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Full-Text Articles in Law

Criminal Law—Coerced Confessions, Jules Gordon Dec 1953

Criminal Law—Coerced Confessions, Jules Gordon

Buffalo Law Review

Stein v. New York, 346 U. S. 156 (1953).


The Fourteenth Amendment And School Segregation, Howard Jay Graham Dec 1953

The Fourteenth Amendment And School Segregation, Howard Jay Graham

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law - Equal Protection - Damage Action For Breach Of Racial Restrictive Covenant, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed. Dec 1953

Constitutional Law - Equal Protection - Damage Action For Breach Of Racial Restrictive Covenant, Raymond R. Trombadore S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Petitioners sued at law for breach of a racial restrictive covenant, alleging that respondent violated the covenant by conveying restricted realty without incorporating restrictions in the deed, and by permitting non-Caucasians to enter and occupy the premises. The trial court sustained a demurrer to the complaint, the California court of appeals affirmed, and hearing was denied by the state supreme court. On certiorari the United States Supreme Court held, affirmed, Chief Justice Vinson dissenting. An award of damages by a state court for breach of racial restrictive covenants would constitute state action which would deprive the excluded class of …


Aliens - Naturalization - Netural Aliens Who Sought Relief From Military Service Barred From Becoming United States Citizens, John Houck S.Ed. Dec 1953

Aliens - Naturalization - Netural Aliens Who Sought Relief From Military Service Barred From Becoming United States Citizens, John Houck S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

During World War II, an alien who was a citizen or a subject of a neutral country was allowed to escape service in the armed forces of the United States by signing Selective Service Form DSS 301. A release thus obtained carried with it a disability ever to become a citizen of the United States. A substantial number of neutral aliens availed themselves of this relief from military service. Today, the courts are faced with the problem of whether signing Form 301 shall in every case prevent the alien from becoming a citizen. It is the purpose of this comment …


Constitutional Law - Civil Rights Act - Civil Liability Of State Judicial Officers, John C. Hall S.Ed. Dec 1953

Constitutional Law - Civil Rights Act - Civil Liability Of State Judicial Officers, John C. Hall S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

In 1940 defendant, a state judge, granted an ex parte order transferring plaintiff, then a voluntary inmate of a Massachusetts school for the feeble-minded, to the Department of Defective Delinquents. Released on habeas corpus in 1951, plaintiff brought suit under the Civil Rights Act, claiming a denial of notice and hearing in violation of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. On appeal, held, a judge is not liable at common law or under the Civil Rights Act for acts done in the exercise of his judicial function. Francis v. Crafts, (1st Cir. 1953) 203 F. (2d) …


The Right Of Petition, L. A. S. Nov 1953

The Right Of Petition, L. A. S.

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law - Congressional Powers - Validity Of The 1951 Gamblers' Occupation Tax Act, James W. Callison S.Ed. Nov 1953

Constitutional Law - Congressional Powers - Validity Of The 1951 Gamblers' Occupation Tax Act, James W. Callison S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The Revenue Act of 1951 levied a tax on persons engaged in the business of accepting wagers, requiring such persons to register their names and places of business and residence with the Collector of Internal Revenue. The act also required the disclosure of the name and address of each person receiving wagers for the registrant, or, if the registrant himself received wagers for another, the name of that person. Violations of the act were punishable by fine and imprisonment. Defendant was indicted for willful failure to register and pay the tax. The district court granted defendant's motion to dismiss on …


Constitutional Law - State Action - Trade Union's Authority Is Not Derived From The State, S. I. Shuman S.Ed. Nov 1953

Constitutional Law - State Action - Trade Union's Authority Is Not Derived From The State, S. I. Shuman S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiffs claimed that defendant union and defendant company conspired to discriminate against Negro cab driver employees by means of a working regulation intended to compel plaintiffs to pick up passengers only in wards inhabited primarily by Negroes. Two bases for original jurisdiction in federal court were advanced. First, it was contended that the cause of action involved more than $3,000 and arose under the laws of the United States because the bargaining power of the union was conferred upon it by the National Labor Relations Act. Second, it was maintained that the Civil Rights Act vested jurisdiction, on the ground …


