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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Damage Evaluation Of Full-Scale Rc Slab By Ultrasonic Tomography, Hiroshi Hayashida, Tamon Ueda Nov 2019

Damage Evaluation Of Full-Scale Rc Slab By Ultrasonic Tomography, Hiroshi Hayashida, Tamon Ueda

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

There have been reports of road bridges that deteriorated after their RC slabs had been repaired. The insufficient removal of damaged materials is said to be the cause of such post-repair deterioration. Consequently, there is a call for a survey method that can detect deteriorated materials of bridges with high accuracy. Towards the development of such a method, this report focuses on ultrasonic tomography, because it can detect damage to the RC slabs of road bridges over relatively large areas. We examined the applicability of ultrasonic tomography to a method of assessing the RC slab damage by a test that ...


Integrated Sensor Network For Monitoring Steel Corrosion In Concrete Structures, José Enrique Ramón-Zamora, José Manuel Gandia-Romero, Román Bataller, Ana Martínez-Ibernón, Isabel Gasch, Juan Soto Nov 2019

Integrated Sensor Network For Monitoring Steel Corrosion In Concrete Structures, José Enrique Ramón-Zamora, José Manuel Gandia-Romero, Román Bataller, Ana Martínez-Ibernón, Isabel Gasch, Juan Soto

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The developed Integrated Sensor Network (ISN) allows a non-destructive monitoring of the rebar condition at different parts of the structure. The corrosion sensor allows the accurate determination of the corrosion rate (µm/year). Moreover, additional sensors are integrated in order to detect relevant changes in the concrete electrochemical condition.

The ISN has been published as an international invention patent (reference number WO 2016/177929 A1). The system is based on an economic, simple, reliable and durable technology, which makes its implementation viable on new and repaired reinforced concrete structures (RCS). Therefore, it is also possible monitoring non-accessible parts such as ...


Similarity Analysis Of Rebar Corrosion Under Different Electrochemical Accelerated Method, Chuanqing Fu, J Chen, X Jin, H Ye, Jun Zhu Nov 2019

Similarity Analysis Of Rebar Corrosion Under Different Electrochemical Accelerated Method, Chuanqing Fu, J Chen, X Jin, H Ye, Jun Zhu

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The concrete cover cracking caused by non-uniform corrosion of reinforcing bar is one of the most important reason for structure service performance degradation. The most widely used electrochemical accelerated corrosion methods include external and internal electrode methods. The reinforcement are used as anode in both methods. The different between two methods is the position of auxiliary. In external electrode method, the auxiliary is set outside the specimen, including three methods, i.e. samples whole/part submerged in saline, samples wrapped by sponge and steel mesh. The electrochemical mechanism of these four accelerated method were analyzed by using the FE software ...


Micro-Mechanical Analysis Of Corrosion Products Formed During Long-Term Carbonation Induced Corrosion Of Steel, Marijana Serdar, Dubravka Bjegovic, Valérie L’Hostis, Stéphane Poyet, Damien Féron Nov 2019

Micro-Mechanical Analysis Of Corrosion Products Formed During Long-Term Carbonation Induced Corrosion Of Steel, Marijana Serdar, Dubravka Bjegovic, Valérie L’Hostis, Stéphane Poyet, Damien Féron

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

During corrosion distinct types of corrosion products form, composed of different ratios of ferrous ions and oxide, hydroxides. Corrosion products have different physical and mechanical properties, mainly density, resistivity, volume and modulus of elasticity compared to iron. Knowing properties of corrosion products is indispensable for service life modelling of structures and can give valuable insight into the long-term corrosion propagation process. In this study micro-indentation method was used to evaluate mechanical properties of different layers formed during long-term carbonation induced corrosion of steel in concrete. Investigation was performed on three sets of reinforced concrete samples, that underwent corrosion during 50 ...


