Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Law

Recovering Forgotten Struggles Over The Constitutional Meaning Of Equality, Helen Norton Jan 2016

Recovering Forgotten Struggles Over The Constitutional Meaning Of Equality, Helen Norton

Publications

No abstract provided.


Marriage, Abortion, And Coming Out, Scott Skinner-Thompson, Sylvia A. Law, Hugh Baran Jan 2016

Marriage, Abortion, And Coming Out, Scott Skinner-Thompson, Sylvia A. Law, Hugh Baran

Publications

Over the past two decades, legal protections for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals have dramatically expanded. Simultaneously, meaningful access to reproductive choice for women has eroded. What accounts for the different trajectories of LGBTQ rights and reproductive rights?

This Piece argues that one explanation—or at least partial explanation—for the advance of LGBTQ rights relative to reproductive rights is the differing degree to which individuals have come out about their experiences with sexuality compared to coming out about experiences with unplanned pregnancies. In particular, as catalogued in this Piece, popular media portrayals of lesbian and gay individuals have proliferated, broadening the …


In The Shadows Of Sunlight: The Effects Of Transparency On State Political Campaigns, Abby K. Wood, Douglas M. Spencer Jan 2016

In The Shadows Of Sunlight: The Effects Of Transparency On State Political Campaigns, Abby K. Wood, Douglas M. Spencer

Publications

In recent years, the courts have invalidated a variety of campaign finance laws while simultaneously upholding disclosure requirements. Courts view disclosure as a less-restrictive means to root out corruption while critics claim that disclosure chills speech and deters political participation. Using individual-level contribution data from state elections between 2000 and 2008, we find that the speech-chilling effects of disclosure are negligible. On average, less than one donor per candidate is likely to stop contributing when the public visibility of campaign contributions increases. Moreover, we do not observe heterogeneous effects for small donors or ideological outliers despite an assumption in First …


Truth And Lies In The Workplace: Employer Speech And The First Amendment, Helen Norton Jan 2016

Truth And Lies In The Workplace: Employer Speech And The First Amendment, Helen Norton

Publications

Employers' lies, misrepresentations, and nondisclosures about workers' legal rights and other working conditions can skew and sometimes even coerce workers' important life decisions as well as frustrate key workplace protections. Federal, state, and local governments have long sought to address these substantial harms by prohibiting employers from misrepresenting workers' rights or other working conditions as well as by requiring employers to disclose truthful information about these matters.

These governmental efforts, however, are now increasingly vulnerable to constitutional attack in light of the recent antiregulatory turn in First Amendment law, in which corporate and other commercial entities seek -- with growing …


Person, State, Or Not: The Place Of Business Corporations In Our Constitutional Order, Daniel J.H. Greenwood Jan 2016

Person, State, Or Not: The Place Of Business Corporations In Our Constitutional Order, Daniel J.H. Greenwood

University of Colorado Law Review

Business corporations are critical institutions in our democratic republican, market-based, economic order. The United States Constitution, however, is completely silent as to their status in our system. The Supreme Court has filled this silence by repeatedly granting corporations rights against the citizenry and its elected representatives.

Instead, we ought to view business corporations, like municipal corporations, as governance structures created by We the People to promote our general Welfare. On this social contract view, corporations should have the constitutional rights specified in the text: none. Instead, we should be debating which rights of citizens against governmental agencies should also apply …


The President's Faithful Execution Duty, Harold H. Bruff Jan 2016

The President's Faithful Execution Duty, Harold H. Bruff

Publications

No abstract provided.


How Presidents Interpret The Constitution, Harold H. Bruff Jan 2016

How Presidents Interpret The Constitution, Harold H. Bruff

Publications

No abstract provided.


Siri-Ously? Free Speech Rights And Artificial Intelligence, Toni M. Massaro, Helen Norton Jan 2016

Siri-Ously? Free Speech Rights And Artificial Intelligence, Toni M. Massaro, Helen Norton

Publications

Computers with communicative artificial intelligence (AI) are pushing First Amendment theory and doctrine in profound and novel ways. They are becoming increasingly self-directed and corporal in ways that may one day make it difficult to call the communication ours versus theirs. This, in turn, invites questions about whether the First Amendment ever will (or ever should) cover AI speech or speakers even absent a locatable and accountable human creator. In this Article, we explain why current free speech theory and doctrine pose surprisingly few barriers to this counterintuitive result; their elasticity suggests that speaker humanness no longer may be …


Comparative Reflections On Duncan V. Louisiana And Baldwin V. New York, William Pizzi Jan 2016

Comparative Reflections On Duncan V. Louisiana And Baldwin V. New York, William Pizzi

Publications

No abstract provided.


Restore The Republic: The Incompatibility Between The Taxpayer's Bill Of Rights And The Guarantee Clause, Joshua Pens Jan 2016

Restore The Republic: The Incompatibility Between The Taxpayer's Bill Of Rights And The Guarantee Clause, Joshua Pens

University of Colorado Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dear Irs, It Is Time To Enforce The Campaigning Prohibition. Even Against Churches, Samuel D. Brunson Jan 2016

Dear Irs, It Is Time To Enforce The Campaigning Prohibition. Even Against Churches, Samuel D. Brunson

University of Colorado Law Review

In 1954, Congress prohibited tax-exempt public charities, including churches, from endorsing or opposing candidates for office. To the extent a tax-exempt public charity violated this prohibition, it would no longer qualify as tax-exempt, and the IRS was to revoke its exemption.

While simple in theory, in practice, the IRS rarely penalizes churches that violate the campaigning prohibition and virtually never revokes a church's tax exemption. And, because no taxpayer has standing to challenge the IRS's inaction, the IRS has no external imperative to revoke the exemptions of churches that do campaign on behalf of or against candidates for office.

This …


Viewing The Supreme Court's Exactions Cases Through The Prism Of Anti-Evasion, Michael B. Kent Jr. Jan 2016

Viewing The Supreme Court's Exactions Cases Through The Prism Of Anti-Evasion, Michael B. Kent Jr.

University of Colorado Law Review

This Article considers the U.S. Supreme Court's 2013 decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District, which extended the application of the Court's framework for evaluating the constitutionality of land use exactions (known as the Nollan/Dolan test). The majority of the Court relied heavily on the unconstitutional conditions doctrine, explaining that this doctrine formed the basis not only for the Nollan/Dolan framework but also for the extension of that framework to Koontz's new factual setting. Four members of the Court dissented. Although the dissenting justices seemingly agreed with several of the majority's propositions, they vigorously opposed the manner …


Executive Power Under The Constitution: A Presidential And Parliamentary System Compared, Gabrielle Appleby, Adam Webster Jan 2016

Executive Power Under The Constitution: A Presidential And Parliamentary System Compared, Gabrielle Appleby, Adam Webster

University of Colorado Law Review

No abstract provided.


The President's Faithful Execution Duty, Harold H. Bruff Jan 2016

The President's Faithful Execution Duty, Harold H. Bruff

University of Colorado Law Review

No abstract provided.


Presidential Constitutional Interpretation, Signing Statements, Executive Power, And Zivotofsky, Henry L. Chambers, Jr Jan 2016

Presidential Constitutional Interpretation, Signing Statements, Executive Power, And Zivotofsky, Henry L. Chambers, Jr

University of Colorado Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Presidential Statutory Stretch And The Rule Of Law, Peter M. Shane Jan 2016

The Presidential Statutory Stretch And The Rule Of Law, Peter M. Shane

University of Colorado Law Review

No abstract provided.