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Theses/Dissertations

2005

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

The Implementation Of Nanoimprint Lithography For The Fabrication Of Patterned Magnetic Media, Daniel David Marks Dec 2005

The Implementation Of Nanoimprint Lithography For The Fabrication Of Patterned Magnetic Media, Daniel David Marks

Theses and Dissertations

Advances in technology are having profound effects throughout society. This is no truer than in the way information is being stored. The primary form of information storage for at least the past millennium has been paper. Today, an ever increasing amount of information is being stored electronically. An increased demand for high-performance, low-cost information storage has been a major catalyst in increasing the popularity of hard drives. In 2002, two exabytes of original information was stored on hard drives. This is ten times the amount of all printed material in the world if it were converted to electronic files. To ...


An Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (Art) For The Synthesis Of Three-Dimensional Models Of Particle Aggregates From Projective Representations, Daniel Jonathan Randall-Barrot Dec 2005

An Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (Art) For The Synthesis Of Three-Dimensional Models Of Particle Aggregates From Projective Representations, Daniel Jonathan Randall-Barrot

Theses and Dissertations

There exists considerable evidence that the shear behavior and flow behavior of granular materials is significantly dependent on particle morphology. However, quantification of this dependence is a challenging task owing to a dearth of quantitative models for describing particle shape and the difficulty of modeling angular particle assemblies. The situation becomes more complex when discrete element analyses of realistic 3-D particle shapes are required. The thesis attempts to address this problem by adapting the algebraic reconstruction technique (ART) to synthesize composite 3-D granular particles from statistically obtained 3-D shape descriptors of the particles in an aggregate mixture. This thesis extends ...


Predicted Redidual Strength Of Damaged Isotrussâ® Structures, Travis S. Carroll Dec 2005

Predicted Redidual Strength Of Damaged Isotrussâ® Structures, Travis S. Carroll

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis utilized a linear analytical approach to explore the damage tolerance or residual strength as a function of increasing damage in traditional single and hybrid-grid IsoTruss® structures. Residual strength was studied for structures subjected to axial compression, torsion and flexural bending, independently. Carbon/epoxy material properties were applied in all load cases, and fiberglass/epoxy material properties were also applied in the flexural bending case. Prior to imposing damage conditions, the IsoTruss® structures were parametrically optimized to achieve the highest strength-to-weight ratios. Typical compression strut, driveshaft, and utility pole specifications governed the design strength dimensions and boundary conditions. Damage ...


Identifying Common Ultrasonic Predictive Failure Signatures In Bearing Elements For The Development Of An Automated Condition Based Ultrasonic Monitoring Controller., Jason Eric Johnson Dec 2005

Identifying Common Ultrasonic Predictive Failure Signatures In Bearing Elements For The Development Of An Automated Condition Based Ultrasonic Monitoring Controller., Jason Eric Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents a new method for Condition Based Ultrasonic Monitoring to be applied in conjunction with a lubrication distribution controller. As part of this thesis, algorithms were developed using ultrasonic sensors to control the application of lubrication to machinery. The controller sensors detect an ultrasonic signal from rolling or sliding machine elements. This signal then alerts the controller to dispense the proper amount of lubrication when needed, as opposed to a time schedule based on average performance or history. The work from this thesis will be used to help reduce equipment downtime and maintenance cost when utilized in an ...


Dynamic Aeroelastic Analysis Of Wing/Store Configurations, Gregory H. Parker Dec 2005

Dynamic Aeroelastic Analysis Of Wing/Store Configurations, Gregory H. Parker

Theses and Dissertations

Limit-cycle oscillation, or LCO, is an aeroelastic phenomenon characterized by limited amplitude, self-sustaining oscillations produced by fluid-structure interactions. In order to study this phenomenon, code was developed to interface a modal structural model with a commercial computational fluid dynamics program. LCO was simulated for a rectangular wing, referred to as the Goland+ wing. It was determined that the aerodynamic nonlinearity responsible for LCO in the Goland+ wing was the combination of strong trailing-edge and lambda shocks which periodically appear and disappear. This mechanism limited the flow of energy into the structure which quenched the growth of the flutter, resulting in ...


