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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

The Effect Of Green Biobased Binder On Structural, Mechanical, Liquid Absorption And Wetting Properties Of Coated Papers, Bilge N. Altay, Charles Klass, Ting Chen, Alexandar Fleck, Cem Aydemir, Arif Karademir, Paul D. Fleming Dec 2021

The Effect Of Green Biobased Binder On Structural, Mechanical, Liquid Absorption And Wetting Properties Of Coated Papers, Bilge N. Altay, Charles Klass, Ting Chen, Alexandar Fleck, Cem Aydemir, Arif Karademir, Paul D. Fleming

Articles

Synthetic styrene-butadiene (SB) and styrene-acrylic (SA) latex binders used in paper coating formulations are common and based on unsustainable petroleum sources. Today's papermaking industry turns towards sustainable substitutes that do not compromise quality, and reduce carbon emission, toxic substance release and waste disposal concerns related to fossil fuel sources. In this study, colloidal starch-based latex nanoparticles that do not require cooking were used for pigment coating and coated on the paper surfaces. The effects of these new biobased binders on the structural and mechanical strength properties, liquid absorption, wetting and surface topography of the paper were investigated and compared ...


Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Inhibit Trpc4-Mediated Muscarinic Cation Current In Mouse Ileal Myocytes, Lina T. Al Kury, Dimitrios Papandreou, Vasyl V. Hurmach, Dariia O. Dryn, Mariia I. Melnyk, Maxim O. Platonov, Yuriy I. Prylutskyy, Uwe Ritter, Peter Scharff, Alexander V. Zholos Dec 2021

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Inhibit Trpc4-Mediated Muscarinic Cation Current In Mouse Ileal Myocytes, Lina T. Al Kury, Dimitrios Papandreou, Vasyl V. Hurmach, Dariia O. Dryn, Mariia I. Melnyk, Maxim O. Platonov, Yuriy I. Prylutskyy, Uwe Ritter, Peter Scharff, Alexander V. Zholos

All Works

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are characterized by a combination of rather unique physical and chemical properties, which makes them interesting biocompatible nanostruc-tured materials for various applications, including in the biomedical field. SWCNTs are not inert carriers of drug molecules, as they may interact with various biological macromolecules, including ion channels. To investigate the mechanisms of the inhibitory effects of SWCNTs on the muscarinic receptor cation current (mICAT), induced by intracellular GTPγs (200 µM), in isolated mouse ileal myocytes, we have used the patch-clamp method in the whole-cell configuration. Here, we use molecular docking/molecular dynamics simulations and direct patch-clamp recordings ...


Bioabsorbable Metal Zinc Differentially Affects Mitochondria In Vascular Endothelial And Smooth Muscle Cells, Olivia R. M. Bagshaw, Fereshteh Moradi, Christopher S. Moffatt, Hillary A. Hettwer, Ping Liang, Jeremy Goldman, Jaroslaw Drelich, Jeffrey A. Stuart Dec 2021

Bioabsorbable Metal Zinc Differentially Affects Mitochondria In Vascular Endothelial And Smooth Muscle Cells, Olivia R. M. Bagshaw, Fereshteh Moradi, Christopher S. Moffatt, Hillary A. Hettwer, Ping Liang, Jeremy Goldman, Jaroslaw Drelich, Jeffrey A. Stuart

Michigan Tech Publications

Zinc is an essential trace element having various structural, catalytic and regulatory interactions with an estimated 3000 proteins. Zinc has drawn recent attention for its use, both as pure metal and alloyed, in arterial stents due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low corrosion rates. Previous studies have demonstrated that zinc metal implants prevent the development of neointimal hyperplasia, which is a common cause of restenosis following coronary intervention. This suppression appears to be smooth muscle cell-specific, as reendothelization of the neointima is not inhibited. To better understand the basis of zinc's differential effects on rat aortic smooth muscle (RASMC ...


