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Civil Rights and Discrimination

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 335

Full-Text Articles in Law

Employment Discrimination In A High Velocity Labor Market, Alan Hyde Dec 2004

Employment Discrimination In A High Velocity Labor Market, Alan Hyde

Rutgers Law School (Newark) Faculty Papers

Silicon Valley employers employ few African-Americans, Latino/as, or older workers, yet do not fit the usual paradigms of employment discrimination: they exhibit no taste for uniformity and do not employ job tournaments or internal labor markets. A new model of employment discrimination attributes disparate hiring in Silicon Valley to a combination of: demands for specific skill sets at hiring (the opposite of the subjective criteria that have long beguiled scholars of discrimination) and concomitant refusal to train; hiring through networks of personal contacts; and rewards to career paths that alternate employment with self-employment. Overcoming the disparate impact of these employment …


The Paperless Chase: Electronic Voting And Democratic Values, Daniel P. Tokaji Dec 2004

The Paperless Chase: Electronic Voting And Democratic Values, Daniel P. Tokaji

The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law Working Paper Series

The 2000 election ignited a fierce controversy over the machinery used for voting. Civil rights advocates have called for the replacement of outdated paper-based voting equipment, like the infamous “hanging chad” punch card. Yet the introduction of paperless technology, especially electronic “touchscreen” machines, has induced widespread concern that software might be rigged to alter election results. This article examines the debate over electronic voting, which raises fundamental questions about the democratic values that should guide the administration of elections. It frames the debate by defining four equality norms embodied in federal voting rights laws and the Constitution. Electronic voting has …


Circling Back To The Obvious: The Convergence Of Traditional And Reverse Discrimination In Title Vii Proof, Charles A. Sullivan Dec 2004

Circling Back To The Obvious: The Convergence Of Traditional And Reverse Discrimination In Title Vii Proof, Charles A. Sullivan

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Data, Detention, And Girls, Francine Sherman Nov 2004

Data, Detention, And Girls, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


Procedural Due Process Aspects Of District Of Columbia Eviction Procedures, Lynn E. Cunningham Nov 2004

Procedural Due Process Aspects Of District Of Columbia Eviction Procedures, Lynn E. Cunningham

ExpressO

The District of Columbia Superior Court, Landlord and Tenant Branch, administers the local Forcible Entry and Detainer statute in a manner that arguably violates standards of adequate notice under the Due Process Clause.


Uncle Sam Is Watching You, David Cole Nov 2004

Uncle Sam Is Watching You, David Cole

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Judicial Power & Civil Rights Reconsidered, David E. Bernstein, Ilya Somin Nov 2004

Judicial Power & Civil Rights Reconsidered, David E. Bernstein, Ilya Somin

George Mason University School of Law Working Papers Series

Michael Klarman's "From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality" is an important contribution to the scholarly literature on both the history of the civil rights struggle and judicial power more generally. Klarman argues that for much of the twentieth century, the Supreme Court was very reluctant to rule in favor of African American civil rights claimants, and had little impact when it did.

Klarman is right to reject traditional accounts that greatly exaggerated the Supreme Court's willingness and ability to protect minorities. However, he overstates his case. The Court's views on the …


Gimme Shelter: Does The Fair Housing Amendments Act Of 1988 Require Accommodations For The Financial Cirumstances Of The Disabled?, Brian R. Rosenau Nov 2004

Gimme Shelter: Does The Fair Housing Amendments Act Of 1988 Require Accommodations For The Financial Cirumstances Of The Disabled?, Brian R. Rosenau

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mitigation And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Jill Elaine Hasday Nov 2004

Mitigation And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Jill Elaine Hasday

Jill Elaine Hasday

It is an open question whether the prohibition on employment discrimination in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects plaintiffs who have not attempted to mitigate the effect of their disability on their ability to work. Suppose, for example, that a job applicant has severely impaired vision because of a corneal disease. He can have corneal transplant surgery that his doctors recommend and expect will allow him to see much more clearly, but he does not want to have the surgery because of the complications sometimes associated with the operation and the possibility that the surgery will not work. He …


Brown, The Civil Rights Movement, And The Silent Litigation Revolution, Stephen C. Yeazell Nov 2004

Brown, The Civil Rights Movement, And The Silent Litigation Revolution, Stephen C. Yeazell

Vanderbilt Law Review

One doubts that Robert Carter, Thurgood Marshall, Spottswood Robinson, Jack Greenberg and the rest of the legal team that argued Brown v. Board of Education spent much time thinking about mass torts. Nonetheless, it is entirely appropriate that a commemoration of their achievements include not only that topic but also international human rights and health care, as well as the more expected ones of education and social welfare. Brown was part of a revolution, and revolutions often have collateral effects as important as their immediate consequences. The civil rights movement followed the same pattern.

