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2019

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Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering

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Articles 1 - 30 of 179

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater Dec 2019

Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Environmental impact assessment is a crucial aspect of biofuels production to ensure that the process generates emissions within the designated limits. In typical cellulosic biofuel production process, the pretreatment and downstream processing stages were reported to require a high amount of chemicals and energy, thus generating high emissions. Cellulosic butanol production while using low moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) pretreatment was expected to have a low chemical, water, and energy footprint, especially when the process was combined with more efficient downstream processing technologies. In this study, the quantification of environmental impact potentials from cellulosic butanol production plants was conducted with modeled ...


Midwestern Cropping System Effects On Drainage Water Quality And Crop Yields, Brian W. Dougherty, Carl H. Pederson, Antonio P. Mallarino, Daniel S. Andersen, Michelle L. Soupir, Ramesh S. Kanwar, Matthew J. Helmers Dec 2019

Midwestern Cropping System Effects On Drainage Water Quality And Crop Yields, Brian W. Dougherty, Carl H. Pederson, Antonio P. Mallarino, Daniel S. Andersen, Michelle L. Soupir, Ramesh S. Kanwar, Matthew J. Helmers

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Grain producers are challenged to maximize crop production while utilizing nutrients efficiently and minimizing negative impacts on water quality. There is a particular concern about nutrient export to the Gulf of Mexico via loss from subsurface drainage systems. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of crop rotation, tillage, crop residue removal, swine manure applications, and cereal rye (Secale cereale) cover crops on nitrate‐N (NO3‐N) and Total Reactive P (TRP) loss via subsurface drainage. The study was evaluated from 2008 through 2015 using thirty‐six 0.4‐ha plots outfitted with a subsurface drainage water ...


Flex-Ro: A Robotic High Throughput Field Phenotyping System, Joshua N. Murman Dec 2019

Flex-Ro: A Robotic High Throughput Field Phenotyping System, Joshua N. Murman

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Research in agriculture is critical to developing techniques to meet the world’s demand for food, fuel, fiber, and feed. Optimization of crop production per unit of land requires scientists across disciplines to collaborate and investigate new areas of science and tools for data collection. The use of robotics has been adopted in several industries to supplement labor, and accurately perform repetitious tasks. However, the use of autonomous robots in commercial agricultural production is still limited. The Flex-Ro (Flexible structured Robotic platform) was developed for use in large area fields as a multipurpose tool to perform monotonous agricultural tasks.

This ...


Persistence And Mitigation Of Antibiotic Resistance In Manure And Manure-Amended Soils, Mara J. Zelt Dec 2019

Persistence And Mitigation Of Antibiotic Resistance In Manure And Manure-Amended Soils, Mara J. Zelt

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The emergence of antibiotic resistance (AR) is a growing global threat to human and animal health. The work described here asses the AR mitigation potential of management strategies at critical control points in livestock production, and agricultural land management as well as the effectiveness of a communication strategy to convey research-based information to empower behavioral change that could mitigate AR.

The first study evaluates the impact of beef cattle diet management strategies on AMR prevalence in manure. Two treatments – forage concentration and essential oils – in cattle diets were evaluated for their impact on AMR bacteria in feedlot manure. The second ...


Linkage Disequilibrium Mapping Of High-Throughput Image-Derived Descriptors Of Plant Architecture Traits Under Field Conditions, Matthew W. Breitzman, Yin Bao, Lie Tang, Patrick S. Schnable, Maria G. Salas-Fernandez Dec 2019

Linkage Disequilibrium Mapping Of High-Throughput Image-Derived Descriptors Of Plant Architecture Traits Under Field Conditions, Matthew W. Breitzman, Yin Bao, Lie Tang, Patrick S. Schnable, Maria G. Salas-Fernandez

Agronomy Publications

Plant architectural traits are important factors in determining grain and biomass productivity of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench). However, collecting data on these architectural traits is labor-intensive and time-consuming, especially when using numerous lines in quantitative genetic studies or breeding programs. Therefore, we used the high-throughput field-based robotic platform PhenoBot 1.0 to collect whole canopy stereo images from a large association mapping panel under field conditions. These images were used to create a plot-based 3D reconstruction of the canopy from which phenotypic features were automatically extracted. These features included: plot-based plant height (PPH), plot-based plant width (PPW), plant surface ...