Workmen's Compensation, Conflict Of Laws, And The Constitution, Clyde W. Wellen Nov 1953

Workmen's Compensation, Conflict Of Laws, And The Constitution, Clyde W. Wellen

West Virginia Law Review

The choice of law problems encountered in workmen's compensation cases resulting from injuries incurred in the course of an employment extending over state lines and the extraterritorial applicability of workmen's compensation statutes was considered in a previous installment of this article. The purpose of this installment is to discuss the influence of the United States Constitution on the choice of the proper law in workmen's compensation cases and to demonstrate how the Constitution might be further utilized by Congress and the Courts to establish some degree of uniformity in this unsettled field.


Borderland - Where Copyright And Design Patent Meet, Richard W. Pogue Nov 1953

Borderland - Where Copyright And Design Patent Meet, Richard W. Pogue

Michigan Law Review

Copyright law and design patent law contemplate basically different objects of protection. Yet at the outer fringes of these types of protection certain concepts overlap to form a rather undefined borderland in which it is difficult to say what law is applicable-copyright law, patent law, neither, or both. It is the purpose of this paper to explore this borderland area in the light of traditional copyright and patent law principles, with attention given to policy considerations involved, and to offer suggestions toward drawing a sharper boundary between the two.


Constitutional Law - Public Trial In Criminal Cases, Carl S. Krueger S.Ed. Nov 1953

Constitutional Law - Public Trial In Criminal Cases, Carl S. Krueger S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The criminal trial has been traditionally open to the public in Anglo-Saxon procedure, as it was in Roman and other civilized societies of an earlier time. The public trial of today, however, has been subjected to considerable criticism on the ground that there is a tendency for criminal trials to degenerate into public spectacles, frequently interrupting the orderly procedure of justice, and not infrequently actually prejudicing the accused. If no useful purpose is served by the presence of the idle public during the deadly serious determination of guilt or innocence, should not the judge, subject to the right of admittance …


Constitutional Law - Commerce Clause - State Statute Requiring Interstate Motor Carrier To Secure A Permit, Marvin O. Young S.Ed. Nov 1953

Constitutional Law - Commerce Clause - State Statute Requiring Interstate Motor Carrier To Secure A Permit, Marvin O. Young S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Petitioner brought an action in an Arkansas state court to enjoin enforcement of a state statute which required all contract carriers using the highways of the state to secure a permit from the state Public Service Commission. The Arkansas Supreme Court found that five driver-owners who had been arrested while transporting petitioner's product in interstate commerce without such a permit were "contract carriers" within the meaning of the statute. Neither petitioner nor any of the drivers had applied for a state permit. Under the terms of the statute, granting of the permit was contingent on certain factors, such as the …


Notes, Michigan Law Review Nov 1953

Notes, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The information given in the notes is derived from inspection of the books, publishers' literature, and the ordinary library sources.


Constitutional Law-Validity Of Statute Making Membership In Subversive Organizaton Evidence Of Unfitness For Employment In Schools. [United States Supreme Court] Sep 1953

Constitutional Law-Validity Of Statute Making Membership In Subversive Organizaton Evidence Of Unfitness For Employment In Schools. [United States Supreme Court]

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Statutory Interpretation, Henry N. Williams Aug 1953

Statutory Interpretation, Henry N. Williams

Vanderbilt Law Review

The Supreme Court of Tennessee reconsidered several problems in the field of Statutory Interpretation during the Survey period, but its decisions largely followed principles already established in Tennessee and other jurisdictions.

Constitutional Requirements

Certain problems in the field of legislation arise in Tennessee by reason of state constitutional provisions. The Court is committed to the position of interpreting these provisions more or less irrespective of the construction of comparable provisions in other state constitutions.'

