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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Influence Of Mineralogy And Surfactant Concentration On Zeta Potential In Intact Sandstone At High Pressure, Faisal Ur Rahman Awan, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Hamed Akhondzadeh, Sefan Iglauer, Alireza Keshavarz Jan 2022

Influence Of Mineralogy And Surfactant Concentration On Zeta Potential In Intact Sandstone At High Pressure, Faisal Ur Rahman Awan, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Hamed Akhondzadeh, Sefan Iglauer, Alireza Keshavarz

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Hypothesis:

Zeta-potential in the presence of brine has been studied for its application within hydrocarbon reservoirs. These studies have shown that sandstone’s zeta-potential remains negatively charged, non-zero, and levels-off at salinities > 0.4 mol.dm−3, thus becoming independent of salinity when ionic strength is increased further. However, research conducted to date has not yet considered clay-rich (i.e. clay ≥ 5 wt%) sandstones.

Experiments:

Firstly, streaming potential measurements were conducted on Bandera Gray sandstones (clay-rich and clay-poor) with 0.6 and 2 mol.dm−3 NaCl brine-saturated in pressurised environments (6.895 MPa overburden and 3.447 MPa back-pressure ...


Quantifying Techno-Economic Indicators' Impact On Isolated Renewable Energy Systems, Muhammad Shahzad Javed, Tao Ma, Navid Mousavi, Salman Ahmed, Henrik Lund, Hongxing Yang, Yanjun Dai Jul 2021

Quantifying Techno-Economic Indicators' Impact On Isolated Renewable Energy Systems, Muhammad Shahzad Javed, Tao Ma, Navid Mousavi, Salman Ahmed, Henrik Lund, Hongxing Yang, Yanjun Dai

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Addressing climate change with the rising global energy usage necessitates electricity sector decarbonization by rapidly moving toward flexible and efficient off-grid renewable energy systems (RESs). This paper analyzes the wind and solar micro-grids, with batteries and pumped hydro storage for a robust off-grid RES techno-economic operation, while considering diverse multi-objective optimization cases. This research has considered the RES variable operational losses in the developed methodology and relations between different indicators are evaluated, revealing a basic understanding between them. The results reveal that the reliability index is inversely related to the oversupply index, while directly related to the system self-sufficiency index ...


Deep Learning Control For Digital Feedback Systems: Improved Performance With Robustness Against Parameter Change, Nuha A. S. Alwan, Zahir M. Hussain Jan 2021

Deep Learning Control For Digital Feedback Systems: Improved Performance With Robustness Against Parameter Change, Nuha A. S. Alwan, Zahir M. Hussain

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Training data for a deep learning (DL) neural network (NN) controller are obtained from the input and output signals of a conventional digital controller that is designed to provide the suitable control signal to a specified plant within a feedback digital control system. It is found that if the DL controller is sufficiently deep (four hidden layers), it can outperform the conventional controller in terms of settling time of the system output transient response to a unit-step reference signal. That is, the DL controller introduces a damping effect. Moreover, it does not need to be retrained to operate with a ...


Influence Of Rock Wettability On Thf Hydrate Saturation And Distribution In Sandstones, Ghazanfer Raza Abbasi, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Abubakar Isah, Alireza Keshavarz, Sefan Iglauer Jan 2021

Influence Of Rock Wettability On Thf Hydrate Saturation And Distribution In Sandstones, Ghazanfer Raza Abbasi, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Abubakar Isah, Alireza Keshavarz, Sefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Natural gas trapped in hydrate deposits is a potentially enormous source of energy which can in principle be extracted from the underground reservoir structures. These reserves can potentially also catastrophically release very large quantities of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. One key parameter which is well known to strongly influence fluid distribution, saturation, and production is rock wettability. However, the effect of wettability on gas hydrate in sediments has not been investigated yet. We thus used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry to measure relaxation times (T2 and T1) and the corresponding surface relaxivity of tetrahydrofuran hydrate during the ...