Improvised Centrifugal Spinning For The Production Of Polystyrene Microfibers From Waste Expanded Polystyrene Foam And Its Potential Application For Oil Adsorption, Marco Laurence M. Budlayan, Jonathan N. Patricio, Jeanne Phyre B. Lagare, Susan D. Arco, Arnold C. Alguno, Antonio M. Basilio, Felmer S. Latayadaa, Rey Y. Capangpangan Nov 2021

Improvised Centrifugal Spinning For The Production Of Polystyrene Microfibers From Waste Expanded Polystyrene Foam And Its Potential Application For Oil Adsorption, Marco Laurence M. Budlayan, Jonathan N. Patricio, Jeanne Phyre B. Lagare, Susan D. Arco, Arnold C. Alguno, Antonio M. Basilio, Felmer S. Latayadaa, Rey Y. Capangpangan

Physics Faculty Publications

A straightforward approach to recycle waste expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam to produce polystyrene (PS) microfibers using the improvised centrifugal spinning technique is demonstrated in this work. A typical benchtop centrifuge was improvised and used as a centrifugal spinning device. The obtained PS microfibers were characterized for their potential application for oil adsorption. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results revealed similarity on the transmission bands of EPS foam and PS microfibers suggesting the preservation of the EPS foam’s chemical composition after the centrifugal spinning process. Scanning electron microscopy displayed well-defined fibers with an average diameter of 3.14 ± 0.59 μm ...


Decarbonizing Rural Residential Buildings In Cold Climates: A Techno-Economic Analysis Of Heating Electrification, Filippo Padovani, Nelson Sommerfeldt, Francesca Longobardi, Joshua M. Pearce Nov 2021

Decarbonizing Rural Residential Buildings In Cold Climates: A Techno-Economic Analysis Of Heating Electrification, Filippo Padovani, Nelson Sommerfeldt, Francesca Longobardi, Joshua M. Pearce

Michigan Tech Publications

Given the need for decarbonization of the heating sector and the acute need of a propane replacement in the U.S. Upper Midwest, this study quantifies the techno-economic characteristics of sustainable heating electrification in isolated rural, residential buildings in cold climates without natural gas supply. Archetypal buildings are modeled under four levels of electrification. At each electrification level, a parametric solar photovoltaic (PV) sizing analysis is performed and the total life cycle cost, renewable fraction and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are calculated based on the primary energy supply for each building type. Cost optimal solutions are stress-tested with multi-dimensional sensitivity ...


Electrospinning Processing Techniques For The Manufacturing Of Composite Dielectric Elastomer Fibers, Rani Elhajjar Oct 2021

Electrospinning Processing Techniques For The Manufacturing Of Composite Dielectric Elastomer Fibers, Rani Elhajjar

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Articles

Dielectric elastomers (DE) are novel composite architectures capable of large actuation strains and the ability to be formed into a variety of actuator configurations. However, the high voltage requirement of DE actuators limits their applications for a variety of applications. Fiber actuators composed of DE fibers are particularly attractive as they can be formed into artificial muscle architectures. The interest in manufacturing micro or nanoscale DE fibers is increasing due to the possible applications in tissue engineering, filtration, drug delivery, catalysis, protective textiles, and sensors. Drawing, self-assembly, template-direct synthesis, and electrospinning processing have been explored to manufacture these fibers. Electrospinning ...


Research And Applications Of Artificial Neural Network In Pavement Engineering: A State-Of-The-Art Review, Xu Yang, Jinchao Guan, Ling Ding, Zhanping You, Vincent C.S. Lee, Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan, Xiaoyun Cheng Oct 2021

Research And Applications Of Artificial Neural Network In Pavement Engineering: A State-Of-The-Art Review, Xu Yang, Jinchao Guan, Ling Ding, Zhanping You, Vincent C.S. Lee, Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan, Xiaoyun Cheng

Michigan Tech Publications

Given the great advancements in soft computing and data science, artificial neural network (ANN) has been explored and applied to handle complicated problems in the field of pavement engineering. This study conducted a state-of-the-art review for surveying the recent progress of ANN application at different stages of pavement engineering, including pavement design, construction, inspection and monitoring, and maintenance. This study focused on the papers published over the last three decades, especially the studies conducted since 2013. Through literature retrieval, a total of 683 papers in this field were identified, among which 143 papers were selected for an in-depth review. The ...