Assessing Plant Performance In The Enviratron, Yin Bao, Scott Zarecor, Dylan Shah, Taylor Tuel, Darwin A. Campbell, Antony V. E. Chapman, David Imberti, Daniel Kiekhaefer, Henry Imberti, Thomas Lubberstedt, Yanhai Yin, Dan Nettleton, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Steven A. Whitham, Lie Tang, Stephen H. Howell Dec 2019

Assessing Plant Performance In The Enviratron, Yin Bao, Scott Zarecor, Dylan Shah, Taylor Tuel, Darwin A. Campbell, Antony V. E. Chapman, David Imberti, Daniel Kiekhaefer, Henry Imberti, Thomas Lubberstedt, Yanhai Yin, Dan Nettleton, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Steven A. Whitham, Lie Tang, Stephen H. Howell

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Background: Assessing the impact of the environment on plant performance requires growing plants under controlled environmental conditions. Plant phenotypes are a product of genotype × environment (G × E), and the Enviratron at Iowa State University is a facility for testing under controlled conditions the effects of the environment on plant growth and development. Crop plants (including maize) can be grown to maturity in the Enviratron, and the performance of plants under different environmental conditions can be monitored 24 h per day, 7 days per week throughout the growth cycle.

Results: The Enviratron is an array of custom-designed plant growth chambers that ...


Headland Turning Optimisation For Agricultural Vehicles And Those With Towed Implements, Xuyong Tu, Lie Tang Nov 2019

Headland Turning Optimisation For Agricultural Vehicles And Those With Towed Implements, Xuyong Tu, Lie Tang

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

As an essential part of field coverage path planning process, mobile agricultural field equipment headland turning is a process that should be done in a manner that can maximise the equipment’s operational efficiency through minimising the time or travel distance during the turning. However, this headland turning trajectory optimisation task represents a challenging dynamic nonlinear optimisation problem which is difficult to solve by using traditional indirect numerical methods. In this research, we investigated the possibility of using direct numerical methods to solve such a nonlinear optimisation problem in a restricted parameter neighborhood with constraints. We developed the kinematic models ...


Predicting Agricultural Implement Hydraulic Power Demand Using Synchronized Controller Area Network And Ancillary Sensor Data, Gabriel P. Stoll Nov 2019

Predicting Agricultural Implement Hydraulic Power Demand Using Synchronized Controller Area Network And Ancillary Sensor Data, Gabriel P. Stoll

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

As agricultural implement designs have progressed in recent years, there has been an increase in hydraulic power demand from the tractor. Current power estimation standards do not accurately estimate hydraulic power demand for implements designed with higher hydraulic power requirements. Several stakeholders, including agricultural producers, tractor and implement manufacturers, and government agencies would benefit from accurate published data on these power requirements.

While an increasing amount of operational data available on the Controller Area Network (CAN) of tractors has assisted researchers in more easily obtaining machinery performance data, hydraulic control valve flow rate and pressure measurements are not currently publically ...


Pilot-Scale Assessment Of A Novel Farrowing Creep Area Supplementary Heat Source, Benjamin C. Smith, Brett C. Ramirez, Steven J. Hoff, Laura L. Greiner Nov 2019

Pilot-Scale Assessment Of A Novel Farrowing Creep Area Supplementary Heat Source, Benjamin C. Smith, Brett C. Ramirez, Steven J. Hoff, Laura L. Greiner

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Pre-weaning morality (PWM) is attributed to a poor creep area microclimate and causes major economic and productivity losses for the US swine industry. Piglets need supplementary heat to overcome a high surface area to body weight ratio and minimal thermoregulation. A pilot-scale study was conducted to evaluate a semi-enclosed heated microclimate (SEHM) as a supplementary heat source for farrowing creep areas over six farrowing cycles (from January to July 2019) in two rooms with 24 farrowing stalls in each room. Six SEHMs (each SEHM covers two stalls) were randomly distributed to each room and compared to heat lamps (HLs) for ...