Multiple Channel Laser Beam Combination And Phasing Using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering In Optical Fibers, Brent W. Grime Dec 2005

Multiple Channel Laser Beam Combination And Phasing Using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering In Optical Fibers, Brent W. Grime

Theses and Dissertations

Brightness scaling lasers using stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in optical fibers is explored. A multiple-channel amplifier approach is used to increase the total power of a laser system while avoiding a significant burden on a single channel. The work explores two approaches utilizing both SBS beam cleanup and SBS piston error conjugation. A unique beam combiner that takes advantage of the SBS beam cleanup properties of a long, gradient-index multimode fiber was designed and tested. The beam combiner was developed to combine multiple-channel laser beams simultaneously with high input and output coupling efficiency. The design for the SBS beam combiner ...


Toyota 180l Spiral Radiator Hose Design To Six Sigma Goal, Tay-Shing Chen Dec 2005

Toyota 180l Spiral Radiator Hose Design To Six Sigma Goal, Tay-Shing Chen

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Tay-Shing Chen on December 2, 2005.


Statnamic Lateral Load Testing And Analysis Of A Drilled Shaft In Liquefied Sand, Seth I. Bowles Dec 2005

Statnamic Lateral Load Testing And Analysis Of A Drilled Shaft In Liquefied Sand, Seth I. Bowles

Theses and Dissertations

Three progressively larger statnamic lateral load tests were performed on a 2.59 m diameter drilled shaft foundation after the surrounding soil was liquefied using down-hole explosive charges. An attempt to develop p-y curves from strain data along the pile was made. Due to low quality and lack of strain data, p-y curves along the test shaft could not be reliably determined. Therefore, the statnamic load tests were analyzed using a ten degree-of-freedom model of the pile-soil system to determine the equivalent static load-deflection curve for each test. The equivalent static load-deflection curves had shapes very similar to that obtained ...


A Detailed Approach For Concept Generation And Evaluation In A Technology Push Product Development Environment, Andrew Nelson Dec 2005

A Detailed Approach For Concept Generation And Evaluation In A Technology Push Product Development Environment, Andrew Nelson

Theses and Dissertations

Many companies rely on successful product development as a means to increase their revenues and expand their operations. Market pull, the most common form of product development, begins with a specific customer, and focuses on how to satisfy that customer's needs. Technology push is a product development process where a technology is first discovered, then embodied in products that may be marketed to specific customers. Technology push presents several obstacles not encountered in market pull processes, such as a lack of a defined market, lack of established processes and difficulty in execution. These complications keep technology push from being ...


Manufacturing System And Supply Chain Analyses Related To Product Complexity And Sequenced Parts Delivery, Hui Sun Dec 2005

Manufacturing System And Supply Chain Analyses Related To Product Complexity And Sequenced Parts Delivery, Hui Sun

Doctoral Dissertations

Mixed model assembly has been widely used in many industries. It is applied in order to effectively deal with increasing product complexity. Sequencing and resequencing on a mixed-model assembly line is also complicated by high product complexity. To improve the performance of a mixed-model assembly system and the supply chain, one can develop efficient sequencing rules to address sequencing problems, and manage product complexity to reduce its negative impact on the production system. This research addresses aspects of sequence alteration and restoration on a mixed-model assembly line for the purpose of improving the performance of a manufacturing system and its ...


High-Temperature Low-Cycle-Fatigue And Crack-Growth Behaviors Of Three Superalloys: Hastelloy ® X, Haynes ® 230, And Haynes ® 188, Yulin Lu Dec 2005

High-Temperature Low-Cycle-Fatigue And Crack-Growth Behaviors Of Three Superalloys: Hastelloy ® X, Haynes ® 230, And Haynes ® 188, Yulin Lu

Doctoral Dissertations

Extensive smooth-bar low-cycle-fatigue (LCF) and fatigue crack growth (FCG) experiments on three solid-solution-strengthened superalloys HASTELLOY X, HAYNES 230, and HAYNES 188 have been conducted at 816 and 927 C. Limited tests were run at 649 C, 871 C, and 982 C to study the temperature effect. The LCF tests were performed under a total-strain-range-control mode at Solar Turbines Inc., Metcut Research Inc., and The University of Tennessee (UT). The FCG tests were done under both the constant-load-range and constant-stress-intensity-factor-range modes at Westmoreland Testing Inc. and UT. Various hold times were imposed at the maximum strain or load in both the ...