Towards Predicting Dnapl Source Zone Formation To Improve Plume Assessment: Using Robust Laboratory And Numerical Experiments To Evaluate The Relevance Of Retention Curve Characteristics, Christian Engelmann, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Luisa Schmidt, Charles J. Werth, Marc Walther Jan 2021

Towards Predicting Dnapl Source Zone Formation To Improve Plume Assessment: Using Robust Laboratory And Numerical Experiments To Evaluate The Relevance Of Retention Curve Characteristics, Christian Engelmann, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Luisa Schmidt, Charles J. Werth, Marc Walther

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 The Authors We conducted multiple laboratory trials in a robust and repeatable experimental layout to study dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zone formation. We extended an image processing and analysis framework to derive DNAPL saturation distributions from reflective optical imaging data, with volume balance deviations < 5.07%. We used a multiphase flow model to simulate source zone formation in a Monte Carlo approach, where the parameter space was defined by the variation of retention curve parameters. Integral and geometric measures were used to characterize the source zones and implemented into a multi-criteria objective function. The latter showed good agreement between observation data and simulation results for effective DNAPL saturation values > 0.04, especially for early stages of DNAPL migration. The common hypothesis that parameters defining the DNAPL-water retention curves are constant over time was not confirmed. Once DNAPL pooling started, the optimal fit in the parameter space was significantly different compared to the earlier DNAPL migration stages. We suspect more complex processes (e ...


Characterization And Analysis Of Naturally Fractured Gas Reservoirs Based On Stimulated Reservoir Volume And Petro-Physical Parameters, Ali Al-Rubaye, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Muhammad Ali, Hisham Ben Mahmud Jan 2021

Characterization And Analysis Of Naturally Fractured Gas Reservoirs Based On Stimulated Reservoir Volume And Petro-Physical Parameters, Ali Al-Rubaye, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Muhammad Ali, Hisham Ben Mahmud

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021, The Author(s). Fracture is one of the most important geological phenomena that affect the production of hydrocarbon compounds in broken carbonate reservoirs. However, fracture controlling factors must be combined with well data to achieve accurate fracture modeling. Therefore, structural data, drilling data, well flow diagrams, cores data, wells production data, and dynamic reservoir data have been considered here. Finally, by combining the above-mentioned information and through statistical and mathematical methods, the mechanism of fracture creation, general trends, and dominant fracture patterns are determined. These patterns are directly related to the tectonic regime and the stresses governing the region ...


Relationship Between Pressure And Output Parameters In Belt Grinding Of Steels And Nickel Alloy, Nelli V. Syreyshchikova, Danil Y. Pimenov, Munish K. Gupta, Krzysztof Nadolny, Khaled Giasin, Muhammad Aamir, Shubham Sharma Jan 2021

Relationship Between Pressure And Output Parameters In Belt Grinding Of Steels And Nickel Alloy, Nelli V. Syreyshchikova, Danil Y. Pimenov, Munish K. Gupta, Krzysztof Nadolny, Khaled Giasin, Muhammad Aamir, Shubham Sharma

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Belt grinding of flat surfaces of typical parts made of steel and alloys, such as grooves, shoulders, ends, and long workpieces, is a good alternative to milling. Several factors can influence the belt grinding process of flat surfaces of metals, such as cutting speed and pressure. In this work, the importance of pressure in the belt grinding was investigated in terms of technological and experimental aspects. The grinding experiments were performed on structural alloy steel 30KhGSN2/30KhGSNA, structural carbon steel AISI 1045, corrosion-resistant and heat-resistant stainless steel AISI 321, and heat-resistant nickel alloy KHN77TYuR. The performance of the grinding belt ...