An Experimental Study Of Concrete Resistivity And The Effects Of Electrode Configuration And Current Frequency On Measurement, Hayder Oleiwi, Yu Wang, Nan Xiang, Levingshan Augusthus-Nelson, Xianyi Chen, Igor Shabalin Nov 2019

An Experimental Study Of Concrete Resistivity And The Effects Of Electrode Configuration And Current Frequency On Measurement, Hayder Oleiwi, Yu Wang, Nan Xiang, Levingshan Augusthus-Nelson, Xianyi Chen, Igor Shabalin

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Electrical resistivity, a measurable parameter of the state of concrete, plays an important role in the assessment of reinforced concrete structures. An experimental study using two-electrode method has been conducted to evaluate the resistivity of Portland cement concrete. Internal and external electrodes were varied in order to understand effect of the electrodes configuration, where carbon fibre (CF) sheets were employed as the internal electrodes and CF and copper sheets were used as external electrodes. Furthermore, frequency of applied current was varied from low to high, to identify the most suitable frequency that can be utilized for stable and reliable results ...


Will Blended-Cement Systems With Similar Chloride Penetration Potentials Resist Similarly To Corrosion?, William Wilson, Vincent Labattaglia, Arezki Tagnit-Hamou, Luca Sorelli Nov 2019

Will Blended-Cement Systems With Similar Chloride Penetration Potentials Resist Similarly To Corrosion?, William Wilson, Vincent Labattaglia, Arezki Tagnit-Hamou, Luca Sorelli

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The capacity of concrete to prevent chloride ions penetration represents a key durability factor for steelreinforced structures exposed to de-icing salts and/or marine environments. Although blended-cement systems are commonly characterized with accelerated chloride penetration tests developed for Portlandcement concrete (e.g. the ASTM C1202 method), their microstructures and pore solutions are very different. This study aims to illustrate how the full potential of blended-cement systems to resist chloride ingress (and thus, chloride-induced corrosion) may not be justly disclosed by these accelerated tests using electrical current, even when tested after three months of curing. A Portland-cement-only mortar and five binary ...


An Investigation On Moisture And Water Absorption In Cement Paste With Electrical Resistance Method, Manami Mizoguchi, Tatsuya Kitagawa, Totsawat Daungwilailuk, Yuko Ogawa, Kenji Kawai Nov 2019

An Investigation On Moisture And Water Absorption In Cement Paste With Electrical Resistance Method, Manami Mizoguchi, Tatsuya Kitagawa, Totsawat Daungwilailuk, Yuko Ogawa, Kenji Kawai

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Moisture in concrete is one of main factors related to degradation and deterioration of concrete structure, and there are various moisture transport phenomena in concrete such as drying and absorbing. There are a lot of previous studies on the drying process of concrete to clarify the mechanisms of creep as well as shrinkage. However, few studies have been reported on the process of water absorption and moisture absorption although carbonation and chloride attack are strongly related to moisture and water absorbing. It is necessary to investigate moisture transfer in concrete in detail. This study investigated the moisture transfer in moisture ...


Pore Characteristics And Computed Permeability Of Pastes Subject To Freeze-Thaw Cycles At Very Early Ages By X-Ray Ct, Ya Wei, Zehong Wu, Xiang Gao Nov 2019

Pore Characteristics And Computed Permeability Of Pastes Subject To Freeze-Thaw Cycles At Very Early Ages By X-Ray Ct, Ya Wei, Zehong Wu, Xiang Gao

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Freeze-thaw cycling can damage microstructure of concrete and reduce the service life of concrete structures. This is especially detrimental for concrete subject to freeze-thaw cycles at very early-ages, such as within the first few days after constructions. Typical low and high water-to-cement (w/c) ratio pastes are investigated experimentally and numerically in this study. The pastes are subject to freeze-thaw cycles at the age of 1, and 7 days and then sealed-cured to the age of 45 days. The pore size distribution is measured and quantified by X-ray computer tomography (CT) with high resolution. The permeability of the corresponding pastes ...


