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Constitutional Law

2019

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Dan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Dalam Proses Impeachment Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid, Kukuh Bergas Dec 2019

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Dan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Dalam Proses Impeachment Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid, Kukuh Bergas

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

As a country that uses presidential systems, Indonesia realizes that the role of the president as an executive is powerful. Therefore it is necessary to establish legal rules or supervisory institutions as a counterweight to avoid abuse of authority. The DPR and MPR are legislative institutions whose task is to oversee the performance of the president. If a suspected violation is found, the DPR may submit a proposal for the dismissal of the president. Indonesia's 4th President experienced this case, K. H. Abdurrahman Wahid is also known as Gus Dur, because he was considered to have committed a violation which …


Model Pembentukan Peraturan Daerah Yang Ideal Dalam Penyelenggaraan Otonomi Daerah, Marten Bunga Dec 2019

Model Pembentukan Peraturan Daerah Yang Ideal Dalam Penyelenggaraan Otonomi Daerah, Marten Bunga

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

This study aims to analyze the model formation of regional regulations in the implementation of regional autonomy. This research method used is included in the type of normative legal research that uses secondary data obtained from library materials in the form of primary legal material. The results of the study indicate that regional regulations in the implementation of regional autonomy are a policy instrument in the implementation of the regional government. Establishment of regional regulations that are in accordance with the interests of the community must implement the principles of regional autonomy and the content of regional regulations must not …


Polemik Jangka Waktu Pengajuan Gugatan Ke Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara, Renius Albert Marvin, Anna Erliyana Prof. Dec 2019

Polemik Jangka Waktu Pengajuan Gugatan Ke Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara, Renius Albert Marvin, Anna Erliyana Prof.

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The period of 90 (ninety) days to file a claim in the Administrative Court (PTUN) plays an important role because if the period is passed, the Administrative Decision (KTUN) can not be claimed even if the KTUN contains defects. The basic principle of regulation the period for filing a claim to the Administrative Court is determined explicitly in Article 55 of the Law of Administrative Courts, which is 90 (ninety) days after the KTUN is received or announced which can be applied in several variables that prove the opportunity for everyone can take legal action if the Administrative Decision issued …


Ketetapan Mpr Dalam Tata Urutan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan Di Indonesia, Nisrina Irbah Sati Dec 2019

Ketetapan Mpr Dalam Tata Urutan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan Di Indonesia, Nisrina Irbah Sati

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

As a result of deliberation and representation based democracy in Indonesia, the UUD 1945 before the amendment presented MPR as the highest state institution that absorbed people's sovereignty, so it gained legitimacy to be a superordinate of state institutions in various branches of power. The MPR’s position as the highest state institution was also accompanied by a legislative function, in which the MPR was able to make its legal product known as Tap MPR. The change in the position of the MPR, which was no longer the highest institution of the state in the constitutional structure since the enactment of …


December 29, 2019: Secular Responses To Anti-Semitic Violence, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 29, 2019: Secular Responses To Anti-Semitic Violence, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “Secular Responses to anti-Semitic Violence“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


The Separation Of Migrant Families At The Border Under The Trump Administration’S Zero-Tolerance Policy: A Critical Analysis Of The Mistreatment Of Immigrant Children Held In U.S. Custody, Dhillon Ramkhelawan Dec 2019

The Separation Of Migrant Families At The Border Under The Trump Administration’S Zero-Tolerance Policy: A Critical Analysis Of The Mistreatment Of Immigrant Children Held In U.S. Custody, Dhillon Ramkhelawan

Child and Family Law Journal

This article provides a critical analysis of the Trump Administration’s zero-tolerance policy that separated migrant families at the Southwest United States border from April to June 2018. It will provide a statistical analysis regarding the number of migrant children that were separated from their parents during this time period, and it will describe the poor living conditions that many of these children were subjected to as they waited for their parent’s immigration cases to be decided. Additionally, this article will also critically analyze the United States’ history of mistreating migrant children who started to flee their war-torn countries in Central …


The Effects Of Forcible Separation And The Ramifications Involved In Using Genetic Testing To Reunite Immigrants At The Border, Thameshwarie Ghamandi Dec 2019

The Effects Of Forcible Separation And The Ramifications Involved In Using Genetic Testing To Reunite Immigrants At The Border, Thameshwarie Ghamandi

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Of Sustainable Development In Africa: Addressing The (In)Congruence Of Plastic Bag Regulations With International Trade Rules, Regis Y, Simo Dec 2019

Of Sustainable Development In Africa: Addressing The (In)Congruence Of Plastic Bag Regulations With International Trade Rules, Regis Y, Simo

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Several aspects of the trade policies of African countries suffer from neglect in the legal literature. When they are the object of research, the focus is sometimes limited to their participation in the dispute settlement system or on the enforceability of special and differential treatment provisions. While practice displays that African countries have almost never been the target of complaints for a number a reasons, those approaches do not always take into consideration African countries’ domestic measures affecting the flow of goods and services, which could eventually trigger disputes. This paper intends to fill that gap and add to the …


The Clone Wars: The Right To Embryonic Gene Editing Under German Law, Keren Goldberger Dec 2019

