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Antitrust and Trade Regulation

2018

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Articles 1 - 30 of 133

Full-Text Articles in Law

“I’Ll Know It When I See It”: Defending The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S Approach Of Interpreting The Scope Of Unfair, Deceptive, Or Abusive Acts Or Practices (“Udapp”) Through Enforcement Actions, Stephen J. Canzona Dec 2018

“I’Ll Know It When I See It”: Defending The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S Approach Of Interpreting The Scope Of Unfair, Deceptive, Or Abusive Acts Or Practices (“Udapp”) Through Enforcement Actions, Stephen J. Canzona

Journal of Legislation

No abstract provided.


Worker Collective Action In The Time Of Fissuring: Independent Contractor Labor Boycotts, The Thirteenth Amendment, And Antitrust Law, Richard Blum Dec 2018

Worker Collective Action In The Time Of Fissuring: Independent Contractor Labor Boycotts, The Thirteenth Amendment, And Antitrust Law, Richard Blum

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Whatever Did Happen To The Antitrust Movement?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2018

Whatever Did Happen To The Antitrust Movement?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

All Faculty Scholarship

Antitrust in the United States today is caught between its pursuit of technical rules designed to define and implement defensible economic goals, and increasing calls for a new antitrust “movement.” The goals of this movement have been variously defined as combating industrial concentration, limiting the economic or political power of large firms, correcting the maldistribution of wealth, control of high profits, increasing wages, or protection of small business. High output and low consumer prices are typically unmentioned.

In the 1960s the great policy historian Richard Hofstadter lamented the passing of the antitrust “movement” as one of the “faded passions of …


Prophylactic Merger Policy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2018

Prophylactic Merger Policy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

All Faculty Scholarship

An important purpose of the antitrust merger law is to arrest certain anticompetitive practices or outcomes in their “incipiency.” Many Clayton Act decisions involving both mergers and other practices had recognized the idea as early as the 1920s. In Brown Shoe the Supreme Court doubled down on the idea, attributing to Congress a concern about a “rising tide of economic concentration” that must be halted “at its outset and before it gathered momentum.” The Supreme Court did not explain why an incipiency test was needed to address this particular problem. Once structural thresholds for identifying problematic mergers are identified there …


Anticompetitive Manipulation Of Rems: A New Exception To Antitrust Refusal-To-Deal Doctrine, Tyler A. Garrett Nov 2018

Anticompetitive Manipulation Of Rems: A New Exception To Antitrust Refusal-To-Deal Doctrine, Tyler A. Garrett

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman Nov 2018

How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman

William & Mary Business Law Review

By now, almost every business has an Internet presence. What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in the universe of Internet businesses? What potential risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise?

This Article discusses the relevant annual report disclosures from Alphabet, Inc. (parent of Google), along with other Google documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from Alphabet’s (Google) regulatory filings. My additions about these entities include weaving their disclosure materials into a logical presentation …


Welcome And Introductory Remarks, Jonathan Baker Nov 2018

Welcome And Introductory Remarks, Jonathan Baker

Presentations

Video link: https://vimeo.com/352303633Audio link: https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/audio-video/audio/economics-big-data-privacy-competition-introductionThe Federal Trade Commission held the sixth session in its Hearings initiative, with two and a half days of sessions on November 6 – 8, 2018, at American University Washington College of Law, in Washington, D.C.The hearings examined the role that data play in competition and innovation and will also consider the antitrust analysis of mergers and firm conduct where data is a key asset or product.The Commission invited public comment on these issues, including the questions listed below. Comments were due January 7, 2019. If any entity has provided funding for research, analysis, or commentary …


Trade And Development In An Era Of Multipolarity And Reterritorialization, Chantal Thomas Nov 2018

Trade And Development In An Era Of Multipolarity And Reterritorialization, Chantal Thomas

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

This essay will consider two phenomena emergent within international trade law and policy: multipolarity (the emergence of new global powers alongside existing hegemons) and reterritorialization (the rise, sometimes in quite virulent form, of economic nationalism as a basis for asserting State controls over, and barriers to, cross-border trade). These new dynamics present serious challenges and dangers. This essay will consider whether they might also create opportunities for reshaping the international economic order to be more supportive of the longstanding concerns of developing States. In doing so, the essay will elucidate key aspects of both the global political economy and the …


Revising The Vertical Merger Guidelines (Ftc Hearings), Steven C. Salop Nov 2018

Revising The Vertical Merger Guidelines (Ftc Hearings), Steven C. Salop

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This slide deck was the author’s presentation at the FTC Hearings on Vertical Mergers (November 1, 2018). The deck sets out a summary of the author’s economic analysis and proposed revisions to the U.S. Vertical Merger Guidelines.


