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Criminal Law

2005

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 202

Full-Text Articles in Law

Death Penalty Law, Holly Geerdes, Nikki Cox Dec 2005

Death Penalty Law, Holly Geerdes, Nikki Cox

Mercer Law Review

This Article surveys the death penalty decisions of the Georgia Supreme Court from June 1, 2004 through May 31, 2005. The cases discussed include those heard by the supreme court on interim appeal, on direct appeal, and on review of habeas corpus decisions. Focusing on the court's decisions that affect the trial and appeal of death penalty cases, this Article, with some exceptions, does not discuss holdings in capital cases that are common to all criminal appeals.


The Supreme Court And Foreign Sources Of Law: Two Hundred Years Of Practice And The Juvenile Death Penalty Decision, Steven Calabresi, Stephanie Dotson Zimdahl Dec 2005

The Supreme Court And Foreign Sources Of Law: Two Hundred Years Of Practice And The Juvenile Death Penalty Decision, Steven Calabresi, Stephanie Dotson Zimdahl

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Cleaning Up The Eighth Amendment Mess, Tom Stacy Dec 2005

Cleaning Up The Eighth Amendment Mess, Tom Stacy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This article criticizes the Court's interpretation of the Eighth Amendment's Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause and offers its own understanding. The Court's jurisprudence is plagued by deep inconsistencies concerning the Amendment's text, the Court's own role, and a constitutional requirement of proportionate punishment. In search of ways to redress these fundamental shortcomings, the article explores three alternative interpretations of the Clause: (1) a textualist approach; (2) Justice Scalia's understanding that the Clause forbids only punishments unacceptable for all offenses; and (3) a majoritarian approach that would consistently define cruel and unusual punishment in terms of legislative judgments and penal custom. …


Criminal Law, Laura D. Hogue, Franklin J. Hogue Dec 2005

Criminal Law, Laura D. Hogue, Franklin J. Hogue

Mercer Law Review

In this survey of Georgia criminal law, we have selected only those cases that we deemed to be of interest to those of us who practice in the area of criminal law. For space reasons, however, we could not include every interesting case, even in footnotes. Other writers of this survey would have selected differently, no doubt. We also were able to omit all death penalty cases and cases involving strictly evidentiary issues, as two other fine articles in this edition of the Mercer Law Review cover those cases.


The Pinkerton Doctrine And Murder, Matthew A. Pauley Dec 2005

The Pinkerton Doctrine And Murder, Matthew A. Pauley

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] "Suppose that A hires B to rob a bank in Massachusetts and A then hires C to rob a bank in Rhode Island. B and C have not met face to face, but each knows he is part of a conspiracy to rob banks in more than one state. All agree that no one will be killed in the robberies. A then procures D to get a car for use in the robberies. B uses D’s car to rob his bank. During the robbery of C’s bank, C pulls out a gun and shoots and kills the bank guard. …


Recognizing Victims In The Federal Rules Of Criminal Procedure: Proposed Amendments In Light Of The Crime Victims' Rights Act, Paul G. Cassell Nov 2005

Recognizing Victims In The Federal Rules Of Criminal Procedure: Proposed Amendments In Light Of The Crime Victims' Rights Act, Paul G. Cassell

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Criminal Law And Procedure, Marla G. Decker, Stephen R. Mccullough Nov 2005

Criminal Law And Procedure, Marla G. Decker, Stephen R. Mccullough

University of Richmond Law Review

This article examines the most significant cases from the Supreme Court of Virginia and the Court of Appeals of Virginia over the past year. The article also outlines some of the most consequential changes to the law enacted by the Virginia General Assembly during the 2005 Session in the field of criminal law and procedure.


Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai Nov 2005

Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Criminal Law—The Sixth Amendment Right To Counsel—The Supreme Court Minimizes The Right To Effective Assistance Of Counsel By Maximizing The Deference Awarded To Barely Competent Defense Attorneys. Florida V. Nixon, 125 S. Ct. 551 (2004)., Jennifer Williams Oct 2005

Criminal Law—The Sixth Amendment Right To Counsel—The Supreme Court Minimizes The Right To Effective Assistance Of Counsel By Maximizing The Deference Awarded To Barely Competent Defense Attorneys. Florida V. Nixon, 125 S. Ct. 551 (2004)., Jennifer Williams

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


To Improve The State And Condition Of Man: The Power To Police And The History Of American Governance, Christopher Tomlins Oct 2005

To Improve The State And Condition Of Man: The Power To Police And The History Of American Governance, Christopher Tomlins

Buffalo Law Review

Book review of Markus Dirk Dubber's The Police Power: Patriarchy and the Foundations of American Government