A Meta-Analysis Of Global Fungal Distribution Reveals Climate-Driven Patterns, Tomáš Větrovský, Petr Kohout, Martin Kopecký, Antonin Machac, Matěj Man, Barbara Doreen Bahnmann, Vendula Brabcová, Jinlyung Choi, Lenka Meszárošová, Zander Rainier Human, Clémentine Lepinay, Salvador Lladó, Rubén López-Mondéjar, Tijana Martinović, Tereza Mašínová, Daniel Morais, Diana Navrátilová, Iñaki Odriozola, Martina Štursová, Karel Švec, Vojtěch Tláskal, Michaela Urbanová, Joe Wan, Lucia Žifčáková, Adina Howe, Joshua Ladau, Kabir Gabriel Peay, David Storch, Jan Wild, Petr Baldrian Nov 2019

A Meta-Analysis Of Global Fungal Distribution Reveals Climate-Driven Patterns, Tomáš Větrovský, Petr Kohout, Martin Kopecký, Antonin Machac, Matěj Man, Barbara Doreen Bahnmann, Vendula Brabcová, Jinlyung Choi, Lenka Meszárošová, Zander Rainier Human, Clémentine Lepinay, Salvador Lladó, Rubén López-Mondéjar, Tijana Martinović, Tereza Mašínová, Daniel Morais, Diana Navrátilová, Iñaki Odriozola, Martina Štursová, Karel Švec, Vojtěch Tláskal, Michaela Urbanová, Joe Wan, Lucia Žifčáková, Adina Howe, Joshua Ladau, Kabir Gabriel Peay, David Storch, Jan Wild, Petr Baldrian

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The evolutionary and environmental factors that shape fungal biogeography are incompletely understood. Here, we assemble a large dataset consisting of previously generated mycobiome data linked to specific geographical locations across the world. We use this dataset to describe the distribution of fungal taxa and to look for correlations with different environmental factors such as climate, soil and vegetation variables. Our meta-study identifies climate as an important driver of different aspects of fungal biogeography, including the global distribution of common fungi as well as the composition and diversity of fungal communities. In our analysis, fungal diversity is concentrated at high latitudes ...


Use Of Neural Networks To Identify Safety Prevention Priorities In Agro-Manufacturing Operations Within Commercial Grain Elevators, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher Nov 2019

Use Of Neural Networks To Identify Safety Prevention Priorities In Agro-Manufacturing Operations Within Commercial Grain Elevators, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The grain handling industry plays a significant role in U.S. agriculture by storing, distributing, and processing a variety of agricultural commodities. Commercial grain elevators are hazardous agro-manufacturing work environments where workers are prone to severe injuries, due to the nature of the activities and workplace. Safety incidents in agro-manufacturing operations generally arise from a combination of factors, rather than a single cause, therefore, research on occupational incidents must look deeper into identifying the underlying causes, through the application of advanced analyses methods. In occupational safety, it is possible to estimate and predict probability of safety risks through developing artificial ...


Adding Value To Lignocellulosic Biorefinery: Efficient Process Development Of Lignocellulosic Biomass Conversion Into Polyhydroxybutyrate, Mengxing Li Nov 2019

Adding Value To Lignocellulosic Biorefinery: Efficient Process Development Of Lignocellulosic Biomass Conversion Into Polyhydroxybutyrate, Mengxing Li

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is bacteria synthesized polymer that has comparable mechanical properties as petroleum-based plastics and high biocompatibility. Current commercial PHB production process is not cost effective. Raw materials make up about 50% of the production cost. Lignocellulosic biomass are cheap, abundant feedstocks that can be converted into PHB to add profit and sustainability to lignocellulosic biorefinery. Lignocellulosic biorefinery upstream process produces polymeric sugar rich stream and lignin-enriched stream. Polymeric sugars are then hydrolyzed into a sugar stream with glucose, xyloseand arabinose mainly present. To the best of the author’s knowledge, limited studies have been done on sugar mixture conversion ...


