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Early Childhood Education Commons

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger Feb 2019

The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger

CPRE Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides Sep 2018

Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

Learning from data is not easy. Developing data stories can support data use among stakeholders at the state and local levels. This resource is intended to support stakeholders working in small groups to develop data stories requiring integrated early childhood data, but can support planning for the use of other types of data as well. The goal of this activity is to engage stakeholders and build a shared understanding of data needs and uses through facilitated conversations.


Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides Aug 2018

Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


A Comprehensive Examination Of The School District Of Philadelphia’S Kindergarten Classroom Engagement Scale (Ces): Validation Report, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Benjamin Brumley, Kristen Coe, Whitney Leboeuf Nov 2017

A Comprehensive Examination Of The School District Of Philadelphia’S Kindergarten Classroom Engagement Scale (Ces): Validation Report, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Benjamin Brumley, Kristen Coe, Whitney Leboeuf

Reports

The Penn Child Research Center and School District of Philadelphia (SDP) have partnered to foster the classroom engagement skills of students entering public school kindergarten. To do so, a three-phase, evidence-based, plan was developed. The first phase was to establish the scientific validity and reliability of the District’s measure of classroom engagement currently used at-scale with all kindergarteners–the Classroom Engagement Scale (CES). This measure consists of 14 items and it appears on the kindergarten report card which is sent home quarterly. This report contains the findings from the validation study.


Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman Aug 2017

Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This Capstone provides the rationale and preliminary curriculum for a Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program. One hundred and fifty years before the advent of positive psychology, summer camps were designed to teach children the art of flourishing (Paris, 2008). During that time, camps have organically developed techniques to foster positive emotion, engagement, positive relationships, meaning and accomplishment –fundamental building blocks of Martin Seligman’s (2011) PERMA model of wellbeing. As effective as camps are at promoting flourishing, however, they can become even more so by incorporating new insights and techniques from the field of positive psychology. The Camp ...


Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram Aug 2017

Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Intelligence and passion are not enough for humans to become all that they can be. Hitler and the Nazis too had a lot of intelligence and passion. But what they did not have is the wisdom of how to use their intelligence and passion for the good of mankind. Nevertheless, the question of developing how we, humans, ought to use our intelligence and passion is often neglected in modernity when compared with the obsession we have of increasing our grit and wit. This obsession reflects the current state of education whereby the function of education today is often cheapened to ...


The Classroom Engagement Scale: Validity Evidence And Implications For Use, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Kristen Coe, Benjamin Brumley, Whtiney Leboeuf Jul 2017

The Classroom Engagement Scale: Validity Evidence And Implications For Use, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Kristen Coe, Benjamin Brumley, Whtiney Leboeuf

Research Briefs

This research brief describes the validation of the Classroom Engagement Scale for use in kindergarten based on it current full-scale use in the School District of Philadelphia. It provides the foundation for more meaningful use of the scale by parents and teachers as they work to build social-emotional competencies in kindergarten students.


The Use Of Integrated Data To Inform Quality Pre-K Expansion In Philadelphia, Whitney Leboeuf, Katherine Barghaus, Cassandra Henderson, Kristen Coe, John Fantuzzo, James Moore Apr 2017

The Use Of Integrated Data To Inform Quality Pre-K Expansion In Philadelphia, Whitney Leboeuf, Katherine Barghaus, Cassandra Henderson, Kristen Coe, John Fantuzzo, James Moore

Research Briefs

This research brief describes how integrated administrative data from the City of Philadelphia's CARES data system were used to inform the expansion of pre-k services in the City of Philadelphia. It provides a model for other states and municipalities seeking to use integrated data to inform policy-making, particularly for young children and their families.


Using Integrated Data To Understand Early Childhood Risks And Access To Quality Early Childhood Education, Katherine Barghaus, Whitney Leboeuf, John Fantuzzo, Kristen Coe, Cassandra Henderson Apr 2017

Using Integrated Data To Understand Early Childhood Risks And Access To Quality Early Childhood Education, Katherine Barghaus, Whitney Leboeuf, John Fantuzzo, Kristen Coe, Cassandra Henderson

Presentations

These slides were presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association in San Antonio, Texas. The session was titled "Data-Driven Decision Making: Not the Usual Contexts."


An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania's Early Childhood Quality Rating And Improvement System, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Katie Barghaus, Ryan Fink Sep 2016

An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania's Early Childhood Quality Rating And Improvement System, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Katie Barghaus, Ryan Fink

CPRE Policy Briefs

High-quality care in the earliest years of life has been shown to relate to positive developmental outcomes for children, including improved early academic skills, social-emotional competencies, and cognitive functioning. Unfortunately, the early care experiences of many children are not always high quality; rather, research suggests that high-quality care is the exception. The growing evidence relating quality care to improved learning outcomes, the variability in quality across care settings, and the failure of existing approaches to improve child care have led to a national call to enhance the quality of early care and education programs. In response to this call, states ...