Quantifying The Benefits Of In-Time And In-Place Responses To Remediate Acute Lnapl Release Incidents, Kaveh S. Lari, Andrew King, John L. Rayner, Greg B. Davis Jan 2021

Quantifying The Benefits Of In-Time And In-Place Responses To Remediate Acute Lnapl Release Incidents, Kaveh S. Lari, Andrew King, John L. Rayner, Greg B. Davis

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Acute large volume spills from storage tanks of petroleum hydrocarbons as light non aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) can contaminate soil and groundwater and may have the potential to pose explosive and other risks. In consideration of an acute LNAPL release scenario, we explore the value of a rapid remediation response, and the value of installing remediation infrastructure in close proximity to the spill location, in effecting greater recovery of LNAPL mass from the subsurface. For the first time, a verified three-dimensional multi-phase numerical framework and supercomputing resources was applied to explore the significance of in-time and in-place remediation actions. A ...


Hydrogen Adsorption On Sub-Bituminous Coal: Implications For Hydrogen Geo-Storage, Sefan Iglauer, Hussein Abid, Ahmed Z. Al-Yaseri, Alireza Keshavarz Jan 2021

Hydrogen Adsorption On Sub-Bituminous Coal: Implications For Hydrogen Geo-Storage, Sefan Iglauer, Hussein Abid, Ahmed Z. Al-Yaseri, Alireza Keshavarz

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Hydrogen is a clean fuel that can potentially revolutionize the energy supply chain and decarbonize fuel consumption. However, a key hurdle that needs to be overcome before a full-scale hydrogen economy can be established is hydrogen storage which is currently the main limitation. Here, we propose that hydrogen gas can be stored in underground coal seams, where it adsorbs on the coal surface. However, currently, no hard data related to such a procedure exists. We, therefore, demonstrate experimentally that significant amounts of hydrogen gas can be stored via this route. Hydrogen adsorption capacities reached 0.6 moles H2/kg ...


Enhanced Oil Recovery By Hydrophilic Silica Nanofluid: Experimental Evaluation Of The Impact Of Parameters And Mechanisms On Recovery Potential, Tariq A. Chandio, Muhammad A. Manan, Khalil R. Memon, Ghulam Abbas, Ghazanfer R. Abbasi Jan 2021

Enhanced Oil Recovery By Hydrophilic Silica Nanofluid: Experimental Evaluation Of The Impact Of Parameters And Mechanisms On Recovery Potential, Tariq A. Chandio, Muhammad A. Manan, Khalil R. Memon, Ghulam Abbas, Ghazanfer R. Abbasi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Nanofluids as an EOR technique are reported to enhance oil recoveries. Among all the nanomaterial silica with promising lab results, economic and environmental acceptability are an ideal material for future applications. Despite the potential to enhance recoveries, understanding the two-fold impact of parameters such as concentration, salinity, stability, injection rate, and irreproducibility of results has arisen ambiguities that have delayed field applications. This integrated study is conducted to ascertain two-fold impacts of concentration and salinity on recovery and stability and evaluates corresponding changes in the recovery mechanism with variance in the parameters. Initially, silica nanofluids’ recovery potential was evaluated by ...


Microstructure Evolution And Mechanical Property Response Of Tc11 Titanium Alloy Under Electroshock Treatment, Chang Liu, Lechun Xie, Dongsheng Qian, Lin Hua, Liqiang Wang, Lai-Chang Zhang Jan 2021

Microstructure Evolution And Mechanical Property Response Of Tc11 Titanium Alloy Under Electroshock Treatment, Chang Liu, Lechun Xie, Dongsheng Qian, Lin Hua, Liqiang Wang, Lai-Chang Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 The Authors This work investigated the effects of electroshock treatment (EST) on the microstructure variation and mechanical properties of TC11 alloy. The average hardness of the specimens decreased from 358 HV to 328 HV after EST of 0.04 s, then increased to 396 HV after EST of 0.06 s. After EST, the yield strength of specimen declined from 959 MPa to 797 MPa after EST of 0.04 s, and then increased to 1265 MPa after EST of 0.06 s, but the fracture strain decreased continuously. The variation in mechanical properties was closely related to the ...


