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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

An Optimal Allocation And Sizing Strategy Of Distributed Energy Storage Systems To Improve Performance Of Distribution Networks, Choton K. Das, Octavian Bass, Thair S. Mahmoud, Ganesh Kothapalli, Mohammad A. S. Masoum, Navid Mousavi Dec 2019

An Optimal Allocation And Sizing Strategy Of Distributed Energy Storage Systems To Improve Performance Of Distribution Networks, Choton K. Das, Octavian Bass, Thair S. Mahmoud, Ganesh Kothapalli, Mohammad A. S. Masoum, Navid Mousavi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The allocation of grid-scale energy storage systems (ESSs) can play a significant role in solving distribution network issues and improving overall network performance. This paper presents a strategy for optimal allocation and sizing of distributed ESSs through P and Q injection by the ESSs to a distribution network. The investigation is carried out in a renewable-penetrated (wind and solar) medium voltage IEEE-33 bus distribution network for two different scenarios: (1) using a uniform ESS size and (2) using non-uniform ESS sizes. DIgSILENT PowerFactory is used for system modeling and testing, and simulation events are automated using Python scripting. A hybrid ...


Analysis Of Individual Molecular Dynamics Snapshots Simulating Wetting Of Surfaces Using Spheroidal Geometric Constructions, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer Aug 2019

Analysis Of Individual Molecular Dynamics Snapshots Simulating Wetting Of Surfaces Using Spheroidal Geometric Constructions, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Accurate characterization of wettability of minerals is important for efficient oil recovery and carbon geosequestration. In studies where molecular dynamics simulations are used to compute the contact angle, emphasis is often placed on results or theoretical details of the simulations themselves, overlooking potentially applicable methodologies for determination of the contact angle. In this manuscript, a concept of a method utilizing spheroidal geometric constructions to estimate the contact angle of a water droplet on a silica surface in carbon dioxide atmosphere is outlined and applied to the final snapshots of two molecular dynamics simulation runs. Two carbon dioxide pressures and two ...


Failure Modes And Tensile Strength Of Screw Anchors In Non-Cracked Concrete, Alireza Mohyeddin, Emad F. Gad, Jessey Lee Jun 2019

Failure Modes And Tensile Strength Of Screw Anchors In Non-Cracked Concrete, Alireza Mohyeddin, Emad F. Gad, Jessey Lee

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Screw anchors are widely used in applications such as fastening base plates in steel and metal construction, formwork and bracing, structural steel applications, railings and handrails. At present, researchers and design engineers rely on the Concrete Capacity Design (CCD) method to predict the strength of screw anchors under the tensile loading as the only method available in literature. In CCD method, the underlying assumption is that the concrete cone and combined concrete cone and pull-out failure modes are the main failure mode for anchors, whereas, previous studies have demonstrated that pull-out is also a very common failure mode of screw ...


An Integrated Model To Use Drilling Modular Machine Tools, Ana Vafadar, Majid Tolouei-Rad, Kevin Hayward Jun 2019

An Integrated Model To Use Drilling Modular Machine Tools, Ana Vafadar, Majid Tolouei-Rad, Kevin Hayward

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Modular machine tools provide a platform for drilling-related operations within automotive companies. The use of these machine tools is widespread; however, manufacturers wishing to use this technology frequently face the challenge of selecting the most appropriate manufacturing system. Accordingly, a comprehensive feasibility analysis procedure is required to assist decision-makers before any investment is made on the preparation of detailed machine design or purchase one. This paper presents a model, which collects the previous works of the authors. To do this, an integrated framework for decision-making of using machine tools is developed. The aim of this model is to enable users ...


