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Edith Cowan University

2015

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Forecasting Tool For Predicting Australia's Domestic Airline Passenger Demand Using A Genetic Algorithm, Panarat Srisaeng, Glenn Baxter, Steven Richardson, Graham Wild Oct 2015

A Forecasting Tool For Predicting Australia's Domestic Airline Passenger Demand Using A Genetic Algorithm, Panarat Srisaeng, Glenn Baxter, Steven Richardson, Graham Wild

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

This study has proposed and empirically tested for the first time genetic algorithm optimization models for modelling Australia’s domestic airline passenger demand, as measured by enplaned passengers (GAPAXDE model) and revenue passenger kilometres performed (GARPKSDE model). Data was divided into training and testing datasets; 74 training datasets were used to estimate the weighting factors of the genetic algorithm models and 13 out-of-sample datasets were used for testing the robustness of the genetic algorithm models. The genetic algorithm parameters used in this study comprised population size (n): 200; the generation number: 1,000; and mutation rate: 0.01. The modelling ...


Yig: Bi2o3 Nanocomposite Thin Films For Magnetooptic And Microwave Applications, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh, Viacheslav Kotov, Victor Demidov, Dmitry Balabanov Jun 2015

Yig: Bi2o3 Nanocomposite Thin Films For Magnetooptic And Microwave Applications, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh, Viacheslav Kotov, Victor Demidov, Dmitry Balabanov

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Y3Fe5O12-Bi2O3 composite thin films are deposited onto Gd3Ga5O12 (GGG) substrates and their annealing crystallization regimes are optimized (in terms of both process temperatures and durations) to obtain high-quality thin film layers possessing magnetic properties attractive for a range of technological applications. The amount of bismuth oxide content introduced into these nanocomposite-type films is controlled by adjusting the RF power densities applied to both Y3Fe5O12 and Bi2O3 sputtering targets during the cosputtering deposition processes. The measured material properties of ...


The Social Life Of Big Data - Pawsey Resources, Luke Edwards Jun 2015

The Social Life Of Big Data - Pawsey Resources, Luke Edwards

The Social Life of Big Data Symposium

The presentation covers the supercomputing facilities and services available at the Pawsey Supercomputing Centre, Western Australia.
The Pawsey Supercomputing Centre is an unincorporated joint venture between CSIRO, Curtin University, Edith Cowan University, Murdoch University and the University of Western Australia and is supported by the Western Australian Government.


Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh May 2015

Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The fabrication, annealing crystallization processes, and material properties of (Bi,Dy)3(Fe,Ga)5O12:Bi2O3 nanocomposites are investigated and summarized. The stoichiometry of these nanocomposites is optimized for magnetooptic applications using the approach of stoichiometry adjustment (implemented by means of varying RF power densities applied to the sputtering targets used to prepare the nanocomposite thin films). The crystallization processes for all developed batches of as-deposited films are carried out by annealing runs at different temperatures and process durations. This paper describes the methodologies used to optimize the compositions (by calculating the volumetric fractions of excess bismuth oxide to be ...


Cyber Blackbox For Collecting Network Evidence, Jooyoung Lee, Sunoh Choi, Yangseo Choi, Jonghyun Kim, Ikkyun Kim, Youngseok Lee Jan 2015

Cyber Blackbox For Collecting Network Evidence, Jooyoung Lee, Sunoh Choi, Yangseo Choi, Jonghyun Kim, Ikkyun Kim, Youngseok Lee

Australian Digital Forensics Conference

In recent years, the hottest topics in the security field are related to the advanced and persistent attacks. As an approach to solve this problem, we propose a cyber blackbox which collects and preserves network traffic on a virtual volume based WORM device, called EvidenceLock to ensure data integrity for security and forensic analysis. As a strategy to retain traffic for long enough periods, we introduce a deduplication method. Also this paper includes a study on the network evidence which is collected and preserved for analyzing the cause of cyber incident. Then, a method is proposed to suggest a starting ...


Engineering Characteristics Of Compacted Sand-Bentonite Mixtures, Ali Faisal Ghazi Jan 2015

Engineering Characteristics Of Compacted Sand-Bentonite Mixtures, Ali Faisal Ghazi

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Sand-clay mixtures are commonly used as a liner/barrier material in various engineering applications, such as construction of hydraulic and waste containments. Permeability, compressibility and strength are important properties of sand-clay mixtures and are often required for the design of the liner/barrier of the containments.