The Big Chill?: Contextual Judgment After R. V Hamilton, Richard Devlin, Matthew Sherrard Oct 2005

The Big Chill?: Contextual Judgment After R. V Hamilton, Richard Devlin, Matthew Sherrard

Dalhousie Law Journal

The tone and thrust of the Ontario Court ofAppeal's decision in R. v. Hamilton will serve to chill efforts by sentencing judges to tailor their responsibilities to accord with the recognized realities of systemic and intersectional inequality in Canadian society The decision presents an unduly conservative response to the judicial function question, and an understandable, if excessively cautious, answer with regard to the application of systemic, intersectional inequality issues in practice. Specifically, the decision underplays the overall remedial goal of section 718 of the Criminal Code by overemphasizing the particularity of Aboriginal peoples, and ignoring the specificity of especially vulnerable …


Uncovering The Presumption Of Factual Innocence In Canadian Law, Mark Herrema Oct 2005

Uncovering The Presumption Of Factual Innocence In Canadian Law, Mark Herrema

Dalhousie Law Journal

The presumption of innocence has long been regarded as a hallmark of our justice system. Rhetoric abounds and finding a more celebrated legal doctrine is difficult. For most in the legalprofession, the presumption of innocence represents the procedural requirement that the Crown prove all elements of an offence. Yet, aside from its procedural and evidentiary protections, does the presumption of innocence offer any protection at the pre-charge phase of the criminal justice process? Specifically, for the majority of Canadians who have never been, or never will be charged with an offence, does the presumption of innocence offer any protection? Regrettably, …


Phase Three Of New York State Domestic Violence Law: The Financial Aftermath, Jennifer Sarkees Sep 2005

Phase Three Of New York State Domestic Violence Law: The Financial Aftermath, Jennifer Sarkees

Buffalo Women's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Death Qualification As A Violation Of The Rights Of Jurors, Adam M. Clark Sep 2005

An Investigation Of Death Qualification As A Violation Of The Rights Of Jurors, Adam M. Clark

Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The "Csi Effect": Better Jurors Through Television And Science?, Michael Mann Sep 2005

The "Csi Effect": Better Jurors Through Television And Science?, Michael Mann

Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Race And The Death Penalty After Mccleskey: A Case Study Of Kentucky's Racial Justice Act, Justin R. Arnold Sep 2005

Race And The Death Penalty After Mccleskey: A Case Study Of Kentucky's Racial Justice Act, Justin R. Arnold

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Third Party Consent Searches And The Fourth Amendment: Refusal, Consent, And Reasonableness, Elizabeth A. Wright Sep 2005

Third Party Consent Searches And The Fourth Amendment: Refusal, Consent, And Reasonableness, Elizabeth A. Wright

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Best Little Whorehouse Is Not In Texas: How Nevada's Prostitution Laws Serve Public Policy, And How Those Laws May Be Improved, Daria Snadowsky Sep 2005

The Best Little Whorehouse Is Not In Texas: How Nevada's Prostitution Laws Serve Public Policy, And How Those Laws May Be Improved, Daria Snadowsky

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


When A Victim's A Victim: Making Reference To Victims And Sex-Crime Prosecution, Scott A. Mcdonald Sep 2005

When A Victim's A Victim: Making Reference To Victims And Sex-Crime Prosecution, Scott A. Mcdonald

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Invisible Pillar Of Gideon, Adam M. Gershowitz Jul 2005

The Invisible Pillar Of Gideon, Adam M. Gershowitz

Indiana Law Journal

In 1996, the State of South Carolina charged Larry McVay with common-law robbery. McVay, who was employed part-time and took home less than $160 per week after taxes, claimed that after paying his basic living expenses he had no money left with which to hire an attorney. A South Carolina court disagreed and denied McVay's requestfor appointed counsel. ' Seven years later, Scott Peterson was arrested for the murder of his wife and unborn child in California. Although Peterson owned a home, drove an expensive SUV, and was carrying $10,000 in cash when he was captured, he claimed to be …


Making Sense Of The Sense Of Justice, Markus Dirk Dubber Jul 2005

Making Sense Of The Sense Of Justice, Markus Dirk Dubber

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


New Jersey’S Adult Internet Luring Statute: An Appropriate Next Step?, John W. Lomas Jr. Jun 2005

New Jersey’S Adult Internet Luring Statute: An Appropriate Next Step?, John W. Lomas Jr.