Investigation Of Microstructure Of Cementitious Materials Exposed To High Temperature By Non-Destructive Integrated Ct-Xrd Method, Takuya Mikami, H Takahashi, T Sugiyama Nov 2019

Investigation Of Microstructure Of Cementitious Materials Exposed To High Temperature By Non-Destructive Integrated Ct-Xrd Method, Takuya Mikami, H Takahashi, T Sugiyama

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Severe accident occurred in 2011 at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant and it can be assumed that the concrete building was exposed to high temperatures environment for a long time due to loss of the cooling function of the nuclear reactor. In order to prepare for the best scenario in the decommission plan, it should be first needed to clarify and evaluate the level of damage and deterioration of the contaminated concrete. To solve this problem, experiments were conducted for cementitious materials with the maximum temperature of 400 or 1000 degrees Celsius with durations of up to 2 hours ...


Influence Of Pore Structure On Relative Chloride Diffusion Coefficient In Unsaturated Cementitious Materials, Yong Zhang, Guang Ye Nov 2019

Influence Of Pore Structure On Relative Chloride Diffusion Coefficient In Unsaturated Cementitious Materials, Yong Zhang, Guang Ye

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Chloride-induced corrosion of reinforcement in concrete structures is a serious issue in engineering practice. This paper investigates the influence of pore structure on the relative chloride diffusion coefficient Drc in unsaturated cementitious materials. The effects of various pore features, including porosity, pore size, and pore connectivity, on the continuity of water-filled pores in unsaturated porous systems are analyzed based on the Kelvin law and water desorption process. In the experimental program, different cementitious materials (OPC, slag, fly ash, and limestone powder) were used to prepare paste and mortar samples. The Drc of the mortar samples (one year old) at various ...


Development Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Conductive Inclusions For Use In Self-Sensing Applications, Benny Suryanto Dr, Danah Saraireh Ms, Steven Walls Mr, Jaehwan Kim Dr, W John Mccarter Prof Nov 2019

Development Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Conductive Inclusions For Use In Self-Sensing Applications, Benny Suryanto Dr, Danah Saraireh Ms, Steven Walls Mr, Jaehwan Kim Dr, W John Mccarter Prof

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The mechanical and a.c. electrical properties of a new varietal of engineered cementitious composite (ECC) incorporating conductive inclusions are presented. Electrical measurements were undertaken over a wide frequency range while curing and when under uniaxial tensile loading to study the influence of ongoing hydration and multiple microcrack formation on the composite electrical impedance. When presented in Nyquist format, the work shows that conductive inclusions reduce the bulk resistance of the composite while enhancing its polarizability, transforming the classic, single-arc bulk response of typical cement-based materials to a two-arc response. The bulk resistance was shown to increase with time and ...


Diagnosis On Expansion Of Heat-Cured Precast Concrete Blocks Due To Delayed Ettringite Formation In Japan, Yuichiro Kawabata Nov 2019

Diagnosis On Expansion Of Heat-Cured Precast Concrete Blocks Due To Delayed Ettringite Formation In Japan, Yuichiro Kawabata

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Delayed ettringite formation (DEF) in concrete causes internal swelling, which reduces the mechanical properties of concrete and can lead to issues with concrete structures due to potentially large expansive deformation. In order to address the issues of DEF-affected structures, proper assessment of the structures affected is important. However, petrographic diagnosis of concrete affected by DEF remains a controversial issue. In this paper, as case studies, diagnosis on precast concrete blocks suspected of experiencing DEF was carried out. The concrete blocks were made of white Portland cement, limestone gravel, and limestone sand mixed with copper slag. The blocks were excessively heat-cured ...


Rehabilitation Of Low Rise Rcc Structure Along 9m High Retaining Wall, Aniruddha Nakhawa Er, Vivek Deshmukh Dr Nov 2019

Rehabilitation Of Low Rise Rcc Structure Along 9m High Retaining Wall, Aniruddha Nakhawa Er, Vivek Deshmukh Dr

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India, facing bigger challenges in accommodating its over growing population day by day. The Mumbai City has population of 18.4 million over its 634 km2 area, ie. Almost 350 ft2/person. This enormous rise in population density has restricted the development to expand vertically. This also, results in growth of major slums, which is almost 62% of the population dwelling in slums. Subsequently, the authorities is in need of a large scaled Slum Sanitation Program, which utilize the scarcely available land for construction of Community Toilet Blocks with involvement of ...


