Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Early Childhood Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Western University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

A Situational Analysis Of Municipal Early Childhood Education Policy Documents, Maureen Cullen Jun 2019

A Situational Analysis Of Municipal Early Childhood Education Policy Documents, Maureen Cullen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Studies have been conducted at the provincial and federal levels that expose dominant discourses in child care policy documents and reports. However, there has not been a similar examination of documents at the municipal level. This study uses a qualitative situational analysis to investigate discourses that are present in municipal documents of a mid-size Ontario city as they pertain to the child care sector. Drawing on Foucault’s concept of discourse, this study interrogates the discursive functions that dominant ideas might have on policies that inform funding, programming, and subsidies. Through a cartographic exercise of map making, this study reveals ...


Exploring Young Children's Encounters With The More-Than-Human: A Multispecies Ethnography, Sarah Kathleen Black May 2019

Exploring Young Children's Encounters With The More-Than-Human: A Multispecies Ethnography, Sarah Kathleen Black

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Foregrounding moments from an early child care centre, this thesis employs a multispecies ethnography methodology to explore the opportunities children from a preschool class have to encounter the more-than-human in the ecological epoch of the Anthropocene. Drawing on a posthuman and common worlds theoretical framework, this thesis works to explore children/more-than-human entanglements that occur in a local, urban cemetery space while challenging practices of human exceptionalism in the field of early childhood education. Participants in the study included one preschool class of 16 three to four-year-old children and the diverse nonhuman residents of the cemetery space. Using a diffractive ...


Discourses Of Creativity In Ontario Kindergarten Curriculum, Beatrix Bocazar Jul 2018

Discourses Of Creativity In Ontario Kindergarten Curriculum, Beatrix Bocazar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The concept of creativity is ubiquitous in educational reports, policies, and curricula in the minority world. Many of these texts consider creativity an economic imperative and a key element of change for every knowledge domain of the 21st century. This study is anchored in a Critical Discourse Analysis theoretical framework and represents an inquiry of creativity in kindergarten curricula. The aims of this inquiry were to identify creativity common sense beliefs and theories and to examine which ones have been employed in which curricula, and with what implications for children, teachers, educators, and society. I designed a qualitative case ...


Enacting Self-Regulation Expectations In Kindergarten Programs Using A Distributed Leadership Framework, Lisa Cranston Jun 2018

Enacting Self-Regulation Expectations In Kindergarten Programs Using A Distributed Leadership Framework, Lisa Cranston

The Organizational Improvement Plan at Western University

On June 30, 2016, the Ontario Ministry of Education released The Kindergarten Program, a document which outlined the expectations to be taught and the pedagogical approaches to be used in all publicly funded Ontario kindergarten classrooms with a mandatory implementation date of September 2016. This document included a focus on self-regulation, since research has shown that self-regulation skills are essential for not only early learning but for social and emotional success throughout life. This Organization Improvement Plan (OIP) investigates several possible strategies for ensuring that all kindergarten teachers and Early Childhood Educators in School Board X can articulate what self-regulation ...


A Comparative Study Of Immigrant Children Starting Childcare, Karen Guo Feb 2018

A Comparative Study Of Immigrant Children Starting Childcare, Karen Guo

Exceptionality Education International

This comparative study investigated the experiences of starting childcare of three immigrant children in three different learning environments in New Zealand. The notion of learning environment was explored as a way of thinking about how different people, places, and approaches to learning have interacted to create a particular site for the children’s beginning experiences in early childhood settings. The study sheds light on multiple perceptions and experiences with regard to immigrant children and their learning. Child observations, child interviews, and teacher and parent interviews were conducted in each child’s setting. Findings suggest that early childhood environments played a ...


Working Together: Communication Between Stakeholders During The Transition From Early Intervention To School For Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Deirdre Curle, Janet Jamieson, Brenda T. Poon, Marla Buchanan, Nancy Norman, Anat Zaidman-Zait Nov 2017

Working Together: Communication Between Stakeholders During The Transition From Early Intervention To School For Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Deirdre Curle, Janet Jamieson, Brenda T. Poon, Marla Buchanan, Nancy Norman, Anat Zaidman-Zait

Exceptionality Education International

The transition to school can be a complicated process for families of children with exceptionalities (Janus, Lefort, Cameron, & Kopechanski, 2007). Little is known about the transition to school specifically for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). The aim of this study was to examine the communication that occurred among early intervention (EI) providers, parents, and teachers before and during the child’s first year of kindergarten. Thematic analysis was used to analyze six sets of parent interviews, pre- and post-transition, three interviews with EI providers, and three interviews with teachers of the deaf. Participants from each ...


