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Tinjauan Viktimologis Dan Yuridis Atas Eksploitasi Seksual Terhadap Anak Victimological And Juridical Review Of Commercial Exploitation Against Children, Ananda Kurniawan Dec 2022

Tinjauan Viktimologis Dan Yuridis Atas Eksploitasi Seksual Terhadap Anak Victimological And Juridical Review Of Commercial Exploitation Against Children, Ananda Kurniawan

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The International Labor Organization estimates that 30% of 240,000 commercial sex workers in Indonesia in 2017 are children under 18 years. Considering mentioned number, this paper discusses the aspect of victimology and legislation in the hope of being able to answer the question of how protection should be for children in the crime of sexual exploitation. The research method used is the normative legal method in which the writer tries to refer to the norms of criminal law and victimology in general. With the above regulations, the discussion on the principle of systematische specialiteit must be underlined to assess which …


The Penalty Of Training On Citizenship Values As An Innovative Alternative To Short-Term Freedom Deprivation Penalties In The French Criminal Law, Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Hassan Dr. Sep 2022

The Penalty Of Training On Citizenship Values As An Innovative Alternative To Short-Term Freedom Deprivation Penalties In The French Criminal Law, Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Hassan Dr.

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

This study focused on defining the training penalty on citizenship values as an alternative punishment to penalties depriving freedom of short duration, which was approved by the French legislator as an innovative punitive model with clear specificity, aiming at restricting the offender's freedom rather than depriving it, in order to spare the convict sentenced to short freedom deprivation penalties mixing in prison with a convicted person on them for long periods, which leads to dire ill effects. The implementation of this punishment does not cost the state much compared to traditional penalties, and it reduces prison overcrowding.

Through the extrapolation …


The Penalty Of Training On Citizenship Values As An Innovative Alternative To Short-Term Freedom Deprivation Penalties In The French Criminal Law, Dr. Abdul Aziz Ahmed Al Hassan May 2022

The Penalty Of Training On Citizenship Values As An Innovative Alternative To Short-Term Freedom Deprivation Penalties In The French Criminal Law, Dr. Abdul Aziz Ahmed Al Hassan

UAEU Law Journal

This study focused on defining the training penalty on citizenship values as an alternative punishment to penalties depriving freedom of short duration, which was approved by the French legislator as an innovative punitive model with clear specificity, aiming at restricting the offender's freedom rather than depriving it, in order to spare the convict sentenced to short freedom deprivation penalties mixing in prison with a convicted person on them for long periods, which leads to dire ill effects. The implementation of this punishment does not cost the state much compared to traditional penalties, and it reduces prison overcrowding. Through the extrapolation …


Personality Disorders In Relation To Crime, Ann Difrank May 2022

Personality Disorders In Relation To Crime, Ann Difrank

D.U.Quark

Personality disorders, including borderline and antisocial, are mental disorders that influence the thoughts and behaviors of affected individuals. There is currently a lack of studies in the relationship between these individuals and crime rates, though it is often found criminal offenders have said disorders. These disorders can be traced down to neurological and biochemical dimensions, including disruptions in brain function and chemical levels. These disorders can also be developed from childhood abuse or other disruptions in adolescent development. Though all personality disorders are developed similarly, the differences in presentation affect the type of crime committed and specific crime scene behaviors. …


Solving Crimes With 23andme: Dna Databases And The Future Of Law Enforcement, Meghan Mcloughlin Apr 2022

Solving Crimes With 23andme: Dna Databases And The Future Of Law Enforcement, Meghan Mcloughlin

Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development

(Excerpt)

“It could never happen to me though, right?”

Sitting on our comfortable couches in our secure homes and watching news stories about people who have lost loved ones to the most terrible, violent crimes, we think to ourselves: “That’s awful for them, but it won’t happen to me.” But what if it did?