In states like Western Australia, which is covered mostly by sandy soils, engineers face difficulties with economically sourcing clays for liner/barrier applications. Any reliable research finding that recommends an optimum clay content to be used with sandy soil can be of significant importance. Such findings for the local Perth sandy soil are rarely ...


Characterisation And Applications Of Iron Ore Tailings In Building And Construction Projects, Francis Atta Kuranchie Jan 2015

Characterisation And Applications Of Iron Ore Tailings In Building And Construction Projects, Francis Atta Kuranchie

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The mine tailings are generated as the wastes worldwide as a result of exploration, excavation, blasting, beneficiation and extraction of mineral ores. In Western Australia, due to the extensive mining activities and increasing low grade ores, there is generation of mine tailings in large quantities, which could lead to environmental and disposal problems. The common practice of handling the tailings are to store them in tailing dams or as stockpiles near mine sites. Limited quantities are sometimes used as backfills and other applications. The utilisation of tailings in building and construction projects, which may consume a large volume of wastes ...


Electrical Resistivity Of Sandy Soil With Water, Leachates And Seawater, Lopa Mudra Pandey Jan 2015

Electrical Resistivity Of Sandy Soil With Water, Leachates And Seawater, Lopa Mudra Pandey

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Liners are used in the engineered containment systems such as landfills for controlling the migration of contaminants. Although there are several techniques for detecting the leakages through the liners, use of the electrical resistivity method can assist in timely detection of contaminant migration in cost-effective manner. This method is based on the well-established fact that the electrical resistivity of soils and other geomaterials is much higher than the electrical resistivity of water, leachates or any liquid effluents which may permeate the landfill foundation material. Additionally, the geotechnical properties of a soil exhibit a close relationship with its electrical resistivity values ...


Stand-Alone Solar-Pv Hydrogen Energy Systems Incorporating Reverse Osmosis, Daniel Clarke Jan 2015

Stand-Alone Solar-Pv Hydrogen Energy Systems Incorporating Reverse Osmosis, Daniel Clarke

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The world’s increasing energy demand means the rate at which fossil fuels are consumed has increased resulting in greater carbon dioxide emissions. For many small (marginalised) or coastal communities, access to potable water is limited alongside good availability of renewable energy sources (solar or wind). One solution is to utilise small-scale renewably powered stand-alone energy systems to help supply power for everyday utilities and to operate desalination systems serving potable water (drinking) needs reducing diesel generator dependence. In such systems, on-site water production is essential so as to service electrolysis for hydrogen generation for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel ...


Optimisation Of Stand-Alone Hydrogen-Based Renewable Energy Systems Using Intelligent Techniques, Adel Brka Jan 2015

Optimisation Of Stand-Alone Hydrogen-Based Renewable Energy Systems Using Intelligent Techniques, Adel Brka

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Wind and solar irradiance are promising renewable alternatives to fossil fuels due to their availability and topological advantages for local power generation. However, their intermittent and unpredictable nature limits their integration into energy markets. Fortunately, these disadvantages can be partially overcome by using them in combination with energy storage and back-up units. However, the increased complexity of such systems relative to single energy systems makes an optimal sizing method and appropriate Power Management Strategy (PMS) research priorities.

This thesis contributes to the design and integration of stand-alone hybrid renewable energy systems by proposing methodologies to optimise the sizing and operation ...


Intelligent Network Intrusion Detection Using An Evolutionary Computation Approach, Samaneh Rastegari Jan 2015

Intelligent Network Intrusion Detection Using An Evolutionary Computation Approach, Samaneh Rastegari

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

With the enormous growth of users' reliance on the Internet, the need for secure and reliable computer networks also increases. Availability of effective automatic tools for carrying out different types of network attacks raises the need for effective intrusion detection systems.

Generally, a comprehensive defence mechanism consists of three phases, namely, preparation, detection and reaction. In the preparation phase, network administrators aim to find and fix security vulnerabilities (e.g., insecure protocol and vulnerable computer systems or firewalls), that can be exploited to launch attacks. Although the preparation phase increases the level of security in a network, this will never ...