A “Double-Multi” Model For Electromigration Of Lithiums And Chlorides In Asr Affected Concrete, Qing-Feng Liu, Li-Xuan Mao, Zhi Hu, Jin Xia, Gan-Lin Feng, Long-Yuan Li Nov 2019

A “Double-Multi” Model For Electromigration Of Lithiums And Chlorides In Asr Affected Concrete, Qing-Feng Liu, Li-Xuan Mao, Zhi Hu, Jin Xia, Gan-Lin Feng, Long-Yuan Li

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Existing reinforced concrete structures experience severe durability degradation when subjected to alkali– silica reaction (ASR) and chloride attack. A special electrochemical rehabilitation treatment, containing lithium compound anolyte, has been developed to drive lithium ions into concrete as well as remove chlorides simultaneously, for mitigating both the ASR-induced cracks and the chloride-induced corrosion. Good performance of introduced lithiums in controlling ASR-induced expansion has already been proved. Unfortunately, the migration mechanism of lithium in concrete under an external electric field is seldom investigated in existing literature. In this study, with help of the “double-multi” model, the efficiency of impregnation of lithium ions ...


Distribution Of Lithium Nitrite Injected Into Concrete And Its Asr Suppression Effect, Koichi Kobayashi, K Rokugo, Y Takagi, T Otani Nov 2019

Distribution Of Lithium Nitrite Injected Into Concrete And Its Asr Suppression Effect, Koichi Kobayashi, K Rokugo, Y Takagi, T Otani

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

In this research, lithium nitrite was injected into ASR-deteriorated concrete specimens made with reactive aggregates in order to suppress further deterioration. The amount of injected lithium nitrite was set to three different levels, and the subsequent expansion behavior and area of lithium permeation were investigated. The area of permeation was checked using the coloring reagent TDI. It was found that the prescribed amount of lithium cannot be injected fully into the non-deteriorated specimens. When the lithium was injected at an early stage of deterioration, the area of permeation was small and the ASR suppression effect was small regardless of the ...


Mortar Quality Assessment For An Iconic Building Repair In Sydney Australia, Ion Dumitru, Tony Song, John Sury, Tom Wenzel Nov 2019

Mortar Quality Assessment For An Iconic Building Repair In Sydney Australia, Ion Dumitru, Tony Song, John Sury, Tom Wenzel

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Remedial work for an iconic building in Sydney, Australia is currently being carried out. Two façade mortars, capable of matching the current exposed quartz aggregate finish and achieving a 40 years design life, are required. In order to ensure the quality of the imported quartz aggregates for this project, test have been carried out for particle size distribution, density, wet/dry strength variation, sodium sulphate soundness and Los Angeles Abrasion value. The two mortar mixes employed for repair work (Form & Pour and Hand Applied mixes) were comprehensively assessed for mix workability, compressive strength in warm and cold conditions, drying shrinkage ...


Efficiency Of Electrochemical Chloride Removal From Concrete At Different Environmental Temperatures, Shijie Jin, Jin Xia, Weiliang Jin, Zhi-Yong Yu, Jia-Yuan Hu, Qingfang Lyu, Xiaoping Zhong Nov 2019

Efficiency Of Electrochemical Chloride Removal From Concrete At Different Environmental Temperatures, Shijie Jin, Jin Xia, Weiliang Jin, Zhi-Yong Yu, Jia-Yuan Hu, Qingfang Lyu, Xiaoping Zhong

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Electrochemical chloride removal (ECR) is an effective and curative method to treat existed reinforced concrete structures about to suffer or already suffering from chloride attack, however, its application is still limited due to its side effect and efficiency, including the velocity and maximum capacity of chloride removal. This paper presents a temperature related numerical transport model to study the effect of temperature on efficiency of electrochemical chloride removal from concrete. Based on Fick’s law and Nernst-Planck equation with Gauss’ Law, temperature effect, chloride binding, multi-species coupling, electrochemical reactions were taken into account in this model. Temperature effect was considered ...