Predicting The Settlement Of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soil Foundations Using Evolutionary Artificial Intelligence Technique, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla Jan 2021

Predicting The Settlement Of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soil Foundations Using Evolutionary Artificial Intelligence Technique, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In order to ensure safe and sustainable design of geosynthetic-reinforced soil foundation (GRSF), settlement prediction is a challenging task for practising civil/geotechnical engineers. In this paper, a new hybrid technique for predicting the settlement of GRSF has been proposed based on the combination of evolutionary algorithm, that is, grey-wolf optimisation (GWO) and artificial neural network (ANN), abbreviated as ANN-GWO model. For this purpose, the reliable pertinent data were generated through numerical simulations conducted on validated large-scale 3-D finite element model. The predictive power of the model was assessed using various well-established statistical indices, and also validated against several independent ...


Numerical Assessment Of The Overall Heat Transfer And Pressure Drop Performances Of An Aqueous Ammonia Base-Nanofluids In Rectangular Microchannel Heat Sinks, Ahmed Mohammed Adham, Hussein A. Mohammed Jan 2021

Numerical Assessment Of The Overall Heat Transfer And Pressure Drop Performances Of An Aqueous Ammonia Base-Nanofluids In Rectangular Microchannel Heat Sinks, Ahmed Mohammed Adham, Hussein A. Mohammed

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In this paper, the thermal and hydrodynamic performances of an aqueous ammonia base-nanofluid (Al2O3-NH3(aqu)) cooled in a rectangular microchannel heat sink was numerically investigated. The range of Reynolds number used in the investigation were between 140-1400. In order to assess the performance of the system during the employment of the proposed nanofluid, H2O and Al2O3-H2O were also tested and their performances were compared to Al2O3-NH3(aqu) performance in terms of thermal resistance and pressure drop. Results from the simulation showed that the proposed nanofluid outperformed pure water and slightly higher than Al2O3-H2O in terms of thermal resistance (for Re ...


Analysis Of Hole Quality And Chips Formation In The Dry Drilling Process Of Al7075-T6, Numan Habib, Aamer Sharif, Aquib Hussain, Muhammad Aamir, Khaled Giasin, Danil Yurievich Pimenov, Umair Ali Jan 2021

Analysis Of Hole Quality And Chips Formation In The Dry Drilling Process Of Al7075-T6, Numan Habib, Aamer Sharif, Aquib Hussain, Muhammad Aamir, Khaled Giasin, Danil Yurievich Pimenov, Umair Ali

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Millions of holes are produced in many industries where efficient drilling is considered the key factor in their success. High-quality holes are possible with the proper selection of drilling process parameters, appropriate tools, and machine setup. This paper deals with the effects of drilling parameters such as spindle speed and feed rate on the chips analysis and the hole quality like surface roughness, hole size, circularity, and burr formation. Al7075-T6 alloy, commonly used in the aerospace industry, was used for the drilling process, and the dry drilling experiments were performed using high-speed steel drill bits. Results have shown that surface ...


Sub-Micron Moulding Topological Mass Transport Regimes In Angled Vortex Fluidic Flow, Thaar M. D. Alharbi, Matt Jellicoe, Xuan Luo, Kasturi Vimalanathan, Ibrahim K. Alsulami, Bediea S. Al Harbi, Aghil Igder, Fayed A. J. Alrashaidi, Xianjue Chen, Keith A. Stubbs, Justin M. Chalker, Wei Zhang, Ramiz A. Boulos, Darryl B. Jones, Jamie S. Quinton, Colin L. Raston Jan 2021

Sub-Micron Moulding Topological Mass Transport Regimes In Angled Vortex Fluidic Flow, Thaar M. D. Alharbi, Matt Jellicoe, Xuan Luo, Kasturi Vimalanathan, Ibrahim K. Alsulami, Bediea S. Al Harbi, Aghil Igder, Fayed A. J. Alrashaidi, Xianjue Chen, Keith A. Stubbs, Justin M. Chalker, Wei Zhang, Ramiz A. Boulos, Darryl B. Jones, Jamie S. Quinton, Colin L. Raston

