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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Probabilistic Broadcasting Protocols In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: A Bibliometric Survey, Sumit Kumar, Ayushi Kamboj May 2021

A Probabilistic Broadcasting Protocols In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: A Bibliometric Survey, Sumit Kumar, Ayushi Kamboj

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Broadcasting in Mobile ad hoc network is very crucial process and if not taken care led to Broadcast storm problem. Several Broadcasting techniques are proposed in the literature, but probabilistic broadcasting is the one the major technique which can really avoid the broadcasting storm problem. The protocols employing probabilistic broadcasting is surveyed in this bibliometric paper. The bibliometric survey aims to throw light on several types of protocols employed in Mobile ad hoc Network. The primary aim of this paper is to assess the amount of work done in the field of Probabilistic Broadcasting in Mobile ad hoc Network, as ...


Implementation And Performance Analysis Evaluation Of A New Manet Routing Protocol In Ns-2, Monali Sahoo, Ashish Chaurasia Aug 2020

Implementation And Performance Analysis Evaluation Of A New Manet Routing Protocol In Ns-2, Monali Sahoo, Ashish Chaurasia

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) can be defined as a collection of large number ofmobile nodes that form temporary network without aid of any existing network infrastructure or central access point. The Efficient routing protocols can provide significant benefits to mobile ad hoc networks, in terms of both performance and reliability. Many routing protocols for such networks have been proposed so far. The main method for evaluating the performance of MANETs is simulation.The Network Simulator is a discrete event driven simulator. The goal of ns-2 is to support networking ,research, and education. In this paper we create a new ...


Analysis Of Unipath And Multipath Routing Protocols In Mobile Adhoc Networks., Avinash Giri, Jitendra Prithviraj, Ashok Verma Aug 2020

Analysis Of Unipath And Multipath Routing Protocols In Mobile Adhoc Networks., Avinash Giri, Jitendra Prithviraj, Ashok Verma

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

A MANET is an interconnection of mobile devices by wireless links, which forms a dynamic topology. Routing protocols play a vital role in transmission of data across the network. The two major classifications of routing protocols are unipath and multipath. In this paper, we have evaluated the performance of a widely used on-demand unipath routing protocol called AODV and multipath routing protocol AOMDV and MDART . These protocol has been selected due to its edge over other protocols in various aspects, such as reducing delay, routing load etc. The evaluation of all the protocols is carried out in terms of different ...


Group Mobility Model Based Proactive And Reactive Routing Protocol In Manet, Ankur Patel, Shivendu Dubey, Ashok Verma, Sharda Pd. Patel Aug 2020

Group Mobility Model Based Proactive And Reactive Routing Protocol In Manet, Ankur Patel, Shivendu Dubey, Ashok Verma, Sharda Pd. Patel

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes forming a dynamic network Topology without the aid of any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. Each node participating in the network acts as a host and as a router , means they have to forward packets and identify route as well. Random waypoint is the most common mobility model in most of the simulation based studies of various MANET routing protocols. The Group Mobility Model has been generated by Impact of Mobility Patterns on Routing in Ad-hoc Network (IMPORTANT). In the present communication, we have analyzed the ...


Impact Of Node Movement On Manet Using Different Routing Protocol For Qos Improvement Under Different Scenario, Aditi Kumari, Neha Gandotra, Pankaj Joshi, Shrikant Upadhyay Aug 2020

Impact Of Node Movement On Manet Using Different Routing Protocol For Qos Improvement Under Different Scenario, Aditi Kumari, Neha Gandotra, Pankaj Joshi, Shrikant Upadhyay

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

As in real world the movement of nodes are almost always random. And the most important characteristics is the dynamic topology which is a consequence of node mobility, nodes can change position quite frequently, which means we need a routing protocol that quickly adapts to topology changes. Now, days there are more than billion wireless devices in use. And every devices are topology independent. Therefore, the wireless mobile computers or Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) have become very necessary.