Comparison Data Between Hybrid And Galvanic Anode Installation In The Arousa Island Bridge, José Antonio Becerra Mosquera, Diego Carro López, José Enrique Pardo Landrove, José Manuel Millán Pérez Nov 2019

Comparison Data Between Hybrid And Galvanic Anode Installation In The Arousa Island Bridge, José Antonio Becerra Mosquera, Diego Carro López, José Enrique Pardo Landrove, José Manuel Millán Pérez

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The Arousa Island Bridge, with its 1980 m is the only road access to the Arousa Island. Built in 1985, this single-cell box girder divided in 40 spans runs entirely on the sea. The deck is between 2 to 12 m above sea level, so after 25 years in a marine environment, the structure showed reinforcement corrosion, especially in piles and deck bottom. Attending to the corrosion damages, caused simply from a chloride attack, the local government decided to intervene with an ambitious repair project. This decision has been taken only after an exhaustive cost analysis to determine the feasibility ...


Monitoring Historic Concrete And Associated Cementitious Repair- A Case Study Of Boathouse 4, Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, Uk, Ahmed Alwaal, Stepanie Barnett, Robert Inkpen, Linley Hastewell Nov 2019

Monitoring Historic Concrete And Associated Cementitious Repair- A Case Study Of Boathouse 4, Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, Uk, Ahmed Alwaal, Stepanie Barnett, Robert Inkpen, Linley Hastewell

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

This study presents a method of monitoring historic concrete and associated repairs. A case study of Boathouse 4, Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, UK is presented. Boathouse 4 is an iconic building within Portsmouth Historic Dockyard which was constructed during the 1930’s rearmament period. It was used during World War ll to construct the three-man midget X-Craft submarine. The building was restored and converted into a Boatbuilding Skills Training Centre in 2015. A field investigation was conducted to analyse the concrete damage and to monitor microscale changes to the surface of the original concrete and repairs over a period of three ...


Improvements Of The Carbonation Resistance Of Concrete After Steam Autoclave Curing, Guo Li, Jiang Yue, Feng Yao Nov 2019

Improvements Of The Carbonation Resistance Of Concrete After Steam Autoclave Curing, Guo Li, Jiang Yue, Feng Yao

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Incorporation of mineral admixtures, secondary water curing, and surface treatments were performed to improve the carbonation resistance of concrete after steam autoclave curing. The mineral admixtures used were fly ash, slag, and a mixture of both, and the surface treatments applied were those of organic silicone (OS) water repellent and epoxy resin (ER) coating. Accelerated carbonation experiments were performed on specimens at 28, 90, 180, and 360 d. Experimental results indicated that steam autoclave curing significantly reduces concrete carbonation resistance compared with standard curing. Secondary water curing for one week can replenish water in concrete and further hydrate the ...


Transport Properties Of Steam Curing Concrete Using Mineral Admixtures, Kenji Sasaki, Tetsuo Harada, Tsuyoshi Katayama Nov 2019

Transport Properties Of Steam Curing Concrete Using Mineral Admixtures, Kenji Sasaki, Tetsuo Harada, Tsuyoshi Katayama

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Steam curing has been used widely in the precast concrete industry. However, investigations on steam curing concrete focused mainly on their strength development. Research on durability of steam curing concrete, particularly on mixes using mineral admixtures, is somewhat limited.

In this study, transport properties and mechanical properties of concretes using mineral admixtures under different steam curing conditions were measured. Normal Portland cement, high early strength Portland cement, ground granulated blast-furnace slag and fly ash were used. Steam curing conditions were varied by changing the preliminary curing time, temperature drop rate and curing method after steam curing. Transport properties, such as ...