Machine Learning For High-Fidelity Prediction Of Cement Hydration Kinetics In Blended Systems, Rachel Cook, Taihao Han, Alaina Childers, Cambria Ryckman, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar Oct 2021

Machine Learning For High-Fidelity Prediction Of Cement Hydration Kinetics In Blended Systems, Rachel Cook, Taihao Han, Alaina Childers, Cambria Ryckman, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The production of ordinary Portland cement (OPC), the most broadly utilized man-made material, has been scrutinized due to its contributions to global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Thus -- to mitigate CO2 emissions -- mineral additives have been promulgated as partial replacements for OPC. However, additives -- depending on their physiochemical characteristics -- can exert varying effects on OPC's hydration kinetics. Therefore -- in regards to more complex systems -- it is infeasible for semi-empirical kinetic models to reveal the underlying nonlinear composition-property (i.e., reactivity) relationships. In the past decade or so, machine learning (ML) has arisen as a promising, holistic approach to predict ...


Mechanical Properties And Characterization Of Epoxy Composites Containing Highly Entangled As-Received And Acid Treated Carbon Nanotubes, Aaron Krieg, Julia A. King, Gregory M. Odegard, Timothy Leftwich, Leif K. Odegard, Paul D. Fraley, Ibrahim Miskioglu, Claire Jolowsky, Matthew Lundblad, Jin Gyu Park, Richard Liang Sep 2021

Mechanical Properties And Characterization Of Epoxy Composites Containing Highly Entangled As-Received And Acid Treated Carbon Nanotubes, Aaron Krieg, Julia A. King, Gregory M. Odegard, Timothy Leftwich, Leif K. Odegard, Paul D. Fraley, Ibrahim Miskioglu, Claire Jolowsky, Matthew Lundblad, Jin Gyu Park, Richard Liang

Michigan Tech Publications

Huntsman–Merrimack MIRALON® carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a novel, highly entan-gled, commercially available, and scalable format of nanotubes. As-received and acid-treated CNTs were added to aerospace grade epoxy (CYCOM® 977-3), and the composites were characterized. The epoxy resin is expected to infiltrate the network of the CNTs and could improve mechanical properties. Epoxy composites were tested for flexural and viscoelastic properties and the as-re-ceived and acid treated CNTs were characterized using Field-Emission Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Thermogravimetric Analysis. Composites containing 0.4 wt% as-received CNTs showed an increase in flexural strength, from 136.9 MPa ...


Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade Sep 2021

Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade

Protocols and Reports

Senescence, from the shortening of telomeres, accumulation of mutations, epigenetic hypomethylation, and other causes, begins an eventual cycle of decline in every patient. Stem cells disappear as a function of age, which in turn impairs cellular replication. Moreover, when fully differentiated cells are induced back into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), they not only revert to a state of pre-differentiation, but also to a younger cellular age. Their aging clocks turn back: their telomeres become longer and DNA methylation reverts back to an earlier age. It should therefore be possible to use iPSCs to replace the missing stem cells from ...


Excited-State Lifetimes Of Dna-Templated Cyanine Dimer, Trimer, And Tetramer Aggregates: The Role Of Exciton Delocalization, Dye Separation, And Dna Heterogeneity, Jonathan S. Huff, Daniel B. Turner, Olga A. Mass, Lance K. Patten, Christopher K. Wilson, Simon K. Roy, Matthew S. Barclay, Bernard Yurke, William B. Knowlton, Paul H. Davis, Ryan D. Pensack Sep 2021

Excited-State Lifetimes Of Dna-Templated Cyanine Dimer, Trimer, And Tetramer Aggregates: The Role Of Exciton Delocalization, Dye Separation, And Dna Heterogeneity, Jonathan S. Huff, Daniel B. Turner, Olga A. Mass, Lance K. Patten, Christopher K. Wilson, Simon K. Roy, Matthew S. Barclay, Bernard Yurke, William B. Knowlton, Paul H. Davis, Ryan D. Pensack