The Biotic And Abiotic Carbon Monoxide Formation During Aerobic Co-Digestion Of Dairy Cattle Manure With Green Waste And Sawdust, Sylwia Stegenta-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Drabczyński, Karolina Sobieraj, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec Oct 2019

The Biotic And Abiotic Carbon Monoxide Formation During Aerobic Co-Digestion Of Dairy Cattle Manure With Green Waste And Sawdust, Sylwia Stegenta-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Drabczyński, Karolina Sobieraj, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Carbon monoxide (CO), an air pollutant and a toxic gas to humans, can be generated during aerobic digestion of organic waste. CO is produced due to thermochemical processes, and also produced or consumed by cohorts of methanogenic, acetogenic, or sulfate-reducing bacteria. The exact mechanisms of biotic and abiotic formation of CO in aerobic digestion (particularly the effects of process temperature) are still not known. This study aimed to determine the temporal variation in CO concentrations during the aerobic digestion as a function of process temperature and activity of microorganisms. All experiments were conducted in controlled temperature reactors using homogeneous materials ...


Oxytree Pruned Biomass Torrefaction: Process Kinetics, Kacper Świechowski, Sylwia Stegenta-Dąbrowska, Marek Liszewski, Przemysław Bąbelewski, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec Oct 2019

Oxytree Pruned Biomass Torrefaction: Process Kinetics, Kacper Świechowski, Sylwia Stegenta-Dąbrowska, Marek Liszewski, Przemysław Bąbelewski, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Oxytree is a fast-growing energy crop with C4 photosynthesis. In this research, for the first time, the torrefaction kinetic parameters of pruned Oxytree biomass (Paulownia clon in Vitro 112) were determined. The influence of the Oxytree cultivation method and soil class on the kinetic parameters of the torrefaction was also investigated. Oxytree pruned biomass from a first-year plantation was subjected to torrefaction within temperature range from 200 to 300 °C and under anaerobic conditions in the laboratory-scale batch reactor. The mass loss was measured continuously during the process. The relative mass loss increased from 1.22% to 19.56% with ...


Modeling Solid-Phase Microextraction Of Volatile Organic Compounds By Porous Coatings Using Finite Element Analysis, Bulat Kenessov, Miras Derbissalin, Jacek A. Koziel, Dmitry S. Kosyakov Oct 2019

Modeling Solid-Phase Microextraction Of Volatile Organic Compounds By Porous Coatings Using Finite Element Analysis, Bulat Kenessov, Miras Derbissalin, Jacek A. Koziel, Dmitry S. Kosyakov

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Experimental optimization of analytical methods based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a complex and labor-intensive process associated with uncertainties. Using the theoretical basics of SPME and finite element analysis software for the optimization proved to be an efficient alternative. In this study, an improved finite element analysis-based model for SPME of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by porous coatings was developed mainly focussing on the mass transport in coatings. Benzene and the Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (Car/PDMS) coating were used as the model VOC and a porous SPME coating, respectively. It has been established that in the coating, volumetric fractions of Carboxen ...


Sustainable Intensification Of Agricultural Drainage, Michael J. Castellano, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Matthew J. Helmers, Hanna J. Poffenbarger, Johan Six Oct 2019

Sustainable Intensification Of Agricultural Drainage, Michael J. Castellano, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Matthew J. Helmers, Hanna J. Poffenbarger, Johan Six

Agronomy Publications

Artificial drainage is among the most widespread land improvements for agriculture. Drainage benefits crop production, but also promotes nutrient losses to water resources. Here, we outline how a systems perspective for sustainable intensification of drainage can mitigate nutrient losses, increase fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There is an immediate opportunity to realize these benefits because agricultural intensification and climate change are increasing the extent and intensity of drainage systems. If a systems-based approach to drainage can consistently increase NUE while maintaining or increasing crop production, farmers and the environment will benefit.


Nutrition At The Crossroads: Food At The Intersection Of Environmental, Economic, And Social Sustainability, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Laetitia Palmade, Elif Kongar Oct 2019

Nutrition At The Crossroads: Food At The Intersection Of Environmental, Economic, And Social Sustainability, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Laetitia Palmade, Elif Kongar

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Societies around the world are at a critical juncture. As the planetary population grows, there are increasing demands for expanding available food, more nutritious and healthy foods, and contemporaneously the need for greater efficiencies and decreased impacts upon the environment.

