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Contracts

2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 236

Full-Text Articles in Law

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2010

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Windfall Myth, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2010

The Windfall Myth, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2010

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This paper argues that Islam introduced far reaching reforms to warfare; that the conduct of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his successors does not to allow the burning and drowning of enemy to death. Destroying buildings, cutting down trees, committing perfidy, breaching the trust of the enemy, the killing of women, children, servants, old, infirm, sick, wounded, priests, peasants, prisoners of warand envoys is strictly against the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his successors. The destruction of harvest, livestock and forests, looting, plundering and corruption from the war booty and indiscipline are prohibited as ...


Summary Of Gonski V. Dist. Ct., 126 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 51, Ryan Johnson Dec 2010

Summary Of Gonski V. Dist. Ct., 126 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 51, Ryan Johnson

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Second Judicial District Court entered an order compelling arbitration in a construction defect dispute. Petitioners asked for a writ of mandamus vacating the order compelling arbitration.


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Actualmente el dinamismo del mercado insta a los agentes económicos a vincularse por medio de contratos, vehículo por excelencia de la autonomía privada de las partes como reglamentación de intereses de los mismos. Pero, ¿qué sucede cuando uno de los contratantes incumple o decide apartarse de dicha vinculación? En el presente artículo, el autor analiza, desde la perspectiva del derecho contractual norteamericano, la denominada "teoría del incumplimiento eficiente" y los diversos factores involucrados, así como su eventual incorporación a nuestra realidad jurídica. Finalmente, nos propone pensar mejor en términos de la "teoría de la conclusión contractual eficiente" (comentario de Themis).


Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

En la presente nota se analiza la denominada maldición del ganador que importa que el ganador de una subasta puede ser quien sufra las más altas pérdidas, en lugar de los participaron que no lograron adjudicarse el bien o el derecho materia de la subasta. Este resultado se produce por una conjunción de fuerzas en contraposición: la lógica que le indica pujar con cuidado; y, el deseo de lograr la adjudicación que se exacerba en atención a la cantidad de proponentes. Ante ello, muchas veces el ganador termina por ofrecer una suma por encima de su propia valuación subjetiva y ...


Alteration Of The Contractual Equilibrium Under The Unidroit Principles, Amin Dawwas Dec 2010

Alteration Of The Contractual Equilibrium Under The Unidroit Principles, Amin Dawwas

Pace International Law Review Online Companion

This paper addresses the principles of hardship and specific performance as being unreasonably burdensome or expensive both in terms of their definitions and legal consequences. This paper argues that, in a situation of hardship, the debtor can choose to invoke either the rules of section 6.2 (hardship) or the defense to specific performance under Article 7.2.2-b of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (“UNIDROIT Principles”). Yet, while in a situation where performance of the contract becomes “unreasonably burdensome or expensive,” the debtor might only invoke the exception to specific performance under Article 7.2.2(b ...


A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means Dec 2010

A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means

Faculty Publications

According to standard law and economics, minority shareholders in closely held corporations must bargain against opportunism by controlling shareholders before investing. Put simply, you made your bed, now you must lie in it. Yet most courts offer a remedy for shareholder oppression, often premised on the notion that controlling shareholders owe fiduciary duties to the minority or must honor the minority's reasonable expectations. Thus, law and economics, the dominant mode of corporate law scholarship, appears irreconcilably opposed to minority shareholder protection, a defining feature of the existing law of close corporations.

This Article contends that a more nuanced theory ...


Pluralism In Contract Law, Leon Trakman Dec 2010

Pluralism In Contract Law, Leon Trakman

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois Nov 2010

Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois

Dr. Fabien LIEGEOIS

No abstract provided.


¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2010

¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Recientemente en el Perú se ha suscitado una discusion, mas mediática que jurídica, sobre la interpretación testamentaria. Planteado en tales términos el debate sólo ha recogido de manera implícita los aspectos medulares de tan compleja materia. Es por esta razón que el objetivo del presente artículo es brindar un vistazo panorámico a la materia desde la perspectiva de la comparación jurídica.


Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García Nov 2010

Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

De origen, difundir los diversos esquemas permitidos por la Ley para posibilitar la realización de proyectos con fines inmobiliarios, a efecto de que los núcleos agrarios y sus integrantes se beneficien equitativamente de la urbanización de sus tierras, coadyuvando con ello al desarrollo urbano planificado y ordenado de los centros de población del Estado de Puebla; como consecuencia, impulsar el desarrollo habitacional equilibrado de éste. Eliminar el circulo.- “necesidad de tierra – asentamiento irregular – solución de conflicto”, mediante la planeación socioeconómico de los núcleos agrarios ejidales y comunales, a fin de diseñar un mecanismo eficaz que satisfaga las necesidades de los ...