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

DNA-templated molecular (dye) aggregates are a novel class of materials that have garnered attention in a broad range of areas including light harvesting, sensing, and computing. Using DNA to template dye aggregation is attractive due to the relative ease with which DNA nanostructures can be assembled in solution, the diverse array of nanostructures that can be assembled, and the ability to precisely position dyes to within a few Angstroms of one another. These factors, combined with the programmability of DNA, raise the prospect of designer materials custom tailored for specific applications. Although considerable progress has been made in characterizing the ...


Seaweed Polysaccharide In Food Contact Materials (Active Packaging, Intelligent Packaging, Edible Films, And Coatings), Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal Sep 2021

Seaweed Polysaccharide In Food Contact Materials (Active Packaging, Intelligent Packaging, Edible Films, And Coatings), Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

Food contact materials (FCMs) are materials that come in contact with food products such as food packaging which play a significant role in the food quality and safety. Plastic, which is a major food packaging material, harms the eco-system, wildlife, and the environment. As a result, numerous researches have been in progress on alternative polymers, which has similar properties as plastic but is also environmentally friendly (biodegradable). In recent years, the utilization of seaweed polysaccharides has piqued interest due to its biodegradability, non-toxicity, antioxidant capabilities, and excellent film formation ability. However, it has a number of drawbacks such as low ...


Impact Behavior Of Laminated Composites Built With Fique Fibers And Epoxy Resin: A Mechanical Analysis Using Impact And Flexural Behavior, Julian Rua, Mario F. Buchely, Sergio Neves Monteiro, Gloria I. Echeverri, Henry A. Colorado Sep 2021

Impact Behavior Of Laminated Composites Built With Fique Fibers And Epoxy Resin: A Mechanical Analysis Using Impact And Flexural Behavior, Julian Rua, Mario F. Buchely, Sergio Neves Monteiro, Gloria I. Echeverri, Henry A. Colorado

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This research analyzes the behavior of natural fiber reinforced laminated polymer composites (NFRPC) under mechanical solicitations. Samples were fabricated with epoxy resin matrix reinforced with a multilayer natural fique fiber in a bi-directional commercial fabric configuration. Different reinforcement contents without additives were prepared taking in the account the simplicity in processing, fabrication cost, and applications in which this material might be used with high performance standards. Charpy notched impact and 3-point bending test were carried out to evaluate the mechanical behavior and the work of fracture, which was improved significatively with the fibers, showing an increase from 5 to 30 ...


Effect Of Crystal Quality On Twinning Stress In Ni–Mn–Ga Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys, Andrew Armstrong, Peter Müllner Sep 2021

Effect Of Crystal Quality On Twinning Stress In Ni–Mn–Ga Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys, Andrew Armstrong, Peter Müllner

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Low twinning stress (TS) is a prerequisite for magnetic shape memory functionality in ferromagnetic martensites. We compare Ni50Mn28Ga22 (nominal at.%) single crystals from four different producers to reveal the effect of crystal quality on the TS. Near the reverse martensite transformation, the TS is generally low, about 1 MPa, regardless of mosaicity of up to 1.7° and chemical composition deviations of up to 2 at.% of Mn. Pure type I and type II twin boundaries occur in crystals with smooth chemical composition gradients. The corresponding temperature dependences of TS follow universal linear trends with ...