Characterization Of Vibration Effects On The Internal Structure And Strength Of Regular And High Strength Recycled Concrete, Jovanca Smith, Rekha Rampit, R. Parey Nov 2019

Characterization Of Vibration Effects On The Internal Structure And Strength Of Regular And High Strength Recycled Concrete, Jovanca Smith, Rekha Rampit, R. Parey

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

There is a need for more in depth understanding of the consolidation effect of concrete on its durability, especially in tropical climates. During placement of fresh concrete in molds vibration is required to prevent quality problems such as honeycombs and desegregation. Nevertheless, precise monitoring of concrete vibration time has been avoided by construction professionals. This results in concrete durability reduction of appropriately designed concrete due to variation in aggregate settlement, air void content and change in water to cement ratio. In this study, the effects of vibration time on concrete strength, aggregate segregation, and physical properties were experimentally investigated on ...


A Novel Methodology Of Powder-Based Cementitious Materials In 3d Inkjet Printing For Construction Applications, Pshtiwan Shakor, Shami Nejadi, Gavin Paul, Jay Sanjayan Nov 2019

A Novel Methodology Of Powder-Based Cementitious Materials In 3d Inkjet Printing For Construction Applications, Pshtiwan Shakor, Shami Nejadi, Gavin Paul, Jay Sanjayan

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Recently, additive manufacturing techniques such as 3D printing are becoming increasingly popular and widely used in a variety of applications. Inkjet 3D printing (i.e. powder-based printing) is one of the most reliable frequently-implemented techniques in 3D printers. This paper discusses a novel methodology to replace the currently used typical powders in 3D printing to make it possible to use the printed specimens in construction applications. The printed cubic (20Í20Í20mm) and prism (60Í5Í5mm) specimens with different saturation levels are printed to investigate the relative strength of the 3D printed specimens. Curing in ...


Improving The Spacer-Concrete Interface For Bond Strength And Durability, Fadhilah Muslim, H. S. Wong, N. R. Buenfeld Nov 2019

Improving The Spacer-Concrete Interface For Bond Strength And Durability, Fadhilah Muslim, H. S. Wong, N. R. Buenfeld

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Spacers are important devices in reinforced concrete that are used to support reinforcing steel during concreting in order to achieve the required concrete cover. They are placed at every meter length or less of steel reinforcement and left permanently in the structure. However, it has been shown that the weak interface between spacer and concrete is highly porous and microcracked. This lowers the resistance of the concrete cover to ingress of aggressive agents causing degradation. This study aims to address this problem by improving spacer design to enhance bond strength and durability of the spacer-concrete interface. Cementitious spacers with a ...


Performance Oriented Functionalisation Of Concrete: An Integrated Approach For Prevention In Construction, Andreas Gerdes, Matthias Schwotzer, Julia Süßmuth Nov 2019

Performance Oriented Functionalisation Of Concrete: An Integrated Approach For Prevention In Construction, Andreas Gerdes, Matthias Schwotzer, Julia Süßmuth

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The long-term preservation and the future-oriented development of the infrastructure are of utmost importance for every country in the world. An increasing failure of infrastructure underpins a tremendous need for action. The reasons for this unsatisfactory situation are various, but certainly among them is often an insufficient performance of the building materials. This holds particularly true for reinforced concrete and its additives, which are nowadays commonly developed by empirical research. Almost all shortcomings of concrete durability are related to the transport of detrimental substances into the pore system. In this regard, a promising approach to prevent chemical deterioration processes is ...


Development Of A New Method To Reduce Drying Shrinkage Of Concrete By Applying Urea, Kosuke Shirayama, H. Fujiwara, M. Maruoka, L Lingling Nov 2019

Development Of A New Method To Reduce Drying Shrinkage Of Concrete By Applying Urea, Kosuke Shirayama, H. Fujiwara, M. Maruoka, L Lingling

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Cracking of concrete caused by drying shrinkage adversely affects the durability of the structure. In the past research results, it is effective to add urea to concrete as a way to reduce drying shrinkage. However, in ready mixed concrete factory in Japan, adding various admixture materials to concrete will increase equipment costs and labor costs because of the increase in the number of input items, the management problem and putting problem when mixing.