Examining The Effects Of The Positive Child Care Program In Early Childhood Education Environments: A Randomized Control Trial, Shawna L. Lee Oct 2017

Examining The Effects Of The Positive Child Care Program In Early Childhood Education Environments: A Randomized Control Trial, Shawna L. Lee

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

While there are a variety of programs and techniques that have been developed to support and address challenges with children’s behaviour in early learning and care settings, few studies have focused on the effectiveness and implementation of such approaches with fidelity. This study examines The Positive Child Care Program (PCCP) in order to inform program development. Participants in this study included 96 Early Childhood Educators and 12 Directors from 12 child care centres in Alberta, Canada. Findings indicate that PCCP has the potential to dramatically improve quality social and emotional experiences for both children and adults in early learning ...


Re-Conceptualizing The Nature Of Resources In Multimodal Literacy: The Case Of Young Children’S Meaning Making In An Intergenerational Art Class, Zhen Lin Aug 2017

Re-Conceptualizing The Nature Of Resources In Multimodal Literacy: The Case Of Young Children’S Meaning Making In An Intergenerational Art Class, Zhen Lin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This case study was embedded in a SSHRC project called: Learning together: A multiple case study of intergenerational multimodal curricula, led by Dr. Rachel Heydon. The study specifically focused on resources employed by young children in their processes of meaning making within intergenerational art classes. Research questions concerned: 1) what resources were available for young children’s meaning making within the intergenerational art classes? 2) what resources were chosen and used by young children in their processes of meaning making and how? and 3) how did different resources interact with each other in multimodal ensembles? The theoretical tool of the ...


Navigating The Changing Landscape Of Early Education Within A Preschool Setting, Heather L. Beaudin Jun 2017

Navigating The Changing Landscape Of Early Education Within A Preschool Setting, Heather L. Beaudin

The Organizational Improvement Plan at Western University

Abstract

Currently, early education in Ontario is rapidly transforming to meet the diverse needs and demands of children, educators and families. With each change that the sector experiences leaders in early childhood education are called to guide their team through the change process. One recent change that leaders have been faced with is the implementation of Full-Day Kindergarten across the province and its impact on child care programs. Considering the wide range of child care programs that have been affected by Full-Day Kindergarten, this Organizational Improvement Plan explores a significant problem of practice: how can key stakeholders within a child ...


Ipads And Paintbrushes: An Exploratory Case Study Of Integrating Digital Media As Placed Resources Into An Intergenerational Art Class, Rachel Heydon, Lori Mckee, Bridget Daly Jan 2017

Ipads And Paintbrushes: An Exploratory Case Study Of Integrating Digital Media As Placed Resources Into An Intergenerational Art Class, Rachel Heydon, Lori Mckee, Bridget Daly

Education Publications

This exploratory case study integrated digital media as placed resources into an intergenerational art class. Its goals were to generate knowledge of how to bring young children and elders together to expand their opportunities for meaning making and seeing themselves in affirming ways so as to generate transferable understanding of digitally-enhanced multimodal curricula across the lifespan. Participants included 15 elders and 9 pre-schoolers. Focusing on how the digital media were used and with what implications for participants’ literacy and identity options as well as relationship building, data were collected through ethnographic methods, and a qualitative thematic analysis with multimodal elements ...


Review Of The Book Negotiating Critical Literacies With Young Children, 10th Anniversary Edition, By Vivian Maria Vasquez, Lori Mckee Jan 2016

Review Of The Book Negotiating Critical Literacies With Young Children, 10th Anniversary Edition, By Vivian Maria Vasquez, Lori Mckee

Education Publications

Review of Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children, 10th anniversary edition, by Vivian Maria Vasquez.


Introduction Unsettling The Colonial Places And Spaces Of Early Childhood Education In Settler Colonial Societies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Affrica Taylor Jan 2015

Introduction Unsettling The Colonial Places And Spaces Of Early Childhood Education In Settler Colonial Societies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Affrica Taylor

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Unruly Raccoons And Troubled Educators: Nature/Culture Divides In A Childcare Centre, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo Jan 2015

Unruly Raccoons And Troubled Educators: Nature/Culture Divides In A Childcare Centre, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo

Education Publications

Current times of anthropogenically damaged landscapes call us to re-think human and nonhuman relations and consider multiple possibilities for alternative and more sustainable futures. As many environmental and Indigenous humanities scholars have noted, central to this re-thinking is unsettling the colonial nature/culture divide in Western epistemology. In this paper, through a series of situated, small, everyday stories from childcare centres, we relate raccoon-child-educator encounters in order to consider how raccoons’ repeated boundary-crossing and their apprehension as unruly subjects might reveal the impossibility of the nature/culture divide. We tell these stories, not to offer a final fixed solution to ...


Orchestrating Literacies:Print Literacy Learning Opportunities Within Multimodal Intergenerational Ensembles, Lori Mckee, Rachel Heydon Jan 2015

Orchestrating Literacies:Print Literacy Learning Opportunities Within Multimodal Intergenerational Ensembles, Lori Mckee, Rachel Heydon

Education Publications

This exploratory case study considered the opportunities for print literacy learning within multimodal ensembles that featured art, singing, and digital media within the context of an intergenerational program that brought together 13 kindergarten children (4 and 5 years) with 7 elder companions. Study questions concerned how reading and writing were practiced within multimodal ensembles and what learning opportunities were afforded the children while the participants worked through a chain of multimodal projects. Data were collected through ethnographic tools in the Rest Home where the projects were completed and in the children’s classroom where project content and tools were introduced ...