High Depth-Of-Discharge Zinc Rechargeability Enabled By A Self-Assembled Polymeric Coating, David J. Arnot, Matthew B. Lim, Nelson S. Bell, Noah B. Schorr, Ryan C. Hill, Andrew Meyer, Yang-Tse Cheng, Timothy N. Lambert Aug 2021

High Depth-Of-Discharge Zinc Rechargeability Enabled By A Self-Assembled Polymeric Coating, David J. Arnot, Matthew B. Lim, Nelson S. Bell, Noah B. Schorr, Ryan C. Hill, Andrew Meyer, Yang-Tse Cheng, Timothy N. Lambert

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Zinc has the potential for widespread use as an environmentally friendly and cost-effective anode material pending the resolution of rechargeability issues caused by active material loss and shape change. Here, a self-assembled Nafion-coated Celgard 3501 (NC-Celgard) separator is shown to enable unprecedented cycle life of a Zn anode in alkaline electrolyte at high depth-of-discharge (DODZn). Using commercially relevant energy-dense electrodes with high areal capacities of 60 mAh cm–2, Zn–Ni cells tested at 20% DODZn cells achieve over 200 cycles while 50% DODZn cells achieve over 100 cycles before failure. The 20% and 50% DOD cells ...


A Xanes Study Of Lithium Polysulfide Solids: A First-Principles Study, Qing Guo, Kah Chun Lau, Ravindra Pandey Aug 2021

A Xanes Study Of Lithium Polysulfide Solids: A First-Principles Study, Qing Guo, Kah Chun Lau, Ravindra Pandey

Michigan Tech Publications

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is used for capturing the reaction mechanisms at the molecular level via the determination of local electronic configurations inside Li-S batteries. In this paper, a comprehensive investigation of the S K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) of a series of stoichiometric lithium polysulfide solids was performed, assuming that these polysulfide solids are formed during the battery cycling process. The results based on density functional theory show that the pre-edge peak in the S K-edge XANES spectra is not a common feature in the solid phase in contrast to the case of pristine polysulfide molecules where the ...


Silk Fibroin Supraparticles Created By The Evaporation Of Colloidal Ouzo Droplets, Ashley Lamb, Fengjie He, Shengjie Zhai, Hui Zhao Aug 2021

Silk Fibroin Supraparticles Created By The Evaporation Of Colloidal Ouzo Droplets, Ashley Lamb, Fengjie He, Shengjie Zhai, Hui Zhao

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Due to its high biocompatibility and biodegradability, supraparticles made from silk fibroin—produced from Bombyx mori (B. mori) cocoons—can find various applications in biomedical fields. The evaporation of Ouzo droplets by not requiring energy nor a surfactant is an environmentally friendly, easy, and cost-effective strategy to fabricate three-dimensional supraparticles, tackling the so-called “coffee ring effect” associated with droplet evaporation. Silk fibroins are dissolved into quaternary droplets, comprised of ultrapure water, ethanol, trans-anethole oil, and formic acid. The Ouzo droplet is able to form an oil ring that facilitates the droplet contraction to create a three-dimensional supraparticle. Using the Ouzo ...


Martensitic And Inter-Martensitic Transformations In Magnetocaloric Ni2.15mn0.85ga Heusler Alloy, A. Madiligama, P. Ari-Gur, Y, Ren, V, Shavrov, Y. Ge, J. George, I. Musabirov, V. Koledov Aug 2021

Martensitic And Inter-Martensitic Transformations In Magnetocaloric Ni2.15mn0.85ga Heusler Alloy, A. Madiligama, P. Ari-Gur, Y, Ren, V, Shavrov, Y. Ge, J. George, I. Musabirov, V. Koledov

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The entropy changes of successive martensitic phase transformations in Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys can be utilized to realize enhanced magnetocaloric properties. A detailed study of phase transformations of one such alloy, Ni2.15Mn0.85Ga, (ΔQ = 4900 J/kg at 343 K, under 140 kOe), is reported here. Upon cooling, the paramagnetic cubic (L21) austenitic phase transforms into a ferromagnetic 7M modulated monoclinic martensitic phase. This phase is stable in a narrow temperature range, and upon further cooling, transforms into a non-modulated ferromagnetic tetragonal (L10) phase. The separation between the equilibrium temperatures of the austenitic and tetragonal martensitic phases is only ~50 ...