Effective Analysis Of Different Parameters In Ad Hoc Network For Different Protocols, Kumar Manoj, S. C. Sharma, Chandra S Aug 2020

Effective Analysis Of Different Parameters In Ad Hoc Network For Different Protocols, Kumar Manoj, S. C. Sharma, Chandra S

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

A wireless Ad-hoc network consists of wireless nodes communicating without the need for a centralized administration, in which all nodes potentially contribute to the routing process. A user can move anytime in an ad hoc scenario and, as a result, such a network needs to have routing protocols which can adopt dynamically changing topology. To accomplish this, a number of ad hoc routing protocols have been proposed and implemented, which include Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing, and temporally ordered routing algorithm (TORA). In this paper, we analyze the performance differentials to compare the above-mentioned ...


Impact Of Routing Protocol On Performance Of Wireless Ad Hoc Vehicular Network, V. P. Patil, B. P. Saoji Aug 2020

Impact Of Routing Protocol On Performance Of Wireless Ad Hoc Vehicular Network, V. P. Patil, B. P. Saoji

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) is an emerging new technology integrating ad hoc network, wireless LAN (WLAN) and cellular technology to achieve intelligent inter-vehicle communications and improve road traffic safety and efficiency. VANETs are distinguished from other kinds of ad hoc networks by their hybrid network architectures, node movement characteristics, and new application scenarios. Therefore, VANETs pose many unique networking research challenges, and the design of an efficient routing protocol for VANETs is very crucial. In this paper, we discuss the impact of routing protocol on performance of wireless ad hoc vehicular network along with recent routing protocols. Ad hoc ...


An Improved Protocol For Proxy Based Certification Authority For Manets, Bibhudendu Panda, Pabitra Mohan Khilar Aug 2020

An Improved Protocol For Proxy Based Certification Authority For Manets, Bibhudendu Panda, Pabitra Mohan Khilar

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

This paper includes developing framework for proxy based certificate Authority for MANET. Key management is a central aspect for security in mobile ad hoc networks. In mobile ad hoc networks, the computational load and complexity for key management is strongly subject to restriction of the node’s available resources and the dynamic nature of the topology. PKI has been recognized as one of the most effective tools for providing security for dynamic networks. However, providing such an infrastructure in MANETs is a challenging task due to their infrastructure-less nature. In this paper we have considered such challenges in detail, identify ...


Performance Comparison Of Routing Protocols In Manet Varying Network Size, Sushil Kumar, Dinesh Singh, Mridul Chawla Aug 2020

Performance Comparison Of Routing Protocols In Manet Varying Network Size, Sushil Kumar, Dinesh Singh, Mridul Chawla

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) consists of mobile wireless nodes in which the communication between nodes is carried out without any centralized control. MANET is a self organized and self configurable network where the mobile nodes move arbitrarily. The mobile nodes can receive and forward packets as a router. Routing is a critical issue in MANET. Therefore focus in this paper is to compare the performance of three routing protocols DSDV, DSR and AODV for CBR traffic by varying no. of nodes in terms of packet delivery ratio, end to end delay, routing overhead and throughput. The simulation is ...


Evaluating The Performance Of Modified Dsr In Presence Of Noisy Links Using Qualnet Network Simulator In Manet, Saurav Ghosh, Chinmoy Ghorai Aug 2020

Evaluating The Performance Of Modified Dsr In Presence Of Noisy Links Using Qualnet Network Simulator In Manet, Saurav Ghosh, Chinmoy Ghorai

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

For routing in MANET, finding the shortest path between nodes based on the classical hop-count metric may not always be the best routing criteria to be considered because the shortest path might be congested or error prone due to noisy interference leading to poor network throughput and packet delivery ratio. In our work, we use Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) as the link-quality metric in a modified version of the of DSR protocol coined as MDSR which takes into consideration the SNR value of a wireless link in addition to the hop count metric to discover new routes. We have extensively used ...