The Duality Of Provider And Payer In The Current Healthcare Landscape And Related Antitrust Implications, Julia Kapchinskiy Oct 2018

The Duality Of Provider And Payer In The Current Healthcare Landscape And Related Antitrust Implications, Julia Kapchinskiy

San Diego Law Review

Health care landscape has changed with the introduction of the ACA and will keep changing due to the proposed repeal. The only constant is the desire of health plans and providers to maximize profits and minimize costs, which is attainable through consolidation. This Comment advocates a revision of the existing antitrust guidelines that would (1) recognize unique nature of health care market, (2) be independent from the current or proposed legislation to the maximum possible extent, and (3) reflect the insurer-provider duality, which heavily influences the quality and accessibility of the healthcare for the consumer.


Calm Down About Common Ownership, Thom Lambert, Michael E. Sykuta Oct 2018

Calm Down About Common Ownership, Thom Lambert, Michael E. Sykuta

Faculty Publications

Proponents of additional antitrust intervention to police common ownership simply have not made their case. Their theory as to why current levels of intra-industry diversification would cause consumer harm is implausible and the empirical evidence they say demonstrates such harm is both scant and methodologically suspect. The policy solutions they have proposed for dealing with the purported problem would radically rework an industry that has provided substantial benefits to investors, raising the costs of portfolio diversification and enhancing agency costs at public companies. Courts and antitrust enforcers should reject their calls for additional antitrust intervention to police common ownership.


Hindsight Bias In Antitrust Law, Christopher R. Leslie Oct 2018

Hindsight Bias In Antitrust Law, Christopher R. Leslie

Vanderbilt Law Review

The modern field of study into hindsight bias was launched by Baruch Fischhoff. Fischhoff provided his research subjects with a primer on the 1810s conflict between British forces and Nepalese Gurkhas near Northern India. He suggested four possible outcomes: British victory, Gurkha victory, a peace settlement, and a military stalemate with no peace settlement. The subjects were then divided into five groups. One group was given no information about the ultimate outcome of the conflict. Subjects in each of the remaining four groups were told that one of the four outcomes had, in fact, occurred. The subjects were then asked …


The At&T/Time Warner Merger: How Judge Leon Garbled Professor Nash, Steven C. Salop Oct 2018

The At&T/Time Warner Merger: How Judge Leon Garbled Professor Nash, Steven C. Salop

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The US District Court in the AT&T/Time Warner vertical merger case has issued its opinion permitting the merger. At of this writing in August 2018, the Department of Justice (DOJ) has appealed to the DC Circuit and filed its brief, as have several Amici. I was disappointed that the DOJ was unable to prove its case to the satisfaction of Judge Leon, the trial judge. Notwithstanding the court’s confidence that the merger is procompetitive, I remain concerned that it will have anti- competitive effects, both on its own and following the subsequent vertical mergers in the TV industry, which this …


Antitrust's Unconventional Politics, Daniel A. Crane Sep 2018

Antitrust's Unconventional Politics, Daniel A. Crane

Articles

Antitrust law stands at its most fluid and negotiable moment in a generation. The bipartisan consensus that antitrust should solely focus on economic efficiency and consumer welfare has quite suddenly come under attack from prominent voices calling for a dramatically enhanced role for antitrust law in mediating a variety of social, economic, and political friction points, including employment, wealth inequality, data privacy and security, and democratic values. To the bewilderment of many observers, the ascendant pressures for antitrust reforms are flowing from both wings of the political spectrum, throwing into confusion a conventional understanding that pro-antitrust sentiment tacked left and …


An Antitrust Approach To Corporate Free Exercise Claims, Ronald J. Colombo Sep 2018

An Antitrust Approach To Corporate Free Exercise Claims, Ronald J. Colombo

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

This Article suggests that antitrust law’s concept of market power could similarly be employed in balancing the free exercise rights of a corporation or any for-profit business venture against the rights of individuals. When a business enterprise seeks a religious liberty exemption from a rights-granting law, a major factor in assessing its claim should be the degree to which it wields market power in the relevant market. If the business is a monopolist, and, a fortiori, wielding tremendous market power, its claim for a free exercise exemption should probably fail. If, conversely, the business is but a minor marketplace …


Has The Us Economy Become More Concentrated And Less Competitive: A Review Of The Data, Jonathan Baker, Steven Berry, Fiona Scott Morton, Joshua Wright, Gregory Werden Sep 2018

Has The Us Economy Become More Concentrated And Less Competitive: A Review Of The Data, Jonathan Baker, Steven Berry, Fiona Scott Morton, Joshua Wright, Gregory Werden

Congressional and Other Testimony

FTC Chairman Joe Simons presented opening remarks, followed by a day of discussion by a distinguished set of panelists who discussed the following topics (some of which will be discussed on the rescheduled date):the current landscape of competition and consumer protection law and policy;whether the U.S. economy has become more concentrated and less competitive;the regulation of consumer data;antitrust law and the consumer welfare standard; andthe analysis of vertical mergers.This hearing was initially scheduled for September 13-14, 2018, but the second day sessions were rescheduled to November 1 due to inclement weather.