Problems In Classroom Engagement: Validation Of An Assessment For District-Wide Use In The Early Primary Grades, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Cassandra Henderson, Feifei Li, Paul Mcdermott Jul 2016

Problems In Classroom Engagement: Validation Of An Assessment For District-Wide Use In The Early Primary Grades, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Cassandra Henderson, Feifei Li, Paul Mcdermott

GSE Publications

Research Findings: The aim of this study was to provide an initial investigation into the psychometric properties of the Problems in Classroom Engagement Scale (PCES). The PCES was designed and tested for district-wide use as part of the report card system for a large urban school district. The PCES was administered to all first, second, and third grade students in the district. Factor analytic examination revealed a bifactor structure as the best fit to the data. The bifactor structure reflected a general factor of Problems in Behavioral Engagement and two key group factors: Problems in Social Engagement and Problems in ...


Improving Policies And Programs For Educational Quality: An Example From The Use Of Learning Assessments, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2013

Improving Policies And Programs For Educational Quality: An Example From The Use Of Learning Assessments, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

It is early morning in Kahalé village, about 45 kilometers from the capital city. It has been raining again, and the water has been flowing off the tin corrugated roof of the one-room schoolhouse at the center of the village. The rain makes it difficult for Monsieur Mamadou, a teacher, to get to his school on this Monday morning, as the rural taxi keeps getting stuck in the mud, forcing the six other passengers to help the driver get back on the road to the village. Once at school, Monsieur Mamadou waits for his school children to arrive. At 9 ...


Pennsylvania’S Early Childhood Data Systems: History, Uses & Opportunities, Philip M Sirinides Jan 2013

Pennsylvania’S Early Childhood Data Systems: History, Uses & Opportunities, Philip M Sirinides

CPRE Working Papers

This report provides a comprehensive summary of Pennsylvania’s efforts to develop and integrate early childhood data systems. There is evidence that Pennsylvania’s data systems have created efficiencies and cost savings, and have enabled quality improvements in ways that otherwise would not have been possible. Although progress has been made, PA is still developing strategies for data use and has many opportunities to leverage existing data to further inform strategic investments, drive program integrity, guide supports for early childhood professionals, and support program accountability. This report outlines the history, uses and opportunities for Pennsylvania after ten years of system ...


Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo Jan 2006

Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo

GSE Publications

The validity of three subtests of the Dynamic Indicators for Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) was investigated for kindergarten children in a large urban school district. A stratified, random sample of 330 participants was drawn from an entire cohort of kindergarten children. Letter Naming Fluency, Phoneme Segmentation Fluency, and Nonsense Word Fluency evidenced significant concurrent and predictive validity when compared to general reading ability measured by teacher report, individual assessments, and group-administered nationally standardized tests. Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity was also found when comparing these subtests to measures of specific literacy, cognitive, and social-behavioral constructs.


Early Childhood Experiences And Kindergarten Success: A Population-Based Study Of A Large Urban Setting, John Fantuzzo, Heather L. Rouse, Paul Mcdermott, Stephen Childs, Andrea Weiss Jan 2005

Early Childhood Experiences And Kindergarten Success: A Population-Based Study Of A Large Urban Setting, John Fantuzzo, Heather L. Rouse, Paul Mcdermott, Stephen Childs, Andrea Weiss

GSE Publications

This study examined the unique protective influence of center-based early care and education experiences on kindergarten outcomes for children entering public school kindergarten. The 3,969 participants were geographically and demographically representative of an entire kindergarten cohort in a large urban school district. Child age, gender, ethnicity, family poverty, low maternal education, and neighborhood were found to be risks for academic and behavioral adjustment upon kindergarten entry. Controlling for these risks, formal, center-based experiences were related significantly to higher levels of Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Knowledge, Motor Skills, and Work Habits performance assessments and attendance in kindergarten. Initial advantages associated ...


Multiple Dimensions Of Family Involvement And Their Relations To Behavioral And Learning Competencies For Urban, Low-Income Children, John Fantuzzo, Christine Michele Mcwayne, Marlo A Perry, Stephanie Childs Jan 2004

Multiple Dimensions Of Family Involvement And Their Relations To Behavioral And Learning Competencies For Urban, Low-Income Children, John Fantuzzo, Christine Michele Mcwayne, Marlo A Perry, Stephanie Childs

GSE Publications

Relations between multiple dimensions of family involvement in early childhood education and classroom outcomes were examined. Participants included 144 urban, Head Start children. Parental report of family involvement was gathered in late fall using a multidimensional assessment. Relations between family involvement dimensions and end of the year outcomes of approaches to learning, conduct problems, and receptive vocabulary were investigated. Results revealed that Home-Based family involvement emerged as the strongest predictor of child outcomes. This dimension associated significantly with children's motivation to learn, attention, task persistence, receptive vocabulary skills, and low conduct problems. The School-Based Involvement dimension was significantly related ...