The sustainability of food production systems is a complex issue that requires a global and multidisciplinary approach, combining not only agronomy, ecology, nutrition, epidemiology, processing, energy use, but also marketing and sociology. It is within this context that this special issue aims to illustrate, through review articles, case studies, as well as modeling and simulation studies, some means of understanding ...


Design And Validation Of A Mobile Air Filter Testing Laboratory For Animal Agricultural Applications, Benjamin C. Smith, Brett C. Ramirez, Steven J. Hoff, Jay D. Harmon, John P. Stinn Oct 2019

Design And Validation Of A Mobile Air Filter Testing Laboratory For Animal Agricultural Applications, Benjamin C. Smith, Brett C. Ramirez, Steven J. Hoff, Jay D. Harmon, John P. Stinn

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The US swine industry is shifting towards filtered fresh-air ventilation systems that use pleated filters to improve breeding herd health and reduce airborne disease outbreak frequency. Loaded filters reduce airflow causing a poor environment and elevated energy use. Typical axial fans cannot efficiently maintain the rated differential pressure (DP; 100 Pa) for pleated filters; hence, a lower design filter DP (37 Pa) is used and consequently, more filters are required to achieve design maximum ventilation. Large, common filter banks for multiple staged fans presents significant challenges in using continuous DP measurement to assess filter life, making it impossible to separate ...


Factors Influencing Cellulosic Sugar Production During Acid-Catalyzed Solvent Liquefaction In 1,4-Dioxane, Arpa Ghosh, Robert C. Brown Oct 2019

Factors Influencing Cellulosic Sugar Production During Acid-Catalyzed Solvent Liquefaction In 1,4-Dioxane, Arpa Ghosh, Robert C. Brown

Mechanical Engineering Publications

This work explores the use of 1,4-dioxane to depolymerize cellulose into solubilized carbohydrates. This low boiling point solvent offers inexpensive and simple separation compared to higher boiling point solvents such as γ-valerolactone previously considered for acid-catalyzed depolymerization of cellulose. In the present study, several key reaction parameters, including reaction temperature, catalyst concentration, and water content, were studied as major factors influencing sugar production from cellulose. A maximum yield of 51% for levoglucosan, the major product of cellulose depolymerization, was achieved at higher temperature, shorter reaction time and lower acid concentration in the ranges tested for these parameters. Addition of ...


Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe Sep 2019

Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Manure from animals that have been treated with antibiotics is often used to fertilize agricultural soils and its application has previously been shown to enrich for genes associated with antibiotic resistance in agroecosystems. To investigate the magnitude of this effect, we designed a column experiment simulating manure-treated agricultural soil that utilizes artificial subsurface drainage to determine the duration and extent which this type of manure fertilization impacts the set of genes associated with antibiotic resistance in drainage water. We classified ARGs in manure-treated drainage effluent water by its source of origin. Overall, we found that 61% and 7% of the ...


Segmentation Of Severe Occupational Incidents In Agribusiness Industries Using Latent Class Clustering, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher Sep 2019

Segmentation Of Severe Occupational Incidents In Agribusiness Industries Using Latent Class Clustering, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

One of the principle objectives in occupational safety analysis is to identify the key factors that affect the severity of an incident. To identify risk groups of occupational incidents and the factors associated with them, statistical analysis of workers’ compensation claims data is performed using latent class clustering, for the segmentation of 1031 severe occupational incidents in agribusiness industries in the Midwest region of the United States between 2008–2016. In this study, severe incidents are those with workers’ compensation costs equal to or greater than $100,000 (USD). Based on the latent class clustering results, three risk groups are ...