Becoming a victim of a violent crime or loving someone who becomes a victim of a crime in the United States is not uncommon. In 2016, 2.9 million people in the United States were victims of at least one “violent crime”—crimes defined by their inherent violence, …


Improving The Mental Health Tale In The Criminal Justice System, Meredith Bernal Apr 2022

Improving The Mental Health Tale In The Criminal Justice System, Meredith Bernal

Helm's School of Government Conference

No abstract provided.


Juries, Democracy, And Petty Crime, John D. King Jan 2022

Juries, Democracy, And Petty Crime, John D. King

Scholarly Articles

The right to trial by jury in criminal cases is basic to the design of American criminal justice and to the structure of American government. Guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution, the Sixth Amendment, and every one of the original state constitutions, the criminal jury was seen as critically important not only to the protection of individual rights but also to the architecture of American democracy. The vast majority of criminal prosecutions today, however, are resolved without even the prospect of community review by a jury. Despite the textual clarity of the guarantee, the Supreme Court has long recognized …


Mysterious Ways, Lawrence M. Friedman Jan 2022

Mysterious Ways, Lawrence M. Friedman

FIU Law Review

The “mystery” or “detective” novel originated in the first half of the 19th century, and quickly became extremely popular. Its origins betray changes in English and American society—the same changes that led to innovations in criminal justice, especially the creation of detective squads in the big cities. The goal of the detective was to expose secret crime—crimes committed by confidence men, and others who worked in the shadows. Thousands and thousands of detective novels have been written; they are extremely varied; but they tend to share one common trait: they turn on the problem of hidden personal identities, which the …


How The Gun Control Act Disarms Black Firearm Owners, Maya Itah Oct 2021

How The Gun Control Act Disarms Black Firearm Owners, Maya Itah

Washington Law Review

Through 18 U.S.C. § 924(c), the Gun Control Act (GCA) outlaws the possession of a firearm “in furtherance of” a drug trafficking crime. The statute’s language is broad, and federal courts have interpreted it expansively. By giving prosecutors wide discretion in charging individuals with § 924(c) violations, the language enables the disproportionate incarceration of Black firearm owners.

This Comment addresses this issue in three parts. Part I discusses the ways early gun control laws overtly disarmed Black firearm owners. Additionally, Part I provides context for the passage of the Gun Control Act of 1968, which coincided with the backlash to …


Inside The Black Box Of Prosecutor Discretion, Megan S. Wright, Shima Baughman, Christopher Robertson Jul 2021

Inside The Black Box Of Prosecutor Discretion, Megan S. Wright, Shima Baughman, Christopher Robertson

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

In their charging and bargaining decisions, prosecutors have unparalleled and nearly-unchecked discretion that leads to incarceration or freedom for millions of Americans each year. More than courts, legislators, or any other justice system player, in the aggregate prosecutors’ choices are the key drivers of outcomes, whether the rates of mass incarceration or the degree of racial disparities in justice. To date, there is precious little empirical research on how prosecutors exercise their breathtaking discretion. We do not know whether they consistently charge like cases alike or whether crime is in the eye of the beholder. We do not know what …


Early Survivor Voices And Primary Sources. Modern Slavery: A Documentary And Reference Guide By Laura J. Lederer, Sandra Morgan Jun 2021

Early Survivor Voices And Primary Sources. Modern Slavery: A Documentary And Reference Guide By Laura J. Lederer, Sandra Morgan

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Commanding Good And Forbidding Wrong (The Role Of Al-Amr Bi'l -Ma'ruf Wa'l-Nahyi An Al-Munkar) In The Prevention Of Crime In The Islamic Criminal Legislation. - A Comparative Study - By: Lawyer Dr. Muhammad Riad Al Khany Apr 2021

The Role Of Commanding Good And Forbidding Wrong (The Role Of Al-Amr Bi'l -Ma'ruf Wa'l-Nahyi An Al-Munkar) In The Prevention Of Crime In The Islamic Criminal Legislation. - A Comparative Study - By: Lawyer Dr. Muhammad Riad Al Khany