The Clone Wars: The Right To Embryonic Gene Editing Under German Law, Keren Goldberger

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Germany has the strictest genetic engineering laws in the world and bans virtually all kinds of embryonic gene editing. Since the invention of CRISPR, however, embryonic gene editing is more precise, and the possibilities of curing genetic diseases are more real than ever. This Note will argue for the right to embryonic gene editing through an analysis of German constitutional privacy and right to life jurisprudence. Ultimately, this Note argues for a right to procreate under German law that is backed by the state’s affirmative duty to encourage and protect life. When the technology is available, German Law should not …


Nancy Pelosi Is Defending The Constitution With Her Actions, Edward A. Purcell Jr. Dec 2019

Nancy Pelosi Is Defending The Constitution With Her Actions, Edward A. Purcell Jr.

Other Publications

This post originally appeared on https://thehill.com/opinion/judiciary/476021-nancy-pelosi-is-defending-the-constitution-with-her-actions


December 25, 2019: Christmas 2019, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 25, 2019: Christmas 2019, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “Christmas 2019“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


December 22, 2019: Light In This Dark Season, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 22, 2019: Light In This Dark Season, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “Light in this Dark Season“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


December 17, 2019: Today's Column On Hate Speech In The Pennsylvania Capital-Star, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 17, 2019: Today's Column On Hate Speech In The Pennsylvania Capital-Star, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “Today's column on hate speech in the Pennsylvania Capital-Star“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


Think We’Re Powerless Against Hate Speech? The Constitution Provides Plenty Of Room To Address It, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

Think We’Re Powerless Against Hate Speech? The Constitution Provides Plenty Of Room To Address It, Bruce Ledewitz

Newspaper Columns

Collected biweekly contributions to the Pennsylvania Capital-Star, a nonpartisan, nonprofit news site.


Aboriginal Rights And Constitutional Conflict: The Marshall Court, State And Federal Sovereignty, And Native American Rights Under The 1789 Constitution, Guy Charlton Dec 2019

Aboriginal Rights And Constitutional Conflict: The Marshall Court, State And Federal Sovereignty, And Native American Rights Under The 1789 Constitution, Guy Charlton

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Extraordinary And Compelling: Madison V. Alabama And The Issue Of Prison Reform For Elderly Prisoners, Jennifer Leto Dec 2019

Extraordinary And Compelling: Madison V. Alabama And The Issue Of Prison Reform For Elderly Prisoners, Jennifer Leto

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


Let Locked-Up People Vote: Prisoners Are Still Citizens And Should Be Able To Exert Their Civic Rights, Rachel Landy Dec 2019

Let Locked-Up People Vote: Prisoners Are Still Citizens And Should Be Able To Exert Their Civic Rights, Rachel Landy

Online Publications

The Constitution does not guarantee all citizens the right to vote. Rather, the right to vote is implied through a patchwork of amendments that restrict how voting rights may be limited. For example, the 15th Amendment reads “[t]he right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged...on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Subsequent amendments added gender, failure to pay poll taxes, literacy, and age over 18 to the list of characteristics for which denying the right to vote may not be based.


December 7, 2019: Churchill Champions Free Trade And Castigates Republican Tariffs As Secular, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 7, 2019: Churchill Champions Free Trade And Castigates Republican Tariffs As Secular, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “Churchill Champions Free Trade and Castigates Republican Tariffs as Secular“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


Criminal Law--Production Of Government Records--Confidential Character, R. G. P. Dec 2019

Criminal Law--Production Of Government Records--Confidential Character, R. G. P.

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Case For "Red Flag" Laws, Timothy Zick Dec 2019

The Constitutional Case For "Red Flag" Laws, Timothy Zick

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


December 4, 2019: A Good Day For The Rule Of Law, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

December 4, 2019: A Good Day For The Rule Of Law, Bruce Ledewitz

Hallowed Secularism

Blog post, “A Good Day for the Rule of Law“ discusses politics, theology and the law in relation to religion and public life in the democratic United States of America.


Calif. Supreme Court Right To Strike Down Law Requiring Trump To Release Tax Returns To Get On The Ballot, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2019

Calif. Supreme Court Right To Strike Down Law Requiring Trump To Release Tax Returns To Get On The Ballot, Bruce Ledewitz

Newspaper Columns

Collected biweekly contributions to the Pennsylvania Capital-Star, a nonpartisan, nonprofit news site.


The Difference Narrows: A Reply To Kurt Lash, Randy E. Barnett, Evan D. Bernick Dec 2019

The Difference Narrows: A Reply To Kurt Lash, Randy E. Barnett, Evan D. Bernick

Notre Dame Law Review

We thank the Notre Dame Law Review for allowing us to respond to Kurt Lash’s reply to our critique of his interpretation of the Privileges or Immunities Clause. We could forgive readers for having difficulty adjudicating this dispute. When Lash argues, evidence always comes pouring forth, and the sheer volume can overwhelm the senses. We sometimes have a hard time following his arguments, and we are experts in the field. We can only imagine how it seems to those who are otherwise unfamiliar with this terrain.