Variable Rate Irrigation Of Maize And Soybean In West-Central Nebraska Under Full And Deficit Irrigation, J Burdette Barker, Sandeep Bhatti, Derek M. Heeren, Christopher M.U. Neale, Daran Rudnick Sep 2019

Variable Rate Irrigation Of Maize And Soybean In West-Central Nebraska Under Full And Deficit Irrigation, J Burdette Barker, Sandeep Bhatti, Derek M. Heeren, Christopher M.U. Neale, Daran Rudnick

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Variable rate irrigation (VRI) may improve center pivot irrigation management, including deficit irrigation. A remote-sensing-based evapotranspiration model was implemented with Landsat imagery to manage irrigations for a VRI equipped center pivot irrigated field located in West-Central Nebraska planted to maize in 2017 and soybean in 2018. In 2017, the study included VRI using the model, and uniform irrigation using neutron attenuation for full irrigation with no intended water stress (VRI-Full and Uniform-Full treatments, respectively). In 2018, two deficit irrigation treatments were added (VRI-Deficit and Uniform-Deficit, respectively) and the model was modified in an attempt to reduce water balance drift; model ...


Process Intensification Of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Through Autothermal Operation Of A Fluidized Bed Reactor, Joseph P. Polin, Chad A. Peterson, Lysle E. Whitmer, Ryan G. Smith, Robert C. Brown Sep 2019

Process Intensification Of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Through Autothermal Operation Of A Fluidized Bed Reactor, Joseph P. Polin, Chad A. Peterson, Lysle E. Whitmer, Ryan G. Smith, Robert C. Brown

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Heat transfer is the bottleneck to fast pyrolysis of biomass. Although the enthalpy for pyrolysis of biomass is relatively small operation at temperatures around 500 °C constrains heat carrier selection to inert gases and granular media that can sustain only modest thermal fluxes in practical pyrolysis systems. With heat transfer controlling the rate of pyrolysis, reactor capacity only scales as the square of reactor diameter and does not benefit from economies of scale in building larger reactors. We have eliminated this heat transfer bottleneck by replacing it with partial oxidation of pyrolysis products to provide the enthalpy for pyrolysis in ...


Global Validation Of Columnar Water Vapor Derived From Eos Modis-Maiac Algorithm Against The Ground-Based Aeronet Observations, Vitor S. Martins, Alexei Lyapustin, Yujie Wang, David M. Giles, Alexander Smirnov, Ilya Slutsker, Sergey Korkin Sep 2019

Global Validation Of Columnar Water Vapor Derived From Eos Modis-Maiac Algorithm Against The Ground-Based Aeronet Observations, Vitor S. Martins, Alexei Lyapustin, Yujie Wang, David M. Giles, Alexander Smirnov, Ilya Slutsker, Sergey Korkin

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The water vapor is a relevant greenhouse gas in the Earth's climate system, and satellite products become one of the most effective way to characterize and monitor the columnar water vapor (CWV) content at global scale. Recently, a new product (MCD19) was released as part of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) Collection 6 (C6). This operational product from Multi-Angle Implementation for Atmospheric Correction (MAIAC) algorithm includes a high 1 km resolution CWV retrievals. This study presents the first global validation of MAIAC C6 CWV obtained from MODIS MCD19A2 product. This evaluation was performed using Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations ...


At The Intersection Of Industry, Academia, And Government: How Do We Facilitate Productive Precision Livestock Farming In Practice?, Brett C. Ramirez, Hongwei Xin, Patrick G. Halbur, Donald H. Beermann, Stephanie L. Hansen, Daniel C. L. Linhares, Joshua M. Peschel, Christopher J. Rademacher, James M. Reecy, Jason W. Ross, Timothy A. Shepherd, James E. Koltes Aug 2019

At The Intersection Of Industry, Academia, And Government: How Do We Facilitate Productive Precision Livestock Farming In Practice?, Brett C. Ramirez, Hongwei Xin, Patrick G. Halbur, Donald H. Beermann, Stephanie L. Hansen, Daniel C. L. Linhares, Joshua M. Peschel, Christopher J. Rademacher, James M. Reecy, Jason W. Ross, Timothy A. Shepherd, James E. Koltes

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

This commentary is a comprehensive synthesis of ideas generated from a workshop, hosted by Iowa State University, encompassing precision livestock farming (PLF) research and applications for industry–academia. The goal of this workshop was to demonstrate existing institution research and strategically propel further PLF development and industry adoption. Six key thematic areas were identified from participant discussion: sensors and algorithms, implementation, economic feasibility, data, rural and societal impacts, and education and training. These themes were used to focus discussion on identifying the new knowledge needed to drive implementation and examine current and future challenges of implementing PLF. At the convergence ...