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Shear stress in dynamic thin films, as in vortex fluidics, can be harnessed for generating non-equilibrium conditions, but the nature of the fluid flow is not understood. A rapidly rotating inclined tube in the vortex fluidic device (VFD) imparts shear stress (mechanical energy) into a thin film of liquid, depending on the physical characteristics of the liquid and rotational speed,ω, tilt angle,θ, and diameter of the tube. Through understanding that the fluid exhibits resonance behaviours from the confining boundaries of the glass surface and the meniscus that determines the liquid film thickness, we have established specific topological mass ...


Analysis Of Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Bismuth-Doped Sac305 Lead-Free Solder Alloy At High Temperature, Umair Ali, Hamza Khan, Muhammad Aamir, Khaled Giasin, Numan Habib, Muhammad Owais Awan Jan 2021

Analysis Of Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Bismuth-Doped Sac305 Lead-Free Solder Alloy At High Temperature, Umair Ali, Hamza Khan, Muhammad Aamir, Khaled Giasin, Numan Habib, Muhammad Owais Awan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

SAC305 lead-free solder alloy is widely used in the electronic industry. However, the problems associated with the growth formation of intermetallic compounds need further research, especially at high temperatures. This study investigates the doping of Bismuth into SAC305 in the various compositions of 1, 2, and 3 wt.%. The microstructure in terms of intermetallic compound particles and mechanical properties was examined after thermal aging at temperatures of 100◦C and 200◦C for 60 h. The microstructure examination was observed using scanning electron microscopy, and the chemical composition of each alloy was confirmed with an energy dispersive X-ray. Tensile tests ...


Experimental Study On Repeatedly Loaded Foundation Soil Strengthened By Wraparound Geosynthetic Reinforcement Technique, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla Jan 2021

Experimental Study On Repeatedly Loaded Foundation Soil Strengthened By Wraparound Geosynthetic Reinforcement Technique, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In the recent past, the potential benefits of wraparound geosynthetic reinforcement technique for constructing the reinforced soil foundations have been reported. This paper presents the experimental study on the behaviour of model strip footing resting on sandy soil bed reinforced with geosynthetic in wraparound and planar forms under monotonic and repeated loadings. The geosynthetic layers were laid according to the reinforcement ratio to minimise the scale effect. It is found that for the same amount of reinforcement material, the wraparound reinforced model resulted in less settlement in comparison to planar reinforced models. The efficiency of wraparound reinforced model increased with ...


The Role Of Leadership In Aviation Safety And Aircraft Airworthiness, Ayiei Ayiei, Luke Pollock, Fatima Najeeb Khan, John Murray, Glenn Baxter, Graham Wild Jan 2021

The Role Of Leadership In Aviation Safety And Aircraft Airworthiness, Ayiei Ayiei, Luke Pollock, Fatima Najeeb Khan, John Murray, Glenn Baxter, Graham Wild

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Ensuring aircraft are technically safe to operate is the realm of airworthiness, literally worthy of being in the air. This is achieved not only with technological tools and techniques, or with just personnel and manpower, it is guided and supervised by managers and leaders. As such, the objective of this paper is to understand the role leadership plays in maintaining aviation safety and aircraft airworthiness. To this end, a case study of the Hawker Sidley Nimrod XV230 accident that occured on September 2, 2006 near Kandahar in Afghanistan, was utilized. The study concluded that leadership is a key aspect, specifically ...