Learning How To Inherit In Colonized And Ecologically Challenged Life Worlds In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Affrica Taylor, Mindy Blaise, Sandrina De Finney Jan 2015

Learning How To Inherit In Colonized And Ecologically Challenged Life Worlds In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Affrica Taylor, Mindy Blaise, Sandrina De Finney

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Crafting New Relationships In Child And Youth Care: Human-Nonhuman Encounters, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw Jan 2014

Crafting New Relationships In Child And Youth Care: Human-Nonhuman Encounters, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Researching Neoliberal And Neocolonial Assemblages In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Mary Caroline Rowan Jan 2014

Researching Neoliberal And Neocolonial Assemblages In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Mary Caroline Rowan

Education Publications

The article provides a discussion of ‘‘researching’’ neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms in white settler colonial societies such as Canada. It addresses the research implications after conceptualizing neoliberalisms as assemblages that are always already implicated in colonial histories. Specifically, the article discusses the need to rethink methodologies when neoliberalisms do not follow coherent directions, the kinds of methodological and research approaches necessary for the fluid and nonlinear movements of neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms, and how neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms as connected assemblages open up early childhood research practices that attend to colonial pastpresents.


Thinking With Paint: Troubling Settler Colonialisms Through Early Childhood Art Pedagogies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Vanessa Clark, B. Denise Hodgins Jan 2014

Thinking With Paint: Troubling Settler Colonialisms Through Early Childhood Art Pedagogies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Vanessa Clark, B. Denise Hodgins

Education Publications

In this paper we think with the specificities of paint to tell stories about entanglements of settler colonialism and paint and painting in early childhood art education. We see to become implicated (Razack, 1998) within settler colonialism in the context we now call Canada. We paint a messy non-linear picture of our work with children through a process of storytelling. Through complex pictures of how we are attempting (even if partially and imperfectly) to respond and stay with the trouble our stories bring forward, we gesture toward hope and decolonizing strategies. Our work takes inspiration from contemporary artists and from ...


Introduction To The Special Issue On Materiality In Early Childhood Studies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Laurie Kocher, Sylvia Kind Jan 2014

Introduction To The Special Issue On Materiality In Early Childhood Studies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Laurie Kocher, Sylvia Kind

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Re-Generating Research Partnerships In Early Childhood Education: A Non-Idealized Vision, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo Jan 2013

Re-Generating Research Partnerships In Early Childhood Education: A Non-Idealized Vision, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo

Education Publications

This chapter provides a challenge to positivist notions of partnership in early childhood education, and instead proposes a re-generative posthumanist perspective, based on relationality of partnerships. Specifically, the chapter addresses the troubles and struggles inherited in research partnerships through a non-idealized vision of research partnerships. It experiments with the notions of regenerating ‘change’ and regenerating ‘relationality’. It also addresses the multi-layered aspects of knowledge-in-the-making; non-innocent relations; difficulties of thinking change in research; and the potentialities of conflict and dissension. However, no certainties and closures about research partnerships are provided.


Postcolonial Entanglements: Unruling Stories, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw Jan 2012

Postcolonial Entanglements: Unruling Stories, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw

Education Publications

In this article, I use Donna Haraway's philosophy to think about postcolonial encounters between different species. I follow entangled stories of the deer/settler-child figure to trouble colonialisms and untangle the histories and trajectories that we inhabit with other species through colonial histories. I shy away from generalizations and instead grapple with complexities that ordinary stories bring as I attempt to engage in nonhegemonic versions of childhood studies.


The Postmodern Curriculum: Making Space For Historically And Politically Situated Understandings, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Alan Pence Jan 2011

The Postmodern Curriculum: Making Space For Historically And Politically Situated Understandings, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Alan Pence

Education Publications

By engaging poststructural, postmodern and indigenous lenses, this article explores challenges associated with recently developed 'postmodern' early childhood education curricula. The authors propose that curricula should not be seen as neutral, but rather as historically and politically situated documents that require dynamic and critical engagements from educators. We situate our analysis within Canada.


Nomadic Research Practices In Early Childhood: Interrupting Racisms And Colonialisms, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Carol Rowan Jan 2011

Nomadic Research Practices In Early Childhood: Interrupting Racisms And Colonialisms, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Carol Rowan

Education Publications

This paper considers how research practices on racialization in early childhood education might be reconceptualized when racialization is placed within relational intricacies and affects in multiple encounters. By foregrounding race and its emergence in multifarious, unpredictable ways in everyday encounters between human and non-human bodies, space, and discourse, the paper investigates how a movement toward research analyses that engage with both the materiality of race and its systemic and discursive formations might be used to constantly seek new ethical ways of responding to and acting against racisms and colonialism in early childhood.