The Proof-Of-Concept Of Biochar Floating Cover Influence On Water Ph, Zhanibek Meiirkhanuly, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec, Chumki Banik, Robert C. Brown Aug 2019

The Proof-Of-Concept Of Biochar Floating Cover Influence On Water Ph, Zhanibek Meiirkhanuly, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec, Chumki Banik, Robert C. Brown

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Studies have shown that biochar has the potential to remove organic and inorganic contaminants from wastewater. pH is known to have a crucial role in the transformation of pollutants. In this research, we explore the feasibility of using biochars properties to control the pH near the water–air interface, so the gaseous emissions from water (or wastewater) could be mitigated. This study aimed to test the effects of a thin layer biochar addition on the spatial and temporal variation of water pH. Two types of biochar and water were tested. Highly alkaline porous (HAP; pH 9.2) biochars made of ...


Estimating Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Red-Wine-Making Processes In The Usa, Congmu Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater Aug 2019

Estimating Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Red-Wine-Making Processes In The Usa, Congmu Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The goal of this study was to examine cost impacts using techno-economic analysis (TEA) and environmental impacts using life-cycle assessment (LCA) for the production of red wine. Three production scales, denoted as “small” (5000 gal per year), “medium” (50,000 gal per year), and “large” (500,000 gal per year) were chosen for analysis. For example, the consumption of water, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and solid waste generation were considered in order to estimate environmental impacts. A spreadsheet-based economic model was also developed. The results of the LCA and TEA were compared amongst all production scales. The results of the ...


A Review Of Biochar Properties And Their Utilization In Crop Agriculture And Livestock Production, Kajetan Kalus, Jacek A. Koziel, Sebastian Opalinski Aug 2019

A Review Of Biochar Properties And Their Utilization In Crop Agriculture And Livestock Production, Kajetan Kalus, Jacek A. Koziel, Sebastian Opalinski

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

When it comes to the use of biochar in agriculture, the majority of research conducted in the last decade has focused on its application as a soil amendment and for soil remediation. This treatment improves soil quality, increases crops yields, and sequestrates atmospheric carbon to the soil. Another widely studied aspect connecting biochar with agriculture is the composting processes of various agricultural waste with the addition of biochar. Obtaining the material via the pyrolysis of agricultural waste, including animal manure, has also been investigated. However, given the remarkable properties of biochar, its application potential could be utilized in other areas ...


Valorization Of Sewage Sludge Via Gasification And Transportation Of Compressed Syngas, Marek Mysior, Maciej Tomaszewski, Paweł Stepien, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec Aug 2019

Valorization Of Sewage Sludge Via Gasification And Transportation Of Compressed Syngas, Marek Mysior, Maciej Tomaszewski, Paweł Stepien, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

A significant challenge in the utilization of alternative gaseous fuels is to use their energy potential at the desired location, considering economic feasibility and sustainability. A potential solution is a compression, transportation in pressure tanks, and generation of electricity and heat directly at the recipient. In this research, the potential for generating syngas from abundant waste substrates was analyzed. The sewage sludge (SS) was used as an example of a bulky and abundant resource that could be valorized via gasification, compression, and transport to end-users in containers. A model was developed, and theoretical analyses were completed to examine the influence ...


Use Of Logistic Regression To Identify Factors Influencing The Post-Incident State Of Occupational Injuries In Agribusiness Operations, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher Aug 2019

Use Of Logistic Regression To Identify Factors Influencing The Post-Incident State Of Occupational Injuries In Agribusiness Operations, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Agribusiness industries are among the most hazardous workplaces for non-fatal occupational injuries. The term “post-incident state” is used to describe the health status of an injured person when a non-fatal occupational injury has occurred, in the post-incident period when the worker returns to work, either immediately with zero days away from work (medical state) or after a disability period (disability state). An analysis of nearly 14,000 occupational incidents in agribusiness operations allowed for the classification of the post-incident state as medical or disability (77% and 23% of the cases, respectively). Due to substantial impacts of occupational incidents on labor-market ...