The Constitution of the State of Tennessee provides: "No bill shall become a law, which embraces more than one subject; that subject to be expressed in …


Constitutional Law, Paul H. Sanders Aug 1953

Constitutional Law, Paul H. Sanders

Vanderbilt Law Review

The Supreme Court of Tennessee has been faced with few major Constitutional Law problems during the period under consideration. Statistically, the action of the Court in invalidating one law out of almost a score that were attacked before it on the basis of constitutional defect suggests an attitude of judicial restraint toward the product of a coordinate branch of government. The relatively small number of constitutional questions raised-- and many of them were obviously make-weight rather than points of principal reliance-- suggests a general awareness of the Court's stability and the unlikelihood of its departing from established precedent. Similarly, regard …


Judicial Acquiescence In The Forfeiture Of Constitutional Rights Through Expansion Of The Conditioned Privilege Doctrine Jul 1953

Judicial Acquiescence In The Forfeiture Of Constitutional Rights Through Expansion Of The Conditioned Privilege Doctrine

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law--Commerce Clause--Supersedure Of State Regulation By The Federal Motor Carrier Act, G. D. H. S. Jun 1953

Constitutional Law--Commerce Clause--Supersedure Of State Regulation By The Federal Motor Carrier Act, G. D. H. S.

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Worker's Compensation, Conflict Of Laws And The Constitution, Clyde W. Wellen Jun 1953

Worker's Compensation, Conflict Of Laws And The Constitution, Clyde W. Wellen

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law-Aliens-Power To Exclude And Deny Hearing, Lois H. Hambro S.Ed. Jun 1953

Constitutional Law-Aliens-Power To Exclude And Deny Hearing, Lois H. Hambro S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

In two similar cases, petitioners sought a writ of habeas corpus from federal district courts in order to obtain release from federal immigration authorities. Both were aliens who had been lawful permanent residents at the time they left the country. Mezei had allegedly gone abroad to visit his dying mother, and his return to the United States had been delayed by difficulty in securing an exit permit. Kwong Hai Chew had left the country to sail aboard a vessel of American registry, prior to which he had been screened by the United States Coast Guard. He had also served in …


On Amending The Treaty-Making Power: A Comparative Study Of The Problem Of Self-Executing Treaties, Lawrence Preuss Jun 1953

On Amending The Treaty-Making Power: A Comparative Study Of The Problem Of Self-Executing Treaties, Lawrence Preuss

Michigan Law Review

The current furor concerning the treaty-making power of the United States has been aroused by the apprehension that this country might become a party to certain multilateral treaties in the social and economic fields, and, notably, the draft Covenants on Human Rights, the Genocide Convention and the Convention on Political Rights of Women. The plethora of proposed constitutional amendments now before the Congress merely marks an intensification of the controversy, recurrent throughout our history, concerning the legal effect of Article VI, Section 2, of the Constitution of the United States. Problems concerning the relative authority of treaties and other international …


Constitutional Law-Validity Of New York Statute Setting Out Motorists' Implied Consent To Chemical Tests For Intoxication, Richard A. Shupe S.Ed. Jun 1953

Constitutional Law-Validity Of New York Statute Setting Out Motorists' Implied Consent To Chemical Tests For Intoxication, Richard A. Shupe S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The State of New York has approved a statute, to go into effect July 1, 1953, which stipulates that any person who operates a motor vehicle or motorcycle in the state shall be deemed to have given his consent to chemical tests of his breath, blood, urine, or saliva for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of his blood. If such a person refuses to allow the tests, they will not be made, but the commissioner shall revoke his license or permit to drive, including the nonresident operating privilege. This is the first statute of its type and merits …


Executive Agreements And The Proposed Constitutional Amendments To The Treaty Power, John F. Spindler S.Ed. Jun 1953

Executive Agreements And The Proposed Constitutional Amendments To The Treaty Power, John F. Spindler S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The advent of the present administration has brought into full bloom a hardy perennial among the annual crop of proposed constitutional amendments. The emergence of the United States from World War II as the leader of the free nations of the world and distrust of the rapid expansion of executive power under the Roosevelt Administration have given impetus to a movement to check any further expansion of the presidential power to conduct our foreign relations. In addition, many people are alarmed by the possibility that this country might become a party to international agreements which would operate to alter or …