Effect Of Co2 Flooding On The Wettability Evolution Of Sand-Stone, Cut Aja Fauziah, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Emad Al-Khdheeawi, Nilesh Kumar Jha, Hussein R. Abid, Stefan Iglauer, Christopher Lagat, Ahmed Barifcani Jan 2021

Effect Of Co2 Flooding On The Wettability Evolution Of Sand-Stone, Cut Aja Fauziah, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Emad Al-Khdheeawi, Nilesh Kumar Jha, Hussein R. Abid, Stefan Iglauer, Christopher Lagat, Ahmed Barifcani

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Wettability is one of the main parameters controlling CO2 injectivity and the movement of CO2 plume during geological CO2 sequestration. Despite significant research efforts, there is still a high uncertainty associated with the wettability of CO2/brine/rock systems and how they evolve with CO2 exposure. This study, therefore, aims to measure the contact angle of sandstone samples with varying clay content before and after laboratory core flooding at different reservoir pressures, of 10 MPa and 15 MPa, and a temperature of 323 K. The samples’ microstructural changes are also assessed to investigate any potential alteration in the samples’ structure ...


Video Analysis And Verification Of Direct Head Impacts Recorded By Wearable Sensors In Junior Rugby League Players, Lauchlan Carey, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. Mcintosh, Peter Stanwell, Grant L. Iverson, Andrew J. Gardner Jan 2021

Video Analysis And Verification Of Direct Head Impacts Recorded By Wearable Sensors In Junior Rugby League Players, Lauchlan Carey, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. Mcintosh, Peter Stanwell, Grant L. Iverson, Andrew J. Gardner

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: Rugby league is a high-intensity collision sport that carries a risk of concussion. Youth athletes are considered to be more vulnerable and take longer to recover from concussion than adult athletes. Purpose: To review head impact events in elite-level junior representative rugby league and to verify and describe characteristics of X-patchTM-recorded impacts via video analysis. Study Design: Observational case series. Methods: The X-patchTM was used on twenty-one adolescent players (thirteen forwards and eight backs) during a 2017 junior representative rugby league competition. Game-day footage, recorded by a trained videographer from a single camera, was synchronised with X-patchTM-recorded timestamped events ...


A Review Of Enhancement Of Biohydrogen Productions By Chemical Addition Using A Supervised Machine Learning Method, Yiyang Liu, Jinze Liu, Hongzhen He, Shanru Yang, Yixiao Wang, Jin Hu, Huan Jin, Tianxiang Cui, Gang Yang, Yong Sun Jan 2021

A Review Of Enhancement Of Biohydrogen Productions By Chemical Addition Using A Supervised Machine Learning Method, Yiyang Liu, Jinze Liu, Hongzhen He, Shanru Yang, Yixiao Wang, Jin Hu, Huan Jin, Tianxiang Cui, Gang Yang, Yong Sun

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In this work, the impact of chemical additions, especially nano‐particles (NPs), was quan-titatively analyzed using our constructed artificial neural networks (ANNs)‐response surface methodology (RSM) algorithm. Fe‐based and Ni‐based NPs and ions, including Mg2+, Cu2+, Na+, NH4+, and K+, behave differently towards the response of hydrogen yield (HY) and hydrogen evolution rate (HER). Manipulating the size and concentration of NPs was found to be effective in enhancing the HY for Fe‐based NPs and ions, but not for Ni‐based NPs and ions. An optimal range of particle size (86–120 nm) and Ni‐ion/NP concentration ...


Analysis And Optimization Of Process Parameters In Abrasive Waterjet Contour Cutting Of Aisi 304l, Jennifer M. Llanto, Ana Vafadar, Muhammad Aamir, Majid Tolouei-Rad Jan 2021

Analysis And Optimization Of Process Parameters In Abrasive Waterjet Contour Cutting Of Aisi 304l, Jennifer M. Llanto, Ana Vafadar, Muhammad Aamir, Majid Tolouei-Rad

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Abrasive waterjet machining is applied in various industries for contour cutting of heat-sensitive and difficult-to-cut materials like austenitic stainless steel 304L, with the goal of en-suring high surface integrity and efficiency. In alignment with this manufacturing aspiration, experimental analysis and optimization were carried out on abrasive waterjet machining of austenitic stainless steel 304L with the objectives of minimizing surface roughness and maximizing material removal rate. In this machining process, process parameters are critical factors influencing contour cutting performance. Accordingly, Taguchi’s S/N ratio method has been used in this study for the optimization of process parameters. Further in this ...


