Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Law

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Section 77b - Chapter X Of The Chandler Act - Right Of Creditor To Question The Good Faith Of A Reorganization Petition, Edmund O'Hare Dec 1939

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Section 77b - Chapter X Of The Chandler Act - Right Of Creditor To Question The Good Faith Of A Reorganization Petition, Edmund O'Hare

Michigan Law Review

Appellants, two creditors of debtor, objected to the approval of a reorganization petition filed under section 77B by appellees, who were also creditors of debtor, claiming that the petition was not filed in good faith. Held, that appellants had sufficient standing to question the approval of the petition, since any single creditor may raise the issue of the good faith of the petitioners. Snyder v. Fenner, (C. C. A. 3d, 1939) 101 F. (2d) 736.


Corporations - Modification Provisions Of Corporate Mortgages And Trust Indentures, Charles H. Haines Jr. Nov 1939

Corporations - Modification Provisions Of Corporate Mortgages And Trust Indentures, Charles H. Haines Jr.

Michigan Law Review

As early as the late 1800's it was not uncommon to find included in corporate mortgages and trust indentures provisions looking to the modification of the rights of the bondholders by action of a given majority of such holders. Ordinarily the power conferred could not be exercised by the holders of less than seventy-five per cent in value of the outstanding bonds; the modification authorized might be the alteration of security rights, the deferment of payments of interest or principal, the reduction of interest, or even the reduction of the debt. Inasmuch as the same equitable doctrines limit their use, …


Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Section 77b - Chapter X Of The Chandler Act - Boyd Case Rule, Edmund O'Hare Nov 1939

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Section 77b - Chapter X Of The Chandler Act - Boyd Case Rule, Edmund O'Hare

Michigan Law Review

A subsidiary of the defendant corporation filed a reorganization petition under Section 77 B of the Bankruptcy Act and defendant presented a claim of over nine million dollars as a creditor, the claim being grounded upon moneys paid by defendant to the subsidiary for its benefit, management and supervision fees, rental and interest charges, and declared but unpaid dividends. Defendant owned about ninety-eight per cent of the common stock of the subsidiary. As the result of objections by the trustee and preferred stockholders of the subsidiary, defendant's claim was compromised at five million dollars. The reorganization plan provided in part …


Corporations - Derivative Suits - Insolvency As A Bar, Edmund O'Hare Nov 1939

Corporations - Derivative Suits - Insolvency As A Bar, Edmund O'Hare

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, stockholder in defendant bank, brought a derivative suit against the bank's directors to recover moneys allegedly wrongfully appropriated by them from the bank's assets. Before the commencement of the suit the bank had become insolvent and was in the process of liquidation. Held, the directors' motion to dismiss should be granted, since a stockholder may not maintain an action to hold an insolvent corporation's directors liable for fraud or mismanagement unless it appears that he will be benefited by the relief demanded, and full recovery here would still leave an excess of liabilities over assets. Falvey v. Foreman-State …


Bankruptcy -Trustee's Liability - Effect Of Requirement Of Deposit In Designated Depositary On Trustee's Common Law Duty Of Due Care, Russel T. Walker Jun 1939

Bankruptcy -Trustee's Liability - Effect Of Requirement Of Deposit In Designated Depositary On Trustee's Common Law Duty Of Due Care, Russel T. Walker

Michigan Law Review

In a suit to charge a trustee in bankruptcy for the loss of funds of the bankrupt estate caused by insolvency of the depositary bank, the trustee contended that as he had fulfilled the requirement of section 61 of the Bankruptcy Act by depositing the funds of the estate in a "designated depositary," he could not be charged with liability for any loss occurring thereafter; he argued that section 61 repealed, by implication, the trustee's common-law duty of due care in the handling of estate funds after they were deposited in a "designated depositary." Held, the fact that the …


Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Validity Of Process Outside Territorial Confines Of Federal District Court, Edmund O'Hare Jun 1939

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Validity Of Process Outside Territorial Confines Of Federal District Court, Edmund O'Hare

Michigan Law Review

Debtor corporation had contracted with defendant, operator of a retail store, whereby defendant agreed to sell debtor's products exclusively and to buy all of his supplies from debtor. While debtor was in the course of section 77 B reorganization proceedings, defendant refused to continue to comply with the contract, Defendant resided and did business in the same state and federal judicial circuit in which the reorganization court was located, but not within the territorial confines of the court, nor was process served upon defendant within the court's territorial jurisdiction. Debtor moved for specific performance of the contract. Held, debtor's …


Garnishment - Full Faith And Credit - Nature Of Principal Judgment, John N. Seaman Jun 1939

Garnishment - Full Faith And Credit - Nature Of Principal Judgment, John N. Seaman