Pt Nanoparticles Decorated Heterostructured G-C3n4/Bi2moo6 Microplates With Highly Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities Under Visible Light, Z. Jia, F. Lyu, Laichang Zhang, S. Zeng, Shunxing Liang, Y. Y. Li, J. Lu May 2019

Pt Nanoparticles Decorated Heterostructured G-C3n4/Bi2moo6 Microplates With Highly Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities Under Visible Light, Z. Jia, F. Lyu, Laichang Zhang, S. Zeng, Shunxing Liang, Y. Y. Li, J. Lu

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Exploring an efficient and photostable heterostructured photocatalyst is a pivotal scientific topic for worldwide energy and environmental concerns. Herein, we reported that Pt decorated g-C3N4/Bi2MoO6 heterostructured composites with enhanced photocatalytic performance under visible light were simply synthesized by one-step hydrothermal method for methylene blue (MB) dye degradation. Results revealed that the synthetic Pt decorated g-C3N4/Bi2MoO6 composites with Bi2MoO6 contents of 20 wt.% (Pt@CN/20%BMO) presented the highest photocatalytic activity, exhibiting 7 and 18 times higher reactivity than the pure g-C3 ...


Low-Cost Carbon Fibre Derived From Sustainable Coal Tar Pitch And Polyacrylonitrile: Fabrication And Characterisation, Omid Zabihi, Sajjad Shafei, Seyed Mousa Fakhrhoseini, Mojtaba Ahmadi, Hossein Ajdari Nazarloo, Rohan Stanger, Quang Anh Tran, John Lucas, Terry Wall, Minoo Naebe Apr 2019

Low-Cost Carbon Fibre Derived From Sustainable Coal Tar Pitch And Polyacrylonitrile: Fabrication And Characterisation, Omid Zabihi, Sajjad Shafei, Seyed Mousa Fakhrhoseini, Mojtaba Ahmadi, Hossein Ajdari Nazarloo, Rohan Stanger, Quang Anh Tran, John Lucas, Terry Wall, Minoo Naebe

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Preparation of high-value pitch-based carbon fibres (CFs) from mesophase pitch precursor is of great importance towards low-cost CFs. Herein, we developed a method to reduce the cost of CFs precursor through incorporating high loading of coal tar pitch (CTP) into polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer solution. The CTP with a loading of 25% and 50% was blended with PAN and their spinnability was examined by electrospinning process. The effect of CTP on thermal stabilization and carbonisation of PAN fibres was investigated by thermal analyses methods. Moreover, electrospun PAN/CTP fibres were carbonised at two different temperatures i.e., 850 °C and 1200 ...


A Review Of The Enhancement Of Bio-Hydrogen Generation By Chemicals Addition, Yong Sun, Jun He, Gang Yang, Guangzhi Sun, Valérie Sage Apr 2019

A Review Of The Enhancement Of Bio-Hydrogen Generation By Chemicals Addition, Yong Sun, Jun He, Gang Yang, Guangzhi Sun, Valérie Sage

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Bio-hydrogen production (BHP) produced from renewable bio-resources is an attractive route for green energy production, due to its compelling advantages of relative high efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and lower ecological impact. This study reviewed different BHP pathways, and the most important enzymes involved in these pathways, to identify technological gaps and effective approaches for process intensification in industrial applications. Among the various approaches reviewed in this study, a particular focus was set on the latest methods of chemicals/metal addition for improving hydrogen generation during dark fermentation (DF) processes; the up-to-date findings of different chemicals/metal addition methods have been quantitatively evaluated ...


The Effect Of Fine And Coarse Recycled Aggregates On Fresh And Mechanical Properties Of Self-Compacting Concrete, Mahmoud Nili, Hossein Sasanipour, Farhad Aslani Apr 2019

The Effect Of Fine And Coarse Recycled Aggregates On Fresh And Mechanical Properties Of Self-Compacting Concrete, Mahmoud Nili, Hossein Sasanipour, Farhad Aslani

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Today, the use of recycled aggregates as a substitute for a part of the natural aggregates in concrete production is increasing. This approach is essential because the resources for natural aggregates are decreasing in the world. In the present study, the effects of recycled concrete aggregates as a partial replacement for fine (by 50%) and coarse aggregates (by 100%) were examined in the self-compacting concrete mixtures which contain air-entraining agents and silica fumes. Two series of self-compacting concrete mixes have been prepared. In the first series, fine and coarse recycled mixtures respectively with 50% and 100% replacement with air entraining ...