Electric Vehicles In Smart Grids: Performance Considerations, Uttam Kumar Deb Nath Jan 2015

Electric Vehicles In Smart Grids: Performance Considerations, Uttam Kumar Deb Nath

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Distributed power system is the basic architecture of current power systems and demands close cooperation among the generation, transmission and distribution systems. Excessive greenhouse gas emissions over the last decade have driven a move to a more sustainable energy system. This has involved integrating renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into the distributed generation system. Renewable sources offer more opportunities for end users to participate in the power delivery system and to make this distribution system even more efficient, the novel "Smart Grid" concept has emerged. A Smart Grid: offers a two-way communication between the source and the ...


Wedge Failure Analysis Of Anchored Rock Slopes Subjected To Surcharge And Seismic Loads, Yan Kou Jan 2015

Wedge Failure Analysis Of Anchored Rock Slopes Subjected To Surcharge And Seismic Loads, Yan Kou

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Slope stability in mining and civil engineering projects is always a problem of great concern. Because the rock mass behavior is significantly governed by the presence of joints or other discontinuities, several types of slope failure, such as plane failure, wedge failure, toppling failure, buckling failure and circular failure, are often observed. The present work focuses on the study of the wedge failure, which occurs as sliding of a mass of rock on two intersecting planes, generally discontinuity planes.

Recently, the factor of safety of rock slopes against the wedge failure has been studied in a number of investigations under ...


Forensic Analysis Of A Sony Playstation 4: A First Look, Matthew Davies, Huw Read, Konstantinos Xynos, Iain Sutherland Jan 2015

Forensic Analysis Of A Sony Playstation 4: A First Look, Matthew Davies, Huw Read, Konstantinos Xynos, Iain Sutherland

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The primary function of a games console is that of an entertainment system. However the latest iteration of these consoles has added a number of new interactive features that may prove of value to the digital investigator. This paper highlights the value of these consoles, in particular Sony's latest version of their PlayStation. This console provides a number of features including web browsing, downloading of material and chat functionality; all communication features that will be of interest to forensic investigators. In this paper we undertake an initial investigation of the PlayStation 4 games console. This paper identifies potential information ...


The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh Jan 2015

The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The influence of the Ar/O2 gas ratio during radio frequency (RF) sputtering of the RuO2 sensing electrode on the pH sensing performance is investigated. The developed pH sensor consists in an RF sputtered ruthenium oxide thin-film sensing electrode, in conjunction with an electroplated Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The performance and characterization of the developed pH sensors in terms of sensitivity, response time, stability, reversibility, and hysteresis are investigated. Experimental results show that the pH sensor exhibits super-Nernstian slopes in the range of 64.33-73.83 mV/pH for Ar/O2 gas ratio between 10/0-7/3 ...


Tunable Optical Nanocavity Of Iron-Garnet With A Buried Metal Layer, Alexey N. Kuz'michev, Lars E. Kreilkamp, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Evgeni Bezus, Mikhail Vasilev, Iliya A. Akimov, Kamal Alameh, Manfred Bayer, Vladimir I. Belotelov Jan 2015

Tunable Optical Nanocavity Of Iron-Garnet With A Buried Metal Layer, Alexey N. Kuz'michev, Lars E. Kreilkamp, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Evgeni Bezus, Mikhail Vasilev, Iliya A. Akimov, Kamal Alameh, Manfred Bayer, Vladimir I. Belotelov

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

We report on the fabrication and characterization of a novel magnetophotonic structure designed as iron garnet based magneto-optical nanoresonator cavity constrained by two noble metal mirrors. Since the iron garnet layer requires annealing at high temperatures, the fabrication process can be rather challenging. Special approaches for the protection of metal layers against oxidation and morphological changes along with a special plasma-assisted polishing of the iron garnet layer surface were used to achieve a 10-fold enhancement of the Faraday rotation angle (up to 10.8°=μm) within a special resonance peak of 12 nm (FWHM) linewidth at a wavelength of 772 ...


Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasilev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh Jan 2015

Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasilev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The effects of exchange coupling on magnetic switching properties of all-garnet multilayer thin film structures are investigated. All-garnet structures are fabricated by sandwiching a magneto-soft material of composition type Bi1.8Lu1.2Fe3.6Al1.4O12 or Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 in between two magneto-hard garnet material layers of composition type Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12 or Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12:Bi12O3. The fabricated RF magnetron sputtered exchange-coupled all-garnet multilayers demonstrate a very ...