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, appellee, sued an Illinois insurance company for legal services, and on the same day sued out a writ of garnishment against a Michigan debtor of the insurance company. Two days later the insurance company was dissolved in Illinois under the provisions of the Illinois Insurance Code, and an Illinois liquidator was vested with title to all of the insurance company's property, wherever located. The liquidator intervened in this case, claiming prior title to the garnishment debt, by virtue of the Illinois statute and judicial proceedings. Held, the commencement of the garnishment suit gave plaintiff a lien on the …


Taxation - Income Tax - Whether Purchase And Retirement By Corporation Of Own Bonds At Less Than Amount Of Issue Constitutes A Taxable Gain Where Corporation Is Insolvent, S. R. Stroud Jun 1939

Taxation - Income Tax - Whether Purchase And Retirement By Corporation Of Own Bonds At Less Than Amount Of Issue Constitutes A Taxable Gain Where Corporation Is Insolvent, S. R. Stroud

Michigan Law Review

Petitioner, a railway corporation, in 1906 leased all its property to an operating company for a term of fifty years. At the same time petitioner issued $434,000 in first mortgage bonds which were used to refund a prior issue of $350,000 and to provide for certain improvements on the road. Interest on the bonds was to be met by lessee's payment of the greater part of the rental directly to the trustee of the mortgage bonds, but no provision for a sinking fund was made. In October, 1932, petitioner purchased $19,000 par value of aforesaid mortgage bonds for $4,750, and …


Bankruptcy-Corporate Reorganization - Fraternal Benefit Society Entitled To Benefits Of Section 77b, Russel T. Walker May 1939

Bankruptcy-Corporate Reorganization - Fraternal Benefit Society Entitled To Benefits Of Section 77b, Russel T. Walker

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff's right to petition for reorganization under section 77 B of the Bankruptcy Act was challenged on the ground that plaintiff was an "insurance corporation" within the meaning of section 4 of the Bankruptcy Act and therefore excepted from the benefits of the act. Held, that when Congress used the words "insurance corporation" in the Bankruptcy Act, it meant a corporation authorized by the law of its creation to do an insurance business. As Congress knew that the various States had authorized the formation of fraternal benefit societies, described as such in enabling statutes, when Congress passed this statute …


Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - "Good Faith" In Presenting Petitions For Reorganization Proceedings, Arthur P. Boynton Apr 1939

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - "Good Faith" In Presenting Petitions For Reorganization Proceedings, Arthur P. Boynton

Michigan Law Review

Reorganization proceedings for corporations are now provided for in chapter ten of the recently enacted Chandler Act, which supersedes the provisions of 77B. This legislation, designed to aid corporations which are insolvent or unable to meet their debts as they mature, is available to all commercial corporations except municipal, insurance, and banking corporations and railroad corporations authorized to file a petition under section 77 upon the proper showing. Sections 130 and 131 enumerate the necessary requirements of any petition filed for the purpose of obtaining reorganization. However, the most important prerequisite to this relief, from the standpoint of difficulty in …


Contracts - Third Party Beneficiary - Right Of Promisor To Set Off Claim Againt Promisee In A Suit By Beneficiary, Arthur A. Greene Jr. Mar 1939

Contracts - Third Party Beneficiary - Right Of Promisor To Set Off Claim Againt Promisee In A Suit By Beneficiary, Arthur A. Greene Jr.

Michigan Law Review

A and B mortgaged real estate to the plaintiff to secure their notes aggregating $9,000. Six months later A and B exchanged this property to the defendant for certain real estate owned by her. By the deed the defendant assumed the mortgage indebtedness owed to the plaintiff. As a further consideration for the exchange, A and B executed a note for $13,050 to the defendant. The plaintiff instituted this action against A and B, seeking to recover the balance, and by amended petition joined the defendant. The defendant claimed the right of set-off on the uncollected judgment against A …


Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Fairness Of The Plan, Stanton J. Schuman Mar 1939

Bankruptcy - Corporate Reorganization - Fairness Of The Plan, Stanton J. Schuman

Michigan Law Review

In a reorganization under 77B the unsecured creditors were to be paid by receiving non-voting preferred stock of the insolvent debtor up to the amount of their claims. The old preferred stockholders were to keep the balance of this same class of stock. One thousand shares of voting common stock were to be given to the old shareholders on the basis of one new share for each old share. The plan was approved by ninety-four per cent of the creditors, but the master proposed an amendment whereby the creditors were to have the right to vote in the selection of …


Contracts - Consideration - The Rule Of Foakes V. Beer Discarded, Arthur A. Greene Jr. Mar 1939

Contracts - Consideration - The Rule Of Foakes V. Beer Discarded, Arthur A. Greene Jr.

Michigan Law Review

In an action on a promissory note, by an indorsee who was not a holder in due course, the defendant pleaded the following facts. In 1930 the payee held the promissory note of the defendant, who was known to be hopelessly insolvent. An agreement was thereupon made and executed between the payee, the plaintiff and defendant, whereby the plaintiff agreed to purchase the note from the payee in exchange for his automobile. The defendant in turn agreed to turn over to the plaintiff certain livestock or produce, to pay a certain balance in cash, and also to pay the license …