UAEU Law Journal

No one in the Islamic Society can deny the effect of the order to do well and to refrain from what is bad on the prevention of crime. This order is a fundamental source of the Islamic Legislation in general and of the Islamic Criminal Legislation in particular. This in situation stem s its origins from two sources: The Holy Quran and Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad. The Quran had said many times and on m any occasions, that the main task of the individual is to practice and order the well and to refrain from doing the bad and …


The Difficulties Which Oppose The Application Of Texts Of Robbery Crime Upon Computer Programs- الصعوبات التي تعترض تطبيق نصوص جريمة السرقة على برامج الحاسب الآلي, Mohammed Hammad Al Hiti Mar 2021

The Difficulties Which Oppose The Application Of Texts Of Robbery Crime Upon Computer Programs- الصعوبات التي تعترض تطبيق نصوص جريمة السرقة على برامج الحاسب الآلي, Mohammed Hammad Al Hiti

UAEU Law Journal

We started this article by an introduction regarding the importance of Computer, its parts, and the meaning of program and its sorts. In Chapter One we talked about the firmness of the utility of (money) on Computer programs, this chapter consists of three sections, in sec. 1 we talked about the attitudes of legislations regarding the firmness of the utility of (money) on Computer programs, these legislations are quite differed in their definition to robbery and its applications on the concept of money and things, we also detailed that computer has its own material and semantic identity. In sec. 2, …


The Concept Of Transparency In The Work Of The Courts And Its Role In The Administration Of Justice, Erkin Kuchkarbaevich Sabirov Mar 2021

The Concept Of Transparency In The Work Of The Courts And Its Role In The Administration Of Justice, Erkin Kuchkarbaevich Sabirov

ProAcademy

The article examines the concept of transparency in the activities of the courts and its role in the administration of justice. Information about the private lives of persons who cannot be disclosed and will be heard in closed court shall be specified in detail and shall include personal audio and video recordings, photographs and films, electronic, digital and other documentary means in addition to personal correspondence and other personal messages. When the case is heard in closed session of the court, it should be borne in mind that the participation of persons under the age of sixteen is not allowed …


Formation And Development Of The Prosecutor's Supervision Over The Compliance Of Laws In Investigation Of Crimes In The Sphere Of Information Technologies, Atobek Ravshanovich Davronov, Atobek Davronov Feb 2021

Formation And Development Of The Prosecutor's Supervision Over The Compliance Of Laws In Investigation Of Crimes In The Sphere Of Information Technologies, Atobek Ravshanovich Davronov, Atobek Davronov

ProAcademy

The rapid growth of information technologies naturally determines the interest of researchers in them from various fields of science. Law, including criminal law, is no exception. Currently: a separate branch of law is being formed - information law. Despite this, until now in science unified approaches to the analysis of information and legal phenomena have not been developed. The article analyzes the formation and development of prosecutorial supervision over the execution of laws in the investigation of crimes in the field of information technology, and also studied the process of the emergence of information technology as a type of crime …


Military Service And Offending Behaviors Of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi Feb 2021

Military Service And Offending Behaviors Of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi

Department of Counseling Scholarship and Creative Works

Focusing on the United States, this paper examines the impact of military service for the cohort of individuals that have experienced the social factors that characterize emerging adulthood as a unique stage in the life course. We argue that military service, as a turning point, may act differently in contemporary times compared to findings from past research. This difference is driven by changes in military service, the draft versus volunteer military service, and the prevalence of emerging adulthood. As a background, we describe emerging adulthood, examine how emerging adulthood relates to crime and deviance, explore the impact of military life …


The Crime Of Contempt Of Religions In International And National Laws, Dr. Jamal Barafi, Dr. Alia Zakaria Jan 2021

The Crime Of Contempt Of Religions In International And National Laws, Dr. Jamal Barafi, Dr. Alia Zakaria

UAEU Law Journal

The protection of the religious sanctities of the individual is not of lesser importance than the protection of his physical entity, because of the relation of these sanctities with his cultural and civilizational entity. There is no doubt that the constant increase of prejudice and abuse of these sanctities require the need to provide adequate legal protection for it. It is well known that the individual has the right, in principle, to choose freely his religious beliefs and practice it’s rituals, but this does not mean that this right is without restrictions and limitations.

