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Regulating Healthcare Robots: Maximizing Opportunities While Minimizing Risks, Drew Simshaw, Nicolas Terry, Kris Hauser, M.L. Cummings Jan 2016

Regulating Healthcare Robots: Maximizing Opportunities While Minimizing Risks, Drew Simshaw, Nicolas Terry, Kris Hauser, M.L. Cummings

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

Some of the most dynamic areas of robotics research and development today are healthcare applications. Robot-assisted surgery, robotic nurses, in-home rehabilitation, and eldercare robots' are all demonstrating rapidly iterating innovation. Rising healthcare labor costs and an aging population will increase demand for these human surrogates and enhancements. However, like many emerging technologies, robots are difficult to place within existing regulatory frameworks. For example, the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) seeks to ensure that medical devices (few of which are consumer devices) are safe, the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules apply to data collected by health care providers …