So, in this reply—with a few exceptions—we will avoid piling up any new evidence …


The Special Norms Thesis: Why Congress's Constitutional Decision-Making Should Be Disciplined By More Than The Usual Norms Of Politics, Mark Rosen Dec 2019

The Special Norms Thesis: Why Congress's Constitutional Decision-Making Should Be Disciplined By More Than The Usual Norms Of Politics, Mark Rosen

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Computational Analysis Of Constitutional Polarization, David E. Pozen, Eric L. Talley, Julian Nyarko Dec 2019

A Computational Analysis Of Constitutional Polarization, David E. Pozen, Eric L. Talley, Julian Nyarko

Cornell Law Review

This Article is the first to use computational methods to investigate the ideological and partisan structure of constitutional discourse outside the courts. We apply a range of machine- learning and text-analysis techniques to a newly available data set comprising all remarks made on the U.S. House and Senate floors from 1873 to 2016, as well as a collection of more recent newspaper editorials. Among other findings, we demonstrate (1) that constitutional discourse has grown increasingly polarized over the past four decades; (2) that polarization has grown faster in constitutional discourse than in nonconstitutlonal discourse; (3) that conservative-leaning speakers have driven …


Educational Gerrymandering: Money, Motives, And Constitutional Rights, Derek Black Dec 2019

Educational Gerrymandering: Money, Motives, And Constitutional Rights, Derek Black

Faculty Publications

Public school funding plummeted following the Great Recession and failed to recover over the next decade, prompting strikes and protests across the nation. Courts did almost nothing to stop the decline. While a majority of state supreme courts recognize a constitutional right to an adequate or equal education, they increasingly struggle to enforce the right. That right could be approaching a tipping point. Either it evolves, or risks becoming irrelevant.

In the past, courts have focused almost exclusively on the adequacy and equity of funding for at-risk students, demanding that states provide more resources. Courts have failed to ask the …


“Disturbing Schools” Laws: Disturbing Due Process With Unconstitutionally Vague Limits On Student Behavior, Rachel Smith Dec 2019

“Disturbing Schools” Laws: Disturbing Due Process With Unconstitutionally Vague Limits On Student Behavior, Rachel Smith

Journal of Law and Policy

For over a century, the United States Supreme Court has held, in sum and substance, that students do not “shed their constitutional rights . . . at the schoolhouse gate.” In practice, however, while not shed entirely, many of those rights have been increasingly limited. “Disturbing Schools” Laws subject students to criminal charges for behaving in a distracting or obnoxious manner on campus—behavior which can easily be conceptualized as typical adolescent behavior. Challenges to Disturbing Schools Laws have resulted in opposing outcomes across Circuit Courts. This Note discusses how students may use the Fourth Circuit case Kenny v. Wilson to …


Experimental Punishments, John F. Stinneford Dec 2019

Experimental Punishments, John F. Stinneford

Notre Dame Law Review

The Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause prohibits, under its original meaning, punishments that are unjustly harsh in light of longstanding prior practice. The Clause does not prohibit all new punishments; rather, it directs that when a new punishment is introduced it should be compared to traditional punishments that enjoy long usage. This standard presents a challenge when the government introduces a new method of punishment, particularly one that is advertised as more “progressive” or “humane” than those it replaces. It may not always be obvious, for example, how to compare a prison sentence to a public flogging, or death by …


The Privileges Or Immunities Clause, Abridged: A Critique Of Kurt Lash On The Fourteenth Amendment, Randy E. Barnett, Evan D. Bernick Dec 2019

The Privileges Or Immunities Clause, Abridged: A Critique Of Kurt Lash On The Fourteenth Amendment, Randy E. Barnett, Evan D. Bernick

Notre Dame Law Review

In earlier writings, both of us have expressed sympathy for the view that the Privileges or Immunities Clause affords absolute protection to unenumerated rights, such as those contained in the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and authorizes Congress to enact protective legislation. Neither of us, however, has engaged with Kurt Lash’s most recent and unique two-class interpretation of the original meaning of the Privileges or Immunities Clause in the depth that it deserves. Nor have we evaluated his recent efforts to demonstrate that the Fourteenth Amendment’s Due Process of Law Clause empowers the federal courts and Congress to protect unenumerated …


The Enumerated-Rights Reading Of The Privileges Or Immunities Clause: A Response To Barnett And Bernick, Kurt T. Lash Dec 2019

The Enumerated-Rights Reading Of The Privileges Or Immunities Clause: A Response To Barnett And Bernick, Kurt T. Lash

Notre Dame Law Review

In their new article, The Privileges or Immunities Clause, Abridged: A Critique of Kurt Lash on the Fourteenth Amendment, Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick insist that this historical evidence does not support the enumerated-rights reading. Instead, Barnett and Bernick embrace what I call the “fundamental-rights” reading of the Privileges or Immunities Clause. This view maintains that the Clause should be understood as protecting a set of absolute rights nowhere expressly enumerated in the text of the Constitution, for example the unenumerated economic right to contract or to pursue a trade.

Rather than agreeing with John Bingham, Barnett and Bernick …