Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Criminal Law

Conference

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Restorative Prison: Essays On Inmate Peer Ministry & Prosocial Corrections, Michael A. Hallett Apr 2022

The Restorative Prison: Essays On Inmate Peer Ministry & Prosocial Corrections, Michael A. Hallett

Showcase of Faculty Scholarly & Creative Activity

Drawing on work from inside some of America’s largest and toughest prisons, this book documents an alternative model of "restorative corrections" utilizing the lived experience of successful inmates, fast disrupting traditional models of correctional programming. While research documents a strong desire among those serving time in prison to redeem themselves, inmates often confront a profound lack of opportunity for achieving redemption. In a system that has become obsessively and dysfunctionally punitive, often fewer than 10% of prisoners receive any programming. Incarcerated citizens emerge from prisons in the United States to reoffend at profoundly high rates, with the majority of released …


Minimum Sentences, Maximum Suffering: A Proposal To Reform Mandatory Minimum Sentencing, Jordan Ramsey Apr 2022

Minimum Sentences, Maximum Suffering: A Proposal To Reform Mandatory Minimum Sentencing, Jordan Ramsey

Helm's School of Government Conference

This paper offers several proposals to reform mandatory minimum sentencing laws and asks how we can best uphold Freedom and the Rule of Law within sentencing law.


The Local Community Standard: Modernizing The Supreme Court's Obscenity Jurisprudence, Jacob S. Gordon Apr 2022

The Local Community Standard: Modernizing The Supreme Court's Obscenity Jurisprudence, Jacob S. Gordon

Helm's School of Government Conference

Paper presentation on the Supreme Court's outdated case law on obscenity and how it needs to be modernized to in order to combat the dissemination of inappropriate materials in the age of decentralized digital media.


Reformation Within The Nation: Adapting The Nordic Rehabilitation And Reintegration Model To Positively Recondition The United States Criminal Justice System, Jessica Cornell Apr 2022

Reformation Within The Nation: Adapting The Nordic Rehabilitation And Reintegration Model To Positively Recondition The United States Criminal Justice System, Jessica Cornell

Helm's School of Government Conference

An analytical and statistical based comparison of criminal sentencing, incarceration, rehabilitation and reintegration in the United States of America to those of the five countries which follows those of the Nordic Criminal Justice System.


Improving The Mental Health Tale In The Criminal Justice System, Meredith Bernal Apr 2022

Improving The Mental Health Tale In The Criminal Justice System, Meredith Bernal

Helm's School of Government Conference

No abstract provided.


Clippers & Cops And Go Pro In Life, Tyrone J. Dennis Mar 2022

Clippers & Cops And Go Pro In Life, Tyrone J. Dennis

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Clippers and cops is an organization I (Detective Tyrone Dennis) started in March of 2018 where APD officers actually go into our own communities to speak to civilians about our own experiences; good and bad.

Meeting at local barber shops, Rec centers, to local restaurants, “Clippers and cops” is a relaxed round table discussion that gives every day people a neutral and safe platform for their voices to be heard without judgement, And a place to have an open dialogue about the adversity and hot button issues that have caused such disparity between these 2 conflicting worlds.

Today young people …


Sticky Situations: Understanding The Law And Life, Krystal Banks Mar 2022

Sticky Situations: Understanding The Law And Life, Krystal Banks

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Law and life go hand in hand. Understanding the law and how it connects to life can be an effective tool in teaching youth and adults the value of making good decisions when it comes to life and the law. Sticky Situations places real-world situations in the context of learning how to apply the law and effectively respond to life's sticky situations.