Findings Report: Virtual Workshop On ‘Resilient Supply Of Critical Minerals’, Marek Locmelis, Angela D. Lueking, Michael S. Moats, Kwame Awuah-Offei, Lana Z. Alagha, Mark W. Fitch, Alanna Krolikowski, Shelby Clark Aug 2021

Findings Report: Virtual Workshop On ‘Resilient Supply Of Critical Minerals’, Marek Locmelis, Angela D. Lueking, Michael S. Moats, Kwame Awuah-Offei, Lana Z. Alagha, Mark W. Fitch, Alanna Krolikowski, Shelby Clark

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Executive Summary
On August 2-3, 2021, the Thomas J. O’Keefe Institute for Sustainable Supply of Strategic Minerals at Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T) hosted the NSF-funded virtual workshop ‘Resilient Supply of Critical Minerals’. The workshop was convened via Zoom and attracted 158 registrants, including 108 registrants from academia (61 students), 30 registrants from government agencies, and 20 registrants from the private sector. Four topical sessions were covered:

A. Mineral Exploration and Source Diversification.
B. Supply Chain and Policy Issues.
C. Improving Mineral Recycling and Reprocessing Technologies.
D. Technological Alternatives to Critical Minerals.

Each topical session was composed of two keynote lectures and followed by a breakout session that was designed to identify promising pathways towards increasing critical supply chain resilience in the United States. During each breakout session, participants were asked to address five questions:

Q1. What are the roadblocks that affect the resilient supply of critical minerals?
Q2. What are the most pressing research needs?
Q3. What opportunities can lead to the fastest and biggest impact?
Q4. What skills training is required to meet future workforce demands?
Q5. What other questions should be asked, but are commonly overlooked?

Several issues that limit critical mineral supply chain resilience in the United States were identified and discussed in all breakout sessions, including:

1. Insufficient understanding of domestic critical minerals resources. To address this issue, workshop participants highlighted the need for (i) more geologic research to identify new and evaluate existing resources; and (ii) a qualitative and quantitative assessment of critical minerals that may be recovered as by/co-products from existing production streams.
2. Technical limitations of current mineral processing and recycling technologies. To address this issue, workshop participants highlighted the need for (i) innovative mineral processing technologies, including more environmentally friendly chemicals/solvents, and (ii) automated recycling technologies for appliances and e-waste. Participants also highlighted the need for a centralized and simplified way to ...


Microstructure And Microchemistry Of Laser Welds Of Irradiated Austenitic Steels, Yaqiao Wu, Megha Dubey Aug 2021

Microstructure And Microchemistry Of Laser Welds Of Irradiated Austenitic Steels, Yaqiao Wu, Megha Dubey

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article investigates the integrity of laser welds on neutron irradiated, He-containing steels. Life extension of the current fleet of light water reactors could necessitate repair of cracks on irreplaceable internal components, but heat input of weld repairs exacerbates the problem by initiating He-induced cracking. Laser welding is a promising low-heat-input technology thought to limit the extent of He-induced cracking. In this study, we produce laser welds in a hot cell on AISI 304L stainless steel plates previously irradiated in the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR)-II. We select a systematic set of three specimens spanning fluences ~1–28 displacements per ...


Toward An Understanding Of Fundamental Mechanisms In Transitional And Turbulence Flow Control, Ethan A. Davis Aug 2021

Toward An Understanding Of Fundamental Mechanisms In Transitional And Turbulence Flow Control, Ethan A. Davis

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Turbulence is an emergent phenomenon found throughout nature and engineering, alike. It plays a vital role in the aquatic locomotion of organisms, scalar mixing, fluid transport, shipping and transportation, and even the flow of biological fluids in the human body. Therefore, it is of utmost importance in both a practical and engineering sense to better understand turbulence with the goal of better controlling it. This dissertation focuses broadly on better understanding the underlying mechanisms behind wall-bounded turbulent flows, with an emphasis on exploiting those mechanisms for turbulence flow control.

We developed a numerical simulation to study the effect of slip ...