Signal Strength And Energy Aware Reliable Route Discovery In Manet, P. Srinivasan, K. Kamalakkannan Jul 2020

Signal Strength And Energy Aware Reliable Route Discovery In Manet, P. Srinivasan, K. Kamalakkannan

International Journal of Communication Networks and Security

Frequent changes in network topology and confined battery capacity of the mobile devices are the main challenges for routing in ad-hoc networks. In this paper, we propose a novel, Signal strength and Energy Aware routing protocol (SEA-DSR), which directly incorporates signal strength and residual battery capacity of nodes into route selection through cross layer approach. This model defines a metric called Reliability Factor for route selection among the feasible routes. It is simulated using ns2, under different mobility conditions. The simulation results shows better performance in terms of packet delivery ratio, control overhead and average end-end delay. The proposed model ...


Energy Consumption Using Traffic Models For Manet Routing Protocols, Shivendu Dubey, Rajesh Shrivastava Jul 2020

Energy Consumption Using Traffic Models For Manet Routing Protocols, Shivendu Dubey, Rajesh Shrivastava

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a network Topology without the use of any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. One of the main issues in MANET routing protocols is development of energy efficient protocols due to limited bandwidth and battery life. There are various such protocols developed and analyzed under Constant Bit Rate (CBR) traffic by many authors. In the present communication the energy consumption in traffic models (CBR, Pareto and Exponential) is measured using routing protocols namely AODV, OLSR and AOMDV. Simulation and computation of energy consumed, received and ...


Artificial Intelligence And Game Theory Controlled Autonomous Uav Swarms, Janusz Kusyk, M. Umit Uyar, Kelvin Ma, Eltan Samoylov, Ricardo Valdez, Joseph Plishka, Sagor E. Hoque, Giorgio Bertoli, Jefrey Boksiner Jul 2020

Artificial Intelligence And Game Theory Controlled Autonomous Uav Swarms, Janusz Kusyk, M. Umit Uyar, Kelvin Ma, Eltan Samoylov, Ricardo Valdez, Joseph Plishka, Sagor E. Hoque, Giorgio Bertoli, Jefrey Boksiner

Publications and Research

Autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) operating as a swarm can be deployed in austere environments, where cyber electromagnetic activities often require speedy and dynamic adjustments to swarm operations. Use of central controllers, UAV synchronization mechanisms or pre-planned set of actions to control a swarm in such deployments would hinder its ability to deliver expected services. We introduce artificial intelligence and game theory based flight control algorithms to be run by each autonomous UAV to determine its actions in near real-time, while relying only on local spatial, temporal and electromagnetic (EM) information. Each UAV using our flight control algorithms positions itself ...


Customized Wireless Mesh Routing Metric For Swarm Of Drones Applications, Oscar G. Bautista Chia Mar 2020

Customized Wireless Mesh Routing Metric For Swarm Of Drones Applications, Oscar G. Bautista Chia

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the proliferation of drones applications, there is an increasing need for handling their numerous challenges. One of such challenges arises when a swarm-of-drones is deployed to accomplish a specific task which requires coordination and communication. While this swarm-of-drones is essentially a special form of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) which has been studied for many years, there are still some unique requirements of drone applications that necessitates re-visiting MANET approaches. These challenges stem from 3-D environments the drones are deployed in, and their specific way of mobility which adds to the wireless link management challenges. In this thesis, we ...


Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana Nov 2018

Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana

International Journal of Business and Technology

Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) are self-configured and infrastructure less networks with autonomous mobile nodes. Due to the high flexibility, these kind of networks are heavily used in rescue operations, military missions etc. Many routing protocols for this kind of networks exist. This article presents a comparative and quantitative performance study of DSDV, AODV and DSR routing protocols using different simulation models in NS2. Performance metrics like PDR, E2E Delay and Throughput are analyzed under varying network, traffic and mobility parameters like number of nodes, traffic flows, mobility speed and pause time. Results show that AODV outperforms DSDV and DSR ...