Despite the numerous legal provisions that …


The Robber Wants To Be Punished, Uri Weiss Jan 2021

The Robber Wants To Be Punished, Uri Weiss

Touro Law Review

It is a commonly held intuition that increasing punishment leads to less crime. Let us move our glance from the punishment for the crime itself to the punishment for the attempt to commit a crime, or to the punishment for the threat to carry it out. We argue that the greater the punishment for the attempted robbery, i.e., for the threat, "give me your money or else," the greater the number of robberies and threats there will be. The punishment for the threat makes the withdrawal from it more expensive for the criminal, making the relative cost of committing the …


Crime And The Mythology Of Police, Shima Baughman Jan 2021

Crime And The Mythology Of Police, Shima Baughman

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

The legal policing literature has espoused one theory of policing after another in an effort to address the frayed relationship between police and the communities they serve. All have aimed to diagnose chronic policing problems in working towards structural police reform. The core principles emanating from these theoretical critiques is that the mistrust of police among communities of color results from maltreatment, illegitimacy and marginalization from the law and its enforcers. Remedies have included police training to encourage treating people with dignity, investing in body cameras and other technology, providing legal avenues to encourage constitutional action by police, and creating …


Victims, Right?, Anna Roberts Jan 2021

Victims, Right?, Anna Roberts

Faculty Publications

In criminal contexts, a “victim” is typically defined as someone who has been harmed by a crime. Yet the word commonly appears in legal contexts that precede the adjudication of whether a crime has occurred. Each U.S. state guarantees “victims’ rights,” including many that apply pre-adjudication; ongoing “Marsy’s Law” efforts seek to expand and constitutionalize them nationwide. At trial, advocates, judges, and jury instructions employ this word even though the existence or not of crime (and thus of a crime victim) is a central question to be decided. This usage matters in part because of its possible consequences: it risks …


The Economic Case For Rewards Over Imprisonment, Brian D. Galle Jan 2021

The Economic Case For Rewards Over Imprisonment, Brian D. Galle

Indiana Law Journal

There seems to be a growing social consensus that the United States imprisons far too many people for far too long. But reform efforts have slowed in the face of a challenging question: How can we reduce reliance on prisons while still discouraging crime, particularly violent crime? Through the 1970s, social scientists believed the answer was an array of what I will call preventive benefits: drug and mental health treatment, housing, and even unconditional cash payments. But early evaluations of these programs failed to find much evidence that they were successful, confirming a then-developing economic theory that predicted the programs …


Autonomous Cyber Weapons And Command Responsibility, Russell Buchan, Nicholas Tsagourias Dec 2020

Autonomous Cyber Weapons And Command Responsibility, Russell Buchan, Nicholas Tsagourias

International Law Studies

Autonomous cyber weapons have made their way onto the battlefield, raising the question of whether commanders can be held criminally responsible under command responsibility when war crimes are committed. The doctrine of command responsibility has a long history in international criminal law and comprises three core elements: the existence of a superior-subordinate relationship, the commander’s knowledge of the crime, and the commander’s failure to prevent or repress the subordinate’s criminal actions. This article unpacks the content of these elements and applies them to autonomous cyber weapons by treating them as being analogous to soldiers since they operate within an organized …


The Female Face Of Misogyny: A Review Of Decriminalizing Domestic Violence: A Balanced Policy Approach To Intimate Partner Violence By Leigh Goodmark And The Feminist War On Crime: The Unexpected Role Of Women's Liberation In Mass Incarceration By Aya Gruber, Dianne L. Post Dec 2020