Duke Law & Technology Review

New Jersey recently enacted legislation prohibiting the use of the Internet to lure or entice someone to a location with the purpose of committing a crime with or against that person or some other person. Most states have similar laws pertaining to pedophiles, but this is the first adult Internet luring statute. State measures to regulate the Internet, even in the context of criminal justice, will likely face constitutional challenge since the Internet has become such a critical vehicle for both protected speech and interstate commerce. Furthermore, while the use of the Internet in the commission of crimes against other …


The Market For Criminal Justice: Federalism, Crime Control, And Jurisdictional Competition, Doron Teichman Jun 2005

The Market For Criminal Justice: Federalism, Crime Control, And Jurisdictional Competition, Doron Teichman

Michigan Law Review

Part I introduces the concepts of jurisdictional competition and crime displacement and argues that, as a positive matter, a decentralized criminal justice system may create a competitive process among the different units composing it, in which each such unit attempts to divert crime to neighboring communities. Part II then turns to evaluate the normative aspects of jurisdictional competition in the area of criminal justice. In this context I will show that competition can have both advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, the forces of competition might drive jurisdictions to fight crime efficiently, since any jurisdiction that functions inefficiently will suffer …


David P. Forsythe On The United States And The Rule Of Law In International Affairs By John F. Murphy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 367pp., David P. Forsythe May 2005

David P. Forsythe On The United States And The Rule Of Law In International Affairs By John F. Murphy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 367pp., David P. Forsythe

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of:

The United States and the Rule of Law in International Affairs by John F. Murphy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 367pp.


Securing A Journalist's Testimonial Privilege In The International Criminal Court, Anastasia Heeger May 2005

Securing A Journalist's Testimonial Privilege In The International Criminal Court, Anastasia Heeger

San Diego International Law Journal

This Article argues that given the unique and significant contribution of journalists to uncovering and documenting war crimes, the ICC should amend its evidentiary rules to recognize a qualified journalist's privilege. In doing so, the ICC should clearly identify who may benefit from such a privilege, clarify a procedure for balancing the need of reportorial testimony against prosecution and defense interests, and, lastly provide for mandatory consultations between the court and affected news organizations or journalists before allowing the issuance of a subpoena. Such clarity will benefit not only journalists working in war zones and the ICC, but will provide …


Apprendi's Limits, R. Craig Green May 2005

Apprendi's Limits, R. Craig Green

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Countering Terrorism: From Wigged Judges To Helmeted Soldiers - Legal Perspectives On America's Counter-Terrorism Responses, Jackson Nyamuya Maogoto May 2005

Countering Terrorism: From Wigged Judges To Helmeted Soldiers - Legal Perspectives On America's Counter-Terrorism Responses, Jackson Nyamuya Maogoto

San Diego International Law Journal

This Article aims to evaluate the international legal perspectives attendant to U.S. counter-terrorism measures and policy and the attendant strictures an implications. Part II commences by grappling with the uneasy relationship that legal and political complexities have foisted on the UN's ability to address terrorism and the difficult issue of the definition of terrorism. Within the context of this part, the Article also addresses the two dominant counter-terrorism paradigms-law enforcement and conflict management. Part III oves on to evaluate the law enforcement paradigm which treats terrorism as a crime engaging domestic law enforcement. This part offers a discussion of the …


The Prohibition Of Widespread Rape As A Jus Cogens, Dean Adams May 2005

The Prohibition Of Widespread Rape As A Jus Cogens, Dean Adams

San Diego International Law Journal

This Comment explains why the prohibition of widespread rape should be recognized as a jus cogens through analyses of the failure of existing international legal instruments, advances within international law towards the universal prohibition of widespread rape, and policy reasons for classifying widespread rape as a jus cogens. In doing so, this comment will demonstrate the particular timeliness of this topic by reviewing the use of widespread rape in several countries through the 1990s, the widespread rape presently occurring in Kenya, and the emerging reports from Iraq of rape committed at the hands of the Saddam Hussein regime. Finally, this …


United States V. Booker: The Demise Of Mandatory Federal Sentencing Guidelines And The Return Of Indeterminate Sentencing, Jonathan Chiu May 2005

United States V. Booker: The Demise Of Mandatory Federal Sentencing Guidelines And The Return Of Indeterminate Sentencing, Jonathan Chiu

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


How Panels Affect Judges: Evidence From United States District Courts, Ahmed E. Taha May 2005

How Panels Affect Judges: Evidence From United States District Courts, Ahmed E. Taha

University of Richmond Law Review

Recent research has shown that judges on panels decide cases differently than they do individually. Understanding these panel effects is essential to understanding and predicting judicial behavior. This Article uses a unique naturalexperiment, and interviewsof United States district court judges who participatedin this ex-periment, to empirically investigate panel effects. Specifically, in fourteen district courts the judges chose to sit in an en banc panelto decide the constitutionalityof the FederalSentencing Guide- lines; in fifty-three other districts, the judges decided the issue in- dividually instead. This Article compares the decisions and the characteristicsof these districts to study how panels affect judicialdecision making …