Application Of The Clayff And The Dreiding Force Fields For Modeling Of Alkylated Quartz Surfaces, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer Apr 2019

Application Of The Clayff And The Dreiding Force Fields For Modeling Of Alkylated Quartz Surfaces, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

To extend applicability and to overcome limitations of combining rules for nonbond potential parameters, in this study, CLAYFF and DREIDING force fields are coupled at the level of atomic site charges to model quartz surfaces with chemisorpt hydrocarbons. Density functional theory and Bader charge analysis are applied to calculate charges of atoms of the OC bond connecting a quartz crystal and an alkyl group. The study demonstrates that the hydrogen atom of the quartz surface hydroxyl group can be removed and its charge can be redistributed among the oxygen and carbon atoms of the OC bond in a manner consistent ...


Development Of Heavyweight Self-Compacting Concrete And Ambient-Cured Heavyweight Geopolymer Concrete Using Magnetite Aggregates, Afsaneh Valizadeh, Farhad Aslani, Zohaib Asif, Matt Roso Mar 2019

Development Of Heavyweight Self-Compacting Concrete And Ambient-Cured Heavyweight Geopolymer Concrete Using Magnetite Aggregates, Afsaneh Valizadeh, Farhad Aslani, Zohaib Asif, Matt Roso

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Heavyweight self-compacting concrete (HWSCC) and heavyweight geopolymer concrete (HWGC) are new types of concrete that integrate the advantages of heavyweight concrete (HWC) with self-compacting concrete (SCC) and geopolymer concrete (GC), respectively. The replacement of natural coarse aggregates with magnetite aggregates in control SCC and control GC at volume ratios of 50%, 75%, and 100% was considered in this study to obtain heavyweight concrete classifications, according to British standards, which provide proper protection from sources that emit harmful radiations in medical and nuclear industries and may also be used in many offshore structures. The main aim of this study is to ...


Wettability Of Fully Hydroxylated And Alkylated (001) Α-Quartz Surface In Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, Aleksandr Abramov, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer Mar 2019

Wettability Of Fully Hydroxylated And Alkylated (001) Α-Quartz Surface In Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, Aleksandr Abramov, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Wettability of alkylated quartz surfaces is of primary importance in several technological applications, including the development of oil and gas reservoirs and carbon geo-sequestration. It is intuitively understood and experimentally confirmed that hydroxylated quartz surfaces are hydrophilic. By gradually saturating a hydroxylated (001) α-quartz surface with pentyl groups, we show using molecular dynamics simulations that the surface can also exhibit extreme hydrophobicity. Within a range of surface pentyl group density from 0.29 to 3.18/nm2, the contact angle of a water droplet under 10 MPa pressure of carbon dioxide at 300 K changes from 10–20 to ...


Assesment Of Electricity Excess In An Isolated Hybrid Energy System: A Case Study Of A Dangiwada Village In Rural Nepal, Ashish Shrestha, Lalit Bickram Rana, Ajay Singh, Sudip Phuyal, Anil Ghimire, Roshan Giri, Roshan Kattel, Kedar Karki, Shailendra Kumar Jha Jan 2019

Assesment Of Electricity Excess In An Isolated Hybrid Energy System: A Case Study Of A Dangiwada Village In Rural Nepal, Ashish Shrestha, Lalit Bickram Rana, Ajay Singh, Sudip Phuyal, Anil Ghimire, Roshan Giri, Roshan Kattel, Kedar Karki, Shailendra Kumar Jha

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The increasing demand of power can be fulfilled through different architectures and electricity supply models by utilizing the available local resources. But most of the isolated energy system suffers from high energy cost and unreliable energy supply. This study identifies different electricity supply models to fulfill the dynamic demand of power in a remote area, which is analyzed in terms of cost of energy and causes for the high cost of energy. Among different factors, the presence of unusable energy (Electricity Excess) produced by the energy system during fulfillment of the demand is found to be major one cause for ...