The Female Face Of Misogyny: A Review Of Decriminalizing Domestic Violence: A Balanced Policy Approach To Intimate Partner Violence By Leigh Goodmark And The Feminist War On Crime: The Unexpected Role Of Women's Liberation In Mass Incarceration By Aya Gruber, Dianne L. Post

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Does Bitcoin Use Affect Crime Rates?, Kevin Keane Nov 2020

Does Bitcoin Use Affect Crime Rates?, Kevin Keane

The Corinthian

Bitcoin is the most widely used cryptocurrency in the world because of its decentralized network that completes user-to-user transactions, eliminating the need for intermediaries. During 2017, the volume of Bitcoin transactions totaled $94.3 trillion. Bitcoin transactions are recorded in a public database called the blockchain. Although the blockchain can keep track of how many transactions there are, it can’t identify the people involved in transactions. The lack of identity increases the anonymity of Bitcoin transactions, making it less detectable when used for crime. Using the Uniform Crime Reporting’s state-level crime rate data and blockchain’s Bitcoin transaction information, I estimate the …


Pengaturan Dan Praktek Praperadilan Tindak Pidana Pajak Di Indonesia, Ahmad Sofian, Batara Mulia Hasibuan Sep 2020

Pengaturan Dan Praktek Praperadilan Tindak Pidana Pajak Di Indonesia, Ahmad Sofian, Batara Mulia Hasibuan

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

Pretrial is an institution to control and correct law enforcement which are deemed to have violated mechanisms established in procedural laws. The correction is not aimed to look into the aspects of the alleged criminal case but determine whether “rules of the game” established in the formal criminal law have been implemented properly or not. In practice, tax payers being involved in tax criminal cases often file pretrial motion although tax investigators actually have applied the principles of formal criminal law in legal measures they take. There are often different interpretations of laws and regulations used in pretrial institution for …


Criminological Description Of Crimes Related To Terrorism And Their Causes, Jamshid Ibrohimov Sep 2020

Criminological Description Of Crimes Related To Terrorism And Their Causes, Jamshid Ibrohimov

Review of law sciences

Terrorism is the most dangerous and difficult vocation of our time. In order to solve this social problem, it is necessary first of all to know exactly what terrorism is, its plot, essence, why and by whom it is used as a tool in the fight against terrorism. It is worth noting that now the fact that the identity of the terrorist was not described as a Fox, is one of the main problems in science. In this case, it is also very important to pay attention to the various data on the delivery of mercenaries maksad in the case …


Ethical Implications Of Forensic Genealogy In Criminal Cases, Solana Lund May 2020

Ethical Implications Of Forensic Genealogy In Criminal Cases, Solana Lund

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The use of forensic genealogy to solve criminal cases is likely to increase in the coming years, especially given its success in solving cold cases. While its potential for good is impressive, there are also legitimate ethical concerns that need to be addressed. As society sees an increase in the use of forensic genealogy and DTC databases in criminal investigations as well as an increase in the media attention it garners, there will be more discussion regarding ethical implications. Legal scholars say that it is only a matter of time before courts weigh in on the privacy of DNA and …


Paradigm Of Forming A Liberal Penitentiary System – Origins, Trends And Prospects, N. Salaev Apr 2020

Paradigm Of Forming A Liberal Penitentiary System – Origins, Trends And Prospects, N. Salaev

Review of law sciences

The article illustrates some problematic aspects of the development and improvement of the penitentiary system of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In the course of the study, the problematic aspects of the evolution of liberal prison policy, and promising areas for improving the criminal-executive policy were identified. In particular, the author has studied the current situation in the field of prison policy in the world, modern challenges and threats in the form of the danger of an increase in the criminal population due to the decrease in the repressive nature of criminal punishments and the not always justified improvement in the …


Law Library Blog (April 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Apr 2020

Law Library Blog (April 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Law School News: 'Injustice Dehumanizes Everyone It Touches' 1-31-2020, Michael M. Bowden Jan 2020

Law School News: 'Injustice Dehumanizes Everyone It Touches' 1-31-2020, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.