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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Law

Alcoholism And The Law, Melvin L. Selzer Dec 1957

Alcoholism And The Law, Melvin L. Selzer

Michigan Law Review

The American public has recently been subjected to a deluge of articles and books on the subject of alcoholism. While these contributions have been filled with valuable information, certain omissions have been noticeable. These omitted facts are of vital significance to any one wanting to gain insight into the broad problem of alcoholism. The first omission is a failure to stress that no one-or almost no one-knows who is alcoholic. This may include the alcoholic himself. It is a point of considerable importance in determining the proper disposition of certain criminal cases.


Corporations - Dissolution - Effect On Federal Criminal Prosecution Against Corporation, Lawrence J. Labrie Dec 1957

Corporations - Dissolution - Effect On Federal Criminal Prosecution Against Corporation, Lawrence J. Labrie

Michigan Law Review

Defendant corporation was prosecuted along with its officers .and employees for submitting false statements on FHA insured loans and for conspiracy. After return of indictment the corporation was voluntarily dissolved under Texas law. The corporation's motion to dismiss the indictment on the ground that dissolution abated the prosecution was overruled. On appeal, held, affirmed. Article 1388 of the Texas civil statutes which constitutes the president and directors trustees "to settle the affairs" of a dissolved corporation and to "maintain or defend judicial proceedings," continues the corporation in existence for the purpose of defending federal criminal proceedings. Alamo Fence Company …


Criminal Law - Due Process - Public Policy As Valid Grounds For Denying Recovery Of Proceeds Of Illegal Act, John Morrow S.Ed. Nov 1957

Criminal Law - Due Process - Public Policy As Valid Grounds For Denying Recovery Of Proceeds Of Illegal Act, John Morrow S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff collected a $10 fee from a number of persons for the privilege of attending a farm outing and photographing female models, some of whom posed in the nude. The sheriff arrested all concerned. Plaintiff pleaded guilty to a charge of outraging public decency and was fined $50. The others were found guilty of disorderly conduct. Plaintiff brought a trover action against the sheriff who had kept the money ($149) which the plaintiff had collected, but the trial court dismissed the action. On appeal to the New York Court of Appeals, held, affirmed, one judge dissenting. Plaintiff could not …


Evidence - Examination Of Witnesses - Surprise As Grounds For Impeaching A Party's Own Witness, John A. Ziegler, Jr. S.Ed., Raymond Dittrich Jun 1957

Evidence - Examination Of Witnesses - Surprise As Grounds For Impeaching A Party's Own Witness, John A. Ziegler, Jr. S.Ed., Raymond Dittrich

Michigan Law Review

The defendant was convicted of the statutory rape of his stepdaughter. Immediately following the alleged offense, the victim had signed a statement accusing the defendant of the crime charged. Before the trial, however, the district attorney was advised by the defense counsel, and by the victim herself, that the written statement was not true. At the trial, when called as a witness by the commonwealth, the girl repudiated her earlier statement, whereupon the district attorney pleaded surprise and was permitted to use the prior statement to impeach. On appeal, held, affirmed. The district attorney was "actually surprised" when the …


Federal Jurisdiction - Securities And Exchange Commission - Application Of Rule X - 10b-5 To Transactions Involving Non-Securities, Richard Singer May 1957

Federal Jurisdiction - Securities And Exchange Commission - Application Of Rule X - 10b-5 To Transactions Involving Non-Securities, Richard Singer

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought an action for damages and the cancellation of certain instruments under section 10 (b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and rule X-10B-5 promulgated thereunder by the Securities and Exchange Commission. She proved a series of interrelated acts which took place over a period of months by which the defendants fraudulently deprived her of both securities and other property. The defendants objected to the jurisdiction of the district court on the ground that rule X-10B-5 was not applicable to transactions involving non-securities. The district court retained jurisdiction on the theory that all of the acts complained of …


Federal Criminal Procedure - Venue Situs Of Crime Of Failing To Perform Statutory Duty, John C. Baity Feb 1957

Federal Criminal Procedure - Venue Situs Of Crime Of Failing To Perform Statutory Duty, John C. Baity

Michigan Law Review

Three defendants, classified conscientious objectors, were prosecuted for violations of the Military Training and Service Act. Defendants were ordered to report to their local boards for civilian work assignments in lieu of induction. They reported to their boards but refused to comply with instructions ordering them to report at hospitals located in judicial districts other than those of their boards. The Third Circuit held that the crime of "knowingly failing or neglecting to obey any such order" was committed in the district where the hospital was located and that venue was proper in such district. On similar facts the Tenth …


Compelling The Testimony Of Political Deviants, O. John Rogge Jan 1957

Compelling The Testimony Of Political Deviants, O. John Rogge

Michigan Law Review

Besides the two specific problems which the new federal act presents, namely, whether it imposes nonjudicial functions on federal courts, and whether it should, does and can protect against the substantial danger of state prosecution, there is a general objection that one can raise against it, and to other acts of the same type: they relate to the area of belief and opinion, the very area which was involved when the English people, spearheaded by the Puritans, engaged in the struggle with the Crown that finally resulted in the establishment of a right of silence. At least if we are …


Torts - Misrepresentation - Knowledge Of Falsity Unnecessary, Gerald D. Rapp Jan 1957

Torts - Misrepresentation - Knowledge Of Falsity Unnecessary, Gerald D. Rapp

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, a real estate broker, while showing plaintiffs a house which they subsequently purchased told them that the walls of the house were of tile construction with imitation stone on the outside. Defendant reasonably believed this to be true, although the walls actually had been cleverly constructed of earth, clay, and straw with a plaster covering on the inside and a tarlike preparation on the outside covered with a thin veneer of imitation stone, completely concealing their true nature. Purchasers brought an action, on the theory of deceit, against the broker to recover damages. A jury verdict for plaintiffs was …


Legislation - Federal Criminal Procedure - Modification Of Jencks Decision, Raymond J. Dittrich, Jr. S.Ed. Jan 1957

Legislation - Federal Criminal Procedure - Modification Of Jencks Decision, Raymond J. Dittrich, Jr. S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Defendant was convicted of a violation of 18 U.S.C. §1001. During the trial, the court denied defendant's motion to order the government to produce for defendant's inspection reports submitted by government witnesses to government agents. The reports dealt with the same subject about which these witnesses later testified. The court of appeals affirmed the decision. On certiorari to the United States Supreme Court, held, reversed, one justice dissenting. The government has a privilege to refuse to surrender statements made by its prospective witnesses, but it may claim the privilege only at the expense of a dismissal of its case …