Death By Police: When “Protecting And Serving” Goes Wrong, Hesper Mallis Aug 2021

Death By Police: When “Protecting And Serving” Goes Wrong, Hesper Mallis

Symposium of Student Scholars

The recent cases of law enforcement using lethal force in the United States have gained massive public attention. My dataset is from the Mapping Police Violence website. The website’s focus was to create a heat map to display where police killings occurred most frequently. The website has a dataset with information on 7,664 deaths of suspects. The variables in the dataset include age, sex and race of the suspect; geographic location; alleged threat level; alleged weapon; cause of death; and criminal charges against the officer. In addition, the variables include whether the individual had a mental illness, was armed or …


Marijuana Arrests In Toronto Canada: A Look Into The Canadian Criminal Justice System, Steven Tully Aug 2021

Marijuana Arrests In Toronto Canada: A Look Into The Canadian Criminal Justice System, Steven Tully

Symposium of Student Scholars

Marijuana related drug offenses made up fifty-eight percent of all Controlled Drugs and Substances Act offenses in Canada in 2016. On October 17, 2018, Canada legalized marijuana. As part of the efforts to legalize marijuana, descriptive statistics of single variables, like the age of the arrestees and the number of people arrested per year, were reported by the Toronto Star newspaper. The dataset analyzed in this research predates the legalization of marijuana and was collected from 1997 to 2002 on 5,226 individuals arrested in Toronto, Canada for simple possession of small quantities of marijuana. When an offender was arrested for …


Bias In Police Shootings: Is It Just An Opinion?, Phuong Ho Aug 2021

Bias In Police Shootings: Is It Just An Opinion?, Phuong Ho

Symposium of Student Scholars

The claims of racism have drawn public attention toward police brutality and its impact on minorities. Is this just an opinion or is there any statistical evidence? Recent studies from The Atlantic have investigated the average age and ethnicity of victims from police killings in 2015-2016. As an Asian-American, I am motivated to examine the issue of police killings among races and other demographics to find any bias that is present. Using the dataset of 2,204 victims of police killings (2015-2016) collected by The Guardian, I will examine the following variables for bias: age, cause of death, armed/unarmed, race/ethnicity, and …


Session 1: Access To Legal Services - The Role Of Innovation And Technology, Steven Bender, Stacy Butler, Anna Carpenter, Michael Cherry, Sands Mckinley, Kimball Dean Parker, Miguel Willis Jun 2021

Session 1: Access To Legal Services - The Role Of Innovation And Technology, Steven Bender, Stacy Butler, Anna Carpenter, Michael Cherry, Sands Mckinley, Kimball Dean Parker, Miguel Willis

SITIE Symposiums

This expert panel is addressing access to justice problems. People without access to lawyers and legal services suffer in many ways not limited to divorce, domestic violence, and educational roadblocks. This panel will ask what lawyers can do to help, in what ways can technology help or replace lawyers in the delivery of legal and non-legal services. It will also explore different legal services being offered by individuals who do not have a JD, online firms, and developing technology in a law firm owed subsidiary. There are six panelists who are broken into two categories: (1) the innovation and delivery …


Bridging The Gap: Reconciling Research And Reality On Street Gang Prevention, Brent Schuliger May 2021

Bridging The Gap: Reconciling Research And Reality On Street Gang Prevention, Brent Schuliger

Helm's School of Government Conference

Law enforcement in America is under great scrutiny. Last year saw numerous calls for criminal justice reforms due to a perceived racial bias in policing strategies and policies. This crisis of public opinion poses a serious threat to police legitimacy in the coming years. Couple this with a public which increasingly does not trust police capabilities to solve crimes: since 2010, the number of violent crimes reported to police steadily declined, reaching a low of only 40% reported[1]. It is clear some reforms to the criminal justice system, and how it interacts with communities, are needed. One of …


The Acquisition Of Scientific Evidence Between Frye And Daubert. From Ad Hominem Arguments To Cross-Examination Among Experts, Lorenzo Zoppellari Jun 2020

The Acquisition Of Scientific Evidence Between Frye And Daubert. From Ad Hominem Arguments To Cross-Examination Among Experts, Lorenzo Zoppellari

OSSA Conference Archive

The Frye and Daubert rulings give us two very different ways to intend the relation between law and science. Through the contributions of Wellman and Walton, we will see how the main method to question the expert’s testimony before a judge deferent to science is to question her personal integrity by using ad hominem arguments. Otherwise, using Alvin Goldman’s novice/expert problem, we will investigate if other manners of argumentative cross-examinations are possible.


