claim a “conscientious objector” status if he or she can prove the agreement violates his or her sincerely held religious beliefs. Courts are allowed to inquire into the sincerity of a person’s religious beliefs. The religious question doctrine — which restricts …


Aging Out Arbitration For Wrongful Death Suits In Nursing Homes, Courtney Dyer Apr 2020

Aging Out Arbitration For Wrongful Death Suits In Nursing Homes, Courtney Dyer

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The first section of this article will discuss the significance of removing arbitration agreements from wrongful death claims and implementing mediation instead. The second section will detail the background of arbitration clauses in nursing homes. The third section will review state acts that have opposed the use of arbitration agreements for wrongful death claims in nursing homes. The fourth section will analyze cases that have challenged arbitration agreements in nursing homes for wrongful death claims. The fifth section will propose compulsory mediation and multi-tiered dispute resolution clauses as substitutes for arbitration clauses. Finally, the sixth section will consider potential objections …


Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, M. R. Dahlan, Wolf Von Kumberg May 2018

Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, M. R. Dahlan, Wolf Von Kumberg

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper argues that the current criticisms of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) are ill-informed, and attempts at reforming the system are misguided. The definition of ISDS itself has been, for a long time, limited to investment quasi-judicial bodies or at best arbitration. Analysis of the roots of the ever growing backlash reveals that the main causes for concern are politically negotiated investment treaties, an inherently biased system, lack of transparency, and inconsistent decision-making. Examination of the core reasons behind these complaints leads to the conclusion that the EU Commission’s solution to reform ISDS through a permanent court raises more issues …


Celebrating Mundane Conflict, Deborah J. Cantrell Jan 2018

Celebrating Mundane Conflict, Deborah J. Cantrell

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This Article interrogates the dominant conception of conflict and challenges the narrative of conflict as hard, difficult and painful to engage. The Article reveals two primary framing errors that cause one to misperceive how ubiquitous and ordinary is conflict. The first error is to misperceive conflict as categorical — something either is a conflict or it is not. People make that error as a way of trying to avoid conflict. People falsely hope that there might be a category of “not conflict,” like disagreements, that will be easier to navigate. The second error is to misperceive the world and individuals …


Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi Jan 2018

Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Since India and Pakistan’s independence in 1947, both states have fought over the occupied territories of Kashmir to gain control of water supplies, which are strategically valuable. Even in recent times, the countries are facing constant threats from each other over several separate issues. India and Pakistan’s water conflicts are long-standing and relate to Indian infrastructure on the western tributaries. Pakistan is of the view that India is robbing Pakistan’s water supplies and building its water management capacity only as a political maneuver to gain political supremacy by practicing hydro-hegemony. On the other hand, India maintains that it is only …


Uniting Foes Of A Single Nation: Religious Dispute Resolution For India And Pakistan, Abraham Reinherz Jan 2018

Uniting Foes Of A Single Nation: Religious Dispute Resolution For India And Pakistan, Abraham Reinherz

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article will bring forth the argument that a religious-based dispute resolution mechanism should be employed to, at a bare minimum, build bridges between the two countries that are dominated by Hinduism and Islam. This article is not suggesting that religious-based dispute resolution will be a panacea to the India-Pakistan conflict, but simply a method of putting the countries on a step towards reconciliation. Section II of the article will detail the historical background of the conflict. Section III will highlight existing ADR in both India and Pakistan. Section IV will go over the Islamic perspective on dispute resolution. Section …


Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, M. R. Dahlan, Wolf Von Kumberg Oct 2017

Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, M. R. Dahlan, Wolf Von Kumberg

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper argues that the current criticisms of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) are ill-informed, and attempts at reforming the system are misguided. The definition of ISDS itself has been, for a long time, limited to investment quasi-judicial bodies or at best arbitration. Analysis of the roots of the ever growing backlash reveals that the main causes for concern are politically negotiated investment treaties, an inherently biased system, lack of transparency, and inconsistent decision-making. Examination of the core reasons behind these complaints leads to the conclusion that the EU Commission’s solution to reform ISDS through a permanent court raises more issues …


A Divided Nation: Political Polarization And Dispute Resolution, Lindsey Phipps Oct 2017

A Divided Nation: Political Polarization And Dispute Resolution, Lindsey Phipps

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article will discuss the causes and consequences of party polarization and propose that the legislative body work more collaboratively and cooperatively through direct implementation of alternative dispute resolution techniques such as negotiation and mediation in the legislative process. Part I will define political polarization, what it looks like today, its causes and its consequences. Part II will propose and explain the use of dispute resolution techniques and tactics, such as, negotiation, mediation and alternative dispute resolution to mitigate the effects of political polarization. Part III will conclude that dispute resolution techniques and tactics will mitigate the inadequacies created by …


The Importance Of Improving The Dispute Resolution Process Of Iran’S Nuclear Deal, Diba Alemi Oct 2017

The Importance Of Improving The Dispute Resolution Process Of Iran’S Nuclear Deal, Diba Alemi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Section I provides a brief introduction. Section II discusses the sanctions that have been imposed on Iran. Section III elaborates the worldwide effect of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (“JCPOA”) agreement. Section IV discusses the dispute resolution clause in the JCPOA agreement. Section V compares other dispute resolution clauses to JCPOA’s dispute resolution clause. Section VI discusses the difficulties the developing countries face during the international dispute resolution process. Section VII explains the necessity of adding time to negotiate to the dispute resolution process of the. Lastly, section IX concludes.