As an immediate consequence, that movement …


With All Deliberate Speed: Civil Human Rights Litigation As A Tool For Social Change, Beth Van Schaack Nov 2004

With All Deliberate Speed: Civil Human Rights Litigation As A Tool For Social Change, Beth Van Schaack

Vanderbilt Law Review

It has been said that Fildrtiga v. Peha-Irala is the Brown v. Board of Education of human rights litigation. Like Brown, Fildrtiga presents one of those rare "breakthrough moments" in law. In Fildrtiga, the Second Circuit confirmed that victims of human rights abuses abroad could seek legal redress in United States courts under the then-obscure Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA). Fildrtiga thus inaugurated a steady line of cases in U.S. courts invoking the ATCA and related statutes to adjudicate international human rights claims. For a variety of reasons, including the very existence of these statutes, civil litigation has emerged as …


When Equality Leaves Everyone Worse Off: The Problem Of Leveling Down In Equality Law, Deborah L. Brake Nov 2004

When Equality Leaves Everyone Worse Off: The Problem Of Leveling Down In Equality Law, Deborah L. Brake

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Brown And The Desegregation Of Virginia Law Schools, Carl W. Tobias Nov 2004

Brown And The Desegregation Of Virginia Law Schools, Carl W. Tobias

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Call To Leadership: The Future Of Race Relations In Virginia, Rodney A. Smolla Nov 2004

A Call To Leadership: The Future Of Race Relations In Virginia, Rodney A. Smolla

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Virginia's Next Challenge: Economic And Educational Opportunity, Mark R. Warner Nov 2004

Virginia's Next Challenge: Economic And Educational Opportunity, Mark R. Warner

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mitigation And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Jill Elaine Hasday Nov 2004

Mitigation And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Jill Elaine Hasday

Michigan Law Review

It is an open question whether the prohibition on employment discrimination in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects plaintiffs who have not attempted to mitigate the effect of their disability on their ability to work. Suppose, for example, that a job applicant has severely impaired vision because of a corneal disease. He can have corneal transplant surgery that his doctors recommend and expect will allow him to see much more clearly, but he does not want to have the surgery because of the complications sometimes associated with the operation and the possibility that the surgery will not work. He …


The Supreme Court, Guantanamo Bay And Justice Fix-It, Ronald W. Meister Oct 2004

The Supreme Court, Guantanamo Bay And Justice Fix-It, Ronald W. Meister

Cornell Law School Berger International Speaker Papers

In the summer of 2004, the United States Supreme Court ruled on three cases involving individuals detained as "enemy combatants." Given the issues of Presidential power, habeas corpus and individual rights involved, there was a lot of speculation about the historical importance of the decisions. This presentation examines these three decisions and what they teach us about the Supreme Court and government in the 21st century.


Bridging The Barriers: Public Health Strategies For Expanding Drug Treatment In Communities, Ellen M. Weber Oct 2004

Bridging The Barriers: Public Health Strategies For Expanding Drug Treatment In Communities, Ellen M. Weber

Faculty Scholarship

States around the country have begun to adopt programs to divert drug offenders from jails and prisons to community-based drug treatment services. For this strategy to succeed, local officials will need to expand the availability of outpatient and residential treatment programs and address the barriers to siting treatment services, the most significant of which are community opposition and government zoning policies that facilitate community resistance. Civil rights laws, including the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Fair Housing Act (FHA), prohibit zoning discrimination against persons with histories of alcoholism and drug dependence and provide a solid legal foundation for …


Section 3: Civil Rights, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law, William & Mary Law School Oct 2004

Section 3: Civil Rights, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law, William & Mary Law School

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Certificate: Appreciation To Rodney Hurst For Urban Education Summit. Oct 2004

Certificate: Appreciation To Rodney Hurst For Urban Education Summit.

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

A certificate of appreciation for serving as a panelist at The Education Urban Summit: "Call for Action in Education" October 26, 2004


Towards An Establishment Clause Theory Of Race-Based Allocation After Grutter: Administering Race-Conscious Financial Aid, Maurice R. Dyson Oct 2004

Towards An Establishment Clause Theory Of Race-Based Allocation After Grutter: Administering Race-Conscious Financial Aid, Maurice R. Dyson

ExpressO

The novel application of the Establishment Clause doctrine by way of analogy to race0based financial aid after Grutter and Grats, while not identical, speaks to real issue of neutrality that is implicit in the debate of administering race-based scholarships that should be truthfully acknowledged. There is no concern about improper university indoctrination of race as the Grutter court has already established race-based diversity as worthy of a compelling state interest. Moreover, there is no concern that a college or university would establish an imprimatur on race-based scholarships merely or solely because it identifies potential candidates meeting specified eligibility criteria which …


Essay: New Political And Legal Strategies For African-Americans: Dreaming Big, Dreaming Creatively, Maxim Thorne Oct 2004

Essay: New Political And Legal Strategies For African-Americans: Dreaming Big, Dreaming Creatively, Maxim Thorne