Contracts, Claude D. Rowher Nov 2010

Contracts, Claude D. Rowher

Cal Law Trends and Developments

Recent decisions have brought about a number of changes in the area of contract interpretation. Although the general trends seem clear and commendable, the details are often obscure and bothersome.


Contracts, Robert G. Meiners Nov 2010

Contracts, Robert G. Meiners

Cal Law Trends and Developments

No abstract provided.


Análisis Económico De La Intervención Judicial En Los Contratos ¿Una Cuestión De Justicia?, Daniel Monroy Nov 2010

Análisis Económico De La Intervención Judicial En Los Contratos ¿Una Cuestión De Justicia?, Daniel Monroy

Daniel A Monroy C

Desde la perspectiva del AED, una de las funciones principales del derecho de contratos, sobre la cual diferentes autores hacen mayor énfasis, es la relacionada con la “disuasión del oportunismo”; en igual sentido, otra de las funciones del derecho de contratos es la relativa a la “interpolación eficiente de términos contractuales”. Dichas funciones suelen explicar buena parte de la regulación en materia de contratos, además de justificar la intervención judicial. Por otro lado, algunos autores nos llevan a considerar que propugnar exclusivamente por la libertad y la autonomía contractual, puede llevarnos a garantizar que los contratos, además de ser mecanismos ...


Standardization Of Standard-Form Contracts: Competition And Contract Implications, Mark R. Patterson Nov 2010

Standardization Of Standard-Form Contracts: Competition And Contract Implications, Mark R. Patterson

William & Mary Law Review

Standard-form contracts are a common feature of commercial relationships because they offer the advantage of lower transaction costs. This advantage of standard contracts is increased when there is a second layer of standardization under which multiple firms agree on a standard contract. Trade associations and similar entities often effect standardization of this kind through collective agreement on a standard contract, sometimes under the aegis of state actors. Multifirm contract standardization can provide not only the usual transaction-cost advantages of standard-form contracts, but also increased competition among firms, because a standard contract makes comparison among firms’ offerings easier. But standardization among ...


Salvage Awards On The Somali Coast: Who Pays For Public And Private Rescue Efforts In Piracy Crises?, Geoffrey Christopher Rapp Nov 2010

Salvage Awards On The Somali Coast: Who Pays For Public And Private Rescue Efforts In Piracy Crises?, Geoffrey Christopher Rapp

American University Law Review

This paper, a contribution to the "Troubled Waters: Combating Modern Piracy with the Rule of Law" symposium, explores the question of who pays for rescue efforts associated with maritime piracy. The paper explores the availability of admiralty law's salvage awards to governmental and non-governmental actors who intervene to rescue vessels and crew from pirates. Such awards provide an unusual incentive to rescue, traditionally unavailable for land-based rescue, but may raise complicated questions of policy and international law. The paper concludes by comparing salvage awards to a recent trend in American states to adopt "Search and Rescue" expense statutes allowing ...


Resolving The Dilemma Of Nonjusticiable Causation In Failure-To-Warn Litigation, Neil B. Cohen, Aaron Twerski Nov 2010

Resolving The Dilemma Of Nonjusticiable Causation In Failure-To-Warn Litigation, Neil B. Cohen, Aaron Twerski

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Llm Cyberlaw: Information Technology, Law And Society, Subhajit Basu Oct 2010

Llm Cyberlaw: Information Technology, Law And Society, Subhajit Basu

Subhajit Basu

LLM in Cyberlaw: information technology, law and society enables you to develop knowledge and skills in relation to the legal rules regulating cyberlaw activity in the UK and Europe, and at a global level.


Contracts, William T. Laube Oct 2010

Contracts, William T. Laube

Cal Law Trends and Developments

In any given twelve-month reporting period there is, for some reason, a case emphasis on particular problems in each major classification of the law. The field of contracts is no exception. For the period covered by this volume, two basic contract problems float to the surface in the pool of reported appellate decisions. The first problem discussed, and illustrated by a number of recent cases, relates to the obligation to pay "more money" for merchandise or services than that provided for in the original contract. There are various background situations which activate the demand for "more money," but the most ...


Commercial Transactions, Neil M. Levy Oct 2010

Commercial Transactions, Neil M. Levy

Cal Law Trends and Developments

The emphasis of this article reflects the degree to which commercial law today is statutory. Particularly in California, where the Uniform Commercial Code has only been in effect since January 1, 1965, few cases construing that statute reached the appellate courts during the year 1967. However, the state legislature in 1967 amended 25 sections of the California Commercial Code. Although these amendments cover a wide range of substantive problems, they can be viewed in the light of the policy of the code as enunciated in section 1102(2)(c), "[t]o make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions." In ...


