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Full-Text Articles in Law

Table Of Contents & Masthead, Patrick Babajanian Jun 2023

Table Of Contents & Masthead, Patrick Babajanian

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Arbitration Clauses By Social Media Websites: A Critique, Kavya Jha, Ananya Singh Jun 2023

The Use Of Arbitration Clauses By Social Media Websites: A Critique, Kavya Jha, Ananya Singh

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The arbitration clauses contained in the Terms of Services (ToS) of most social media websites mandate arbitration and the waiver of class arbitration.1 In light of this reality, this article seeks to analyze the legal position with respect to mandatory arbitration and class arbitration waiver in the United States, India, and European Union (EU). It compares and juxtaposes the respective positions in these three jurisdictions to find that whereas the United States has been pro-arbitration to the extent of being detrimental to consumer interest, India has adopted an overly protectionist approach, while the EU has adopted an effective model to …


Is There A Role For Conflict Photography In Conflict Resolution? It's Complicated, Joseph Clift Jun 2023

Is There A Role For Conflict Photography In Conflict Resolution? It's Complicated, Joseph Clift

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

In this essay, I argue that conflict photography has an important and useful role in conflict understanding and resolution. While conflict images’ usefulness has been debated, I argue that its importance has not. I start with a description of conflict photography and then provide a short historical account of the camera and its use in documenting conflicts. Next, I discuss conflict resolution and present examples of conflict resolution strategies. I then present evidence of how conflict photography can be a useful tool to support some of those strategies. Afterwards, I discuss the complicated nature of conflict photography’s usefulness. I conclude …


St(D)Reaming Resolution: Crowd-Based Stepped Online Dispute Resolution For Professional Gamers, Vtubers & Streamers, Benjamin Davies Jun 2023

St(D)Reaming Resolution: Crowd-Based Stepped Online Dispute Resolution For Professional Gamers, Vtubers & Streamers, Benjamin Davies

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper proposes and creates a novel method to resolve disputes between content creators, Vtubers, Professional Gamers, and streamers by utilizing a crowd based stepped dispute resolution system upheld and voted on by viewers, shareholders, and the streaming company: Twitch or YouTube. To reach this goal, the proposal will include comparisons to the current dispute resolution system used by Twitch and YouTube; a proposed online dispute resolution system; diagrams of the proposal; key performance indexes (KPI’s); utilization of arbitral analytics with artificial intelligence to create a fair and balanced resolution system; and some predictions on the future of the industry …


Commercial Mediation In Mainland China: Pitfalls & Opportunities, Meng Chen Jun 2023

Commercial Mediation In Mainland China: Pitfalls & Opportunities, Meng Chen

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article offers insight into the practice of Chinese mediation, especially in resolving commercial disputes, considering the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation (the Singapore Convention) entered into force on September 12, 2020. First, this article evaluates the attractiveness, vulnerabilities, and popularity of mediation as a means of dispute resolution. The article then introduces the Chinese model of using mediation to resolve commercial disputes, specifically in judicial and arbitral proceedings. Based on empirical data and rules analysis, this article concludes with the benefits of using mediation in China to resolve disputes and exposes a discrepancy between …


Managing Multiplicity: Consolidating Parallel Arbitration Proceedings For Renewal Energy Disputes, Francesca Pinto Jun 2023

Managing Multiplicity: Consolidating Parallel Arbitration Proceedings For Renewal Energy Disputes, Francesca Pinto

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Arbitration Rules, considered the most widely used set of ad hoc rules in international arbitration, do not contain any provisions on consolidating parallel proceedings. Considering the complex, multiparty, and multiple-contract nature of renewable energy investment and development, the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules should implement consolidation provisions that explicitly address consolidation for related arbitration proceedings and—in some circumstances—enforce consolidation regardless of whether all parties consent. Part II of this article provides an overview of transactions related to the investment, development, and operation of renewable energy projects. Part III identifies the risks of parallel …


Arbitration—From Sacred Cow To Golden Calf: Three Phases In The History Of The Federal Arbitration Act, Katherine V.W. Stone Jun 2023

Arbitration—From Sacred Cow To Golden Calf: Three Phases In The History Of The Federal Arbitration Act, Katherine V.W. Stone

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

For the past twenty-five years, without much fanfare, arbitration law has remade the civil justice system in the United States. As now interpreted, the Federal Arbitration Act (the ‘FAA’) requires millions of consumers, workers, homeowners, credit card holders, rental car uses, hospital patients, and other ordinary people to forgo use of the courts to vindicate important rights. One development that has garnered particular attention is the tendency of corporations to include class action waivers in arbitration agreements, thereby preventing consumers and employees from aggregating small claims and litigating on a collective basis. While arbitration has become ubiquitous, it has also …