Phase Interaction Induced Texture In A Plasma Sprayed-Remelted Nicrbsi Coating During Solidification: An Electron Backscatter Diffraction Study, Liang-Yu Chen, Tianxiang Xu, Haiyang Wang, Peng Sang, Sheng Lu, Ze-Xin Wang, Shujin Chen, Lai-Chang Zhang Jan 2019

Phase Interaction Induced Texture In A Plasma Sprayed-Remelted Nicrbsi Coating During Solidification: An Electron Backscatter Diffraction Study, Liang-Yu Chen, Tianxiang Xu, Haiyang Wang, Peng Sang, Sheng Lu, Ze-Xin Wang, Shujin Chen, Lai-Chang Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Although considerable endeavors have been dedicated to investigate the microstructures of the remelting-enhanced NiCrBSi coatings, the textures in the remelted coatings, which may result in property anisotropy, are rarely studied. In this work, the recrystallized fractions, grain orientations and interphase boundaries for Ni, Ni3B and CrB in a plasma sprayed-remelted NiCrBSi coating were investigated by electron backscatter diffraction. The results demonstrate that the texture is induced by phase interaction during solidification. Cooling from the liquid, the firstly formed Ni grains possess a cube fiber texture of {001}〈001〉. The successively formed Ni3B colonies are randomly oriented ...


Effective Plant Discrimination Based On The Combination Of Local Binary Pattern Operators And Multiclass Support Vector Machine Methods, Vi N T Le, Beniamin Apopei, Kamal Alameh Jan 2019

Effective Plant Discrimination Based On The Combination Of Local Binary Pattern Operators And Multiclass Support Vector Machine Methods, Vi N T Le, Beniamin Apopei, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Accurate crop and weed discrimination plays a critical role in addressing the challenges of weed management in agriculture. The use of herbicides is currently the most common approach to weed control. However, herbicide resistant plants have long been recognised as a major concern due to the excessive use of herbicides. Effective weed detection techniques can reduce the cost of weed management and improve crop quality and yield. A computationally efficient and robust plant classification algorithm is developed and applied to the classification of three crops: Brassica napus (canola), Zea mays (maize/corn), and radish. The developed algorithm is based on ...


Effect Of Si And C Additions On The Reaction Mechanism And Mechanical Properties Of Fecrnicu High Entropy Alloy, Hao Wu, Sirui Huang, Huan Qiu, Heguo Zhu, Zonghan Xie Jan 2019

Effect Of Si And C Additions On The Reaction Mechanism And Mechanical Properties Of Fecrnicu High Entropy Alloy, Hao Wu, Sirui Huang, Huan Qiu, Heguo Zhu, Zonghan Xie

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

FeCrNiCu based high entropy alloy matrix composites were fabricated with addition of Si and C by vacuum electromagnetic induction melting. The primary goal of this research was to analyze the reaction mechanism, microstructure, mechanical properties at room temperature and strengthening mechanism of the composites with addition of Si and C. The reaction mechanism of powders containing (Si, Ni and C) was analyzed, only one reaction occurred (i.e., Si + C → SiC) and its activation energy is 1302.8 kJ/mol. The new composites consist of a face centered cubic (FCC) structured matrix reinforced by submicron sized SiC particles. The addition ...