Context Aware Routing Management Architecture For Airborne Networks, Mark Silvius, J. Addison Betances, Kenneth M. Hopkinson Jul 2016

Context Aware Routing Management Architecture For Airborne Networks, Mark Silvius, J. Addison Betances, Kenneth M. Hopkinson

Faculty Publications

Military environments require highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) to meet operational mission requirements. Decision makers rely on the timely delivery of critical battlefield information to make informed determinations quickly and as accurately as possible. However, traditional MANET routing protocols do not provide quality of service (QoS). Furthermore, they do not implement active controls to minimise the impact of network congestion. This study proposes the use of the information embedded in an air tasking order (ATO) during the planning phase of military missions to optimise the network performance. The trajectories of relevant nodes (airborne platforms) participating in the MANET ...


Routing And Security In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Baban A. Mahmood Jan 2016

Routing And Security In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Baban A. Mahmood

Theses and Dissertations--Computer Science

A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) consists of a set of nodes which can form a network among themselves. MANETs have applications in areas such as military, disaster rescue operations, monitoring animal habitats, etc. where establishing fixed communication infrastructure is not feasible. Routing protocols designed for MANETs can be broadly classified as position-based (geographic), topology-based and hybrid. Geographic routing uses location information of nodes to route messages. Topology-based routing uses network state information for route discovery and maintenance. Hybrid routing protocols use features in both position-based and topology-based approaches. Position-based routing protocols route packets towards the destination using greedy forwarding ...


Modeling Security And Resource Allocation For Mobile Multi-Hop Wireless Neworks Using Game Theory, Laurent L. Y. Njilla Sep 2015

Modeling Security And Resource Allocation For Mobile Multi-Hop Wireless Neworks Using Game Theory, Laurent L. Y. Njilla

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents novel approaches to modeling and analyzing security and resource allocation in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). The research involves the design, implementation and simulation of different models resulting in resource sharing and security’s strengthening of the network among mobile devices. Because of the mobility, the network topology may change quickly and unpredictably over time. Moreover, data-information sent from a source to a designated destination node, which is not nearby, has to route its information with the need of intermediary mobile nodes. However, not all intermediary nodes in the network are willing to participate in data-packet transfer ...


Performance Analysis Of Mobile Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols By Varying Mobility, Speed And Network Load, Nilotpal Sarmah Jul 2014

Performance Analysis Of Mobile Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols By Varying Mobility, Speed And Network Load, Nilotpal Sarmah

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research in Computer Electronics & Engineering

One of the most promising network that has emerged from the technology world is the mobile ad-hoc network or MANET. It is a type of multi-hop network. Wireless by nature, MANETs do not have a specific network infrastructure. It is a collection of wireless mobile devices that communicate with each other without the help of any third party backbone like a base-station or a router. It can be hard to imagine how every node in this type of network communicate with one another without having a router. In MANETs, nodes change locations with time, configure themselves and get the information ...


Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana Nov 2013

Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana

UBT International Conference

Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) are self-configured and infrastructure less networks with autonomous mobile nodes. Due to the high flexibility, these kind of networks are heavily used in rescue operations, military missions etc. Many routing protocols for this kind of networks exist. This article presents a comparative and quantitative performance study of DSDV, AODV and DSR routing protocols using different simulation models in NS2. Performance metrics like PDR, E2E Delay and Throughput are analyzed under varying network, traffic and mobility parameters like number of nodes, traffic flows, mobility speed and pause time. Results show that AODV outperforms DSDV and DSR ...


Proceedings Of International Conference On Recent Development In Engineering And Technology, Prof.Srikanta Patnaik Mentor Jul 2012

Proceedings Of International Conference On Recent Development In Engineering And Technology, Prof.Srikanta Patnaik Mentor

Conference Proceedings - Full Volumes

Technology is a term used very broadly to mean any product or process developed by humans to solve a problem or meet a need. Technology affects the ability of humans to control and adapt to their environment, and it impacts human society in a variety of ways. In addition to complex machines and "high-tech" tools like the automobile and the latest smart phone "app", the simplest tools and devices, like a lever to move something or a kitchen gadget, are also considered technologies. Technology is closely associated with invention and innovation, the transformation of ideas for solving problems or meeting ...