Deterrence Defeats Doping: How Arbitration Can Resolve Major League Baseball's Performance-Enhancing Drug Problem, Brice Barnes Jun 2023

Deterrence Defeats Doping: How Arbitration Can Resolve Major League Baseball's Performance-Enhancing Drug Problem, Brice Barnes

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article analyzes MLB’s PED policy and proposes amending the policy by arbitrating the agreement to create one that further deters players from using PEDs. The remainder of this article is divided into five parts: Part II discusses the significance of the PED issue and why resolution is necessary; Part III discusses the history of PED use in baseball and the efforts by the League to address it; Part IV proposes the solution of arbitration and explains how the process might work; Part V addresses potential objections to that solution; and finally, Part VI concludes.


Pass The Salt: Problem-Resolution Lawyering Across The Twenty-First Century Law Curriculum, Kris Franklin, F. Peter Phillips Apr 2023

Pass The Salt: Problem-Resolution Lawyering Across The Twenty-First Century Law Curriculum, Kris Franklin, F. Peter Phillips

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Attorneys work with clients to resolve problems. Legal education can help prepare law graduates to do that work. As an added bonus, doing so would in turn help law students understand and retain the subjects they study. Law professors who teach alternative dispute resolution, lawyering skills, clinics, and sometimes traditional doctrinal courses, have all called for greater inclusion of dispute resolution in the law school curriculum. Some have urged the introduction of specific courses to prepare contemporary law students to work as problem resolvers. This Article builds on these and other calls for reform, but urges a genuine reconceptualization of …


Pipeline Coordination: The Importance Of Properly Defining An Arbitral Tribunal’S Authority In Gas Price Review Arbitration, Aikaterini (Katerina) Karamousalidou Apr 2023

Pipeline Coordination: The Importance Of Properly Defining An Arbitral Tribunal’S Authority In Gas Price Review Arbitration, Aikaterini (Katerina) Karamousalidou

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Unprecedented events in international gas commerce have significantly increased gas pricing disputes. International arbitration, as a neutral and binding process, offers a plethora of advantages to international players of the energy industry who are interested in resolving their disputes in an efficient way. However, gas price review is extremely complex. In particular, a gas price review clause is what delineates an arbitrator’s mandate and hence, arbitrators must be prudent to pay careful attention to act within the boundaries of their authority. Failure to do so may result in the award being set aside. This paper addresses: (1) the determination of …


Masthead & Table Of Contents, Patrick Babajanian Apr 2023

Masthead & Table Of Contents, Patrick Babajanian

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Shifting Into “Neutral”: Evaluating Mediation As A Peaceful Alternative To The Forceful Resolution Of The 2022 Canada–Freedom Convoy Dispute, Teresa (Tessa) Griego Apr 2023

Shifting Into “Neutral”: Evaluating Mediation As A Peaceful Alternative To The Forceful Resolution Of The 2022 Canada–Freedom Convoy Dispute, Teresa (Tessa) Griego

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

In early 2022, the Canadian government found itself confronted by a group of truck drivers—in what came to be known as the “Freedom Convoy”—protesting government-imposed restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This article evaluates how mediation could—and should—have been used as an effective means for the government and protestors to resolve their dispute. It begins by defining the government health and safety measures that prompted the protests and describing the ensuing protest movement by the Freedom Convoy. The article then discusses the protest’s implications on commerce and on the communities where it was located. Next, the article describes the unilateral …


The New Normal: Navigating Legal Challenges In The World Of Influencer Marketing & How Adr Can Help, Olivia Davis Apr 2023

The New Normal: Navigating Legal Challenges In The World Of Influencer Marketing & How Adr Can Help, Olivia Davis

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Calming The Caucasus: Neutralizing Azerbaijan’S Military “Batna” To Restart The Peace Process In Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh), Patrick Babajanian Apr 2023

Calming The Caucasus: Neutralizing Azerbaijan’S Military “Batna” To Restart The Peace Process In Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh), Patrick Babajanian

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article begins by surveying the historical background of the Artsakh conflict, from its ancient roots to the immediate aftermath of the 2020 war. It then introduces the key issue I identify as obstructing the peace process from resuming, namely Azerbaijan’s calculation that its military BATNA outweighs any value of continued negotiation. Next, the article evaluates two legal tactics the United States could implement in its national capacity to correct this situation, focusing on actions intended to limit Azerbaijan’s military strength by withholding foreign aid and enacting targeted sanctions, with the goal of achieving greater parity between Armenia and Azerbaijan …