Nanoindentation Characterization On Local Plastic Response Of Ti-6al-4v Under High-Load Spherical Indentation, Yan Wen, Lechun Xie, Zhou Wang, Liqiang Wang, Weijie Lu, Laichang Zhang Jan 2019

Nanoindentation Characterization On Local Plastic Response Of Ti-6al-4v Under High-Load Spherical Indentation, Yan Wen, Lechun Xie, Zhou Wang, Liqiang Wang, Weijie Lu, Laichang Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

After high-load spherical indentation treatment, the variations of hardness on the plastic zone of Ti-6Al-4V were investigated via nanoindentation method. The hardness within the center of plastic zone was measured by nanoindenter, and the magnitude decreased gradually along the depth, which were caused by the different extent of plastic deformation under the residual imprint. The microstructure of indentation were observed using scanning electron microscope (SEM) before and after surface etching, and the results showed that the microhardness revealed the average hardness of α and β phases of Ti-6Al-4V. The maximum hardness reached 6.438 GPa in the depth of 132 ...


Facile Synthesis Of Di-Mannitol Adipate Ester-Based Zinc Metal Alkoxide As A Bi-Functional Additive For Poly(Vinyl Chloride), Yuepeng Li, Degang Li, Wenyuan Han, Manqi Zhang, Bing Ai, Lipeng Zhang, Hongqi Sun, Zhen Cui Jan 2019

Facile Synthesis Of Di-Mannitol Adipate Ester-Based Zinc Metal Alkoxide As A Bi-Functional Additive For Poly(Vinyl Chloride), Yuepeng Li, Degang Li, Wenyuan Han, Manqi Zhang, Bing Ai, Lipeng Zhang, Hongqi Sun, Zhen Cui

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

A new di-mannitol adipate ester-based zinc metal alkoxide (DMAE-Zn) was synthesized as a bi-functional poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) thermal stabilizer for the first time. The materials were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Characterization results confirmed the formation of Zn–O bonds in DMAE-Zn, and confirmed that DMAE-Zn had a high decomposition temperature and a low melting point. The thermal stability of DMAE-Zn on PVC also was tested by a conductivity test, a thermal aging test, and a UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-VIS) test. PVC stabilized by DMAE-Zn had a good initial color and excellent long-term stability ...


A Statistical Approach To Provide Explainable Convolutional Neural Network Parameter Optimization, Saman Akbarzadeh, Selam Ahderom, Kamal Alameh Jan 2019

A Statistical Approach To Provide Explainable Convolutional Neural Network Parameter Optimization, Saman Akbarzadeh, Selam Ahderom, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Algorithms based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been great attention in image processing due to their ability to find patterns and recognize objects in a wide range of scientific and industrial applications. Finding the best network and optimizing its hyperparameters for a specific application are central challenges for CNNs. Most state-of-the-art CNNs are manually designed, while techniques for automatically finding the best architecture and hyperparameters are computationally intensive, and hence, there is a need to severely limit their search space. This paper proposes a fast statistical method for CNN parameter optimization, which can be applied in many CNN applications ...


Numerical Study Of Periodic Magnetic Field Effect On 3d Natural Convection Of Mwcnt-Water/Nanofluid With Consideration Of Aggregation, Lioua Kolsi, Hakan F. Oztop, Kaouther Ghachem, Mohammed A. Almeshaal, Hussein A. Mohammed, Houman Babazadeh, Nidal Abu-Hamdeh Jan 2019

Numerical Study Of Periodic Magnetic Field Effect On 3d Natural Convection Of Mwcnt-Water/Nanofluid With Consideration Of Aggregation, Lioua Kolsi, Hakan F. Oztop, Kaouther Ghachem, Mohammed A. Almeshaal, Hussein A. Mohammed, Houman Babazadeh, Nidal Abu-Hamdeh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In this paper, a numerical study is performed to investigate the effect of a periodic magnetic field on three-dimensional free convection of MWCNT (Mutli-Walled Carbone Nanotubes)-water/nanofluid. Time-dependent governing equations are solved using the finite volume method under unsteady magnetic field oriented in the x-direction for various Hartmann numbers, oscillation periods, and nanoparticle volume fractions. The aggregation effect is considered in the evaluation of the MWCNT-water/nanofluid thermophysical properties. It is found that oscillation period, the magnitude of the magnetic field, and adding nanoparticles have an important effect on heat transfer, temperature field, and flow structure. © 2019 by the ...