In this research, in consideration of the above problems, we attempted to develop a cheaper and simpler method to apply or infiltrate the urea solution on the ...


Surface Treatments For Concrete Under Physical Salt Attack, Mohamed Sakr, Mohamed T. Bassuoni Nov 2019

Surface Treatments For Concrete Under Physical Salt Attack, Mohamed Sakr, Mohamed T. Bassuoni

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Physical salt attack (PSA) is a key deterioration mechanism for concrete structures in contact with salt-rich media. Yet, procedures and techniques for protecting and repairing concrete affected by PSA are not adequately addressed in the technical literature. Therefore, in this study, three surface coatings of concrete were tested to determine their ability to withstand conditions stimulating to PSA. The treatments were selected to achieve either a single function such as acting as a membrane layer or hydrophobic agent, or combined pore blocking and water repelling functions. Coatings were applied on a concrete mixture typically used for residential foundations in Canada ...


Social Dimensions In Sustainability Evaluation Of Deteriorating Reinforced Concrete Bridges, Zhujun Wang, Weiliang Jin, Wu Kexian, Dan M. Frangopol Nov 2019

Social Dimensions In Sustainability Evaluation Of Deteriorating Reinforced Concrete Bridges, Zhujun Wang, Weiliang Jin, Wu Kexian, Dan M. Frangopol

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Structural sustainability requires that structural engineering activities should find ways to design and maintain structures that perform as required during their life-cycle considering intergenerational needs. Massive attention has been paid to the economic and environmental evaluation of structures. However, being a completely different discipline from structural engineering, the social dimensions associated with structures were rarely considered in previous studies due to the difficulty in determination and quantification, unavoidable subjectivity and controversy, as well as the lack of historical data. This paper identifies the social impacts induced by engineering activities associated with the deterioration of reinforced concrete structures, and proposes corresponding ...


A Novel Multiscale Modelling Approach For Evaluation Of The Asr In Concrete Structures, Mostafa Jalal, M Mirsayar, Anol Mukhopadhyay Nov 2019

A Novel Multiscale Modelling Approach For Evaluation Of The Asr In Concrete Structures, Mostafa Jalal, M Mirsayar, Anol Mukhopadhyay

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

This paper presents a new multiscale approach for evaluation of the volume change in concrete structures due to the alkali-silica reaction (ASR). A practical step by step approach that can be applied to the real structures is developed based on combined experimental and numerical assessment by considering the most influential ASR parameters at different scales. In the first step, the ASR expansion is measured using accelerated concrete cylinder test (ACCT) for different concrete mixtures covering different variables of important factors such as mix design (e.g., w/cm, fly ash type and replacement percentages), aggregate reactivity, alkali loadings, temperature, and ...


Fem Analysis Of Structural Behaviour Of Reinforced Concrete Beam Under The Effect Of Frost Damage, Zhao Wang, Tamon Ueda, Hiroshi Hayashida, Dawei Zhang Nov 2019

Fem Analysis Of Structural Behaviour Of Reinforced Concrete Beam Under The Effect Of Frost Damage, Zhao Wang, Tamon Ueda, Hiroshi Hayashida, Dawei Zhang

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Minimizing frost damage is one of the important durability issues for concrete structures in cold and wet areas. This paper performed a Finite Element Model (FEM) analysis on the structural behavior of reinforced concrete beam under the effect of frost damage. The frost damage was considered as degradations in two constituents: concrete material and bond between concrete and reinforcement. The constitutive models of deteriorated concrete material were proposed using a mesoscale simulation approach (Rigid Body Spring Model). DIANA FEA program was adopted for the structural analysis and experiments were also conducted for the verification. It was clarified that the structural ...