Development Of A Mash Tl-3 Compliant Parapet Mounted Fence, Luis Rodriguez Alvizo Aug 2021

Development Of A Mash Tl-3 Compliant Parapet Mounted Fence, Luis Rodriguez Alvizo

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

When roadways pass over railway tracks, there is a risk that debris from the roadway or pedestrians may fall onto the tracks and interfere with railway operations. Because of this, state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) commonly install debris fences in conjunction with bridge rails over railway tracks. However, the safety performance of debris fence systems when impacted by an errant vehicle has not been demonstrated through full-scale crash testing. Thus, the objective of this research was to develop a new, parapet-mounted debris fence for the Iowa DOT according to safety performance guidelines included in the American Association of State Highway ...


Reduced-Order Modeling Of Loosening In Bolted Joints And Dynamic Interactions Between Axially Aligned Threaded Joints, Sandro Aldana Jul 2021

Reduced-Order Modeling Of Loosening In Bolted Joints And Dynamic Interactions Between Axially Aligned Threaded Joints, Sandro Aldana

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Maintaining effective preload in bolted joints is critical for ensuring long-term performance and safety throughout the operation of any assembled structure. The loosening of bolted joints has been studied since the Industrial Revolution, but modeling approaches have only emerged over the past three decades. Although existing approaches are capable of simulating or predicting loosening in a single joint consisting of a single bolt, they are too computationally expensive to be used to model loosening in large structures consisting of many bolts. The objective of this thesis is to construct and employ a reduced-order modeling (ROM) approach that treats the internal ...


Thermal & Mechanical Analysis Of Bombyx Mori Silk Nanofibers, Justin Busnot Jul 2021

Thermal & Mechanical Analysis Of Bombyx Mori Silk Nanofibers, Justin Busnot

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

This thesis presents a study on the thermomechanical properties of Bombyx Mori silk nanofibers. These nanofibers were obtained from silkworm cocoons which were degummed to separate the fibroin and the sericin, the two proteins that make up silk. The fibroin was then centrifuged to remove insoluble particles and stored and 4°C before the electrospinning process. A parametric study of the electrospinning process was carried out in order to identify the factors allowing to obtain optimal mechanical properties. The current as well as the flow rate applied, the diameter of the syringe, the distance separating the syringe from collector or ...


High-Throughput Design Of High-Performance Lightweight High-Entropy Alloys, Rui Feng, Chuan Zhang, Michael C. Gao, Zongrui Pei, Fan Zhang, Yan Chen, Dong Ma, Ke An, Jonathan D. Poplawsky, Lizhi Ouyang, Yang Ren, Jeffrey A. Hawk, Michael Widom, Peter K. Liaw Jul 2021

High-Throughput Design Of High-Performance Lightweight High-Entropy Alloys, Rui Feng, Chuan Zhang, Michael C. Gao, Zongrui Pei, Fan Zhang, Yan Chen, Dong Ma, Ke An, Jonathan D. Poplawsky, Lizhi Ouyang, Yang Ren, Jeffrey A. Hawk, Michael Widom, Peter K. Liaw

Mathematical Sciences Faculty Research

Developing affordable and light high-temperature materials alternative to Ni-base superalloys has significantly increased the efforts in designing advanced ferritic superalloys. However, currently developed ferritic superalloys still exhibit low high-temperature strengths, which limits their usage. Here we use a CALPHAD-based high-throughput computational method to design light, strong, and low-cost high-entropy alloys for elevated-temperature applications. Through the high-throughput screening, precipitation-strengthened lightweight high-entropy alloys are discovered from thousands of initial compositions, which exhibit enhanced strengths compared to other counterparts at room and elevated temperatures. The experimental and theoretical understanding of both successful and failed cases in their strengthening mechanisms and order-disorder transitions further ...