Residual Trapping Of Co2 In An Oil-Filled, Oil-Wet Sandstone Core: Results Of Three-Phase Pore-Scale Imaging, Stefan Iglauer, Adriana Paluszny, Taufiq Rahman, Yihuai Zhang, Wolfgang Wülling, Maxim Lebedev Jan 2019

Residual Trapping Of Co2 In An Oil-Filled, Oil-Wet Sandstone Core: Results Of Three-Phase Pore-Scale Imaging, Stefan Iglauer, Adriana Paluszny, Taufiq Rahman, Yihuai Zhang, Wolfgang Wülling, Maxim Lebedev

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

CO2 geosequestration in oil reservoirs is an economically attractive solution as it can be combined with enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR). However, the effectiveness of the associated three-phase displacement processes has not been tested at the micrometer pore scale, which determines the overall reservoir-scale fluid dynamics and thus CO2-EOR project success. We thus imaged such displacement processes in situ in 3-D with X-ray microcomputed tomography at high resolution at reservoir conditions and found that oil extraction was enhanced substantially, while a significant residual CO2 saturation (13.5%) could be achieved in oil-wet rock. Statistics of the residual CO2 and oil clusters ...


A Hardware-Deployable Neuromorphic Solution For Encoding And Classification Of Electronic Nose Data, Anup Vanarse, Alexander Rassau, Peter Van Der Made Jan 2019

A Hardware-Deployable Neuromorphic Solution For Encoding And Classification Of Electronic Nose Data, Anup Vanarse, Alexander Rassau, Peter Van Der Made

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In several application domains, electronic nose systems employing conventional data processing approaches incur substantial power and computational costs and limitations, such as significant latency and poor accuracy for classification. Recent developments in spike-based bio-inspired approaches have delivered solutions for the highly accurate classification of multivariate sensor data with minimized computational and power requirements. Although these methods have addressed issues related to efficient data processing and classification accuracy, other areas, such as reducing the processing latency to support real-time application and deploying spike-based solutions on supported hardware, have yet to be studied in detail. Through this investigation, we proposed a spiking ...


Taylor's Slope Stability Chart For Combined Effects Of Horizontal And Vertical Seismic Coefficients, Pragyan Sahoo, Sanjay Kumar Shukla Jan 2019

Taylor's Slope Stability Chart For Combined Effects Of Horizontal And Vertical Seismic Coefficients, Pragyan Sahoo, Sanjay Kumar Shukla

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Design standards and codes of practice on earth slope stability often recommend the pseudo-static method of analysis for determining the factor of safety of a slope subjected to seismic forces. In most pseudo-static methods of analysis, the horizontal seismic force is considered without due weightage to vertical seismic force. In the past, Taylor's stability chart for a homogeneous cohesive-frictional soil slope has been extended to consider the effect of horizontal seismic force only. In this paper, an attempt is made to develop an analytical formulation considering both horizontal and vertical seismic forces in order to estimate the factor of ...


Deformation And Strength Characteristics Of Laves Phases In Titanium Alloys, Chirag D. Rabadia, Y. J. Liu, Liang-Yu Chen, Syed F. Jawed, L. Q. Wang, Hongqi Sun, Laichang Zhang Jan 2019

Deformation And Strength Characteristics Of Laves Phases In Titanium Alloys, Chirag D. Rabadia, Y. J. Liu, Liang-Yu Chen, Syed F. Jawed, L. Q. Wang, Hongqi Sun, Laichang Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The superior reinforcement nature of Laves phases make them suitable for high-strength applications. Therefore, investigations on the deformation and strength characteristics of Laves phases are useful in development of an improved Laves phase-reinforced alloy. In this work, the Vickers micro-indentation method is used to evaluate and compare the deformation and strength characteristics of a hexagonal close-packed Laves phase (C14-type) in Ti-35Zr-5Fe-6Mn (wt%) and a face-centered cubic Laves phase (C15-type) in Ti-33Zr-7Fe-4Cr (wt%), considering the same volume fraction of Laves phase (~7.0%) in these alloys. Moreover, the effects of higher volume fraction of Laves phase (19.4%) on indentation-based deformation ...