Analysis Of Vehicle Use Patterns During Military Field Exercises To Identify Potential Roads, Chunxia Wu Dec 2005

Analysis Of Vehicle Use Patterns During Military Field Exercises To Identify Potential Roads, Chunxia Wu

Doctoral Dissertations

Military training is an intensive land use and can cause negative environmental effects. Many studies conducted under Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) for quantifying the impact resulted from the military training exercise found that off-road vehicular activities during training exercises cause the major impact to the training land. Vehicle land use patterns at a certain location affect the impact severity: concentrated and repeated traffic create more serious damage to the land compared to the dispersed offroad vehicle movements. Those areas heavily disturbed by off-road traffic may require a longer period of time or special treatments for the land to return ...


Adaptive Nonlinear Optimization Methodology For Installed Capacity Decisions In Distributed Energy/Cooling Heat And Power Applications., Carl Randolph Hudson Dec 2005

Adaptive Nonlinear Optimization Methodology For Installed Capacity Decisions In Distributed Energy/Cooling Heat And Power Applications., Carl Randolph Hudson

Doctoral Dissertations

Evaluation of potential cooling, heating and power (CHP) applications requires an assessment of the operations and economics of a particular system in meeting the electric and thermal demands of a specific end-use facility. Given the electrical and thermal load behavior of a facility, the tariff structure for grid-supplied electricity, the price of primary fuel (e.g., natural gas), the operating strategy and characteristics of the CHP system, and an assumed set of installed CHP system capacities (e.g., installed capacity of prime mover and absorption chiller), one can determine the cost of such a system as compared to reliance solely ...


The Rrnat/Rdna Ratio As A Measure Of Nitrite Oxidizing Activity, Shawn A. Hawkins Dec 2005

The Rrnat/Rdna Ratio As A Measure Of Nitrite Oxidizing Activity, Shawn A. Hawkins

Doctoral Dissertations

A bench scale nitrification reactor (BSNR) containing nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) of the genus Nitrobacter (» 1 × 1010/L; 5 - 22% of bacteria) was used to assess the ribosomal RNA transcript (rRNAt) to ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) ratio as an in-situ nitrite oxidizing activity metric. A quantitative PCR detection system was developed that amplified a 143 base pair sequence within the Nitrobacter spp. 16S - 23S intergenenic spacer region. The resulting real-time PCR (rDNA) and real-time RT-PCR (rRNAt) assays were specific, accurate, and sensitive, requiring three replicate nucleic acid extracts to reliably detect a true 2-fold concentration difference in BSNR mixed ...


Health Risk Assessment Posed By The Mobile Source Air Toxics On An Urban To Regional Area, Luis Alonso Díaz Robles Dec 2005

Health Risk Assessment Posed By The Mobile Source Air Toxics On An Urban To Regional Area, Luis Alonso Díaz Robles

Doctoral Dissertations

Air toxics are important health concern. The purpose of this research was to develop a protocol to predict exposure concentrations of air toxics and inhalation cancer and noncancer risk that come from different gasoline and diesel-fueled sources. The protocol was developed by linking the U.S. EPA’s Models-3/CMAQ model as the exposure model and toxicological and epidemiological evidence functions. The NEI version 3 for the year 1999 was used in this analysis for point, area, and non-road sources, whereas NMIM was used to create the on-road emissions. The year 2003 was used for meteorological data and as reference ...