A Validation Study Of The Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale With Urban Hispanic And African American Preschool Children, Marcelo Castro, Julia Laraine Mendez, John Fantuzzo Jan 2002

A Validation Study Of The Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale With Urban Hispanic And African American Preschool Children, Marcelo Castro, Julia Laraine Mendez, John Fantuzzo

GSE Publications

The development of culturally and linguistically appropriate measurement is necessary to enable accurate assessment of preschool children’s interpersonal competence and behavioral difficulties. This need is most pressing for children from Hispanic backgrounds, who currently represent the fastest growing population of U.S. children. The present study investigated the psychometric properties of a Spanish and English version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS; Fantuzzo et al., 1995) when employed with Spanish- and English-speaking teachers and students in an urban, Southeastern community. Psychometrically sound structures were obtained with the Spanish translation of the PIPPS in support of the three ...


Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1994

Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Swain: We're constantly struck with the paradox that children are born with a tremendous capacity to learn, and yet many children have great difficulty in school, and grow up to lack the facility with reading, writing and oral language that is so needed in a complex society. Families across cultures and languages are successful in supporting their children's learning and achievement, and we have much to learn from these successful families and their children. And yet other families have great difficulties. . . . Yet, within families with great difficulties, we have children who are resilient to these forces, and others ...


Social Factors In Literacy Acquisition, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1993

Social Factors In Literacy Acquisition, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

The acquisition of any human skill, physical or mental, depends on the interplay among a wide variety of factors. Earlier research and our own observations in Moroccan society suggested the possibility that certain social features of children's lives would be related to literacy acquisition in school. Therefore, our research was designed so that these factors might be directly and empirically studied. It was assumed that some of the factors found to affect reading achievement in the West might be related similarly to literacy in Morocco, but we also wanted to study facors specific to Morocco, such as Quranic preschooling ...


A Contribution To Cross-Cultural Child Development Research. Review Of Gustav Jahoda And I.M. Lewis (Eds.), Acquiring Culture: Cross Cultural Studies In Child Development, Daniel A. Wagner, Laurel Diana Puchner Jan 1991

A Contribution To Cross-Cultural Child Development Research. Review Of Gustav Jahoda And I.M. Lewis (Eds.), Acquiring Culture: Cross Cultural Studies In Child Development, Daniel A. Wagner, Laurel Diana Puchner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The field now termed cultural psychology has begun to take on more importance in theories of child development and psychology as we have come to better understand the Eurocentric bias of Western science. However, cross-cultural studies that combine both psychological and anthropological methods are still rare. This book attempts to show the value of such a combined approach to research in child development.


Le Developpement Precoce De La Memoire Specialisee, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1987

Le Developpement Precoce De La Memoire Specialisee, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The study of specialized memory skills has a relative long history in experimental psychology, particularly with research on adults who practice their mnemonic skills within particular domains. The present study was designed to investigate the development of specialized mnemonic skills among young children. The study was undertaken in Morocco, which provided a context where 350 6-7 year old children were selected in such a way which allowed contrasts in terms of: preschool experience (none vs. Quranic vs. modern preschool); environment (urban vs. rural); maternal language (Arabic vs. Berber); and gender. Six differenct memory tests were employed including 4 different tests ...


Reading Acquisition In Morocco, Daniel A. Wagner, Jennifer E. Spratt Jan 1986

Reading Acquisition In Morocco, Daniel A. Wagner, Jennifer E. Spratt

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

While interest in reading and writing has always been important to researchers and educational policy-makers, multidisciplinary investigations of the acquisition of literacy are a relatively new enterprise. In the Arabic-speaking wrold, in particular, there have been relatively few efforts to discover what kinds of literacy abilities the child brings to the classroom, and what kinds of home, preschool, and language environments lead to various levels of literacy both in and out of school. The research described here presents data collected during the first three years of the Morocco Literacy Project, whose general aim has been to investigate the process of ...


Traditional Islamic Education In Morocco: Sociohistorical And Psychological Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi Jun 1980

Traditional Islamic Education In Morocco: Sociohistorical And Psychological Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

As in many parts of the Muslim world, traditional Islamic schooling1 in Morocco predates a crucial historical role in the training of the nation's youth and continues to reach a higher percentage of school-age children than has the modern school system. Although such traditional Quranic schooling may have touched the lives of most Moroccans, its impact — relative to the modern school system — is not yet fully understood. Probably the most difficult aspect of analyzing the impact of Quranic schools, and there are a number of levels of analysis upon which such education may be observed and discussed. Any ...


Review Of R.V. Kail, Jr. And J.W. Hagen (Eds.), Perspectives On The Development Of Memory And Cognition, And D.G. Bobrow And A. Collins (Eds.), Representation And Understanding: Studies In Cognitive Science, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1978

Review Of R.V. Kail, Jr. And J.W. Hagen (Eds.), Perspectives On The Development Of Memory And Cognition, And D.G. Bobrow And A. Collins (Eds.), Representation And Understanding: Studies In Cognitive Science, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The use of narrative and other prose forms as a tool for investigating mental processes is not new. Psychologists such as Jean Piaget and F.C. Bartlett both used stories in research on complex cognitive skills in children and adults. However, with the advent of Ebbinghaus' monumental work on memory using "non-sense syllables," theoretical psychology turned away from the use of meaningful material. With the use of nonsense syllables, researchers hoped to isolate the variables of memory and individual content associations. Recently, there has been a renewal of interest in the study of narrative and memory due to the recognition ...