Constitutional Law-Review Of State Court Determination-Supreme Court's Vacation Of State Court Judgment Without Giving Grounds For Reversal, Marcus A. Rowden S.Ed. Jun 1953

Constitutional Law-Review Of State Court Determination-Supreme Court's Vacation Of State Court Judgment Without Giving Grounds For Reversal, Marcus A. Rowden S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The Supreme Court of the United States granted plaintiff's petition for certiorari to review a decision of the Supreme Court of California summarily denying plaintiff's application for habeas corpus. Previously the cause had been continued to enable petitioner to secure a determination of the California Supreme Court as to whether its judgment was intended to rest on an adequate independent state ground. It was later held that a letter from the clerk of that court was not a sufficient determination of that question, and petitioner was still unable to obtain that determination. Held, judgment of the Supreme Court of …


Constitutional Law-Appellate Jurisdiction Over State Court Decisions-When Is A State Court Decision "Final", Marcus A. Rowden S.Ed. May 1953

Constitutional Law-Appellate Jurisdiction Over State Court Decisions-When Is A State Court Decision "Final", Marcus A. Rowden S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff brought suit to enjoin peaceful picketing of an apartment project by defendant labor organizations. The Circuit Court, Montgomery County, Alabama granted temporary injunction ex parte. Defendants appealed to the Alabama Supreme Court which affirmed the trial court's order denying a motion to dissolve the injunction. Certiorari was sought and granted by the United States Supreme Court. Held, certiorari had been improvidently granted since the Alabama Supreme Court's determination had not constituted a final judgment or decree. Montgomery Bldg. and Constr. Trades Council v. Ledbetter Erection Co.,. 344 U.S. 178, 73 S.Ct. 196 (1952).


Treaties Governing The Succession To Real Property By Aliens, Willard L. Boyd, Jr. May 1953

Treaties Governing The Succession To Real Property By Aliens, Willard L. Boyd, Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Under customary international law no nation has the duty to grant to aliens the right to hold real property. Although international law accords to an alien the privilege of participating in the economic life of the state of his residence, this privilege does not encompass the right to hold real property. The right to succeed to and hold real property is a matter solely within the competence of a nation. It is for each nation exclusively to regulate the acquisition and tenure of real property. National authority in this regard can be traced to the concept that the sovereign may …


Constitutional Law-Due Process-Use Of Television At Congressional Hearings, S. I. Shuman May 1953

Constitutional Law-Due Process-Use Of Television At Congressional Hearings, S. I. Shuman

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, not claiming constitutional protection against self-incrimination, refused to testify before a Senate committee on grounds that his "constitutional rights" would be violated if compelled to give testimony while being televised, photographed, etc. Cited for willfully and without justification refusing to testify on matters pertinent to the purpose of the inquiry, defendant was tried for contempt of Congress. Held, not guilty; defendant's refusal was justified. The court, after stating that there were no precedents, and that no constitutional issue was involved, seemed to rest its decision on the fact that the atmosphere of the forum did not lend itself …


Constitutional Law-Due Process-Validity Of State Statute Requiring Public Employees To Take Loyalty Oath, James W. Callison, S.Ed. May 1953

Constitutional Law-Due Process-Validity Of State Statute Requiring Public Employees To Take Loyalty Oath, James W. Callison, S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

A statute of Oklahoma required public employees to take an oath that, among other things, they were not, for five years previous had not been, and would not become, affiliated with an organization which advocated the overthrow of the Government of the United States or of the State of Oklahoma by force or violence or other unlawful means or which had been determined by the United States Attorney General to be a Communist front or subversive organization. A citizen and taxpayer sought to enjoin payment of salaries to teachers at Oklahoma A. & M. College who had not taken the …


No Law Respecting An Establishment Of Religion, Leo Pfeffer Apr 1953

No Law Respecting An Establishment Of Religion, Leo Pfeffer

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Elimination Of Accrued Dividends--Comparison Of New York And Delaware Law, Robert Schaus Apr 1953

Elimination Of Accrued Dividends--Comparison Of New York And Delaware Law, Robert Schaus

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.