Suppliers Evaluation And Selection: A Comprehensive Model To Minimize The Risk Associated With Quality And Delivery, Ammar Mohamed Aamer Dec 2005

Suppliers Evaluation And Selection: A Comprehensive Model To Minimize The Risk Associated With Quality And Delivery, Ammar Mohamed Aamer

Doctoral Dissertations

This research focuses on one of the main steps in outsourcing, supplier
evaluation and selection. The main contributions of this research were twofold.
First, best practices in the supplier’s value stream were identified that directly or
indirectly impact a supplier’s quality and delivery. Second, a comprehensive
supplier evaluation and selection model was developed based on the value
stream concept to minimize the risk associated with two very critical supplierselection factors, quality and on-time delivery.

A survey was conducted to identify best practices. The outcome of the survey
was used to develop a computer based supplier evaluation model, which ...


Evaluation Of Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Emissions During Cold-Start And Steady-State Idling Conditions And Reduction Of Emissions From A Truck-Stop Electrification Program, James A. Calcagno Dec 2005

Evaluation Of Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Emissions During Cold-Start And Steady-State Idling Conditions And Reduction Of Emissions From A Truck-Stop Electrification Program, James A. Calcagno

Doctoral Dissertations

Cold-start and extended-idling emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) were measured from 24, class-8B, heavy-duty diesel vehicles (HDDV8B) using portable emission monitoring equipment. The ratio of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) to NOx and the ratio of PM2.5 to total PM were reported. Truck model years ranged from 1992 to 2004. All vehicles were tested in the field during summer and fall months under ambient environmental conditions at low (600-800 rpm) and high (1000 rpm) engine idling speeds with the truck cab air-conditioner operating at “on” and “off” modes. Sampling data thus ...


Modification And Evaluation Of Continuous Roll Prediction Model For Front Drive Mowers, Xinyan Wang Dec 2005

Modification And Evaluation Of Continuous Roll Prediction Model For Front Drive Mowers, Xinyan Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

The recently approved ASAE Standard S547 “Tip-Over Protective Structure (TOPS) for Front Wheel Drive Turf and Landscape Equipment” addressed a continuous roll prediction model for Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) design. The existing model described in this Standard did not take into account the influence of the mower deck on the rollover behavior. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the original model, according to the ASAE S547 requirement, a 4.05 meters long and 3.42 meters wide slope of 35 degrees was constructed at the University of Tennessee. Lateral upset tests for Deere F925 front drive mower with regular ...


The Effect Of Ultrasonic Vibration On The Solidification Of Light Alloys, Xiaogang Jian Dec 2005

The Effect Of Ultrasonic Vibration On The Solidification Of Light Alloys, Xiaogang Jian

Doctoral Dissertations

This exposition presents the novel thermodynamical and microstructural modification to light alloys, such as aluminum alloys and magnesium alloys, by ultrasonic vibrations during their solidification processes. Ultrasonic vibration has proven to be effective in controlling columnar dendritic structure, reducing the size of equiaxed grains, and under some conditions, producing globular non-dendritic grains. Despite this, the solidification process under the effect of ultrasonic vibration was not clear. Not only was there no such research on how ultrasonic vibration affected its solidification thermodynamically, but also its effects on the as-cast microstructure, including the primary fcc phase, the eutectics, and the secondary phases ...


Experimental, Theoretical, And Device Application Development Of Nanoscale Focused Electron-Beam-Induced Deposition, Steven Jeffrey Randolph Dec 2005

Experimental, Theoretical, And Device Application Development Of Nanoscale Focused Electron-Beam-Induced Deposition, Steven Jeffrey Randolph

Doctoral Dissertations

To elucidate the effects of beam heating in electron beam-induced deposition (EBID), a Monte-Carlo electron-solid interaction model has been employed to calculate the energy deposition profiles in bulk and nanostructured SiO2. Using these profiles, a finite element model was used to predict the nanostructure tip temperatures for standard experimental EBID conditions. Depending on the beam energy, beam current, and nanostructure geometry, the heat generated can be substantial. This heat source can subsequently limit the EBID growth by thermally reducing the mean stay time of the precursor gas. Temperature dependent EBID growth experiments qualitatively verified the results of the electron ...