Imitando La Intermediación Financiera Indirecta: El Caso De Los Bancos De Alimentos, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Oct 2010

Imitando La Intermediación Financiera Indirecta: El Caso De Los Bancos De Alimentos, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

De un tiempo a esta parte se observa un enorme desarrollo de supermercados, sea de gran envergadura, sea pequeña escala. Correlativamente, y pesar del sólido progreso macroeconómico, aún existe un segmento considerable de la sociedad en estado de desamparo y que requiere de medidas asistenciales por parte del Estado. Sin embargo en países como los recursos son excesivamente limitados, por ello resulta importante las alternativas de responsabilidad social empresarial que se vienen implementando o de modo directo la participación privada para colaborar en los esfuerzos asistenciales. Es en este marco donde se inserta la actuación de los Bancos de Alimentos.


Edwards V. Arthur Andersen Llp: There Is Not A "Narrow-Restraint" Exception To California's Prohibition Of Noncompetition Agreements, And A General Release May Not Mean What It Says, Bradford P. Anderson Oct 2010

Edwards V. Arthur Andersen Llp: There Is Not A "Narrow-Restraint" Exception To California's Prohibition Of Noncompetition Agreements, And A General Release May Not Mean What It Says, Bradford P. Anderson

Golden Gate University Law Review

On August 7, 2008, the California Supreme Court issued a vital enunciation of State Law in the decision of Edwards v. Arthur Andersen LLP. The court explicitly rejected the existence of any "narrow restraint" exception to California's prohibition against noncompetition agreements under California Business and Professions Code section 16600. The majority also stated that a general release "does not encompass nonwaivable statutory protections, such as the employee indemnity protection of [Labor Code section] 2802,'' even if the express language of the contract is all-encompassing. The Edwards Court's rejection of a "narrow-restraint" exception brings needed certainty to interpretation of ...


Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel Oct 2010

Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel

Norma E Pimentel

No abstract provided.


La Prescripción Adquisitiva De Dominio, David García Oct 2010

La Prescripción Adquisitiva De Dominio, David García

David García

No abstract provided.


Fighting Piracy With Private Security Measures: When Contract Law Should Tell Parties To Walk The Plank, Jennifer S. Martin Oct 2010

Fighting Piracy With Private Security Measures: When Contract Law Should Tell Parties To Walk The Plank, Jennifer S. Martin

American University Law Review

This Article addresses the following question: when should contract law permit parties to discontinue performance under a private security contract aimed to combat piracy? Piracy has been 'on the rise' off Somalia and in East Asia, with serious attacks escalating. Some shipping companies have responded by drafting 'best management practices', hiring security companies to advise on countering the threat and hiring armed or unarmed security protection. After presenting representative factual situations involving pirate attacks, the Article describes the traditional approach to defining the obligations of parties and the performance issues that arise during contractual performance. This approach takes into account ...


Known And Unknown, Property And Contract: Comments On Hoofnagle And Moringiello, James Grimmelmann Oct 2010

Known And Unknown, Property And Contract: Comments On Hoofnagle And Moringiello, James Grimmelmann

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

In addition to gerund-noun-noun titles and a concern with the misaligned incentives of businesses that handle consumers' financial data, Chris Hoofnagle's Internalizing Identity Theft and Juliet Moringiello's Warranting Data Security share something else: hidden themes. Hoofnagle's paper is officially about an empirical study of identity theft, but behind the scenes it's also an exploration of where we draw the line between public information shared freely and secret information used to authenticate individuals. Moringiello's paper is officially a proposal for a new warranty of secure handling of payment information, but under the surface, it invites us ...


Contracts In Context And Contracts As Context, Larry A. Dimatteo, Blake D. Morant Oct 2010

Contracts In Context And Contracts As Context, Larry A. Dimatteo, Blake D. Morant

UF Law Faculty Publications

The annual Business Law Symposium of the Wake Forest Law Review has a distinguished legacy of noteworthy programs that shed light on seminal issues affecting contemporary business in the United States. This edition builds on that tradition of excellence with a focus on the ubiquitous phenomenon of contracts and bargaining behavior. Contract law appears as a set of policies and rules that provide order for those who transact bargains. Indeed, contract law and the rules that it engenders seemingly facilitate an efficient system of transactional conduct that, on its face, appears objective.

Part II of this introductory Article briefly examines ...


Optionality In Merger Agreements, Brian J.M. Quinn Oct 2010

Optionality In Merger Agreements, Brian J.M. Quinn

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The credit crisis of 2008 and the subsequent collapse of a number of high-profile acquisition transactions put a spotlight on contracting practices that embedded optionality into merger agreements by way of the reverse termination fee and its attendant triggers. This article examines whether reverse termination fees are a symmetrical response to the seller's judicially mandated fiduciary termination right and whether such fees represent an efficient transactional term. A series of Delaware cases over the last decade limited the degree to which buyers could rely on deal protection measures in merger agreements to prevent a seller from accepting a superior ...