Topological Design Of Pentamode Lattice Metamaterials Using A Ground Structure Method, Zuyu Li, Zhen Luo, Lai-Chang Zhang, Chun-Hui Wang Jan 2021

Topological Design Of Pentamode Lattice Metamaterials Using A Ground Structure Method, Zuyu Li, Zhen Luo, Lai-Chang Zhang, Chun-Hui Wang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Pentamode metamaterials are a new class of artificially engineering three-dimensional lattice composites. There exist a few types of pentamode metamaterials that are dominated by ad hoc design motifs, while a systematic design approach is still missing. This paper will present an efficient topological optimization methodology to discover a series of novel pentamode lattice microarchitectures over a range of effective material properties. Firstly, the necessary and sufficient condition that is required for elasticity constants of pentamode micro lattices with at least elastically orthotropic symmetry is derived. Secondly, a general mathematical formulation for design optimization of such pentamode micro lattices is developed ...


Breaking-Down And Parameterising Wave Energy Converter Costs Using The Capex And Similitude Methods, Ophelie Choupin, Michael Henriksen, Amir Etemad-Shahidi, Rodger Tomlinson Jan 2021

Breaking-Down And Parameterising Wave Energy Converter Costs Using The Capex And Similitude Methods, Ophelie Choupin, Michael Henriksen, Amir Etemad-Shahidi, Rodger Tomlinson

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Wave energy converters (WECs) can play a significant role in the transition towards a more renewable-based energy mix as stable and unlimited energy resources. Financial analysis of these projects requires WECs cost and WEC capital expenditure (CapEx) information. However, (i) cost information is often limited due to confidentiality and (ii) the wave energy field lacks flexible methods for cost breakdown and parameterisation, whereas they are needed for rapid and optimised WEC configuration and worldwide site pairing. This study takes advantage of the information provided by Wavepiston to compare different costing methods. The work assesses the Froude-Law-similarities-based “Similitude method” for cost-scaling ...


Effect Of Seawater Ageing On Fracture Toughness Of Stitched Glass Fiber/Epoxy Laminates For Marine Applications, Atizaz Hassan, Rafiullah Khan, Numan Khan, Muhammad Aamir, Danil Y. Pimenov, Khaled Giasin Jan 2021

Effect Of Seawater Ageing On Fracture Toughness Of Stitched Glass Fiber/Epoxy Laminates For Marine Applications, Atizaz Hassan, Rafiullah Khan, Numan Khan, Muhammad Aamir, Danil Y. Pimenov, Khaled Giasin

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Composite materials are used in various industries such as marine, aircraft, automotive, etc. In marine applications, composites are exposed to seawater, which can affect their mechanical properties due to moisture absorption. This work focuses on the durability of composite materials under the short-term effect of seawater ageing. The specimens were prepared from glass fiber/epoxy using a hand lap-up method and stitched in the z-direction with Kevlar fiber. The specimens were submerged in seawater for 24 and 35 days. A significant decrease in maximum load was found as specimen immersion time in seawater increased. The seawater ageing also affected fracture ...


An Intelligent Approach For Predicting The Strength Of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Subgrade Soil, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla, Muhammad Umer Arif Khan Jan 2021

An Intelligent Approach For Predicting The Strength Of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Subgrade Soil, Muhammad Nouman Amjad Raja, Sanjay K. Shukla, Muhammad Umer Arif Khan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In the recent times, the use of geosynthetic-reinforced soil (GRS) technology has become popular for constructing safe and sustainable pavement structures. The strength of the subgrade soil is routinely assessed in terms of its California bearing ratio (CBR). However, in the past, no effort was made to develop a method for evaluating the CBR of the reinforced subgrade soil. The main aim of this paper is to explore and appraise the competency of the several intelligent models such as artificial neural network (ANN), least median of squares regression, Gaussian processes regression, elastic net regularisation regression, lazy K-star, M-5 model ...