Natural Source Zone Depletion Of Lnapl: A Critical Review Supporting Modelling Approaches, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Greg B. Davis, John L. Rayner, Trevor P. Bastow, Geoffrey J. Puzon Jan 2019

Natural Source Zone Depletion Of Lnapl: A Critical Review Supporting Modelling Approaches, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Greg B. Davis, John L. Rayner, Trevor P. Bastow, Geoffrey J. Puzon

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Natural source zone depletion (NSZD) of light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) includes partitioning, transport and degradation of LNAPL components. NSZD is being considered as a site closure option during later stages of active remediation of LNAPL contaminated sites, and where LNAPL mass removal is limiting. To ensure NSZD meets compliance criteria and to design enhanced NSZD actions if required, residual risks posed by LNAPL and its long term behaviour require estimation. Prediction of long-term NSZD trends requires linking physicochemical partitioning and transport processes with bioprocesses at multiple scales within a modelling framework. Here we expand and build on the knowledge ...


Effect Of Pretreatment Process On Scale Formation In The Re-Boiler Section Of Monoethylene Glycol Regeneration Plant, Ammar Al Helal, Adam Soames, Stefan Iglauer, Ahmed Barifcani, Rolf Gubner Jan 2019

Effect Of Pretreatment Process On Scale Formation In The Re-Boiler Section Of Monoethylene Glycol Regeneration Plant, Ammar Al Helal, Adam Soames, Stefan Iglauer, Ahmed Barifcani, Rolf Gubner

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Monoethylene glycol (MEG) regeneration plants often use pretreatment vessels to precipitate divalent cations, such as Fe2+, Ca2+, and Mg2+, in order to avoid or reduce fouling in downstream reboilers and heat exchangers. This pretreatment process operates under alkaline conditions and moderate temperatures (~ 80 °C) to accelerate the formation of low-solubility divalent salts. The objective of the present research was to determine whether the pretreatment process could be minimized, without negatively impacts on the MEG regeneration process from to the formation of scale on the heater bundle in the presence of low concentrations of divalent cations in the ...


Effect Of Direct Current Electric Field Intensity And Electrolyte Layer Thickness On Oxygen Reduction In Simulated Atmospheric Environment, Xin Zhang, Junxi Zhang, Qimeng Chen, Nianwei Dai, Qingzhao Ni, Lai-Chang Zhang, Fahe Cao, Jianqing Zhang Jan 2019

Effect Of Direct Current Electric Field Intensity And Electrolyte Layer Thickness On Oxygen Reduction In Simulated Atmospheric Environment, Xin Zhang, Junxi Zhang, Qimeng Chen, Nianwei Dai, Qingzhao Ni, Lai-Chang Zhang, Fahe Cao, Jianqing Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The effect of direct current (DC) electric field and electrolyte layer thickness on oxygen reduction in simulated atmospheric environment were investigated using electrochemical measurements. The results show that the limiting diffusion current density (ilim) decreases with increasing the thin electrolyte layers (TELs) thickness but it increases with increasing the DC electric field intensity. The potential shifts negatively with the DC electric field. It is found that the DC electric field enables OH ions to quickly migrate from the solution/electrode interface to the electrolyte layer. All these features promote the cathodic reduction process thereby enhancing the metal corrosion rate.