ExpressO

Maxim Thorne, a Yale Law School Graduate of 1992, writes an essay derived from his address delivered on October 1, 2004 at the thirty-fifth anniversary of the African-American Cultural Center at Yale University, entitled "New Political and Legal Strategies For African-Americans: Dreaming Big, Dreaming Creatively." He presents Seven Strategies that African Americans should use to secure power and justice in America: 1) Go Home, 2) Public Schools Aren’t Our Only Option and other paradigm shifting legal arguments 3) Draw On the Power of Older Women of Color, 4) Network Your Heart Out, Giving Time, Advice, and Money, 5) Honor Our …


Bilingualism And Equality: Title Vii Claims For Language Discrimination In The Workplace, James Leonard Oct 2004

Bilingualism And Equality: Title Vii Claims For Language Discrimination In The Workplace, James Leonard

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Linguistic diversity is a fact of contemporary American life. Nearly one in five Americans speak a language other than English in the home, and influxes of immigrants have been a constant feature of American history. The multiplicity of languages in American society has touched nearly all aspects of American culture, and specifically has added new and important challenges to the American workplace. Chief among these new concerns are the growing number of legal claims centered around language discrimination in the workplace. The common vehicle for these claims has been Title VII, and there is considerable support in the academic literature …


For The Rest Of Their Lives: Seniors And The Fair Housing Act, Robert G. Schwemm, Michael Allen Oct 2004

For The Rest Of Their Lives: Seniors And The Fair Housing Act, Robert G. Schwemm, Michael Allen

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

America's population is growing older. According to the 2000 census, more than 35 million people in the United States (12% of the total population) are over 65 years old. These figures are expected to grow dramatically in the early decades of the twenty-first century as the "Baby Boom" generation reaches retirement age and as improvements in health care make it possible for more people to live to an advanced age.

Providing housing for this segment of the American population is already a massive industry and one that will certainly grow as the number of, older persons increases. One of the …


Implementing Brown: A Lawyer’S View, Robert A. Sedler Oct 2004

Implementing Brown: A Lawyer’S View, Robert A. Sedler

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


I Do' Kiss And Tell: The Subversive Potential Of Non-Normative Socialsexual Expression From Within Cultural Paradigms, Elaine Craig Oct 2004

I Do' Kiss And Tell: The Subversive Potential Of Non-Normative Socialsexual Expression From Within Cultural Paradigms, Elaine Craig

Dalhousie Law Journal

Using a comparative analysis of the equality movements of sexual minorities in Canada and India the author identifies a symbiosis between the subversive benefits of a deconstructionist approach to equality and the practical achievements to be gained by a rights-based model of social justice. The analysis is conducted through an examination of the role that the expression of same-sex desire plays in the legal and social positions of sexual minorities in Canada and India The author argues that the acquisition of rights can provide sexual minorities with greater access to dominant cultural rituals and that such access provides opportunities to …


Turning The Page On Section 5: The Implication Of Multiracial Coalition Districts On Section 5 Of The Voting Rights Act, Daniel A. Zibel Oct 2004

Turning The Page On Section 5: The Implication Of Multiracial Coalition Districts On Section 5 Of The Voting Rights Act, Daniel A. Zibel

Michigan Law Review

This Note analyzes the use of coalition districts in light of current section 5 and equal protection jurisprudence and argues that, in some circumstances, the Equal Protection Clause compels the use of coalition districts to achieve non retrogression under section 5. Part I examines the use of coalition districts, using the litigation in Page v. Bartels as an example. It then argues that the Supreme Court's opinion in Georgia v. Ashcroft permits jurisdictions to create viable racial coalition districts to comply with section 5. Part II argues that while Georgia v. Ashcroft permits the use of coalition districts to achieve …


Performing Racial And Ethnic Identity: Discrimination By Proxy And The Future Of Title Vii, Camille Gear Rich Sep 2004

Performing Racial And Ethnic Identity: Discrimination By Proxy And The Future Of Title Vii, Camille Gear Rich

Camille Gear Rich

No abstract provided.


Grutter's First Amendment, Paul Horwitz Sep 2004

Grutter's First Amendment, Paul Horwitz

University of San Diego Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series

Most of the reaction to the Supreme Court's decision affirming the law school affirmative action policy at issue in Grutter v. Bollinger has focused on its Fourteenth Amendment implications. But Grutter also raises significant First Amendment issues. By reaffirming a First Amendment value of "educational autonomy," the Grutter Court raised a host of questions with implications not only for the constitutional law of academic freedom, but for First Amendment jurisprudence generally. This article therefore puts the Fourteenth Amendment to one side and provides a detailed analysis of the First Amendment implications of Grutter.

Some of the consequences of the Court's …


Mental Disorder And The Civil/Criminal Distinction, Grant H. Morris Sep 2004

Mental Disorder And The Civil/Criminal Distinction, Grant H. Morris

University of San Diego Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series

This essay, written as part of a symposium issue to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the University of San Diego Law School, discusses the evaporating distinction between sentence-serving convicts and mentally disordered nonconvicts who are involved in, or who were involved in, the criminal process–people we label as both bad and mad. By examining one Supreme Court case from each of the decades that follow the opening of the University of San Diego School of Law, the essay demonstrates how the promise that nonconvict mentally disordered persons would be treated equally with other civilly committed mental patients was made and …