An Investigation On Formability And Crystallographic Texture In Novel Magnesium Alloys, Pnina Ari-Gur, Andreas Quojo Quainoo, Shubram Subramanyam, Ashkan Razania, Sven Vogel, Wei Gao Jul 2021

An Investigation On Formability And Crystallographic Texture In Novel Magnesium Alloys, Pnina Ari-Gur, Andreas Quojo Quainoo, Shubram Subramanyam, Ashkan Razania, Sven Vogel, Wei Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Magnesium alloys offer many advantages. They offer very low density and good strength. They also offer good damping properties. One of the industries where reducing component weight is the automotive industry. That makes the magnesium alloys good candidates for these applications. Reduced weight of an automobile means also lower fuel consumption. The hexagonal closed packed structure of magnesium, lends itself to strong mechanical anisotropy. In the current work, neutron diffraction was used to study the crystallographic texture developed in novel magnesium alloys during cold rolling operations. The texture was compared with that developed in the commercial AZ-31 magnesium alloy. Tests ...


Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair Jul 2021

Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair

Publications and Research

Lightning strike protection (LSP) have recently been a newly developing field particularly with the emergence of graphene thin film integration into carbon fiber composite structures. This technology has a widespread application in airplanes, wind turbines, and other instruments which are susceptible to frequent lightning strikes. Electrical discharge of the instrument in a safe manner is vital for the safety of the passengers (in the case of flights) as well as the integrity of the aircraft structures because of their specific mechanical and structural properties, which are essential for their functioning. The purpose of the study is to fabricate graphene thin ...


Role Of Lithium Doping In P2-Na0.67Ni0.33Mn0.67O2 For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Yingying Xie, Eric Gabriel, Haoyu Zhu, Julie Pipkin, Malia Dustin, Hui Xiong Jun 2021

Role Of Lithium Doping In P2-Na0.67Ni0.33Mn0.67O2 For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Yingying Xie, Eric Gabriel, Haoyu Zhu, Julie Pipkin, Malia Dustin, Hui Xiong

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

P2-structured Na0.67Ni0.33Mn0.67O2 (PNNMO) is a promising Na-ion battery cathode material, but its rapid capacity decay during cycling remains a hurdle. Li doping in layered transition-metal oxide (TMO) cathode materials is known to enhance their electrochemical properties. Nevertheless, the influence of Li at different locations in the structure has not been investigated. Here, the crystallographic role and electrochemical impact of lithium on different sites in PNNMO is investigated in LixNa0.67–yNi0.33Mn0.67O2+δ (0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.2, y = 0 ...


Experimental Investigation Of The Performance Of A Hybrid Self-Healing System In Porous Asphalt Under Fatigue Loadings, Shi Xu, Liu Xueyan, Amir Tabakovic, Erik Schlangen Jun 2021

Experimental Investigation Of The Performance Of A Hybrid Self-Healing System In Porous Asphalt Under Fatigue Loadings, Shi Xu, Liu Xueyan, Amir Tabakovic, Erik Schlangen

Articles

Self-healing asphalt, which is designed to achieve autonomic damage repair in asphalt pavement, offers a great life-extension prospect and therefore not only reduces pavement maintenance costs but also saves energy and reduces CO2 emissions. The combined asphalt self-healing system, incorporating both encapsulated rejuvenator and induction heating, can heal cracks with melted binder and aged binder rejuvenation, and the synergistic effect of the two technologies shows significant advantages in healing efficiency over the single self-healing method. This study explores the fatigue life extension prospect of the combined healing system in porous asphalt. To this aim, porous asphalt (PA) test specimens with ...


Advanced Research And Development Of Face Masks And Respirators Pre And Post The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Pandemic: A Critical Review, Ebuka A. Ogbuoji, Amr M. Zaky, Isabel C. Escobar Jun 2021

Advanced Research And Development Of Face Masks And Respirators Pre And Post The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Pandemic: A Critical Review, Ebuka A. Ogbuoji, Amr M. Zaky, Isabel C. Escobar

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020, has accelerated the need for personal protective equipment (PPE) masks as one of the methods to reduce and/or eliminate transmission of the coronavirus across communities. Despite the availability of different coronavirus vaccines, it is still recommended by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO), and local authorities to apply public safety measures including maintaining social distancing and wearing face masks. This includes individuals who have been fully vaccinated. Remarkable increase in scientific studies, along with manufacturing-related research and development investigations, have been performed in an attempt ...