Closing Remarks, William Kovacic Sep 2018

Closing Remarks, William Kovacic

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 2: Managing Multijurisdictional Risks And Issues: A Dialogue With In-House Counsel And Enforcers, Sharis Pozen, John Blood, João Paulo De Resende, Gail Levine, Andreas Mundt Sep 2018

Panel 2: Managing Multijurisdictional Risks And Issues: A Dialogue With In-House Counsel And Enforcers, Sharis Pozen, John Blood, João Paulo De Resende, Gail Levine, Andreas Mundt

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 1: Merger Enforcement Around The Globe, Deborah Feinstein, John Davies, D. Bruce Hoffman, Carles Esteva Mosso, Howard Shelanski Sep 2018

Panel 1: Merger Enforcement Around The Globe, Deborah Feinstein, John Davies, D. Bruce Hoffman, Carles Esteva Mosso, Howard Shelanski

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Morning Session Keynote Remarks, Andrea Coscelli Sep 2018

Morning Session Keynote Remarks, Andrea Coscelli

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 3: Emerging Issues In Competition Law And Health Care, D. Daniel Sokol, Reiko Aoki, Fiona Carlin, Scott Hemphill, Steven C. Sunshine Sep 2018

Panel 3: Emerging Issues In Competition Law And Health Care, D. Daniel Sokol, Reiko Aoki, Fiona Carlin, Scott Hemphill, Steven C. Sunshine

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 2: All Things Vertical: Divergence Or Convergence?, Douglas H. Ginsburg, Jeffrey C. Bank, Jean-François Bellis, Isabelle De Silva, Nils Wahl Sep 2018

Panel 2: All Things Vertical: Divergence Or Convergence?, Douglas H. Ginsburg, Jeffrey C. Bank, Jean-François Bellis, Isabelle De Silva, Nils Wahl

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 1: Antitrust And Populism, Eleanor M. Fox, Herbert Hovenkamp, Frédéric Jenny, Mario Monti, Joseph Stiglitz Sep 2018

Panel 1: Antitrust And Populism, Eleanor M. Fox, Herbert Hovenkamp, Frédéric Jenny, Mario Monti, Joseph Stiglitz

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Introductions; Keynote; Enforcement Of Competition Rules In The European Union: The Globalized Economy In The Digital Age, James Keyte, Makan Delrahim, Johannes Laitenberger Sep 2018

Introductions; Keynote; Enforcement Of Competition Rules In The European Union: The Globalized Economy In The Digital Age, James Keyte, Makan Delrahim, Johannes Laitenberger

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 4: Structural Modeling And Antitrust Current And Future Applications, James Keyte, Arthur Burke, Ariel Pakes, Kenneth B. Schwartz, Ali Yurukoglu Sep 2018

Panel 4: Structural Modeling And Antitrust Current And Future Applications, James Keyte, Arthur Burke, Ariel Pakes, Kenneth B. Schwartz, Ali Yurukoglu

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 3: The Amex Decision: What’S Next?, Michael Cragg, David Evans, Barry Nigro, Chul Pak Sep 2018

Panel 3: The Amex Decision: What’S Next?, Michael Cragg, David Evans, Barry Nigro, Chul Pak

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Luncheon Address, Maureen Ohlhausen Sep 2018

Luncheon Address, Maureen Ohlhausen

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Panel 1: What Can We Learn From Merger Retrospectives?, Mary Coleman, Bruce Kobayashi, Leslie Overton, Lee Van Voorhis, Benjamin Wagner Sep 2018

Panel 1: What Can We Learn From Merger Retrospectives?, Mary Coleman, Bruce Kobayashi, Leslie Overton, Lee Van Voorhis, Benjamin Wagner

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Welcoming Remarks, Panel 1: Merger Remedies, James Keyte, David Weiskopf, Mark Israel, Aditi Mehta, Alex Okuliar, Sonia Pfaffenroth Sep 2018

Welcoming Remarks, Panel 1: Merger Remedies, James Keyte, David Weiskopf, Mark Israel, Aditi Mehta, Alex Okuliar, Sonia Pfaffenroth

Fordham Competition Law Institute

No abstract provided.


Outcome Report Of Roundtable On International Investment Regime And Access To Justice, Michelle Chan, Kanika Gupta, Jesse Coleman, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Lise Johnson Sep 2018

Outcome Report Of Roundtable On International Investment Regime And Access To Justice, Michelle Chan, Kanika Gupta, Jesse Coleman, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Lise Johnson

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

On October 18, 2017, the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights and the CCSI co-hosted a one-day roundtable on the impacts of the international investment regime on access to justice for investment-affected individuals and communities.

Held at Columbia University in New York, the roundtable brought together 32 individuals from civil society organizations, communities affected by investments at the heart of investor-state claims, governments, academia, donor organizations, UN mandate holders, and other stakeholder groups. The roundtable provided an opportunity for participants to: (i) explore and assess the specific impacts of international investment agreements and investor-state dispute settlement on access …