The Disconnect Between Forensic Science And The Lawyers And Judges Who Represent It, Hannah Reidenbaugh Mar 2020

The Disconnect Between Forensic Science And The Lawyers And Judges Who Represent It, Hannah Reidenbaugh

Graduate Student Research Symposium

The goal of this research is to demonstrate a knowledge gap in the forensic science education of lawyers. In law schools across the country, there is minimal curriculum requirements focused on educating law students in forensic science. Of the top 50 law schools in the U.S., 20% offer a forensic science elective. After the rigor of law school, there is no requirement set to educate lawyers in forensic science. In fact, based on survey responses, 51% of criminal lawyers do not take part in forensic science continuing education programs. Though educators as well as professionals have voiced the need for …


Plugging The Pipeline: Prosecutors And Educators Collaborating To Eliminate The School To Prison Pipeline, Hunter Taylor, Gerry Lopez, Evelyn Essenwanger, Hunter Taylor Mar 2020

Plugging The Pipeline: Prosecutors And Educators Collaborating To Eliminate The School To Prison Pipeline, Hunter Taylor, Gerry Lopez, Evelyn Essenwanger, Hunter Taylor

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Ideal for law enforcement, educators, and all citizens working with youth at-risk, this unique presentation explains how prosecutors in one of the nation’s largest counties have engaged local school districts, community based organizations, and even ex-gang members to create an award winning Crime Prevention Unit designed to keep youth in the classroom and out of the criminal justice system.


Drones: Where Does The National Airspace System Start?, Jason T. Lorenzon J.D. Mar 2020

Drones: Where Does The National Airspace System Start?, Jason T. Lorenzon J.D.

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), Unmanned Aeronautical Vehicles (UAV), drones and Personal Aerial Vehicles (PAV) constitute the greatest technological advancement since the jet age. (Elaine Chao, Secretary of Transportation, October 26, 2017) This technological advancement has prompted significant public policy challenges and the need for new laws regarding navigable airspace. This proposal investigates how airspace used by drones will evolve given existing Constitutional and common law principals. These principals will influence the creation, development and modification of UAS airspace regulations by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

Two critical but unanswered questions concerning the National Airspace System, are where does navigable airspace …


Gambling Treatment Diversion Court: First In Nevada, Denise F. Quirk Ma, Carol O'Hare, Cheryl Moss Jd, Dayvid Figler Esq., Sydney Smith M.A. May 2019

Gambling Treatment Diversion Court: First In Nevada, Denise F. Quirk Ma, Carol O'Hare, Cheryl Moss Jd, Dayvid Figler Esq., Sydney Smith M.A.

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

The first Gambling Treatment Diversion Court was established in Las Vegas, Nevada in fall of 2018 following more than 25 years of effort by passionately concerned non-profit Executives, therapists, lawyers and judges. This panel represents one leader from each of those areas, including Judge Cheryl Moss, the first judge to open the Gambling Treatment Diversion Court (GTDC), Dayvid Figler, the first attorney to successfully represent a gambling client and refer her to the GTDC, Carol O'Hare, Executive Director of the non-profit Nevada Council on Problem Gambler with 25+ years leadership and advocacy for problem gamblers, Sydney Smith, M.A., Clinical Director …


Socioeconomic Influences On Property Crime Rates: A Study In Virginia's Counties, Mary Passley Apr 2019

Socioeconomic Influences On Property Crime Rates: A Study In Virginia's Counties, Mary Passley