Korean Perspectives On Trade And Investment Multilateral Agreements And Dispute Resolution, Lucy Reed, E. Y. Park, Joongi Kim, Beomsu Kim, Kevin Kim Feb 2016

Korean Perspectives On Trade And Investment Multilateral Agreements And Dispute Resolution, Lucy Reed, E. Y. Park, Joongi Kim, Beomsu Kim, Kevin Kim

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Glucose Model Of Mediation: Physiological Bases Of Willpower As Important Explanations For Common Mediation Behavior, Roy F. Baumeister, W. Scott Simpson, Stephen J. Ware, Daniel S. Weber Feb 2016

The Glucose Model Of Mediation: Physiological Bases Of Willpower As Important Explanations For Common Mediation Behavior, Roy F. Baumeister, W. Scott Simpson, Stephen J. Ware, Daniel S. Weber

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Success in life requires the ability to resist urges and control behavior. This ability is commonly called “willpower,” the capacity to overcome impulses and engage in conscious acts of self-control. Social psychologists believe willpower is a finite resource dependent on physiological bases including glucose (from food and drink), sleep and other forms of rest, and the absence of stress. In short, people who are hungry, exhausted, or highly stressed tend to have less willpower than those who are well-fed, well-rested, and relatively stress-free. In addition, a person who exerts self-control (uses willpower) tends to reduce temporarily the amount of willpower …


The Intersection Between Legal Risk Management And Dispute Resolution In The Commercial Context, Garrick Apollon Feb 2016

The Intersection Between Legal Risk Management And Dispute Resolution In The Commercial Context, Garrick Apollon

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article explains the key advantages and challenges of using LRM to help lawyers managing substantive matters related to the commercial negotiations and disputes, and the key advantage of using ADR techniques for the management of nonsubstantive matters related to commercial negotiations and disputes. This article overall demonstrates that LRM can complement dispute resolution and vice versa. This article also demonstrates how LRM can be utilized in commercial negotiations and mediations.


Today's Children, Tomorrow's Protectors: Purpose And Process For Peer Mediation In K-12 Education, Raija Churchill Feb 2014

Today's Children, Tomorrow's Protectors: Purpose And Process For Peer Mediation In K-12 Education, Raija Churchill

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article offers information on the evolution, development, and role for peer mediation programs (PMPs) in K-12 education (kindergarden-12th class education), which acts as a dispute resolution tool that provides training to students assisting in mediation of conflicts in their schools in the U.S. It examines the effectiveness of the PMPs' for training students related to achievement of educators' goal to derive safety in the U.S. schools.


Trademark Owner's Strategy: Litigation Versus The Udrp, Jessica Sganga Feb 2014

Trademark Owner's Strategy: Litigation Versus The Udrp, Jessica Sganga

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article offers information on the enactment, development, and significance of the Lanham Act, the Federal Trademark Diluting Act (FTDA), the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA), and the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP) to address the challenges arising out of the domain name registration process in the U.S. It informs that these acts provides assistance in safeguarding the rights of trademark owners against the domain name registrants.


Apology, Forgiveness, Reconciliation & Therapeutic Jurisprudence, Susan Daicoff Feb 2014

Apology, Forgiveness, Reconciliation & Therapeutic Jurisprudence, Susan Daicoff

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article offers information on the definition of the apology, forgiveness, and reconciliation processes. It discusses the relationship between these concepts and explains the benefits of practical use of apology, forgiveness, and reconciliation in the law. It informs that these concepts provide an effective healing to dispute or conflicts between individuals, groups, or institutions.


Mediating The Religious Upbringing Issue In Divorce Cases, Katheryn M. Dutenhaver Feb 2013

Mediating The Religious Upbringing Issue In Divorce Cases, Katheryn M. Dutenhaver

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the family dispute resolution based on divorce cases based on religion. The judicial orders in different jurisdictions related to custodial parent are considered. The difficulty facing the judges while deciding the remedies and the need of designing stand-alone dispute resolution system is discussed. The techniques utilized by the mediators in solving such disputes are also discussed.