Thermal And X-Ray Analysis On The Origin Of Double Melting Phenomena Of Poly(L-Lactic Acid) Films, Xiaoyun Ling Dec 2005

Thermal And X-Ray Analysis On The Origin Of Double Melting Phenomena Of Poly(L-Lactic Acid) Films, Xiaoyun Ling

Doctoral Dissertations

Thermal analysis is one of the most commonly used techniques to characterize the structure and properties of semicrystalline polymers. Unfortunately, the interpretation of thermal events is not always straightforward, but can be quite complicated. However, the complexity involved is often overlooked, leading to erroneous or, at least, questionable results and interpretations. In the present study we carry out an extensive investigation of the thermal behavior of poly(L-lactic acid), PLLA, films prepared under a wide range of crystallization conditions, including isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization from both the glassy state and the melt. The primary techniques used were differential scanning calorimetry ...


A Proposed Framework For Simultaneous Optimization Of Evacuation Traffic Distribution And Assignment, Fang Yuan Dec 2005

A Proposed Framework For Simultaneous Optimization Of Evacuation Traffic Distribution And Assignment, Fang Yuan

Doctoral Dissertations

In the conventional evacuation planning process, evacuees are assigned to fixed destinations based mainly on the criterion of geographical proximity. However, such pre-specified destinations (OD table) almost always lead to sub-optimal evacuation efficiencies due to uncertain road conditions such as congestion, road blockage, and other hazards associated with the emergency. By relaxing the constraint of assigning evacuees to pre-specified destinations, a one-destination evacuation (ODE) concept has the potential of greatly improving the evacuation efficiency. A framework for simultaneous optimization of evacuation traffic distribution and assignment is therefore proposed in this study. Based on the concept of ODE, the optimal destination ...


Differential-Algebraic Approach To Speed And Parameter Estimation Of The Induction Motor, Mengwei Li Dec 2005

Differential-Algebraic Approach To Speed And Parameter Estimation Of The Induction Motor, Mengwei Li

Doctoral Dissertations

This thesis considers a differential-algebraic approach to estimating the speed and rotor time constant of an induction motor using only the measured terminal voltages and currents. It is shown that the induction motor speed satisfies both a second-order and a third-order polynomial equation whose coefficients depend the stator voltages, stator currents, and their derivatives. Further, it is shown that as long as the stator electrical frequency is nonzero, the speed is uniquely determined by these polynomials. The speed so determined is then used to stabilize a dynamic (Luenberger type) observer to obtain a smoothed speed estimate. With full knowledge of ...


A Methodology For Solving The Equations Arising In Nonlinear Parameter Identification Problems: Application To Induction Machines, Kaiyu Wang Dec 2005

A Methodology For Solving The Equations Arising In Nonlinear Parameter Identification Problems: Application To Induction Machines, Kaiyu Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation presents a method that can be used to identify the parameters of a class of systems whose regressor models are nonlinear in the parameters. The technique is based on classical elimination theory, and it guarantees that the solution for the parameters which minimize a least-squares criterion can be found in a finite number of steps. The proposed methodology begins with an input-output linear overparameterized model whose parameters are rationally related. After making appropriate substitutions that account for the overparameterization, the problem is transformed into a nonlinear least-squares problem that is not overparameterized. The extrema equations are computed, and ...


Liquid Crystals Confined In Nanoporous Silica, Yang Gao Dec 2005

Liquid Crystals Confined In Nanoporous Silica, Yang Gao

Doctoral Dissertations

Confinement has a nontrivial effect on a condensed matter system due to the finite size effect, the surface effect and the induced disorder. Different techniques such as calorimetric measurement, dielectric spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, X-ray scattering and quasi-elastic neutron scattering have been widely used to study this important topic. Confined liquid crystals (LCs) have attracted great attention in particular because they are a soft system and their physical properties are more easily affected by the geometrical confinement (entropic) effect and the surface interaction (energetic) effect. In this paper, we study the phase transitions and dynamic behavior of LCs, 5CB and ...