Calculation Of Critical Water Flow Rates For Wildfire Suppression, Greg Penney, Daryoush Habibi, Marcus Cattani, Murray Carter Jan 2019

Calculation Of Critical Water Flow Rates For Wildfire Suppression, Greg Penney, Daryoush Habibi, Marcus Cattani, Murray Carter

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Predicting water suppression requirements and its impacts on firefighting strategies and logistics within the urban environment has been the subject of many previous studies, however the same level of research has yet to be applied in the realm of wildfire suppression. To work towards addressing this knowledge gap, this paper provides guidance for Incident Controllers in relation to critical water flow rates required to extinguish large wildfire across a wide range of forest fuel loads, fire weather and active fire front depths. This is achieved through mathematical empirical analysis of water flow rates required for head fire suppression during 540 ...


Tio2-Based Photocatalytic Cementitious Composites: Materials, Properties, Influential Parameters, And Assessment Techniques, Fatemeh Hamidi, Farhad Aslani Jan 2019

Tio2-Based Photocatalytic Cementitious Composites: Materials, Properties, Influential Parameters, And Assessment Techniques, Fatemeh Hamidi, Farhad Aslani

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Applications of heterogeneous photocatalytic processes based on semiconductor particles in cement-based materials have received great attention in recent years to enhance the aesthetic durability of buildings and reducing global environmental pollution. Amongst all, titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most widely used semiconductor particle in structural materials with photocatalytic activity because of its low cost, chemically stable nature, and absence of toxicity. Utilization of TiO2 in combination with cement-based materials would plunge the concentration of urban pollutants such as NOx. In fact, cementitious composites containing TiO2 have already found applications in self-cleaning buildings, antimicrobial surfaces, and air-purifying ...


A Numerical Study Of Axisymmetric Wave Propagation In Buried Fluid-Filled Pipes For Optimizing The Vibro-Acoustic Technique When Locating Gas Pipelines, Ying Liu, Daryoush Habibi, Douglas Chai, Xiuming Wang, Hao Chen Jan 2019

A Numerical Study Of Axisymmetric Wave Propagation In Buried Fluid-Filled Pipes For Optimizing The Vibro-Acoustic Technique When Locating Gas Pipelines, Ying Liu, Daryoush Habibi, Douglas Chai, Xiuming Wang, Hao Chen

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Buried pipeline systems play a vital role in energy storage and transportation, especially for fluid energies like water and gas. The ability to locate buried pipes is of great importance since it is fundamental for leakage detection, pipeline maintenance, and pipeline repair. The vibro-acoustic locating method, as one of the most effective detection technologies, has been studied by many researchers. However, previous studies have mainly focused on vibro-acoustic propagation in buried water pipes. Limited research has been conducted on buried gas pipes. In this paper, the behavior of gas-dominated wave motion will be investigated and compared against water-dominated wave motion ...


Economic And Productivity Evaluation Of Different Horizontal Drilling Scenarios: Middle East Oil Fields As Case Study, Abbas Khaksar Manshad, Milad Ebrahimi Dastgerdi, Jagar A. Ali, Nazir Mafakheri, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer, Amir H. Mohammadi Jan 2019

Economic And Productivity Evaluation Of Different Horizontal Drilling Scenarios: Middle East Oil Fields As Case Study, Abbas Khaksar Manshad, Milad Ebrahimi Dastgerdi, Jagar A. Ali, Nazir Mafakheri, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer, Amir H. Mohammadi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Development of high-density oil and gas fields presents a great challenge to the energy industry due to the low productivity of individual wells and their high drilling cost. We thus compared the productivity, associated costs and economical revenues gained from two field development scenarios, with multilateral and horizontal drilling, to evaluate the optimal drilling and completion conditions in a giant heavy oil reservoir in the Middle East. Well path design was identified as one of the most complex parameters depending on the well-testing results, field production and reservoir simulation data. The fishbone well of four branches with a length of ...