How To Give The Dog A Home: Using Mediation To Solve Companion Animal Custody Disputes, Emily Franklin Feb 2013

How To Give The Dog A Home: Using Mediation To Solve Companion Animal Custody Disputes, Emily Franklin

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the domestication of dogs with respect to the resolution of the custody disputes of the animals and the method of mediation for the solving the disputes of companion animals in the U.S. Companion animals are considered as the essential part of the family in the country. Information on the requirement of mediation with respect to the animal law and the family law of the U.S. is also presented.


What Finra Can Learn From Major League Baseball, Ben Einbinder Feb 2013

What Finra Can Learn From Major League Baseball, Ben Einbinder

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the arbitration system formed by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) with respect to the arbitration under the employment disputes in the financial industry. The arbitration models created by FINRA examine the disputes in the securities industry. Information on the impact of the Major League Baseball and its works on the employment disputes are also presented.


When "Yes" Means "No": Mccarran-Ferguson, The New York Convention, And The Limits Of Congressional Assent, Aaron L. Wells Feb 2013

When "Yes" Means "No": Mccarran-Ferguson, The New York Convention, And The Limits Of Congressional Assent, Aaron L. Wells

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article focuses on the awards and arbitration of the resolution of the international commercial disputes with respect to the cross-border contracts and agreements. The enactment of the McCarran-Ferguson Act of the U.S. was for the prevention of the general applicability of the federal legislation in the authority of the states for the purpose of regulating the insurance industry. Information on the decision of the Supreme Court of the U.S. regarding this issue is also presented.


Pursuit Of Happiness And Resolution Of Conflict: An Agenda For The Future Of Adr, Arthur Pearlstein Feb 2013

Pursuit Of Happiness And Resolution Of Conflict: An Agenda For The Future Of Adr, Arthur Pearlstein

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the study of happiness with respect to the conflict resolution and the goals of Alternative Dispute Resolution. The study of happiness with its disciplines and methodologies falls under the field of psychology. Information on the role of the American Psychological Association of the U.S. on the study and science of happiness that consists of the findings on the subject of medicine, economics, neuroscience and philosophy is also presented.


The Perfect Circle: Arbitration's Favors Become Its Flaws In An Era Of Nationalization And Regulation, Kimberly R. Wagner Feb 2013

The Perfect Circle: Arbitration's Favors Become Its Flaws In An Era Of Nationalization And Regulation, Kimberly R. Wagner

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the evolution of international commercial arbitration and viability of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) process. It briefly discusses the importance of international commercial arbitration and several attributed reasons for its decline such as Americanization, nationalization, and overregulation. It reflects mediation as the replacement for arbitration, and compares the advantages of mediation and arbitration.


The Five-Tool Mediator: Game Theory, Baseball Practices, And Southpaw Scouting, Michael N. Widener Feb 2013

The Five-Tool Mediator: Game Theory, Baseball Practices, And Southpaw Scouting, Michael N. Widener

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This essay borrows heavily from the fields of game theory, baseball business strategy and neuropsychology. Knitting these together, the author advocates that mediators become inciters and advocates for an outcome that solves problems, irrespective of the amount in controversy and the initial gap between offer and counter-offers of settlement. This is not an essay on how to do facilitator’s tasks in settlement negotiations; instead, the reader should consider how to think about the mediator’s role in the process, advancing the value proposition in negotiations. This essay does not propose that mediators become group therapists but instead urges them to relentlessly …


Graham V. Florida: How The Supreme Court's Rationale Encourages Reform Of The Juvenile Justice System Through Alternative Dispute Resolution Strategies, Heather Hojnacki Feb 2013

Graham V. Florida: How The Supreme Court's Rationale Encourages Reform Of The Juvenile Justice System Through Alternative Dispute Resolution Strategies, Heather Hojnacki

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on the reforms in the juvenile justice system of the U.S. through alternative dispute resolution-based strategies which has been illustrated with the U.S. Supreme Court cases Roper v. Simmons, and Graham v. Florida. It discusses rationale of the U.S. Supreme Court in Graham case and analyzes Graham's current and future impact. A proportionality standard expressed in legislative enactments and state practice was applied by the U.S. Supreme Court in Graham case.


Mediation Confidentiality: For California Litigants, Why Should Mediation Confidentiality Be A Function Of The Court In Which The Litigation Is Pending?, Rebecca Callahan Feb 2013

Mediation Confidentiality: For California Litigants, Why Should Mediation Confidentiality Be A Function Of The Court In Which The Litigation Is Pending?, Rebecca Callahan

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article presents information on mediation confidentiality. Confidentiality protections are available to California litigants depending on whether the litigants are in state or federal court. It depicts that California courts provide protection only when disputants utilize mediation for resolving their differences and also focuses on the evidence exclusion provision in which the privilege held by participant acts as bar to compel discovery without everyone's consent.