An Automated Optimal Design Of A Fan Blade Using An Integrated Cfd/Mdo Computer Environment, Uyi O. Idahosa Dec 2005

An Automated Optimal Design Of A Fan Blade Using An Integrated Cfd/Mdo Computer Environment, Uyi O. Idahosa

Master's Theses - Daytona Beach

The objective of the investigation is the development of more efficient design methodologies based on the applications of established design tools including Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and non-linear Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) algorithms. Well known evolutionary type optimization algorithms include the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Response Surface Optimization (RSO) and Genetic (GA) Algorithms. The benchmark case study is the optimal design of a low speed fan for an industrial air-conditioning application using the Response Surface Optimization (RSO) algorithm.

The optimization algorithm controls the variations of parameters that describe the three-dimensional geometry of the blade while applying performance and geometrical constraints ...


Capacitated And Uncapacitated Facilities Locationallocation Problem With Sensitive Prices, Stochastic Demands, And Inventory, Yaser Al-Alawi Dec 2005

Capacitated And Uncapacitated Facilities Locationallocation Problem With Sensitive Prices, Stochastic Demands, And Inventory, Yaser Al-Alawi

Dissertations

This study developed a quantitative model that solves a facility locationallocation (LA) problem that maximizes the net profits generated from expected sales. The model was formulated to take into consideration demand uncertainty, sensitive prices, and existence of inventory for capacitated and uncapacitated facilities. Four new models for the LA problem with stochastic demands and inventory were developed and studied. The four models were combinations of capacitated and uncapacitated facilities and sensitive and insensitive prices.

A new method was proposed for achieving optimality, and an approximation procedure was developed that could find near-optimal solutions for problems that could not be solved ...


Characterization Of Binary Offset Carrier (Boc) Systems Coexisting With Other Wideband Signals, John M. Hedenberg Dec 2005

Characterization Of Binary Offset Carrier (Boc) Systems Coexisting With Other Wideband Signals, John M. Hedenberg

Theses and Dissertations

Results for modeling, simulation, and analysis of interference effects that modern interfering signals have on the system performance of the Binary Offset Carrier (BOC) signals, such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) Military System (M-Code signal) are addressed in this work. Three signals are addressed as potential interferers. These include the current GPS clear/acquisition code (C/A-Code) signal, the current GPS precision code (P-Code) signal, and an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed (OFDM) signal. All of these potential interferers are modeled as coexisting within the same bandwidth as the M-Code signal. Interference effects are characterized by comparing the bit error ...


A Study Of Material Properties And Relevant Microstructure Parameters That May Influence The V50 Ballistic Limit Velocity Of Composite Ceramics, Adolphus Mcdonald Dec 2005

A Study Of Material Properties And Relevant Microstructure Parameters That May Influence The V50 Ballistic Limit Velocity Of Composite Ceramics, Adolphus Mcdonald

Masters Theses

The purpose of this research is to evaluate, compare, and correlate the microstructure and mechanical properties of a selected group of ceramic armor samples to the V50 ballistic limit velocity. This study is to identify any relation between the desired material properties and the relevant microstructure parameters that significantly influence the ballistic limit velocity. The ceramic materials, silicon carbide and boron carbide, were produced and provided by five foreign companies. These companies were under contract by the United States Army, Research, Development, and Engineering Command to provide ceramic armor for comparative testing and material evaluation.

Ballistic testing was carried ...


Performance Measurements Of Direct Air Injection In A Cavity-Based Flameholder For A Supersonic Combustor, Scott G. Edens Dec 2005

Performance Measurements Of Direct Air Injection In A Cavity-Based Flameholder For A Supersonic Combustor, Scott G. Edens

Theses and Dissertations

For several years the Air Force Research Lab Propulsion Directorate has been studying the difficulties in fueling supersonic combustion ramjet engines with hydrocarbon based fuels. Recent investigations have focused on the use of direct air injection into a directly-fueled cavity-based flameholder. Direct air injection has been shown qualitatively to be a valuable tool for improving cavity combustion. Little quantitative data is available that characterizes the performance of cavity-based flameholders. The objective of this research was to quantitatively determine the specific advantages and disadvantages of the direct air injection scheme. This was accomplished via intrusive probing into a supersonic free stream ...