Student Scholar Showcase

Most research on factors and causes of crime, whether property or violent crime, focuses on individuals’ behavior or their surrounding environment. In this research, I explore the idea of socioeconomic factors correlated to property crime. I conducted a retrospective design to fully explore United States Census data and crime data gathered by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to discover statistically significant variables connected to property crime. Significant findings were shown by average people per house and retail sales per capita in all counties. Additional significant findings were percent employment change and percent with high school degree or higher in low …


Demanding Accountability In Domestic Violence Courts, Johnna Pike Nov 2018

Demanding Accountability In Domestic Violence Courts, Johnna Pike

Violence Against Women conference

This presentation explores whether specialized domestic violence courts are achieving their stated objective of abuser accountability. Domestic violence emerged from the private realm of family life into the public consciousness during the 1970s. Since then, there has been a largely successful movement to reframe domestic violence as a “real” social problem necessitating meaningful criminal justice intervention. Within the criminal justice system, victim and feminist groups have mostly prevailed in controlling the discourse around domestic violence as a gender-based offense. As a result, a criminal court model aimed at empowering victims and at holding abusers accountable has emerged. However, the efficacy …


Cruel And Unusual: A Look Into Prisoner Mental Health Care, Adonia Delgado Hipp Apr 2018

Cruel And Unusual: A Look Into Prisoner Mental Health Care, Adonia Delgado Hipp

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference (2015 - 2021)

The United States incarcerates more of its citizens than any other country (Blumstein & Wallman, 2000). In fact, the rate of incarceration is more than five times higher than most of the countries in the world. Recent studies indicate that “Crowded living quarters, lack of privacy, increased risk of victimization, and solitary confinement within the institution have been identified as strong correlates for self-harm and adaptation challenges for those with mental health conditions in prison settings” (Gonzalez et al., 2014). One of the greatest persistent injustices of modern criminal law is that not only are poor people and people of …


A New Future? The Catholic Church, Grassroots Justice, And Accountability, Regina Menachery Paulose Nov 2017

A New Future? The Catholic Church, Grassroots Justice, And Accountability, Regina Menachery Paulose

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

Between the 1970s and 1980s, Guatemalans, particularly the indigenous populations, were targets of a state-sponsored genocide. Several years after the genocide, Catholic Bishop Juan Gerardi of Guatemala City took the lead in creating the Recovery of Historical Memory Project which was an independent investigation into the events of the genocide. Gerardi was murdered before the report was made public. This paper will briefly discuss Gerardi’s work and his contribution to local justice in Guatemala. The author will then explore what contributions the Catholic Church could make in creating similar fact-finding missions. Could a grassroots mechanism such as the one Gerardi …


"Prostitution And Criminal Law: A Comparative Perspective, Alberto Cadoppi, Sep 2016

"Prostitution And Criminal Law: A Comparative Perspective, Alberto Cadoppi,

Distinguished Speaker Series

No abstract provided.


Eating Disorders In Prison Populations, Samantha Donovan Apr 2016

Eating Disorders In Prison Populations, Samantha Donovan

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Under The Needle: Ergonomic Issues With Lethal Injection Protocols, Gabriella Hancock Apr 2016

Under The Needle: Ergonomic Issues With Lethal Injection Protocols, Gabriella Hancock

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

The institution of capital punishment represents one of the most contentious issues affecting societies today; and while the practice is only implemented in 58 countries, the controversy affects the world at large as over 60% of the human population lives in nations that condone the death penalty (Hali, 2015). In the United States, people who support capital punishment believe the practice to be an effective crime deterrent for potential criminals and therefore a prospective protective measure for law abiding citizens. Moreover, advocates defend their position by forwarding the argument that executions are ‘humane’; that use of lethal injection ensures that …


Effects Of Personal Hygiene And Arrest Rates, Taylor L. Gann Apr 2015

Effects Of Personal Hygiene And Arrest Rates, Taylor L. Gann

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Lethal Injection, Politics, And The Future Of The Death Penalty, Stephen Bright, Deborah W. Denno, Joel Zivot, Eric Berger, Frank Green, Mark Earley, Richard B. Roper, Corinna Barrett Lain, Stephen Smith, John Douglass, Brandon L. Garrett, Richard Dieter Oct 2014