Protocols For Highly-Dynamic Airborne Networks, Egemen K. Çetinkaya, Justin P. Rohrer, Abdul Jabbar, Mohammed J. F. Alenazi, Dongsheng Zhang, Dan S. Broyles, Kamakshi Sirisha Pathapati, Hemanth Narra, Kevin Peters, Santosh Ajith Gogi, James P. G. Sterbenz Jan 2012

Protocols For Highly-Dynamic Airborne Networks, Egemen K. Çetinkaya, Justin P. Rohrer, Abdul Jabbar, Mohammed J. F. Alenazi, Dongsheng Zhang, Dan S. Broyles, Kamakshi Sirisha Pathapati, Hemanth Narra, Kevin Peters, Santosh Ajith Gogi, James P. G. Sterbenz

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

End-to-end communication in highly-dynamic airborne networks is challenging due to the presence of highly mobile nodes and the inherent nature of wireless communication channels. Domain-specific protocols are required that can address these challenges and enable reliable transmission of data in this environment. We develop the ANTP (airborne network and transport protocols) suite that operates in this highly-dynamic environment while utilising cross-layer optimisations between the physical, MAC, network, and transport layers. We show how each component in the ANTP suite outperforms the traditional TCP/IP and MANET protocols through simulation using ns-3. Having verified these protocols through simulation and analysis, the ...


Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (Aodv) Routing Protocol Performance Evaluation On Hybrid Ad Hoc Network: Comparison Of Result Of Ns-2 Simulation And Implementation On Testbed Using Pda, Riri Fitri Sari, Abdusy Syarif, Bagio Budiardjo Apr 2008

Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (Aodv) Routing Protocol Performance Evaluation On Hybrid Ad Hoc Network: Comparison Of Result Of Ns-2 Simulation And Implementation On Testbed Using Pda, Riri Fitri Sari, Abdusy Syarif, Bagio Budiardjo

Makara Journal of Technology

Ad Hoc on-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing Protocol Performance Evaluation on Hybrid Ad Hoc Network: Comparison of Result of Ns-2 Simulation and Implementation on Testbed using PDA. In Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET), node supplemented with wireless equipment has the capacity to manage and organise autonomously, without the presence of network infrastructures. Hybrid ad hoc network, enable several nodes to move freely (mobile) to create instant communication. Independent from infrastructure. They could access the Local Area Network (LAN) or the Internet. Functionalities of ad hoc network very much dependent on the routing protocol that determines the routing around node. Ad ...


Intrusion Detection And Response Model For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks., Sathishkumar Alampalayam 1974- May 2007

Intrusion Detection And Response Model For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks., Sathishkumar Alampalayam 1974-

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a research whose objective is to design and develop an intrusion detection and response model for Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANET). Mobile ad hoc networks are infrastructure-free, pervasive and ubiquitous in nature, without any centralized authority. These unique MANET characteristics present several changes to secure them. The proposed security model is called the Intrusion Detection and Response for Mobile Ad hoc Networks (IDRMAN). The goal of the proposed model is to provide a security framework that will detect various attacks and take appropriate measures to control the attack automatically. This model is based on identifying critical system ...


Dream: A Theoretical Analysis, Xueying Qi Jul 2005

Dream: A Theoretical Analysis, Xueying Qi

Computer Science Theses & Dissertations

A Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET, for short) is a collection of mobile nodes deployed in support of a short-lived special-purpose operation. Examples include search-and-rescue missions, law-enforcement, multimedia classrooms, and among many others. Unlike cellular or satellite networks, MANET do not rely on any form of pre-existing infrastructure. The mobility of nodes combined with the lack of infrastructure makes routing in MANET notoriously difficult. It was recently suggested that routing in MANET can use to advantage geographic information that the nodes may acquire either by endowing them with a GPS chip or simply by using known localization algorithms. Distance Routing Effect ...