Shale Wettability: Data Sets, Challenges, And Outlook, Muhammad Arif, Yihuai Zhang, Stefan Iglauer Jan 2021

Shale Wettability: Data Sets, Challenges, And Outlook, Muhammad Arif, Yihuai Zhang, Stefan Iglauer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021 American Chemical Society. The wetting characteristics of shale rocks at representative subsurface conditions remain an area of active debate. A precise characterization of shale wettability is essential for enhanced oil and gas recovery, containment security during CO2 geo-storage, and flow back efficiency during hydraulic fracturing. While several methods were utilized in the literature to evaluate shale wettability (e.g., contact angle measurements, spontaneous imbibition method,and NMR method), we here review the recently published data sets on shale contact angle measurements. The objectives of this review are to (a) develop a repository of the recent shale wettability data sets ...


Graphene Nanoplatelets Suspended In Different Basefluids Based Solar Collector: An Experimental And Analytical Study, Omer A. Alawi, Haslinda Mohamed Kamar, Abdul Rahman Mallah, Hussein A. Mohammed, Mohd Aizad Sazrul Sabrudin, Omar A. Hussein, Salim Newaz Kazi, Gholamhassan Najafi Jan 2021

Graphene Nanoplatelets Suspended In Different Basefluids Based Solar Collector: An Experimental And Analytical Study, Omer A. Alawi, Haslinda Mohamed Kamar, Abdul Rahman Mallah, Hussein A. Mohammed, Mohd Aizad Sazrul Sabrudin, Omar A. Hussein, Salim Newaz Kazi, Gholamhassan Najafi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. A flat plate solar collector (FPSC) was analytically studied, with functionalized graphene nanoplatelets (f-GNPs) as its working fluid. Four samples (wt % nanofluids) were prepared in different base fluids such as ethylene glycol (EG), distilled water (DW):EG (70:30), and DW:EG (50:50). Experimental results (via DW) were used to verify the effectiveness of the analytical model. Some of the operating conditions were taken into account in this research, including temperatures, power, and mass flow rates. Experimental techniques were used to elucidate the modified nanofluids’ physicochemical properties, such as its particle ...


Detection And Recognition Of Moving Video Objects: Kalman Filtering With Deep Learning, Hind Rustum Mohammed, Zahir M. Hussain Jan 2021

Detection And Recognition Of Moving Video Objects: Kalman Filtering With Deep Learning, Hind Rustum Mohammed, Zahir M. Hussain

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021. All rights reserved. Research in object recognition has lately found that Deep Convolutional Neuronal Networks (CNN) provide a breakthrough in detection scores, especially in video applications. This paper presents an approach for object recognition in videos by combining Kalman filter with CNN. Kalman filter is first applied for detection, removing the background and then cropping object. Kalman filtering achieves three important functions: predicting the future location of the object, reducing noise and interference from incorrect detections, and associating multi-objects to tracks. After detection and cropping the moving object, a CNN model will predict the category of object. The CNN ...


Performance Of Fft-Ofdm Versus Dwt-Ofdm Under Compressive Sensing, Zainab Hdeib Al-Shably, Zahir M. Hussain Jan 2021

Performance Of Fft-Ofdm Versus Dwt-Ofdm Under Compressive Sensing, Zainab Hdeib Al-Shably, Zahir M. Hussain

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

In this work, we present a comparative study on the performance of Fourier-based OFDM (FFT-OFDM) and wavelet-based OFDM (DWT-OFDM) under compressive sensing (CS). Transmission over FFT-OFDM and DWT-OFDM, which has been made under different baseband modulation schemes such as Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK), Quadrature Phase Shift Key (QPSK), Quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM) and (64QAM) has been considered. From numerical simulation results, it is observed that the Wavelet-based OFDM system outperforms Fourier based OFDM when the Quadrature Amplitude Modulation is 16QAM and 64QAM within the signal to noise ratios range 30 to 40 dB. Although CS is more efficient in ...