Improving Processing By Adaption To Conditional Geostatistical Simulation Of Block Compositions, R. Tolosana-Delgado, Ute A. Mueller, K. G. Van Den Boogaart, C. Ward, J. Gutzmer Jan 2015

Improving Processing By Adaption To Conditional Geostatistical Simulation Of Block Compositions, R. Tolosana-Delgado, Ute A. Mueller, K. G. Van Den Boogaart, C. Ward, J. Gutzmer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Exploitation of an ore deposit can be optimized by adapting the beneficiation processes to the properties of individual ore blocks. This can involve switching in and out certain treatment steps, or setting their controlling parameters. Optimizing this set of decisions requires the full conditional distribution of all relevant physical parameters and chemical attributes of the feed, including concentration of value elements and abundance of penalty elements. As a first step towards adaptive processing, the mapping of adaptive decisions is explored based on the composition, in value and penalty elements, of the selective mining units. Conditional distributions at block support are ...


Efficiency Of A Combined Desalination And Power System Utilising A Multi-Stream Heat Exchange, Alireza Hosseini Araghi, Mehdi Khiadani, Gordon Lucas Jan 2015

Efficiency Of A Combined Desalination And Power System Utilising A Multi-Stream Heat Exchange, Alireza Hosseini Araghi, Mehdi Khiadani, Gordon Lucas

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The aim of this study is to simplify the process of Discharge Thermal Energy Combined Desalination (DTECD) with Power System by integrating the two existing heat exchangers (condensers) into a new multi-stream one. This system is a heat recovery unit, which is used to cogenerate water and power. Two shell & tube condensers operate in a closed power cycle and a desalination system for cooling an ammonia mixture (70% wt.) as a working fluid and condensing a pure vapor respectively. Here, a multi-stream plate condenser is utilized instead of the two low exergy efficiency shell & tube condensers. The results proved that ...


A Fast Approach For Preparation Of Adsorbent From Reed Black Liquor And Its Performance In Equilibrium And Kinetic Gas Separation, G. Yang, Yong Sun, C. Wen, J. Zhang Jan 2015

A Fast Approach For Preparation Of Adsorbent From Reed Black Liquor And Its Performance In Equilibrium And Kinetic Gas Separation, G. Yang, Yong Sun, C. Wen, J. Zhang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

A new approach using reed pulping black liquor by hydrothermal reaction followed by fast carbonization at 350 °C in fluidized bed reactor for 5 minutes was proposed in this paper. The BET specific surface area generated at optimum conditions reached 390 m2 g–1. The CO2 selectivity over CH4 and N2 comparable to commercial activated carbons was obtained. The isosteric enthalpies of adsorption for CO2, CH4 and N2 on the resultant carbon sample prepared at optimum conditions show surface heterogeneity. The kinetic results indicate its potential for separation of carbon dioxide from carbon dioxide/methane mixture.


Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit For Damping Enhancement Of A Wind Farm Generation System, Embaiya Salih, Stefan Lachowicz, Octavian Bass, Daryoush Habibi Jan 2015

Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit For Damping Enhancement Of A Wind Farm Generation System, Embaiya Salih, Stefan Lachowicz, Octavian Bass, Daryoush Habibi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

A superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system containsa high inducting coil and combines with power conversion system can act as a constant source of direct current. SMES unit connected to a power system is able to absorb and store both active and reactive power from this system and to inject these powers into the power system in the demand periods. These injected powers are controlled by changing both the duty cycle of the dc-dc chopper switches and its operation modes. This paper presents an efficient design based on an SMES unit controlled by the artificial neural network (ANN) to improve ...


Utilisation Of Iron Ore Tailings As Aggregates In Concrete, Francis Atta Kuranchie, Sanjay Kumar Shukla, Daryoush Habibi, Alireza Mohyeddin Jan 2015

Utilisation Of Iron Ore Tailings As Aggregates In Concrete, Francis Atta Kuranchie, Sanjay Kumar Shukla, Daryoush Habibi, Alireza Mohyeddin

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Sustainable handling of iron ore tailings is of prime concern to all stakeholders who are into iron ore mining. This study seeks to add value to the tailings by utilising them as a replacement for aggregates in concrete. A concrete mix of grade 40 MPa was prepared in the laboratory with water–cement ratio of 0.5. The concrete were cured for 1, 2, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days. The properties of the concrete such as workability, durability, density, compressive strength and indirect tensile strength were tested. A controlled mix of concrete was also prepared in similar way using ...