Lethal Injection, Politics, And The Future Of The Death Penalty, Stephen Bright, Deborah W. Denno, Joel Zivot, Eric Berger, Frank Green, Mark Earley, Richard B. Roper, Corinna Barrett Lain, Stephen Smith, John Douglass, Brandon L. Garrett, Richard Dieter

University of Richmond Law Review Symposium

“Welcome and Keynote:” Stephen Bright, Harvey Karp Visiting Lecturer at Yale Law School, and President and Senior Counsel with the Southern Center for Human Rights. (9:00 a.m. - 9:45 a.m.)

“The Death Penalty Today: Lethal Injection Issues:” Panel 1 featured Deborah W. Denno, Arthur A. McGivney Professor of Law at Fordham University School of Law; Joel Zivot, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery at Emory University School of Medicine, and Medical Director of the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit at Emory University Hospital; Eric Berger, Associate Professor of Law at Nebraska College of Law; and Frank Green, Reporter for the Richmond …


Keynote Address, G. Robert Blakey Mar 2014

Keynote Address, G. Robert Blakey

JLEPP Symposia

No abstract provided.


The Criminal Justice System In A Time Of Economic Meltdown: Crisis Or Opportunity For Reform?, Russell D. Covey, Caren Morrison Jan 2012

The Criminal Justice System In A Time Of Economic Meltdown: Crisis Or Opportunity For Reform?, Russell D. Covey, Caren Morrison

GSULR Symposium

This one-day symposium will examine the ways that our criminal justice system might respond to our ongoing national economic crisis by implementing long-awaited reforms. A host of distinguished legal scholars will join us to discuss the ways that problems in our criminal justice system are effecting our economy on national and local levels, and how we might further the goals of our criminal justice system while paring down government expense.

Please see event website to register.

http://law.gsu.edu/events/index/symposium_register


Blameworthiness And Dangerousness: An Analysis Of Violent Female Capital Offenders In The United States And China, Courtney Lahaie Apr 2010

Blameworthiness And Dangerousness: An Analysis Of Violent Female Capital Offenders In The United States And China, Courtney Lahaie

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA) (2010 - 2017)

The United States and China represent two of the leading nations that retain the death penalty in both law and practice. Research suggests that judges’ sentencing decisions are based primarily on two factors, blameworthiness and dangerousness. Studies involving gender and sentencing in capital punishment cases tend to provide inconsistent findings. The current study uses case narratives to examine the direct and conjunctive effects of various factors on the sentencing decisions of violent female capital offenders in the United States and China. The findings suggest that the concepts of blameworthiness and dangerousness are distinctly defined in the United States and China. …


Death Penalty In America: Perceptions, Reflection, And Reform, Corinna Lain, Thomas Sullivan, Erik Lillquist, John Cunningham, John Douglass, Michael Herring, Matthew Geary, Christopher Collins, Craig Cooley Apr 2007

Death Penalty In America: Perceptions, Reflection, And Reform, Corinna Lain, Thomas Sullivan, Erik Lillquist, John Cunningham, John Douglass, Michael Herring, Matthew Geary, Christopher Collins, Craig Cooley

University of Richmond Law Review Symposium

The “Death Penalty Reform” Panel was presented by Thomas Sullivan, Erik Lillquist, and John Cunningham. Thomas Sullivan was a senior partner at Jenner Block LLP, former United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, co-chair of the Illinois Governor George H. Ryan's Commission on Capital Punishment, and served as chairman of the Illinois Capital Punishment Reform Study Committee. Erik Lillquist was Professor of Law at Seton Hall School of Law where he was Director of the Institute of Law, Science and Technology. John Cunningham was a Senior Trial Attorney with the Employment Litigation Section of the Civil Rights Division …